Nueva Versión Internacional (Castilian)

Lucas 1

Prólogo

1Muchos han intentado hacer un relato de las cosas que han sucedido[a] entre nosotros, tal y como nos las transmitieron los que desde el principio fueron testigos presenciales y servidores de la palabra. Por lo tanto, yo también, excelentísimo Teófilo, habiendo investigado todo esto con esmero desde su origen, he decidido escribírtelo ordenadamente, para que llegues a tener plena seguridad de lo que te enseñaron.

Anuncio del nacimiento de Juan el Bautista

En tiempos de Herodes, rey de Judea, hubo un sacerdote llamado Zacarías, miembro del grupo de Abías. Su esposa Elisabet también era descendiente de Aarón. Ambos eran rectos e intachables delante de Dios; obedecían todos los mandamientos y preceptos del Señor. Pero no tenían hijos, porque Elisabet era estéril; y los dos eran de edad avanzada.

Un día en que Zacarías, por haber llegado el turno de su grupo, oficiaba como sacerdote delante de Dios, le tocó en suerte, según la costumbre del sacerdocio, entrar en el santuario del Señor para quemar incienso. 10 Cuando llegó la hora de ofrecer el incienso, la multitud reunida afuera estaba orando. 11 En esto, un ángel del Señor se apareció a Zacarías a la derecha del altar del incienso. 12 Al verlo, Zacarías se asustó, y el temor se apoderó de él. 13 El ángel le dijo:

―No tengas miedo, Zacarías, pues ha sido escuchada tu oración. Tu esposa Elisabet te dará un hijo, y le pondrás por nombre Juan. 14 Tendrás gozo y alegría, y muchos se regocijarán por su nacimiento, 15 porque él será un gran hombre delante del Señor. Jamás tomará vino ni licor, y será lleno del Espíritu Santo aun desde su nacimiento.[b] 16 Hará que muchos israelitas se vuelvan al Señor su Dios. 17 Él irá primero, delante del Señor, con el espíritu y el poder de Elías, para reconciliar a[c] los padres con los hijos y guiar a los desobedientes a la sabiduría de los justos. De este modo preparará un pueblo bien dispuesto para recibir al Señor.

18 ―¿Cómo podré estar seguro de esto? —preguntó Zacarías al ángel—. Ya soy anciano y mi esposa también es de edad avanzada.

19 ―Yo soy Gabriel y estoy a las órdenes de Dios —le contestó el ángel—. He sido enviado para hablar contigo y darte estas buenas noticias. 20 Pero, como no creíste en mis palabras, las cuales se cumplirán a su debido tiempo, te vas a quedar mudo. No podrás hablar hasta el día en que todo esto suceda.

21 Mientras tanto, el pueblo estaba esperando a Zacarías y les extrañaba que se demorara tanto en el santuario. 22 Cuando por fin salió, no podía hablarles, así que se dieron cuenta de que allí había tenido una visión. Se podía comunicar solo por señas, pues seguía mudo.

23 Cuando terminaron los días de su servicio, regresó a su casa. 24 Poco después, su esposa Elisabet concibió y se mantuvo recluida por cinco meses. 25 «Esto —decía ella— es obra del Señor, que ahora ha mostrado su bondad al quitarme la vergüenza que yo tenía ante los demás».

Anuncio del nacimiento de Jesús

26 A los seis meses, Dios envió al ángel Gabriel a Nazaret, pueblo de Galilea, 27 a visitar a una joven virgen comprometida para casarse con un hombre que se llamaba José, descendiente de David. La virgen se llamaba María. 28 El ángel se acercó a ella y le dijo:

―¡Te saludo,[d] tú que has recibido el favor de Dios! El Señor está contigo.[e]

29 Ante estas palabras, María se perturbó, y se preguntaba qué podría significar este saludo.

30 ―No tengas miedo, María; Dios te ha concedido su favor —le dijo el ángel—. 31 Concebirás y darás a luz un hijo, y le pondrás por nombre Jesús. 32 Él será un gran hombre, y lo llamarán Hijo del Altísimo. Dios el Señor le dará el trono de su padre David, 33 y reinará sobre el pueblo de Jacob para siempre. Su reinado no tendrá fin.

