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2 Samuel 1

Noticia de la muerte de Saúl

1Después de la muerte de Saúl, David se detuvo dos días en Siclag, después de haber derrotado a los amalecitas. Al tercer día, llegó a Siclag un hombre que venía del campamento de Saúl. En señal de duelo, se presentó ante David con la ropa rasgada y la cabeza cubierta de ceniza, y se postró rostro en tierra.

―¿De dónde vienes? —le preguntó David.

―Vengo huyendo del campamento israelita —respondió.

―Pero ¿qué ha pasado? —exclamó David—. ¡Cuéntamelo todo!

―Pues resulta que nuestro ejército ha huido de la batalla, y muchos han caído muertos —contestó el mensajero—. Entre los caídos en combate se cuentan Saúl y su hijo Jonatán.

―¿Y cómo sabes tú que Saúl y su hijo Jonatán han muerto? —le preguntó David al criado que le había traído la noticia.

―Por casualidad me encontraba yo en el monte Guilboa. De pronto, vi a Saúl apoyado en su lanza y asediado por los carros y la caballería —respondió el criado—. Saúl se volvió y, al verme, me llamó. Yo me puse a sus órdenes. Me preguntó quién era yo, y le respondí que era amalecita. Entonces me pidió que me acercara y me ordenó: “¡Mátame de una vez, pues estoy agonizando y no acabo de morir!” 10 Yo me acerqué y lo maté, pues me di cuenta de que no iba a sobrevivir al desastre. Luego le quité la diadema de la cabeza y el brazalete que llevaba en el brazo, para traérselos a mi señor.

11 Al oírlo, David y los que estaban con él se rasgaron las vestiduras. 12 Lloraron y ayunaron hasta el anochecer porque Saúl y su hijo Jonatán habían caído a filo de espada, y también por el ejército del Señor y por la nación de Israel.

13 Entonces David le preguntó al joven que le había traído la noticia:

―¿De dónde eres?

―Soy un extranjero amalecita —respondió.

14 ―¿Y cómo te atreviste a alzar la mano para matar al ungido del Señor? —le dijo David.

15 Y en seguida llamó a uno de sus hombres y le ordenó:

―¡Anda, mátalo!

Aquel cumplió la orden y lo mató. 16 David, por su parte, dijo:

―¡Que tu sangre caiga sobre tu cabeza! Tu boca misma te condena al admitir que mataste al ungido del Señor.

Lamento de David por Saúl y Jonatán

17 David compuso este lamento en honor de Saúl y de su hijo Jonatán. 18 Lo llamó el «Cántico del Arco» y ordenó que lo enseñaran a los habitantes de Judá. Así consta en el libro de Jaser:

19 «¡Ay, Israel! Tus héroes yacen heridos[a]
    en las alturas de tus montes.
    ¡Cómo han caído los valientes!

20 »No lo anunciéis en Gat
    ni lo pregonéis en las calles de Ascalón,
para que no se alegren las filisteas
    ni lo celebren esas paganas.[b]

21 »¡Ay, montes de Guilboa,
    que no caiga sobre vosotros lluvia ni rocío!
    ¡Que no crezca el trigo para las ofrendas![c]
Porque allí deshonraron el escudo de Saúl:
    ¡allí quedó manchado[d] el escudo de los valientes!
22 ¡Jamás volvía el arco de Jonatán
    sin haberse saciado con la sangre de los heridos,
ni regresaba la espada de Saúl
    sin haberse hartado con la grasa de sus oponentes!

23 »¡Saúl! ¡Jonatán! ¡Nobles personas!
    Fueron amados en la vida,
    e inseparables en la muerte.
Más veloces eran que las águilas,
    y más fuertes que los leones.

24 »¡Ay, mujeres de Israel! Llorad por Saúl,
    que os vestía con lujosa seda carmesí
    y os adornaba con joyas de oro.

25 »¡Cómo han caído los valientes en batalla!
    Jonatán yace muerto en tus alturas.
26 ¡Cuánto sufro por ti, Jonatán,
    pues te quería como a un hermano!
Más preciosa fue para mí tu amistad
    que el amor de las mujeres.

27 »¡Cómo han caído los valientes!
    ¡Las armas de guerra han perecido!»

Notas al pie

  1. 1:19 ¡Ay, Israel! Tus héroes yacen heridos. Lit. La gloria de Israel ha perecido.
  2. 1:20 esas paganas. Lit. hijas de incircuncisos.
  3. 1:21 ¡Que no crezca el trigo para las ofrendas! Texto de difícil traducción.
  4. 1:21 allí quedó manchado. Lit. sin ser ungido con aceite.

