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Daniel 9

Oración de Daniel

11-2 »Corría el primer año del reinado de Darío hijo de Jerjes, un medo que llegó a ser rey de los babilonios, cuando yo, Daniel, logré entender ese pasaje de las Escrituras[a] donde el Señor le comunicó al profeta Jeremías que la desolación de Jerusalén duraría setenta años. Entonces me puse a orar y a dirigir mis súplicas al Señor mi Dios. Además de orar, ayuné y me vestí de luto y me senté sobre cenizas. Ésta fue la oración y confesión que le hice:

» “Señor, Dios grande y terrible, que cumples tu pacto de fidelidad con los que te aman y obedecen tus mandamientos: Hemos pecado y hecho lo malo; hemos sido malvados y rebeldes; nos hemos apartado de tus mandamientos y de tus leyes. No hemos prestado atención a tus siervos los profetas, que en tu nombre hablaron a nuestros reyes y príncipes, a nuestros antepasados y a todos los habitantes de la tierra.

»”Tú, Señor, eres justo. Nosotros, en cambio, somos motivo de vergüenza en este día; nosotros, pueblo de Judá, habitantes de Jerusalén y de todo Israel, tanto los que vivimos cerca como los que se hallan lejos, en todos los países por los que nos has dispersado por haberte sido infieles.

»”Señor, tanto nosotros como nuestros reyes y príncipes, y nuestros antepasados, somos motivo de vergüenza por haber pecado contra ti. Pero aun cuando nos hemos rebelado contra ti, tú, Señor nuestro, eres un Dios compasivo y perdonador.

10 »”Señor y Dios nuestro, no hemos obedecido ni seguido tus leyes, las cuales nos diste por medio de tus siervos los profetas. 11 Todo Israel se ha apartado de tu ley y se ha negado a obedecerte. Por eso, porque pecamos contra ti, nos han sobrevenido las maldiciones que nos anunciaste, las cuales están escritas en la ley de tu siervo Moisés.

12 »”Tú has cumplido las advertencias que nos hiciste, a nosotros y a nuestros gobernantes, y has traído sobre nosotros esta gran calamidad. ¡Jamás ha ocurrido bajo el cielo nada semejante a lo que sucedió con Jerusalén!

13 »”Señor y Dios, todo este desastre ha venido sobre nosotros, tal y como está escrito en la ley de Moisés, y ni aun así hemos buscado tu favor. No nos hemos apartado de nuestros pecados ni hemos procurado entender tu verdad.

14 »”Tú, Señor y Dios nuestro, dispusiste esta calamidad y la has dejado caer sobre nosotros, porque eres justo en todos tus actos. ¡A pesar de todo, no te hemos obedecido!

15 »”Señor y Dios nuestro, que con mano poderosa sacaste de Egipto a tu pueblo y te has hecho renombrado, como hoy podemos ver: ¡Hemos pecado; hemos hecho lo malo! 16 Aparta tu ira y tu furor de Jerusalén, como corresponde a tus actos de justicia. Ella es tu ciudad y tu monte santo. Por nuestros pecados, y por la iniquidad de nuestros antepasados, Jerusalén y tu pueblo son objeto de burla de cuantos nos rodean.

17 »”Y ahora, Dios y Señor nuestro, escucha las oraciones y súplicas de este siervo tuyo. Haz honor a tu nombre y mira con amor a tu santuario, que ha quedado desolado. 18 Préstanos oído, Dios nuestro; abre los ojos y mira nuestra desolación y la ciudad sobre la cual se invoca tu nombre. Al hacerte estas peticiones, no apelamos a nuestra rectitud sino a tu gran misericordia. 19 ¡Señor, escúchanos! ¡Señor, perdónanos! ¡Señor, atiéndenos y actúa! Dios mío, haz honor a tu nombre y no tardes más; ¡tu nombre se invoca sobre tu ciudad y sobre tu pueblo!”

