King James Version

Esther 1

1Now it came to pass in the days of Ahasuerus, (this is Ahasuerus which reigned, from India even unto Ethiopia, over an hundred and seven and twenty provinces:)

That in those days, when the king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan the palace,

In the third year of his reign, he made a feast unto all his princes and his servants; the power of Persia and Media, the nobles and princes of the provinces, being before him:

When he shewed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honour of his excellent majesty many days, even an hundred and fourscore days.

And when these days were expired, the king made a feast unto all the people that were present in Shushan the palace, both unto great and small, seven days, in the court of the garden of the king's palace;

Where were white, green, and blue, hangings, fastened with cords of fine linen and purple to silver rings and pillars of marble: the beds were of gold and silver, upon a pavement of red, and blue, and white, and black, marble.

And they gave them drink in vessels of gold, (the vessels being diverse one from another,) and royal wine in abundance, according to the state of the king.

And the drinking was according to the law; none did compel: for so the king had appointed to all the officers of his house, that they should do according to every man's pleasure.

Also Vashti the queen made a feast for the women in the royal house which belonged to king Ahasuerus.

10 On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven chamberlains that served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,

11 To bring Vashti the queen before the king with the crown royal, to shew the people and the princes her beauty: for she was fair to look on.

12 But the queen Vashti refused to come at the king's commandment by his chamberlains: therefore was the king very wroth, and his anger burned in him.

13 Then the king said to the wise men, which knew the times, (for so was the king's manner toward all that knew law and judgment:

14 And the next unto him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, which saw the king's face, and which sat the first in the kingdom;)

15 What shall we do unto the queen Vashti according to law, because she hath not performed the commandment of the king Ahasuerus by the chamberlains?

16 And Memucan answered before the king and the princes, Vashti the queen hath not done wrong to the king only, but also to all the princes, and to all the people that are in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus.

17 For this deed of the queen shall come abroad unto all women, so that they shall despise their husbands in their eyes, when it shall be reported, The king Ahasuerus commanded Vashti the queen to be brought in before him, but she came not.

18 Likewise shall the ladies of Persia and Media say this day unto all the king's princes, which have heard of the deed of the queen. Thus shall there arise too much contempt and wrath.

19 If it please the king, let there go a royal commandment from him, and let it be written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes, that it be not altered, That Vashti come no more before king Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal estate unto another that is better than she.

20 And when the king's decree which he shall make shall be published throughout all his empire, (for it is great,) all the wives shall give to their husbands honour, both to great and small.

21 And the saying pleased the king and the princes; and the king did according to the word of Memucan:

22 For he sent letters into all the king's provinces, into every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language, that every man should bear rule in his own house, and that it should be published according to the language of every people.

Bibelen på hverdagsdansk

Ester 1

Dronning Vashtis ulydighed

1Kong Xerxes[a] af Persien regerede over et mægtigt rige, der strakte sig fra Indien mod øst til Nubien mod vest. Det var opdelt i 127 provinser.

2-4 Engang, da kongen opholdt sig i et af sine paladser i byen Susa, besluttede han at indkalde alle sine provinsguvernører, embedsmænd og militære ledere fra hele det medisk-persiske rige til en konference, der varede i seks måneder. Det var i hans tredje regeringsår.[b] Under konferencen beværtede kongen dem godt, og han demonstrerede med stolthed sin utrolige magt og rigdom.

Da konferencen var forbi, holdt kongen en fest for sine hoffolk, embedsmænd og alle med tilknytning til paladset uanset deres stilling. Festen varede en uge og blev holdt i paladsets parkområde, der til anledningen var udsmykket med grønne, hvide og blå bannere af kostbart linned, fastgjort med purpurfarvede bånd til sølvringe på søjler af hvidt marmor. Fornemme divaner belagt med guld og sølv var stillet frem på mosaikgulve af porfyr, marmor, perlemor og andre sjældne stenarter. Der blev serveret drinks i guldbægre af forskelligt design, og der var et overdådigt udvalg af udsøgte vine, som det passer sig for en mægtig monark. Der var ingen grænser for, hvor meget man måtte drikke, for kongen havde givet sine tjenere ordre til, at alle måtte drikke lige så lidt eller lige så meget, de ville.

Imens holdt dronning Vashti en tilsvarende fest for kvinderne inde i paladset.

10 På festens sidste dag, da kongen var i højt humør på grund af vinen, bad han de syv eunukker, der var hans personlige tjenere—Mehuman, Bizta, Harbona, Bigta, Abagta, Zetar og Karkas— 11 om at føre Vashti frem med dronningekronen på hovedet, så alle mændene kunne beundre hendes skønhed. Hun var nemlig usædvanlig smuk. 12 Men da hofmændene forelagde kongens ønske for dronningen, nægtede hun at adlyde. Kongen blev rasende 13 og spurgte sine rådgivere til råds, som han havde for vane, når der opstod et problem, der krævede kendskab til landets love. 14 Kongens nærmeste rådgivere var Karshena, Shetar, Admata, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena og Memukan—syv højt betroede embedsmænd i det medisk-persiske rige. De syv rådgivere havde deres daglige gang hos kongen.

15 „Hvad skal vi stille op med hende?” spurgte han dem. „Hvilken straf fastsætter loven for en dronning, der nægter at adlyde kongens officielle ordre?”

16 Memukan svarede: „Det er ikke kun kongen, hun har vanæret, men samtlige mænd i hele det persiske rige! 17 Når alle kvinderne i riget hører, at dronningen har nægtet at adlyde kongen, vil de også nægte at adlyde deres mænd, for de vil sige: ‚Kong Xerxes befalede dronning Vashti at komme til ham, men det nægtede hun.’ 18 Allerede nu har de fornemme persiske og mediske kvinder hørt, hvad hun gjorde, og de vil fra nu af behandle dine betroede embedsmænd på samme måde. Det vil resultere i opsætsighed og skænderier uden lige! 19 Hvis det behager kongen, foreslår vi, at De udsteder et dekret, som siger, at dronning Vashti aldrig mere må nærme sig kongen. Lad det blive en kongelig lov, som efter medisk-persisk retspraksis ikke kan omstødes, når først den er sat i kraft. Desuden foreslår vi, at De vælger en ny dronning, som er mere værdig til opgaven, end Vashti var. 20 Når kongens befaling bliver læst op i hele det persiske rige, vil det betyde, at alle kvinderne uanset stand fremover vil vise deres mænd respekt!”

21 Kongen og hans andre rådgivere syntes godt om Memukans forslag, som derefter blev til lov. 22 Kongen sendte en meddelelse ud til alle provinserne, som på de lokale sprog bekendtgjorde, at enhver mand er herre i sit eget hus, og at det er hans sprog, der skal tales i hjemmet.

Notas al pie

  1. 1,1 Kong Xerxes regerede fra 486-465 f.Kr. og er også kendt under navnet Ahasverus. Hans storrige var opdelt i 20 satrapper og 127 provinser. Der var fire residensbyer (Susa, Ekbatana, Babylon og Persepolis), og Susa blev brugt som vinterresidens. Landet Nubien kaldes i det Gamle Testamente Kush, og det lå mellem Egypten og Etiopien, altså i det nuværende Sudan.
  2. 1,2-4 Kort tid efter indledte Xerxes et stort felttog mod Grækenland, som dog mislykkedes. Sandsynligvis var et af konferencens formål at forberede felttoget.