Japanese Living Bible

ヨハネの福音書 19

1しかたなくピラトは、イエスの背中を鉛のついたむちで打たせました。 そして兵士たちは、いばらで冠を編み、イエスの頭にかぶらせ、王の着る紫色のガウンを着せました。 それから、「ユダヤ人の王様、ばんざーい!」とさんざんからかい、平手でたたいたりしました。 ピラトはもう一度外に出て、ユダヤ人たちに念を押しました。「今、あの男を連れ出す。だがいいか。私の見たところでは、あの男は無罪だ。」 イエスは、いばらの冠に紫色のガウンという姿のまま出て来られました。「よく見ろ。この男だ」と、ピラトが言いました。

「十字架につけろ! 十字架だ!」イエスを見るやいなや、祭司長やユダヤ人の役人たちは、大声で訴えました。ピラトは言いました。「そこまで言うならおまえたちがやれ! 私の調べでは無罪だ。」 「こいつは自分を神の子とぬかしました。私どもの法律では死刑です。」 そのことばを聞くと、ピラトはますますこわくなりました。 もう一度イエスを官邸へ連れ戻し、尋ねました。「おまえはいったい、どこから来たのだ。」しかし、イエスはひとこともお答えになりません。 10 ピラトはさらに問い詰めます。「何も言わないのか。わからんやつだな。私の命令ひとつで、おまえを釈放することも、十字架につけることもできるのだぞ。」 11 イエスは言われました。「神から与えられた権威でなければ、あなたは何も手出しはできません。わたしをあなたに引き渡した者の罪は、もっと大きいのです。」 12 何とかしてイエスを釈放しようと手を尽くすピラトに、ユダヤ人の指導者たちは激しく抵抗しました。「こいつを釈放なさるおつもりですか。そんなことをしたら、あなた様はカイザル(ローマ皇帝)の味方ではありません。だれであろうと、自分を王とする者は謀反人です。」 13 こう言われて、ピラトはまたもやイエスを外に連れ出し、「敷石」〔ヘブル語で、ガバタ〕と呼ばれる場所で裁判の席に着きました。 14 それはちょうど、過越の祭りの前日、正午ごろのことでした。「さあ、おまえたちの王だ。」 15 「殺せ、殺せ。十字架につけろ!」「なに? おまえたちの王をか?」「カイザルのほかに王はない!」祭司長たちは、むきになって叫び返します。 16 これでは、しかたがありません。ついにピラトもあきらめ、十字架につけるため、イエスをユダヤ人に引き渡しました。

十字架につけられ、埋葬されるイエス

17 ついにイエスはユダヤ人たちの手に渡されました。イエスは十字架を背負わされ、エルサレム市外の、「どくろ」〔ヘブル語で、ゴルゴタ〕という場所へ引かれて行きました。 18 人々はそこで、ほかの二人といっしょにイエスを十字架につけました。イエスは真ん中、二人はそれぞれその両側に。 19 ピラトはイエスの頭上に、「ユダヤ人の王、ナザレのイエス」と書いた罪状書きを掲げました。 20 処刑の場所は都に近く、しかも罪状書きはヘブル語、ラテン語、ギリシヤ語で書いてあったので、大ぜいの人が読みました。 21 これを見た祭司長たちは、ピラトに抗議しました。「『ユダヤ人の王』とあるのは納得がいきません。『ユダヤ人の王と自称した』と書き直してください。」 22 「私が書いたことに口出しする気か。そのままにしておけ。」ピラトは聞き入れませんでした。

23 さて、イエスを十字架につけてしまうと、兵士たちははぎ取った着物を四つに分け、一つずつ取りました。下着もそうしようとしましたが、見ると縫い目がありません。 24 「こいつは裂くわけにいかないな。よし、だれが取るか、くじで決めよう」と話がまとまりました。「彼らはわたしの着物を分け合い、下着をくじ引きにした」詩篇22・18という聖書のことばどおりになったのです。 25 兵士たちがこんなやり方をしたのも、聖書のことばが実現するためでした。十字架のそばには、イエスの母マリヤ、おば、クロパの妻マリヤ、マグダラのマリヤが立っていました。 26 イエスに愛された弟子の私(ヨハネ)もいっしょでした。イエスは、私と、私のそばに立ち尽くしているご自分の母親とを見つめ、「お母さん。ほら、そこにあなたの息子がいますよ」と声をかけられました。 27 それから、弟子の私に、「さあ、あなたの母ですよ」とおっしゃいました。その時以来、私は先生のお母さんを家に引き取ったのです。

