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Proverbios 1

Prólogo: Propósito y tema

1Proverbios de Salomón hijo de David, rey de Israel:

para adquirir sabiduría y disciplina;
    para discernir palabras de inteligencia;
para recibir la corrección que dan la prudencia,
    la rectitud, la justicia y la equidad;
para infundir sagacidad en los inexpertos,
    conocimiento y discreción en los jóvenes.
Escuche esto el sabio, y aumente su saber;
    reciba dirección el entendido,
para discernir el proverbio y la parábola,
    los dichos de los sabios y sus enigmas.

El temor del Señor es el principio del conocimiento;
    los necios desprecian la sabiduría y la disciplina.

Exhortaciones a buscar la sabiduría

Advertencia contra el engaño

Hijo mío, escucha las correcciones de tu padre
    y no abandones las enseñanzas de tu madre.
Adornarán tu cabeza como una diadema;
    adornarán tu cuello como un collar.

10 Hijo mío, si los pecadores quieren engañarte,
    no vayas con ellos.
11 Estos te dirán:
    «¡Ven con nosotros!
Acechemos a algún inocente
    y démonos el gusto de matar a algún incauto;
12 traguémonos a alguien vivo,
    como se traga el sepulcro a la gente;
devorémoslo entero,
    como devora la fosa a los muertos.
13 Obtendremos toda clase de riquezas;
    con el botín llenaremos nuestras casas.
14 Comparte tu suerte con nosotros,
    y compartiremos contigo lo que obtengamos».
15 ¡Pero no te dejes llevar por ellos,[a] hijo mío!
    ¡Apártate de sus senderos!
16 Pues corren presurosos a hacer lo malo;
    ¡tienen prisa por derramar sangre!
17 De nada sirve tender la red
    a la vista de todos los pájaros,
18 pero aquellos acechan su propia vida[b]
    y acabarán por destruirse a sí mismos.
19 Así terminan los que van tras ganancias mal adquiridas;
    por estas perderán la vida.

Advertencia contra el rechazo a la sabiduría

20 Clama la sabiduría en las calles;
    en los lugares públicos levanta su voz.
21 Clama en las esquinas de calles transitadas;
    a la entrada de la ciudad razona:

22 «¿Hasta cuándo, muchachos inexpertos,
    seguiréis aferrados a vuestra inexperiencia?
¿Hasta cuándo, vosotros los insolentes,
    os complaceréis en vuestra insolencia?
¿Hasta cuándo, vosotros los necios,
    aborreceréis el conocimiento?
23 Responded a mis reprensiones,
    y yo os abriré mi corazón;[c]
    os daré a conocer mis pensamientos.
24 Como vosotros no me atendisteis cuando os llamé,
    ni me hicisteis caso cuando os tendí la mano,
25 sino que rechazasteis todos mis consejos
    y no acatasteis mis reprensiones,
26 ahora yo me burlaré de vosotros
    cuando caigáis en desgracia.
Yo seré quien se ría de vosotros
    cuando os sobrevenga el miedo,
27 cuando el miedo os sobrevenga como una tormenta
    y la desgracia os arrastre como un torbellino.

28 »Entonces me llamarán, pero no les responderé;
    me buscarán, pero no me encontrarán.
29 Por cuanto aborrecieron el conocimiento
    y no quisieron temer al Señor;
30 por cuanto no siguieron mis consejos,
    sino que rechazaron mis reprensiones,
31 cosecharán el fruto de su conducta,
    se hartarán con sus propias intrigas;
32 ¡su descarrío e inexperiencia los destruirán,
    su complacencia y necedad los aniquilarán!
33 Pero el que me obedezca vivirá tranquilo,
    sosegado y sin temor del mal».

Notas al pie

  1. 1:15 no … por ellos. Lit. no vayas por sus caminos.
  2. 1:18 vida. Lit. sangre.
  3. 1:23 os abriré mi corazón. Lit. derramaré mi espíritu.

