Nueva Versión Internacional (Castilian)

Isaías 28

Ay de Efraín

1¡Ay de la altiva corona de los borrachos de Efraín,
    de la flor marchita de su gloriosa hermosura,
    que está sobre la cumbre de un valle fértil!
¡Ay de los abatidos por el vino!
Mirad, el Señor cuenta con alguien
    que es fuerte y poderoso:
Éste echará todo por tierra con violencia,
    como tormenta de granizo,
como tempestad destructora,
    como tormenta de aguas torrenciales,
    como torrente desbordado.
La altiva corona de los borrachos de Efraín,
    será pisoteada.
Esa flor marchita de su gloriosa hermosura,
    sobre la cumbre de un valle fértil,
será como higo maduro antes de la cosecha:
    apenas alguien lo ve y lo tiene en la mano,
    se lo traga.
En aquel día el Señor Todopoderoso
    será una hermosa corona,
una diadema gloriosa
    para el remanente de su pueblo.
Él infundirá espíritu de justicia
    al que se sienta en el tribunal,
y valor a los que rechazan
    los asaltos a la puerta.
También sacerdotes y profetas
    se tambalean por el vino,
trastabillan a causa del licor;
    quedan aturdidos con el vino,
    tropiezan a causa del licor.
Cuando tienen visiones, titubean;
    cuando toman decisiones, vacilan.
¡Sí, regadas de vómito están todas las mesas,
    y no queda limpio ni un solo lugar!
«¿A quién creen que están enseñando?
¿A quién le están explicando su mensaje?
¿Creen que somos niños recién destetados,
    que acaban de dejar el pecho?
10 ¿Niños que repiten:
    “a-b-c-ch-d, a-e-i-o-u,
    un poquito aquí, un poquito allá”?[a]
11 Pues bien, Dios hablará a este pueblo
    con labios burlones y lenguas extrañas,
12     pueblo al que dijo:
«Éste es el lugar de descanso;
    que descanse el fatigado»;
    y también:
«Éste es el lugar de reposo».
¡Pero no quisieron escuchar!
13 Pues la palabra del Señor
    para ellos será también:
“á-b-c-ch-d, a-e-i-o-u,
    un poquito aquí, un poquito allá.»
Para que se vayan de espaldas cuando caminen,
    y queden heridos, enredados y atrapados.
14 Por tanto, gobernantes insolentes
    de este pueblo de Jerusalén,
    escuchad la palabra del Señor:
15 Vosotros decís: «Hemos hecho un pacto con la muerte,
    hemos hecho una alianza con el sepulcro.
Cuando venga una calamidad abrumadora,
    no nos podrá alcanzar,
porque hemos hecho de la mentira nuestro refugio
    y del engaño nuestro escondite.»

16 Por eso dice el Señor omnipotente:

«¡Yo pongo en Sión una piedra probada!,
    piedra angular y preciosa para un cimiento firme;
    el que confíe no andará desorientado.
17 Pondré como nivel la justicia,
    y la rectitud como plomada.
El granizo arrasará el refugio de la mentira,
    y las aguas inundarán el escondite.
18 Se anulará el pacto que hicisteis con la muerte,
    quedará sin efecto vuestra alianza con el sepulcro.
Cuando venga la calamidad abrumadora,
    a vosotros os aplastará.
19 Cada vez que pase, os arrebatará;
    pasará mañana tras mañana, de día y de noche.»
La comprensión de este mensaje
    causará terror absoluto.
20 La cama es demasiado estrecha para estirarse en ella,
    la manta es demasiado corta para envolverse en ella.
21 Sí, el Señor se levantará como en el monte Perasín,
    se moverá como en el valle de Gabaón;
para llevar a cabo su extraña obra,
    para realizar su insólita tarea.
22 Ahora bien, dejad de burlaros,
    no sea que se aprieten más vuestras cadenas;
porque me ha hecho saber el Señor,
    el Señor Todopoderoso,
acerca de la destrucción decretada
    contra todo el país.
23 Escuchad, oíd mi voz;
    prestad atención, oíd mi palabra:
24 Cuando un agricultor ara para sembrar,
    ¿lo hace sin descanso?
¿Se pasa todos los días rompiendo y rastrillando su terreno?
25 Después de que ha emparejado la superficie,
    ¿no siembra eneldo y esparce comino?
¿No siembra trigo en hileras,[b]
    cebada en el lugar debido,
    y centeno en las orillas?
26 Es Dios quien lo instruye
    y le enseña cómo hacerlo.
27 Porque no se trilla el eneldo con rastrillo,
    ni sobre el comino se pasa una rueda de carreta,
sino que el eneldo se golpea con una vara,
    y el comino con un palo.
28 El grano se tritura, pero no demasiado,
    ni tampoco se trilla sin descanso.
Se le pasan las ruedas de la carreta,
    pero los caballos no lo trituran.
29 También esto viene del Señor Todopoderoso,
    admirable por su consejo
    y magnífico por su sabiduría.