34 ―¿Cómo podrá suceder esto —le preguntó María al ángel—, puesto que soy virgen?[f]

35 ―El Espíritu Santo vendrá sobre ti, y el poder del Altísimo te cubrirá con su sombra. Así que al santo niño que va a nacer lo llamarán Hijo de Dios. 36 También tu parienta Elisabet va a tener un hijo en su vejez; de hecho, la que decían que era estéril ya está en el sexto mes de embarazo. 37 Porque para Dios no hay nada imposible.

38 ―Aquí tienes a la sierva del Señor —contestó María—. Que él haga conmigo como me has dicho.

Después de esto, el ángel la dejó.

María visita a Elisabet

39 A los pocos, días María emprendió viaje y se fue de prisa a un pueblo en la región montañosa de Judea. 40 Al llegar, entró en casa de Zacarías y saludó a Elisabet. 41 Tan pronto como Elisabet oyó el saludo de María, la criatura saltó en su vientre. Entonces Elisabet, llena del Espíritu Santo, 42 exclamó:

―¡Bendita tú entre las mujeres, y bendito el hijo que darás a luz![g] 43 Pero ¿cómo es esto, que la madre de mi Señor venga a verme? 44 Te digo que, tan pronto como llegó a mis oídos la voz de tu saludo, saltó de alegría la criatura que llevo en el vientre. 45 ¡Dichosa tú que has creído, porque lo que el Señor te ha dicho se cumplirá!

El cántico de María

46 Entonces dijo María:

«Mi alma glorifica al Señor,
47     y mi espíritu se regocija en Dios mi Salvador,
48 porque se ha dignado fijarse en su humilde sierva.
Desde ahora me llamarán dichosa todas las generaciones,
49     porque el Poderoso ha hecho grandes cosas por mí.
    ¡Santo es su nombre!
50 De generación en generación
    se extiende su misericordia a los que le temen.
51 Hizo proezas con su brazo;
    desbarató las intrigas de los soberbios.[h]
52 De sus tronos derrocó a los poderosos,
    mientras que ha exaltado a los humildes.
53 A los hambrientos los colmó de bienes,
    y a los ricos los despidió con las manos vacías.
54-55 Acudió en ayuda de su siervo Israel
    y, cumpliendo su promesa a nuestros padres,
mostró[i] su misericordia a Abraham
    y a su descendencia para siempre».

56 María se quedó con Elisabet unos tres meses y luego regresó a su casa.

Nacimiento de Juan el Bautista

57 Cuando se le cumplió el tiempo, Elisabet dio a luz un hijo. 58 Sus vecinos y parientes se enteraron de que el Señor le había mostrado gran misericordia, y compartieron su alegría.

59 A los ocho días llevaron a circuncidar al niño. Como querían ponerle el nombre de su padre, Zacarías, 60 su madre se opuso.

―¡No! —dijo ella—. Tiene que llamarse Juan.

61 ―Pero si nadie en tu familia tiene ese nombre —le dijeron.

62 Entonces le hicieron señas a su padre, para saber qué nombre quería ponerle al niño. 63 Él pidió una tablilla, en la que escribió: «Su nombre es Juan». Y todos quedaron asombrados. 64 Al instante se le desató la lengua, recuperó el habla y comenzó a alabar a Dios. 65 Todos los vecinos se llenaron de temor, y por toda la región montañosa de Judea se comentaba lo sucedido. 66 Quienes lo oían se preguntaban: «¿Qué llegará a ser este niño?» Porque la mano del Señor lo protegía.

El cántico de Zacarías

67 Entonces su padre Zacarías, lleno del Espíritu Santo, profetizó:

68 «Bendito sea el Señor, Dios de Israel,
    porque ha venido a redimir[j] a su pueblo.
69 Nos envió un poderoso Salvador[k]
    en la casa de David su siervo
70 (como lo prometió en el pasado por medio de sus santos profetas),
71 para librarnos de nuestros enemigos
    y del poder de todos los que nos aborrecen;
72 para mostrar misericordia a nuestros padres
    al acordarse de su santo pacto.
73     Así lo juró a Abraham nuestro padre:
74 nos concedió que fuéramos libres del temor,
    al rescatarnos del poder de nuestros enemigos,
para que le sirviéramos 75 con santidad y justicia,
    viviendo en su presencia todos nuestros días.

