Japanese Living Bible

民数記 1

人口調査

1エジプトを出てから二年目の第二月の一日(太陽暦の四月十五日)、イスラエルの人々がシナイ半島で野営していた時のことです。神は、幕屋(イスラエルの民が神と会う聖所、天幕)の中にいたモーセに告げて言いました。 2-15 「氏族、家族ごとに、戦いに出られる二十歳以上の男の人数を調べなさい。あなたとアロンが指図し、それぞれの部族の長に調べさせるのだ。」

各部族の長は次のとおりです。ルベン族からシェデウルの子エリツル、シメオン族からツリシャダイの子シェルミエル、ユダ族からアミナダブの子ナフション、イッサカル族からツアルの子ネタヌエル、ゼブルン族からヘロンの子エリアブ、ヨセフの子エフライム族からアミフデの子エリシャマ、ヨセフの子マナセ族からペダツルの子ガムリエル、ベニヤミン族からギデオニの子アビダン、ダン族からアミシャダイの子アヒエゼル、アシェル族からオクランの子パグイエル、ガド族からデウエルの子エルヤサフ、ナフタリ族からエナンの子アヒラ。 16 以上が選ばれた各部族の長です。

17-19 その日、モーセとアロンと族長たちは、神の指示どおり、氏族、家族ごとに、兵役に就くことができる二十歳以上の男を全員集めて登録させました。 20-46 最終の部族ごとの登録数は次のとおりです。

ルベン族〔ヤコブの長男〕四万六、五〇〇人、シメオン族五万九、三〇〇人、ガド族四万五、六五〇人、ユダ族七万四、六〇〇人、イッサカル族五万四、四〇〇人、ゼブルン族五万七、四〇〇人、エフライム族〔ヨセフの子〕四万五〇〇人、マナセ族〔ヨセフの子〕三万二、二〇〇人、ベニヤミン族三万五、四〇〇人、ダン族六万二、七〇〇人、アシェル族四万一、五〇〇人、ナフタリ族五万三、四〇〇人、計六〇万三、五五〇人。

47 この数に、レビ族は含まれていません。 48-49 主がモーセに、次のように告げたからです。「レビ族の者は兵役を免除し、人数も調べてはいけない。 50 彼らには幕屋を運び、管理する仕事があるからだ。幕屋の近くに住み、 51 よそへ移るときはいつでも、天幕を解体し、また組み立てる。ほかの者が手を出してはいけない。幕屋にさわるだけでも死刑に処せられる。 52 各部族ごとに集まって宿営し、目じるしにそれぞれの旗を立てなさい。 53 レビ族は幕屋の回りに宿営しなさい。彼らがわたしとあなたがたの間に入り、あなたがたが罪を犯したとき、わたしの怒りに触れないですむためだ。」

54 人々は、すべて主がモーセに告げたとおりにしました。

Amplified Bible

Numbers 1

The Census of Israel’s Warriors

1The Lord spoke [by special revelation] to Moses in the Wilderness of Sinai in the Tent of Meeting (tabernacle) on the first day of the second month in the second year after the [a]Israelites came out of the land of Egypt, saying, “Take a census of all the congregation of the sons of Israel, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, every male, [b]head by head from twenty years old and upward, all in Israel who are able to go out to war. You and Aaron shall number them, army by army. And with you there shall be a man [to assist you] from each tribe, each being the head of his father’s household. These then are the names of the men who shall stand with you: from [the tribe of] Reuben, Elizur the son of Shedeur; from [the tribe of] Simeon, Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai; from [the tribe of] Judah, Nahshon the son of Amminadab; from [the tribe of] Issachar, Nethanel the son of Zuar; from [the tribe of] Zebulun, Eliab the son of Helon; 10 from the sons (descendants) of Joseph: from [the tribe of] [c]Ephraim, Elishama the son of Ammihud; from [the tribe of] Manasseh, Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur; 11 from [the tribe of] Benjamin, Abidan the son of Gideoni; 12 from [the tribe of] Dan, Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai; 13 from [the tribe of] Asher, Pagiel the son of Ochran; 14 from [the tribe of] Gad, Eliasaph the son of Deuel; 15 from [the tribe of] Naphtali, Ahira the son of Enan. 16 These men were the ones called from the congregation, the leaders of their fathers’ (ancestors’) tribes; they were the heads of thousands [the highest ranking officers] in Israel.”

