Japanese Living Bible

伝道者の書 1

すべてがむなしい

1ダビデ王の子で、エルサレムの王であり、「伝道者」と呼ばれたソロモンの教え。

思うに、この世に価値のあるものなどない。
すべてがむなしい。

3-7 人はあくせく働いた報酬として、
何を手に入れるというのか。

一つの時代が去り、新しい時代が来るが、
少しも変わらない。
太陽は昇っては沈み、また昇ろうと、
急ぎ元の所に帰って行く。
風は南に吹き、北に吹き、あちこち向きを変えるが、
結局行き着く所はない。
川は海に注ぐが、
海は決してあふれることはない。
水は再び川に戻り、また海に流れて行く。
8-11 何もかも、くり返すばかりで、
あきあきする。
どれだけ見ていても満足できない。
どれだけ聞いても、
もうこれで良いということはない。
歴史はくり返すだけ。
ほんとうに新しいものなど何もない。

新しいように見えても、必ず前例があるか、すでに言い古されたものです。何か、「これは新しいものだ」と指摘できるものがあるでしょうか。それがずっと昔になかったと、どうしてわかるのですか。私たちは、先の時代にどんなことが起こったのか忘れてしまいます。そればかりか、のちの時代になれば、私たちが今していることを、だれも覚えていないのです。

知恵はむなしい

12-15 伝道者である私はイスラエルの王で、エルサレムに住んでいました。私はこの世のあらゆることを理解しようと、全力を注ぎました。その結果、神が人間への分け前としてお与えになったものは、決して楽しいものでないことがわかりました。それはみな愚かに見え、風を追うようにむなしいものです。

間違ってしまったことは、もう正せない。
あったかもしれないものを考えてみたところで、
何の役に立とうか。

16-18 私は自分に言い聞かせました。「私はこれまでのエルサレムのどの王より、いろんな勉強もした。どの王より知恵や知識を得た。」私は賢くなろうと、一生懸命に努力しました。しかし、今ではそんな努力さえ、風をつかまえるようにむなしいことだとわかったのです。

賢くなればなるほど、悲しみも増える。
知識を増すことは、悩みを増す。

Amplified Bible

Ecclesiastes 1

The Futility of All Endeavors

1The words of the Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.


“Vanity of vanities,” says the Preacher.
“Vanity of vanities! All [that is done without God’s guidance] is vanity [futile, meaningless—a wisp of smoke, a vapor that vanishes, merely chasing the wind].”


What advantage does man have from all his work
Which he does [a]under the sun (while earthbound)?

One generation goes and another generation comes,
But the earth remains forever.

Also, the sun rises and the sun sets;
And hurries to the place where it rises again.

The wind blows toward the south,
Then circles toward the north;
The wind circles and swirls endlessly,
And on its circular course the wind returns.

All the rivers flow into the sea,
Yet the sea is not full.
To the place where the rivers flow,
There they flow again.

All things are wearisome and all words are frail;
Man cannot express it.
The eye is not satisfied with seeing,
Nor is the ear filled with hearing.

That which has been is that which will be [again],
And that which has been done is that which will be done again.
So there is nothing new under the sun.
10 
Is there anything of which it can be said,
“See this, it is new”?
It has already existed for [the vast] ages [of time recorded or unrecorded]
Which were before us.
11 
There is no remembrance of earlier things,
Nor also of the later things that are to come;
There will be for them no remembrance
By generations who will come after them.

The Futility of Wisdom

12 I, the Preacher, have been king over Israel in Jerusalem. 13 And I set my mind to seek and explore by [man’s] [b]wisdom all [human activity] that has been done under heaven. It is a miserable business and a burdensome task which [c]God has given the sons of men with which to be busy and distressed. 14 I have seen all the works which have been done under the sun, and behold, all is vanity, a futile grasping and chasing after the wind. 15 What is crooked cannot be straightened and what is defective and lacking cannot be counted.

16 I spoke with my heart, saying, “Behold, I have acquired great [human] wisdom and experience, more than all who were over Jerusalem before me; and my mind has observed a wealth of [moral] wisdom and [scientific] knowledge.” 17 And I set my mind to know [practical] wisdom and to discern [the character of] madness and folly [in which men seem to find satisfaction]; I realized that this too is a futile grasping and chasing after the wind. 18 For in much [human] wisdom there is much displeasure and exasperation; increasing knowledge increases sorrow.

Notas al pie

  1. Ecclesiastes 1:3 Ecclesiastes expresses the view of the natural man whose interests are focused on vanishing pleasures and empty satisfactions. The natural man is not aware that all the answers to life are found in God. The natural man grovels in the earth and seeks and finds that which is futile and temporary while the spiritual man soars on wings of eagles (Is 40:31) and seeks and finds righteousness and God’s incomparable and everlasting blessings and companionship.
  2. Ecclesiastes 1:13 The “wisdom” of Proverbs is not the “wisdom” of Ecclesiastes. The former is godly wisdom; the latter is usually human wisdom.
  3. Ecclesiastes 1:13 Heb Elohim: mighty, creator, ruler of man and nature.