28 こうして、何もかもすっかり終わったことを知ったイエスは、「わたしは渇く」と言われました。これも聖書のことばどおりの出来事です。 29 そこには、ちょうど酸っぱいぶどう酒のつぼが置いてありました。人々は海綿を浸し、ヒソプの枝の先につけて、イエスの口もとに差し出しました。 30 それをお受けになると、最後に、「すべて成し遂げた」とひとこと叫び、頭を垂れて息を引きとられたのです。

31 翌日は安息日でした。しかも、特別に重要な日でした。ユダヤ人の指導者たちは、どうしても死体を翌日まで十字架にかけたままにしておきたくありませんでした。ピラトに、受刑者たちの足のすねを折って早く死なせるよう取り計らってほしい、と願い出ました。そうすれば十字架から取り降ろせるからです。 32 さっそく兵士たちが来て、イエスといっしょに十字架につけられた二人の男のすねを折りました。 33 最後にイエスのところに来て見上げると、すでに亡くなっていたので、すねを折るのはやめました。 34 ところが、兵士の一人が何を思ったのか、いきなり槍でわき腹を突きました。すると、そこから血と水が流れ出たのです。 35 この一部始終を、私は確かにこの目で見ました。それをありのままに、正確に報告しています。皆さんにも信じていただきたいからです。 36-37 兵士たちがこうしたのは、聖書に、「彼の骨は一つも砕かれない」 詩篇34・20他)、また「彼らは自分たちが突き刺した方を見る」ゼカリヤ12・10とあることが、そのとおり起こるためでした。

38 このあと、弟子でありながら、ユダヤ人の指導者たちを恐れてそれを隠していたアリマタヤのヨセフが、勇気を奮い起こし、ピラトにイエスの死体の引き取りを願い出ました。ピラトの許可を得ると、すぐ刑場に駆けつけ、死体を取り降ろしました。 39 以前に、夜、イエスのところに来たことのあるニコデモも、没薬(天然ゴムの樹脂で、古代の貴重な防腐剤)とアロエでつくった埋葬用の香油を三十キロほど用意して来ました。 40 二人はユダヤ人の埋葬の習慣に従い、香料をしみ込ませた長い亜麻布でイエスの体を包みました。 41 刑場の近くに園があり、そこにはさいわい新しい墓がありました。 42 安息日の前日ですから、急がなければなりません。すぐ近くだったこともあり、イエスをその墓に納めました。

Amplified Bible

John 19

The Crown of Thorns

1So then Pilate took Jesus and had Him [a]scourged (flogged, whipped). And the soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and put a purple robe around Him; and they kept coming up to Him, saying [mockingly], “Hail, King of the Jews [Good health! Peace! Long life to you, King of the Jews]!” And they slapped Him in the face. Then Pilate came out again and said to them, “Look, I am bringing Him out to you so that you may know that I find no guilt in Him [no crime, no cause for an accusation].” So Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe, and Pilate said to them, “Look! The Man!” When the chief priests and officers saw Him, they shouted, “Crucify [Him]! Crucify [Him]!” Pilate said to them, “Take Him yourselves and crucify Him, for I find no guilt in Him [no crime, no cause for an accusation].” The Jews answered him, “We have a law [regarding blasphemy], and according to that law He should die, because He made Himself out to be the Son of God.”

So when Pilate heard this said, he was [even] more [b]alarmed and afraid. He went into the Praetorium again and said to Jesus, “Where are You from?” But Jesus did not answer him. 10 So Pilate said to Him, “You do not speak to me? Do You not know that I have authority to release You, and I have authority to crucify You?” 11 Jesus answered, “You would have no authority over Me at all if it had not been given to you from above. For this reason the sin and guilt of the [c]one who handed Me over to you is greater [than your own].” 12 As a result of this, Pilate kept making efforts to release Him, but the Jews kept screaming, “[d]If you release this Man, you are no friend of Caesar! Anyone who makes himself out [to be] a king opposes Caesar [and rebels against the emperor]!”

13 When Pilate heard this, he brought Jesus out, and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called [e]The Pavement, but in [f]Hebrew, Gabbatha. 14 Now it was the day of Preparation for the [g]Passover [week], and it was about the sixth hour. He said to the Jews, “Look, your King!” 15 But they shouted, “Away with Him, away with Him, crucify Him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar!”

The Crucifixion

16 Then he handed Him over to them to be crucified.

17 So they took Jesus, and He went out, [h]bearing His own cross, to the place called [i]the Place of the Skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha. 18 There they crucified Him, and with Him two others, one on either side, and Jesus between them. 19 Pilate also wrote an inscription [on a placard] and put it on the cross. And it was written: “JESUS THE NAZARENE, THE KING OF THE JEWS.” 20 And many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, in Latin, and in Greek. 21 Then the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews’; but, ‘He said, “I am King of the Jews.”’” 22 Pilate replied, “What I have written I have written [and it remains written].”