17 So Moses and Aaron took these men who were designated by name, 18 and assembled all the congregation on the first day of the second month, and they registered by ancestry in their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names from twenty years old and upward, head by head, 19 just as the Lord had commanded Moses. So he numbered them in the Wilderness of Sinai.

20 The sons of Reuben, Israel’s (Jacob’s) firstborn, their generations, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, head by head, every male from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 21 those of the tribe of Reuben numbered 46,500.

22 Of the sons of Simeon, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, their numbered men according to the number of names, head by head, every male from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 23 those of the tribe of Simeon numbered 59,300.

24 Of the sons of Gad, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 25 those of the tribe of Gad numbered 45,650.

26 Of the sons of Judah, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 27 those of the tribe of Judah numbered 74,600.

28 Of the sons of Issachar, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 29 those of the tribe of Issachar numbered 54,400.

30 Of the sons of Zebulun, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 31 those of the tribe of Zebulun numbered 57,400.

32 Of the sons of Joseph: the sons (descendants) of Ephraim, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 33 those of the tribe of Ephraim numbered 40,500.

34 Of the sons of Manasseh, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 35 those of the tribe of Manasseh numbered 32,200.

36 Of the sons of Benjamin, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 37 those of the tribe of Benjamin numbered 35,400.

38 Of the sons of Dan, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 39 those of the tribe of Dan numbered 62,700.

40 Of the sons of Asher, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 41 those of the tribe of Asher numbered 41,500.

42 Of the sons of Naphtali, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 43 those of the tribe of Naphtali numbered 53,400.

44 These were the ones who were numbered, whom Moses and Aaron numbered, with the leaders of Israel, twelve men, each representing his fathers’ household. 45 So all those numbered of the sons of Israel, by their fathers’ households, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war in Israel, 46 all who were numbered were 603,550.

Levites Exempted

47 The Levites, however, were not numbered among them by their fathers’ tribe. 48 For the Lord had said to Moses, 49 “Only the tribe of Levi you shall not number, nor shall you take their census among the sons of Israel [since they are unavailable to go to war]. 50 But appoint the Levites over the tabernacle (sanctuary) of the Testimony, and over all its furnishings and all things that belong to it. They shall carry the tabernacle [when traveling] and all its furnishings, and they shall take care of it and camp around it. 51 When the tabernacle is to go forward, the Levites shall take it down; and when the tabernacle is to [be set up for] camp, the Levites shall set it up. But the layman (non-Levite) who approaches the tabernacle shall be put to death. 52 The Israelites shall camp according to their armies, every man by his own camp and every man by his own [tribal] standard (banner). 53 But the Levites shall camp around the tabernacle of the Testimony, so that there will be no wrath against the congregation of the Israelites. The Levites shall be in charge of the tabernacle of the Testimony.” 54 Thus the sons of Israel did these things; according to all that the Lord had commanded Moses, so they did.

Notas al pie

  1. Numbers 1:1 In general, sons (children) of Israel or Israel or Israelites refers to all the people (males and females) of the various tribes descended from the twelve sons (Gen 35:23-26) of Jacob (later renamed Israel by God). In verses concerning things such as warfare or circumcision sons of Israel or Israel or Israelites usually refers only to the males. Tribes of ancient peoples were identified by the name of their founding ancestor. Therefore, this same general rule applies when referring to individual tribal groups, e.g. sons of Reuben, Reuben, Reubenites and so throughout.
  2. Numbers 1:2 Lit by their skulls, also the root word for “Golgotha.”
  3. Numbers 1:10 Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt, but he was chosen over his elder brother, Manasseh, by his grandfather, Jacob (Israel) to receive the birthright blessing (the double portion). Joshua, the great leader who took command after the death of Moses, was from the tribe of Ephraim. Eventually, Ephraim dominated the other nine tribes of Israel, the Northern Kingdom. “Ephraim” is often used interchangeably with “Israel” to refer to the ten tribes of the north.