Japanese Living Bible

民数記 13

カナンへの偵察隊

1主はモーセに告げて言いました。 「いずれはあなたがたのものになるカナンの国に、まず偵察隊を送り込みなさい。各部族から一名ずつ選ぶのだ。」

3-15 この時、一行はパランの荒野に野営していました。モーセは主が命じたとおり、十二人の偵察者を選びました。

ルベン族からザクルの子シャムア、シメオン族からホリの子シャファテ、ユダ族からエフネの子カレブ、イッサカル族からヨセフの子イグアル、エフライム族からヌンの子ホセア(ヨシュア)、ベニヤミン族からラフの子パルティ、ゼブルン族からソディの子ガディエル、ヨセフ族〔実際はマナセ族〕からスシの子ガディ、ダン族からゲマリの子アミエル、アシェル族からミカエルの子セトル、ナフタリ族からボフシの子ナフビ、ガド族からマキの子ゲウエル。

16 モーセがヌンの子ホセアの名をヨシュアと変えたのは、この時です。

17 彼らを送り出す時、モーセはこう命じました。「北へ進み、ネゲブの山地に入り、 18 カナンがどんな国か探って来なさい。住民は強いか弱いか、多いか少ないか、 19 土地は肥えているかどうか、どんな町があるか、ただの村か、それとも城壁のある町なのか、 20 繁栄しているか、貧しいか、木は多いかなどを探って来るのだ。恐れてはいけない。試しに、その土地のくだものを取って来なさい。」ちょうど、ぶどうの初物が熟す季節だったからです。

21 彼らは、南はツィンの荒野から北はハマテに近いレホブまで探りました。 22 北へ進み、まずネゲブを通り、ヘブロンに着きました。そこには、アナクの子孫のアヒマン族、シェシャイ族、タルマイ族が住んでいました。ヘブロンは、エジプトのタニスより七年も前に建てられた、非常に古い町です。 23 それから、のちにエシュコルの谷と呼ばれるようになった地に来て、ぶどうが一房ついた枝を切り取りました。とても大きく、棒に通して二人でかつがなければならないほどでした。ざくろやいちじくの実もいくらか取りました。 24 その時から、イスラエル人は、そこをエシュコル〔「一房のぶどう」の意〕の谷と呼ぶようになりました。

25 彼らは四十日の間カナンの国を探り、 26 パランの荒野のカデシュに戻ると、モーセ、アロンはじめイスラエルの民全体にさっそく報告し、持ち帰ったくだものを見せました。

27 彼らの報告は次のとおりです。「ただいま戻りました。カナンは実にすばらしい国です。まさに、乳とみつが流れる国でした。その証拠に、持ち帰ったくだものをごらんください。 28 しかし残念なことに、住民は強く、町々は非常に大きく、城壁を巡らしてあります。そのうえ、アナクの子孫の巨人族がいるのです。 29 南にはアマレク人、山地にはヘテ人、エブス人、エモリ人、地中海沿岸とヨルダン川流域には、カナン人が住んでいます。」

30 この報告に、人々はざわつきました。しかし、カレブはモーセの前でみなを静めると、きっぱり言いました。「われわれは、すぐ攻め上ってカナンを占領しよう。大丈夫、やれば必ずできる。」

31 「むちゃなことを言うな。あんな強い相手では、かなうわけがない。とても歯が立つものか。」偵察に行ったほかの者は大反対です。

32 結局、ほとんどの者はあまり乗り気ではなかったので、彼らは人々に言いました。「国中に兵士がおり、住民はたくましい体格をしている。 33 昔の巨人の子孫アナク人もいるし、彼らと比べたら、私たちなど虫けら同然に見える。」