  1. 28:10 Versículo de difícil traducción (posiblemente remedo burlón de una lección de abecedario); también en v. 13.
  2. 28:25 hileras. Palabra de difícil traducción.

Amplified Bible

Isaiah 28

Ephraim’s Captivity Predicted

1Woe (judgment is coming) to [Samaria] the splendid crown of the drunkards of [a]Ephraim,
And to the fading flower of its glorious beauty,
Which is at the head of the rich valley
Of those who are overcome with wine!

Listen carefully, the Lord has a strong and mighty agent [the Assyrian];
Like a tempest of hail, a disastrous storm,
Like a tempest of mighty overflowing waters,
He has cast it down to the earth with His hand.

The splendid crown of the drunkards of Ephraim is trampled by [the foreigners’] feet.

And the fading flower of its glorious beauty,
Which is at the head of the rich valley,
Will be like the early fig before the summer,
Which one sees,
And as soon as it is in his hand
He [greedily] swallows it [and so will the Assyrians rapidly devour Samaria, Israel’s capital].

In that day the Lord of hosts will become a magnificent crown
And a glorious diadem to the [converted] remnant of His people,

A spirit of justice for him who sits in judgment [administering the law],
A strength to those who drive back the battle at the gate.

But even these reel with wine and stagger from strong drink:
The priest and the prophet reel with strong drink;
They are confused by wine, they stagger from strong drink;
They reel while seeing visions,
They stagger when pronouncing judgment.

For all the tables are full of filthy vomit, so that there is no place [that is clean.]


They say “To whom would He teach knowledge?
And to whom would He explain the message?
Those just weaned from milk?
Those just taken from the breast?
10 
“For He says,
‘Precept upon precept, precept upon precept,
Rule upon rule, rule upon rule,
Here a little, there a little.’”
11 
Indeed, the Lord will teach this people [in a more humiliating way]
By [men with] stammering lips and a foreign tongue,
12 
He who said to them, “This is the place of quiet, give rest to the weary,”
And, “This is the resting place,” yet they would not listen.
13 
Therefore the word of the Lord to them will be [merely monotonous repetitions]:
“Precept upon precept, precept upon precept,
Rule upon rule, rule upon rule,
Here a little, there a little.”
That they may go and stumble backward, and be broken, ensnared, and taken captive.

Judah Is Warned

14 
Therefore, hear the word of the Lord, you arrogant men
Who rule this people who are in Jerusalem!
15 
Because you have said, “We have made a covenant with death,
And with Sheol (the place of the dead) we have made an agreement,
When the overwhelming scourge passes by, it will not reach us,
For we have made lies our refuge and we have concealed ourselves in deception.”

16 Therefore the Lord God says this,

“Listen carefully, I am laying in Zion a Stone, a tested Stone,
A precious Cornerstone for the [secure] foundation, firmly placed.
He who believes [who trusts in, relies on, and adheres to that Stone] will not [b]be disturbed or give way [in sudden panic].
17 
“I will make justice the measuring line
And righteousness the mason’s level;
Then hail will sweep away the refuge of lies
And waters will flood over the secret [hiding] place.
18 
“Your covenant with death will be annulled,
And your agreement with Sheol (the place of the dead) will not stand;
When the overwhelming scourge passes through,
Then you will become its trampling ground.
19 
“As often as it passes through, it will seize you;
For morning after morning it will pass through, by day and by night,
And it will be sheer terror to understand what it means.”
20 
For the bed is too short to stretch out on,
And the blanket is too narrow to wrap around oneself [and likewise all their preparations are inadequate].
21 
For the Lord will rise up as at Mount Perazim,
He will be stirred up as in the Valley of Gibeon,
To do His work, His unusual and incredible work,
And to accomplish His work, His extraordinary work.
22 
Now do not carry on as scoffers,
Or the bands which bind you will be made stronger;
For I have heard from the Lord God of hosts [a decree]
Of decisive destruction on all the earth.

23 
Listen and hear my voice;
Listen carefully and hear my words.
24 
Does the farmer plow all day to plant seed?
Does he continually dig furrows and harrow his ground [after it is prepared]?
25 
When he has leveled its surface,
Does he not sow [the seed of] dill and scatter cumin,
And plant wheat in rows,
And barley in its [intended] place and [c]rye within its border?
26 
For his God instructs [him correctly] and teaches him properly.
27 
For dill is not threshed with a sharp threshing sledge,
Nor is a cartwheel rolled over cumin;
But dill is beaten out with a staff, and cumin with a rod.
28 
Bread grain is crushed fine,
Indeed, the farmer does not continue to thresh it forever.
Because the wheel of his cart and his horses eventually damage it,
He does not thresh it longer.
29 
This also comes from the Lord of hosts,
Who has made His counsel wonderful and His wisdom great.

  1. Isaiah 28:1 I.e. the ten northern tribes of Israel.
  2. Isaiah 28:16 The Septuagint (Greek translation of the Old Testament) reads “be put to shame,” a phrase which occurs frequently in pleas to God.
  3. Isaiah 28:25 A subspecies of common wheat.