Las setenta semanas

20 »Yo seguí hablando y orando al Señor mi Dios. Le confesé mi pecado y el de mi pueblo Israel, y le supliqué en favor de su santo monte. 21 Se acercaba la hora del sacrificio vespertino. Y mientras yo seguía orando, el ángel Gabriel, a quien había visto en mi visión anterior, vino en raudo vuelo a verme 22 y me hizo la siguiente aclaración:

» “Daniel, he venido en este momento para que entiendas todo con claridad. 23 Tan pronto como empezaste a orar, Dios contestó tu oración. He venido a decírtelo porque tú eres muy apreciado. Presta, pues, atención a mis palabras, para que entiendas la visión.

24 »”Setenta semanas[b] han sido decretadas para que tu pueblo y tu santa ciudad pongan fin a sus transgresiones y pecados, pidan perdón por su maldad, establezcan para siempre la justicia, sellen la visión y la profecía, y consagren el lugar santísimo.

25 »”Entiende bien lo siguiente: Habrá siete semanas desde la promulgación del decreto que ordena la reconstrucción de Jerusalén hasta la llegada del príncipe elegido.[c] Después de eso, habrá sesenta y dos semanas más. Entonces será reconstruida Jerusalén, con sus calles y murallas.[d] Pero cuando los tiempos apremien, 26 después de las sesenta y dos semanas, se le quitará la vida al príncipe elegido. Éste se quedará sin ciudad y sin santuario, porque un futuro gobernante los destruirá. El fin vendrá como una inundación, y la destrucción no cesará[e] hasta que termine la guerra. 27 Durante una semana ese gobernante hará un pacto con muchos, pero a media semana pondrá fin a los sacrificios y ofrendas. Sobre una de las alas del templo cometerá horribles sacrilegios, hasta que le sobrevenga el desastroso fin que le ha sido decretado.”»

Notas al pie

  1. 9:1-2 Alusión a Jer 25:11-12.
  2. 9:24 semanas. Lit. sietes; también en vv. 25-27.
  3. 9:25 príncipe elegido. Lit. Mesías príncipe.
  4. 9:25 murallas. Alt. trincheras, o diques.
  5. 9:26 no cesará. Lit. ha sido decretada.

Amplified Bible

Daniel 9

Daniel’s Prayer for His People

1In the first year of Darius the son of [a]Ahasuerus, of Median descent, who was made king over the realm of the [b]Chaldeans— in the first year of his reign, I, Daniel, understood from the books the number of years which, according to the word of the Lord to Jeremiah the prophet, must pass before the desolations [which had been] pronounced on Jerusalem would end; and it was seventy years. So I directed my attention to the Lord God to seek Him by prayer and supplications, with fasting, sackcloth and ashes. I prayed to the Lord my God and confessed and said, “O Lord, the great and awesome God, who keeps His covenant and extends lovingkindness toward those who love Him and keep His commandments, we have sinned and committed wrong, and have behaved wickedly and have rebelled, turning away from Your commandments and ordinances. Further, we have not listened to and heeded Your servants the prophets, who spoke in Your name to our kings, our princes and our fathers, and to all the people of the land.

“Righteousness belongs to You, O Lord, but to us confusion and open shame, as it is this day—to the men of Judah, to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to all Israel, those who are nearby and those who are far away, in all the countries to which You have driven them, because of the [treacherous] acts of unfaithfulness which they have committed against You. O Lord, to us belong confusion and open shame—to our kings, to our princes, and to our fathers—because we have sinned against You. To the Lord our God belong mercy and lovingkindness and forgiveness, for we have rebelled against Him; 10 and we have not obeyed the voice of the Lord our God by walking in His laws which He set before us through His servants the prophets. 11 Yes, all Israel has transgressed Your law, even turning aside, not obeying Your voice; so the curse has been poured out on us and the oath which is written in the Law of Moses the servant of God, because we have sinned against Him. 12 And He has carried out completely His [threatening] words which He had spoken against us and against our rulers [the kings, princes, and judges] who ruled us, to bring on us a great tragedy; for under the whole heaven there has not been done anything [so dreadful] like that which [He commanded and] was done to Jerusalem. 13 Just as it is written in the Law of Moses, all this tragedy has come on us. Yet we have not wholeheartedly begged for forgiveness and sought the favor of the Lord our God by turning from our wickedness and paying attention to and placing value in Your truth. 14 Therefore the Lord has kept the tragedy ready and has brought it on us, for the Lord our God is [uncompromisingly] righteous and openly just in all His works which He does—He keeps His word; and we have not obeyed His voice.