Amplified Bible

2 Samuel 1

David Learns of Saul’s Death

1Now it happened after the death of Saul, when David had returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, that he stayed two days in Ziklag. On the third day a man came [unexpectedly] from Saul’s camp with his clothes torn and dust on his head [as in mourning]. When he came to David, he bowed to the ground and lay himself face down [in an act of great respect and submission]. Then David asked him, “Where do you come from?” He said, “I have escaped from the camp of Israel.” David said to him, “How did it go? Please tell me.” He answered, “The people have fled from the battle. Also, many of the people have fallen and are dead; Saul and Jonathan his son are also dead.” So David said to the young man who informed him, “How do you know Saul and his son Jonathan are dead?” And the young man who told him explained, “By chance I happened to be on Mount Gilboa, and there was Saul leaning on his spear, and the chariots and horsemen [of the Philistines] were close behind him. When he turned to look behind him, he saw me, and called to me. And I answered, ‘Here I am.’ He asked me, ‘Who are you?’ I answered him, ‘I am an Amalekite.’ He said to me, ‘Stand up facing me and kill me, for [terrible] agony has come over me, yet I still live [and I will be taken alive].’ 10 So I stood facing him [a]and killed him, because I knew that he could not live after he had fallen. Then I took the crown which was on his head and the [b]band which was on his arm, and I have brought them here to my lord.”

11 Then David grasped his own clothes and tore them [in mourning]; so did all the men who were with him. 12 They mourned and wept and fasted until evening for Saul and Jonathan his son, and for the Lord’s people and the house of [c]Israel, because they had fallen by the sword [in battle]. 13 David said to the young man who informed him, “Where are you from?” He answered, “I am the son of a foreigner (resident alien, sojourner), an Amalekite.” 14 David said to him, “How is it that you were not afraid to put out your hand to destroy the Lord’s anointed?” 15 David called one of the young men and said, “Go, execute him.” So he struck the Amalekite and he died. 16 David said to the [fallen] man, “[d]Your blood is on your own head, for your own mouth has testified against you, saying, ‘I have killed the Lord’s anointed.’”

David’s Dirge for Saul and Jonathan

17 Then David sang this dirge (funeral song) over Saul and his son Jonathan, 18 and he told them to teach the sons of Judah, the song of the bow. Behold, it is written in [e]the Book of Jashar:

19 
“Your glory and splendor, O Israel, is slain upon your high places!
How the mighty have fallen!
20 
“Tell it not in Gath,
Proclaim it not in the streets of Ashkelon,
Or the daughters of the Philistines will rejoice,
The daughters of the uncircumcised (pagans) will exult.
21 
[f]O mountains of Gilboa,
Let not dew or rain be upon you, nor fields with offerings;
For there the shield of the mighty was defiled,
The shield of Saul, [dry, cracked] not [g]anointed with oil.
22 
“From the blood of the slain, from the fat of the mighty,
The bow of Jonathan did not turn back,
And the sword of Saul did not return empty.
23 
“Saul and Jonathan, beloved and lovely and friends in their lives,
And in their death they were not separated;
They were swifter than eagles,
They were stronger than lions.
24 
“O daughters of Israel, weep over Saul,
Who clothed you [h]luxuriously in scarlet,
Who put ornaments of gold on your apparel.
25 
“How the mighty have fallen in the midst of the battle!
Jonathan lies slain upon your high places.
26 
“I am distressed for you, my brother Jonathan;
You have been a good friend to me.
Your [i]love toward me was more wonderful
Than the love of women.
27 
“How the mighty have fallen,
And the weapons of war have perished!”

Notas al pie

  1. 2 Samuel 1:10 The young Amalekite’s story conflicts with the description of Saul’s suicide as recounted in 1 Sam 31:3-6. He must have, at the very least, witnessed Saul’s death since he was able to obtain the crown and the arm band. He apparently expected that his story about administering the deathblow, whether true or not, would result in some sort of reward or honor.
  2. 2 Samuel 1:10 This band or armlet was not jewelry, but a piece of armor worn around the arm.
  3. 2 Samuel 1:12 In general, sons of Israel or Israel or Israelites refers to all the people (males and females) of the various tribes descended from the twelve sons (Gen 35:23-26) of Jacob (later renamed Israel by God). In verses concerning things such as warfare or circumcision sons of Israel or Israel or Israelites usually refers only to the males. Tribes of ancient people were identified by the name of their founding ancestor. Therefore, this same general rule applies when referring to individual tribal groups, e.g. sons of Reuben, Reuben, Reubenites and so throughout.
  4. 2 Samuel 1:16 I.e. your death is your own fault.
  5. 2 Samuel 1:18 An early poetic account of the wars of Israel and the heroic acts of the warriors.
  6. 2 Samuel 1:21 As an expression of his grief David curses the place of Saul’s death.
  7. 2 Samuel 1:21 It was necessary to lubricate leather shields with oil to preserve them.
  8. 2 Samuel 1:24 Lit with jewelry.
  9. 2 Samuel 1:26 Jonathan graciously accepted God’s choice of David as the next ruler of Israel, and supported him, honored him, and wanted the very best for him.