Amplified Bible

Numbers 13

Spies View the Land

1Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “Send men to spy out the land of Canaan, which I am going to give to the sons of Israel. From each of their fathers’ tribes you shall send a man, every one a leader among them.” So Moses sent spies from the Wilderness of Paran at the command of the Lord, all of them men who were heads of the Israelites. These were their names: from the tribe of Reuben, Shammua the son of Zaccur; from the tribe of Simeon, Shaphat the son of Hori; from the tribe of Judah, Caleb the son of Jephunneh; from the tribe of Issachar, Igal the son of Joseph; from the tribe of Ephraim, Hoshea [that is, Joshua] the son of Nun; from the tribe of Benjamin, Palti the son of Raphu; 10 from the tribe of Zebulun, Gaddiel the son of Sodi; 11 from the tribe of Joseph, that is, of the tribe of Manasseh, Gaddi the son of Susi; 12 from the tribe of Dan, Ammiel the son of Gemalli; 13 from the tribe of Asher, Sethur the son of Michael; 14 from the tribe of Naphtali, Nahbi the son of Vophsi; 15 from the tribe of Gad, Geuel the son of Machi. 16 These are the names of the men whom Moses sent to spy out the land; but Moses called Hoshea the son of Nun, Joshua (the Lord is salvation).

17 Moses sent them to spy out the land of Canaan, and said to them, “Go up this way into the Negev (the South country); then go up into the hill country. 18 See what the land is like and whether the people who live there are strong or weak, few or many, 19 and whether the land in which they live is good or bad, and whether the cities in which they live are [open] camps or fortifications, 20 and what the land is, whether it is fat (productive) or lean, whether there is timber on it or not. Make an effort to get some of the fruit of the land.” Now the time was the time of the first ripe grapes.

21 So they went up and spied out the land from the Wilderness of Zin to Rehob [a town in Lebanon], at Lebo-hamath [in the far north]. 22 When they had gone up into the Negev (the South country), they came to Hebron; and Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai the descendants of Anak were there. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.)

23 Then they came to the Valley of Eshcol (cluster of grapes), and from there cut down a branch with a single cluster of grapes; and they carried it on a pole between two of them, with some of pomegranates and the figs. 24 That place was called the Valley of Eshcol (cluster of grapes) because of the cluster of grapes which the sons of Israel cut down there.

The Spies’ Reports

25 When they returned from spying out the land, at the end of forty days, 26 they came to Moses and Aaron and to all the congregation of the sons of Israel in the Wilderness of Paran at Kadesh, and brought back word to them and to all the congregation, and showed them the land’s fruit. 27 They reported to Moses and said, “We went in to the land where you sent us; and it certainly does [a]flow with milk and honey, and this is its fruit. 28 But the people who live in the land are strong, and the cities are [b]fortified (walled) and very large; moreover, we saw there the descendants of Anak [people of great stature and courage]. 29 [The people descended from] Amalek live in the land of the Negev (South country); the Hittite, the Jebusite, and the Amorite live in the hill country; and the Canaanites live by the [Dead] Sea and along the side of the Jordan.”

30 Then Caleb quieted the people before Moses, and said, “Let us go up at once and take possession of it; for we will certainly conquer it.” 31 But the men who had gone up with him said, “We are not able to go up against the people [of Canaan], for they are too strong for us.” 32 So they gave the Israelites a bad report about the land which they had spied out, saying, “The land through which we went, in spying it out, is a land that devours its inhabitants. And all the people that we saw in it are men of great stature. 33 There we saw the Nephilim (the sons of Anak are part of the Nephilim); and we were like grasshoppers in our own sight, and so we were in their sight.”

Notas al pie

  1. Numbers 13:27 This phrase referred to the abundant fertility of the land of Canaan. Milk (typically that of goats and sheep) was associated with abundance; “honey” referred mainly to syrups made from dates or grapes and was the epitome of sweetness. Bees’ honey was very rare and was considered the choicest of foods.
  2. Numbers 13:28 The spies probably had not seen walled cities before, having lived their childhood in Goshen in Egypt. Those who forgot God’s power to help them naturally found the situation formidable.