15 “And now, O Lord our God, who brought Your people out of the land of Egypt with a mighty hand and who made for Yourself a name, as it is today—we have sinned, we have been wicked. 16 O Lord, in accordance with all Your righteous and just acts, please let Your anger and Your wrath turn away from Your city Jerusalem, Your holy mountain. Because of our sins and the wickedness of our fathers, Jerusalem and Your people have become an object of scorn and a contemptuous byword to all who are around us. 17 Now therefore, our God, listen to (heed) the prayer of Your servant [c](Daniel) and his supplications, and for Your own sake let Your face shine on Your desolate sanctuary. 18 O my God, incline Your ear and hear; open Your eyes and look at our desolations and the city which is called by Your name; for we are not presenting our supplications before You because of our own merits and righteousness, but because of Your great mercy and compassion. 19 O Lord, hear! O Lord, forgive! O Lord, listen and take action! Do not delay, for Your own sake, O my God, because Your city and Your people are called by Your name.”

Gabriel Brings an Answer

20 While I was still speaking and praying, and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my supplication before the Lord my God in behalf of the holy mountain of my God, 21 while I was still speaking in prayer and [d]extremely exhausted, the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the earlier vision, came to me about the time of the evening sacrifice. 22 He instructed me and he talked with me and said, “O Daniel, I have now come to give you insight and wisdom and understanding. 23 At the beginning of your supplications, the command [to give you an answer] was issued, and I have come to tell you, for you are highly regarded and greatly beloved. Therefore consider the message and begin to understand the [meaning of the] vision.

Seventy Weeks and the Messiah

24 “Seventy weeks [of years, or 490 years] [e]have been decreed for your people and for your holy city (Jerusalem), to finish the transgression, to make an end of sins, to make atonement (reconciliation) for wickedness, to bring in everlasting righteousness (right-standing with God), to seal up vision and prophecy and prophet, and to anoint the Most Holy Place. 25 So you are to know and understand that from the issuance of the command to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until [the coming of] the Messiah (the Anointed One), the Prince, there will be seven weeks [of years] and sixty-two weeks [of years]; it will be built again, with [a city] plaza and moat, even in times of trouble. 26 Then after the sixty-two weeks [of years] the Anointed One will be cut off [and denied His Messianic kingdom] and have nothing [and no one to defend Him], and the people of the [other] prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. Its end will come with a flood; even to the end there will be war; desolations are determined. 27 And he will enter into a binding and irrevocable covenant with the many for one week (seven years), but in the middle of the week he will stop the sacrifice and grain offering [for the remaining three and one-half years]; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until the complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who causes the horror.”

Notas al pie

  1. Daniel 9:1 Not the Ahasuerus (Xerxes) of the book of Esther.
  2. Daniel 9:1 See note 1:4.
  3. Daniel 9:17 Compare this verse with Ezek 14:12-20.
  4. Daniel 9:21 Lit wearied with weariness.
  5. Daniel 9:24 I.e. cut off, decided, determined. This phrase occurs only here and indicates a period of time set aside for a certain purpose. The prophecy that follows pertains only to the Jews and Jerusalem. It records six objectives to be achieved by the Messiah. The first three are resolved by the death and resurrection of Jesus; the final three are resolved at His second coming.