76 »Y tú, hijito mío, serás llamado profeta del Altísimo,
    porque irás delante del Señor para prepararle el camino.
77 Darás a conocer a su pueblo la salvación
    mediante el perdón de sus pecados,
78 gracias a la entrañable misericordia de nuestro Dios.
    Así nos visitará desde el cielo el sol naciente,
79 para dar luz a los que viven en tinieblas,
    en la más terrible oscuridad,[l]
para guiar nuestros pasos por la senda de la paz».

80 El niño crecía y se fortalecía en espíritu; y vivió en el desierto hasta el día en que se presentó públicamente al pueblo de Israel.

Notas al pie

  1. 1:1 han sucedido. Alt. se han recibido con convicción.
  2. 1:15 desde su nacimiento. Alt. antes de nacer. Lit. desde el vientre de su madre.
  3. 1:17 reconciliar a. Lit. hacer volver los corazones de; véase Mal 4:6.
  4. 1:28 ¡Te saludo. Alt. ¡Alégrate.
  5. 1:28 contigo. Var. contigo; bendita tú entre las mujeres.
  6. 1:34 soy virgen? Lit. no conozco a hombre?
  7. 1:42 el hijo que darás a luz! Lit. el fruto de tu vientre!
  8. 1:51 desbarató … soberbios. Lit. dispersó a los orgullosos en el pensamiento del corazón de ellos.
  9. 1:54-55 mostró. Lit. recordó.
  10. 1:68 ha venido a redimir. Lit. ha visitado y ha redimido.
  11. 1:69 envió un poderoso Salvador. Lit. levantó un cuerno de salvación.
  12. 1:79 en la más terrible oscuridad. Lit. y en sombra de muerte.

Amplified Bible

Luke 1

Introduction

1Since [as is well known] many have undertaken to compile an orderly account of the things which have been fulfilled among us [by God], exactly as they were handed down to us by those [with personal experience] who from the beginning [of Christ’s ministry] were eyewitnesses and ministers of the word [that is, of the teaching concerning salvation through faith in Christ], it seemed fitting for [a]me as well, [and so I have decided] after having carefully searched out and investigated all the events accurately, from the very beginning, to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus; so that you may know the exact truth about the things you have been [b]taught [that is, the history and doctrine of the faith].

Birth of John the Baptist Foretold

In the days of Herod [the Great], king of Judea, there was a certain priest whose name was [c]Zacharias, of [d]the division of Abijah. His wife was [e]a descendant of Aaron [the first high priest of Israel], and her name was Elizabeth. They both were righteous (approved) in the sight of God, walking blamelessly in all the commandments and requirements of the Lord. But they were childless, because Elizabeth was barren, and they were both far advanced in years.

Now it happened while Zacharias was serving as priest before God in the appointed order of his priestly division, as was the custom of the priesthood, he was chosen by lot to enter [the sanctuary of] the temple of the Lord and [f]burn incense [on the altar of incense]. 10 And all the congregation was praying outside [in the court of the temple] at the hour of the incense offering. 11 And an angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing to the right of the altar of incense. 12 When Zacharias saw the angel, he was troubled and overcome with fear. 13 But the angel said to him, “Do not be afraid, Zacharias, because your petition [in prayer] was heard, and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you will name him [g]John. 14 You will have great joy and delight, and many will rejoice over his birth, 15 for he will be great and distinguished in the sight of the Lord; and will never drink wine or liquor, and he will be filled with and empowered to act by the Holy Spirit while still in his mother’s womb. 16 He will turn many of the sons of Israel back [from sin] to [love and serve] the Lord their God. 17 It is he who will go as a forerunner before Him in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the fathers back to the children, and the disobedient to the attitude of the righteous [which is to seek and submit to the will of God]—in order to make ready a people [perfectly] prepared [spiritually and morally] for the Lord.”