Amplified Bible

Proverbs 1

The Usefulness of Proverbs

1The proverbs (truths obscurely expressed, maxims) of Solomon son of David, king of Israel:


To know [skillful and godly] wisdom and instruction;
To discern and comprehend the words of understanding and insight,

To receive instruction in wise behavior and the discipline of wise thoughtfulness,
Righteousness, justice, and integrity;

That prudence (good judgment, astute common sense) may be given to the naive or inexperienced [who are easily misled],
And knowledge and discretion (intelligent discernment) to the youth,

The wise will hear and increase their learning,
And the person of understanding will acquire wise counsel and the skill [to steer his course wisely and lead others to the truth],

To understand a proverb and a figure [of speech] or an enigma with its interpretation,
And the words of the wise and their riddles [that require reflection].


The [reverent] fear of the Lord [that is, worshiping Him and regarding Him as truly awesome] is the beginning and the preeminent part of knowledge [its starting point and its essence];
But arrogant [a]fools despise [skillful and godly] wisdom and instruction and self-discipline.

The Enticement of Sinners


My son, hear the instruction of your father,
And do not reject the teaching of your mother.

For they are a garland of grace on your head,
And chains and ornaments [of gold] around your neck.
10 
My son, if sinners entice you,
Do not consent.
11 
If they say, “Come with us;
Let us lie in wait to shed blood,
Let us ambush the innocent without cause;
12 
Let us swallow them alive like Sheol (the place of the dead),
Even whole, as those who go down to the pit [of death];
13 
We will find and take all kinds of precious possessions,
We will fill our houses with spoil;
14 
Throw in your lot with us [they insist];
We will all have one money bag [in common],”
15 
My son, do not walk on the road with them;
Keep your foot [far] away from their path,
16 
For their feet run to evil,
And they hurry to shed blood.
17 
Indeed, it is useless to spread the baited net
In the sight of any bird;
18 
But [when these people set a trap for others] they lie in wait for their own blood;
They set an ambush for their own lives [and rush to their destruction].
19 
So are the ways of everyone who is greedy for gain;
Greed takes away the lives of its possessors.

Wisdom Warns

20 
[b]Wisdom shouts in the street,
She raises her voice in the markets;
21 
She calls out at the head of the noisy streets [where large crowds gather];
At the entrance of the city gates she speaks her words:
22 
“How long, O naive ones [you who are easily misled], will you love being simple-minded and undiscerning?
How long will scoffers [who ridicule and deride] delight in scoffing,
How long will fools [who obstinately mock truth] hate knowledge?
23 
“If you will turn and pay attention to my rebuke,
Behold, I [Wisdom] will pour out my spirit on you;
I will make my words known to you.
24 
“Because I called and you refused [to answer],
I stretched out my hand and no one has paid attention [to my offer];
25 
And you treated all my counsel as nothing
And would not accept my reprimand,
26 
I also will laugh at your disaster;
I will mock when your dread and panic come,
27 
When your dread and panic come like a storm,
And your disaster comes like a whirlwind,
When anxiety and distress come upon you [as retribution].
28 
“Then they will call upon me (Wisdom), but I will not answer;
They will seek me eagerly but they will not find me,
29 
Because they hated knowledge
And did not choose the fear of the Lord [that is, obeying Him with reverence and awe-filled respect],
30 
They would not accept my counsel,
And they spurned all my rebuke.
31 
“Therefore they shall eat of the fruit of their own [wicked] way
And be satiated with [the penalty of] their own devices.
32 
“For the turning away of the [c]naive will kill them,
And the careless ease of [self-righteous] fools will destroy them.
33 
“But whoever listens to me (Wisdom) will live securely and in confident trust
And will be at ease, without fear or dread of evil.”

Notas al pie

  1. Proverbs 1:7 In Proverbs various kinds of fools are discussed including those who are closed-minded, over-confident, and reject instruction and correction—the unteachable; those who lack spiritual insight—the spiritually blind; and those who are flippant, hardened, and who deliberately choose to reject God and wisdom—the arrogant.
  2. Proverbs 1:20 Wisdom is personified as a woman in vv 20-33 and speaks, in the first person, of godly wisdom. Read the word “wisdom” as “the wisdom of God” and see the wonderful power of this book.
  3. Proverbs 1:32 Lit simple ones.