23 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His outer clothes and made four parts, a part for each soldier, and also the tunic. But the [j]tunic was seamless, woven [in one piece] from the top throughout. 24 So they said to one another, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, to decide whose it will be.” This was to fulfill the Scripture, “They divided My outer clothing among them, and for My clothing they cast lots.” 25 So the soldiers did these things.

But standing by the cross of Jesus were His mother, His mother’s sister [[k]Salome], [l]Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 26 So Jesus, seeing His mother, and the [m]disciple whom He loved (esteemed) standing near, said to His mother, “[Dear] woman, look, [here is] your son!” 27 Then He said to the disciple (John), “Look! [here is] your mother [protect and provide for her]!” From that hour the disciple took her into his own home.

28 After this, Jesus, knowing that all was now finished, said in fulfillment of the Scripture, “I am thirsty.” 29 A jar full of [n]sour wine was placed there; so they put a sponge soaked in the sour wine on [a branch of] hyssop and held it to His mouth. 30 When Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” And He bowed His head and [voluntarily] [o]gave up His spirit.

Care of the Body of Jesus

31 Since it was the day of Preparation [for the Sabbath], in order to prevent the bodies from hanging on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high holy day) the Jews asked Pilate to have their legs [p]broken [to hasten death] and the bodies taken away. 32 So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first man, and of the other who had been crucified with Him. 33 But when they came to Jesus and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came [flowing] out. 35 And he (John, the eyewitness) who has seen it has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also [who read this] may believe. 36 For these things took place to fulfill the Scripture, “Not a bone of His shall be broken.” 37 And again another Scripture says, “They shall look at Him whom they have pierced.”

38 And after this, Joseph of Arimathea—a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews—asked Pilate to let him take away the body of Jesus; and Pilate gave him permission. So he came and took away His body. 39 Nicodemus, who had first come to Him at night, also came bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, [weighing] about a hundred [Roman] [q]pounds. 40 So they took Jesus’ body and bound it in linen wrappings with the fragrant spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. 41 Now there was a garden at the place where He was crucified, and in the garden a new tomb [cut out of solid rock] in which no one had yet been laid. 42 Therefore, because of the Jewish day of Preparation, and since the tomb was nearby, they laid Jesus there.

Notas al pie

  1. John 19:1 Because Pilate viewed Jesus as innocent, he may have ordered the beating expecting that the Jews would consider it adequate punishment and consent to Jesus’ release. Scourging was a horrific, brutal form of punishment. The glass and metal of the whip tore the body apart, exposing the vital organs. Men frequently died of the scourging.
  2. John 19:8 As a Roman pagan, Pilate would have been superstitious and may have feared that Jesus actually had some sort of magical or divine power.
  3. John 19:11 This may refer to Judas Iscariot, but Caiaphas may be the more likely one since he was directly responsible for Jesus’ going before Pilate.
  4. John 19:12 This put political pressure on Pilate. The Jews indicated if Pilate released Jesus they would inform Rome and Pilate’s career would be in jeopardy.
  5. John 19:13 Gr The Lithostrotos, i.e. the Mosaic Pavement, the Stone Platform.
  6. John 19:13 I.e. Jewish Aramaic.
  7. John 19:14 See note 18:28.
  8. John 19:17 The vertical post remained permanently in the ground. Jesus carried the cross beam.
  9. John 19:17 Latin: Calvarius or Calvary; Aram: Golgotha; Greek: Kranion.
  10. John 19:23 Gr khiton, the long shirtlike undergarment worn next to the skin.
  11. John 19:25 The mother of the apostles John and James, the sons of Zebedee.
  12. John 19:25 The mother of James the Younger (also called James the Less). Believed to be a sister or sister-in-law of Jesus’ mother.
  13. John 19:26 John, the Apostle and author of this Gospel was Jesus’ cousin.
  14. John 19:29 This sour wine was not to dull the senses, but to provide minimal relief to the victim. The wine mixed with gall (myrrh) that Jesus earlier had refused to drink (Matt 27:34; Mark 15:23) had narcotic qualities to deaden the pain.
  15. John 19:30 This wording implies that Jesus voluntarily and sovereignly released His spirit from His body in submission to God’s plan.
  16. John 19:31 After the legs were broken with a heavy blow, the condemned prisoner could no longer push upwards to assist his own breathing and would soon suffocate due to the awkward position that was forced on him by crucifixion. At the same time, breaking the legs was more painful than a quicker end with the point of a spear.
  17. John 19:39 Lit litras, equal to 12 oz each.