18 And Zacharias said to the angel, “How will I be certain of this? For I am an old man and my wife is advanced in age.” 19 The angel replied and said to him, “I am Gabriel; I stand and minister in the [very] presence of God, and I have been sent [by Him] to speak to you and to bring you this good news. 20 [h]Listen carefully, you will be continually silent and unable to speak until the day when these things take place, because you did not believe what I told you; but my words will be fulfilled at their proper time.”

21 The people [outside in the court] were waiting for Zacharias, and were wondering about his long delay in the temple. 22 But when he did come out, he was unable to speak to them. They realized that he had seen a vision in the temple; and he kept making signs to them, and remained mute. 23 When his time of priestly service was finished, he returned to his home.

24 Now after this his wife Elizabeth became pregnant, and for five months she secluded herself completely, saying, 25 “This is how the Lord has dealt with me in the days when He looked with favor on me, to take away my [i]disgrace among men.”

Jesus’ Birth Foretold

26 Now in the sixth month [of Elizabeth’s pregnancy] the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city in Galilee called Nazareth, 27 to a virgin [j]betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, a descendant of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary. 28 And coming to her, the angel said, “Greetings, favored one! The Lord is with you.” 29 But she was greatly perplexed at what he said, and kept carefully considering what kind of greeting this was. 30 The angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. 31 Listen carefully: you will conceive in your womb and give birth to a son, and you shall name Him Jesus. 32 He will be great and eminent and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David; 33 and He will reign over the house of Jacob (Israel) forever, and of His kingdom there shall be no end.” 34 Mary said to the angel, “How will this be, since I am a virgin and have no intimacy with any man?” 35 Then the angel replied to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you [like a cloud]; for that reason the holy (pure, sinless) Child shall be called the Son of God. 36 And listen, even your relative Elizabeth has also conceived a son in her old age; and she who was called barren is now in her sixth month. 37 For with God nothing [is or ever] shall be impossible.” 38 Then Mary said, “[k]Behold, I am the servant of the Lord; may it be done to me according to your word.” And the angel left her.

Mary Visits Elizabeth

39 Now at this time Mary arose and hurried to the hill country, to a city of Judah (Judea), 40 and she entered the house of Zacharias and greeted Elizabeth. 41 When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, her baby leaped in her womb; and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit and empowered by Him. 42 And she exclaimed loudly, “Blessed [worthy to be praised] are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb! 43 And how has it happened to me, that the mother of my Lord would come to me? 44 For behold, when the sound of your greeting reached my ears, the baby in my womb leaped for joy. 45 And blessed [spiritually fortunate and favored by God] is she who believed and confidently trusted that there would be a fulfillment of the things that were spoken to her [by the angel sent] from the Lord.”

The Magnificat

46 And Mary said,

“My soul magnifies and exalts the Lord,
47 
And my spirit has rejoiced in God my Savior.
48 
“For He has looked [with loving care] on the humble state of His maidservant;
For behold, from now on all generations will count me blessed and happy and favored by God!
49 
“For He who is mighty has done great things for me;
And holy is His name [to be worshiped in His purity, majesty, and glory].
50 
And His mercy is upon generation after generation
Toward those who [stand in great awe of God and] fear Him.
51 
“He has done mighty deeds with His [powerful] arm;
He has scattered those who were proud in the thoughts of their heart.
52 
“He has brought down rulers from their thrones,
And exalted those who were humble.
53 
He has filled the hungry with good things;
And sent the rich away empty-handed.
54 
“He has helped His servant Israel,
In remembrance of His mercy,
55 
Just as He promised to our fathers,
To Abraham and to his descendants forever.”

56 And Mary stayed with Elizabeth for about three months, and then returned to her home.

John Is Born

57 Now the time had come for Elizabeth to give birth, and she gave birth to a son. 58 Her neighbors and relatives heard that the Lord had shown His great mercy toward her, and they were rejoicing with her.

59 It happened that on the eighth day they came to circumcise the child [as required by the Law], and they intended to name him Zacharias, after his father; 60 but his mother answered, “No indeed; instead he will be called John.” 61 And they said to her, “None of your relatives is called by that name.” 62 Then they made signs to his father, as to what he wanted him called. 63 And he asked for a writing tablet and wrote as follows, “His name is John.” And they were all astonished. 64 At once Zacharias’ mouth was opened and his tongue freed, and he began speaking, praising and blessing and thanking God. 65 Then fear came on all their neighbors; and all these things were discussed throughout the hill country of Judea. 66 All who heard these things kept them in mind, saying, “What then will this little boy turn out to be?” For the hand of the Lord was certainly with him [to bring about his birth].

Zacharias’ Prophecy

67 Now Zacharias his father was filled with the Holy Spirit and empowered by Him, and he prophesied, saying,

68 
“Blessed (praised, glorified) be the Lord, the God of Israel,
Because He has visited us and brought redemption to His people,
69 
And He has raised up a [l]horn of salvation [a mighty and valiant Savior] for us
In the house of David His servant—
70 
Just as He promised by the mouth of His holy prophets from the most ancient times—
71 
Salvation from our enemies,
And from the hand of all who hate us;
72 
To show mercy [as He promised] to our fathers,
And to remember His holy covenant [the promised blessing],
73 
The oath which He swore to Abraham our father,
74 
To grant us that we, being rescued from the hand of our enemies,
Might serve Him without fear,
75 
In holiness [being set apart] and righteousness [being upright] before Him all our days.
76 
“And you, child, will be called a prophet of the Most High;
For you will go on before the Lord (the Messiah) to prepare His ways;
77 
To give His people the knowledge of salvation
By the forgiveness of their sins,
78 
Because of the tender mercy of our God,
With which the Sunrise (the Messiah) from on high will dawn and visit us,
79 
To shine upon those who sit in darkness and in the shadow of death,
To guide our feet [in a straight line] into the way of peace and serenity.”

80 The child continued to grow and to become strong in spirit, and he lived in the deserts until the day of his public appearance to Israel [as John the Baptist, the forerunner of the Messiah].

Notas al pie

  1. Luke 1:3 Luke may have been a Gentile. If so, he is the only Gentile author whose work is included in the NT. In addition to The Gospel of Luke, he wrote The Acts of the Apostles, and is thought by some scholars to have been the author of The Letter to the Hebrews.
  2. Luke 1:4 Or orally instructed.
  3. Luke 1:5 I.e. Zechariah. The spelling is different because a Greek word cannot end with an “h,” and in place of “ah” the common Greek ending “-as” was substituted.
  4. Luke 1:5 King David organized the priests into 24 groups or divisions, each headed by a president. A division served twice a year for a week at a time (1 Chr 24:1-19).
  5. Luke 1:5 Lit from the daughters of.
  6. Luke 1:9 I.e. normally a once-in-a-lifetime privilege for a priest.
  7. Luke 1:13 John the Baptist is considered the last of the Old Testament prophets. His mother, Elizabeth, and Mary the mother of Jesus, were related (1:36), and Mary may have been with Elizabeth at the time John was born (1:56). John the Baptist is not to be confused with John the Apostle who, along with his brother James, was among the twelve disciples of Jesus. John and James were the sons of Zebedee and Salome. John the Apostle authored the Gospel of John, three brief letters (1 John, 2 John, 3 John), and Revelation.
  8. Luke 1:20 Lit behold.
  9. Luke 1:25 At this time childlessness was a social stigma.
  10. Luke 1:27 The first stage of marriage (called shiddukin in Hebrew) in Jewish tradition and law, usually lasting for a year before the wedding night; unlike an engagement, it was legally binding and required a divorce to nullify it. The woman remained with her parents during the betrothal year and was referred to as a “wife” even though the marriage was not consummated during this period of time.
  11. Luke 1:38 Mary’s response was significantly different from Zacharias’ (v 18). Zacharias would not take Gabriel’s word, and instead wanted some kind of miraculous sign as proof.
  12. Luke 1:69 In the OT a symbol of strength.