Chinese Contemporary Bible (Traditional)

哥林多前書 11

1你們要效法我,正如我效法基督一樣。

敬拜的禮儀

我讚賞你們,因為你們凡事都想到我,並堅守我傳給你們的各種教導。

我希望你們知道,基督是男人的頭,丈夫是妻子的頭,上帝是基督的頭。 男人在禱告和講道時,若蒙著頭,就是羞辱自己的頭。 但婦女在禱告和講道時,若不蒙著頭,就是羞辱自己的頭,因為她就像剃光了頭髮一樣。 因此,如果婦女不願意把頭蒙起來,就該把頭髮剪掉。如果她覺得剪髮或剃頭是羞恥的,就應該蒙頭。 然而,男人不該蒙頭,因為男人是上帝的形像和榮耀,而女人是男人的榮耀。 因為男人並非出自女人,而女人卻是出自男人。 並且男人不是為女人而造的,女人卻是為男人而造的。

10 因此為了天使的緣故,女人在頭上應該有服權柄的記號。 11 不過在主裡面,女人不可沒有男人,男人不可沒有女人。 12 因為女人是從男人而來,男人又是女人生的,但萬物都是來自上帝。

13 你們自行斟酌吧,女人向上帝禱告時不蒙頭合適嗎? 14 按著人的天性,難道你們不知道男人留長髮是他的羞辱, 15 女人留長髮是她的榮耀嗎?因為頭髮是用來給女人蓋頭的。 16 如果有誰想反駁這些話,我只能說,這是我們和上帝的眾教會向來遵守的規矩。

守聖餐的規矩

17 現在我有話要吩咐你們,不是稱讚你們,因為你們聚會不但無益,反而有害。 18 首先,我聽說你們在聚會的時候拉幫結派,我相信這些話有幾分真實。 19 你們中間必然會有分裂的事,好顯出誰是經得起考驗的。

20 你們聚會的時候,不是在吃主的晚餐。 21 因為你們進餐的時候,各人只顧吃自己的,結果有些人挨餓,有些人醉酒。 22 難道你們不可以在家裡吃喝嗎?還是你們輕看上帝的教會,存心羞辱那些貧窮的弟兄姊妹呢?我該說什麼呢?稱讚你們嗎?不可能!

23 我把從主領受的傳給了你們,就是:主耶穌被出賣的那天晚上,祂拿起一個餅來, 24 向上帝祝謝後掰開,說,「這是我的身體,是為你們掰開的,你們要這樣做,為的是紀念我。」 25 晚餐後,祂又照樣拿起杯來,說,「這杯是用我的血立的新約。你們每逢喝的時候,要這樣做,為的是紀念我。」 26 所以,每當你們吃這餅、喝這杯的時候,就是宣告主的死,一直到主再來。

27 因此,無論是誰,若以不正確的心態吃主的餅、喝主的杯,就是得罪主的身體和主的血。 28 所以,人要先自我省察,才可以吃這餅喝這杯。 29 因為守聖餐的時候,若有人隨便吃喝,忘記了這是主的身體,他就是自招審判。 30 正因如此,你們當中有許多人身體軟弱,疾病纏身,死亡的也不少。 31 如果我們先自我省察,就不會遭受審判了。 32 主審判我們,是對我們的管教,免得我們和世人一同被定罪。

33 因此,我的弟兄姊妹,當你們吃聖餐時,要彼此等候。 34 如果有人饑餓,可以在家中先吃,免得你們聚會的時候自招審判。至於其餘的事,等我到了以後再安排。

The Message

1 Corinthians 11

To Honor God

11-2 It pleases me that you continue to remember and honor me by keeping up the traditions of the faith I taught you. All actual authority stems from Christ.

3-9 In a marriage relationship, there is authority from Christ to husband, and from husband to wife. The authority of Christ is the authority of God. Any man who speaks with God or about God in a way that shows a lack of respect for the authority of Christ, dishonors Christ. In the same way, a wife who speaks with God in a way that shows a lack of respect for the authority of her husband, dishonors her husband. Worse, she dishonors herself—an ugly sight, like a woman with her head shaved. This is basically the origin of these customs we have of women wearing head coverings in worship, while men take their hats off. By these symbolic acts, men and women, who far too often butt heads with each other, submit their “heads” to the Head: God.

10-12 Don’t, by the way, read too much into the differences here between men and women. Neither man nor woman can go it alone or claim priority. Man was created first, as a beautiful shining reflection of God—that is true. But the head on a woman’s body clearly outshines in beauty the head of her “head,” her husband. The first woman came from man, true—but ever since then, every man comes from a woman! And since virtually everything comes from God anyway, let’s quit going through these “who’s first” routines.

13-16 Don’t you agree there is something naturally powerful in the symbolism—a woman, her beautiful hair reminiscent of angels, praying in adoration; a man, his head bared in reverence, praying in submission? I hope you’re not going to be argumentative about this. All God’s churches see it this way; I don’t want you standing out as an exception.

17-19 Regarding this next item, I’m not at all pleased. I am getting the picture that when you meet together it brings out your worst side instead of your best! First, I get this report on your divisiveness, competing with and criticizing each other. I’m reluctant to believe it, but there it is. The best that can be said for it is that the testing process will bring truth into the open and confirm it.

20-22 And then I find that you bring your divisions to worship—you come together, and instead of eating the Lord’s Supper, you bring in a lot of food from the outside and make pigs of yourselves. Some are left out, and go home hungry. Others have to be carried out, too drunk to walk. I can’t believe it! Don’t you have your own homes to eat and drink in? Why would you stoop to desecrating God’s church? Why would you actually shame God’s poor? I never would have believed you would stoop to this. And I’m not going to stand by and say nothing.

23-26 Let me go over with you again exactly what goes on in the Lord’s Supper and why it is so centrally important. I received my instructions from the Master himself and passed them on to you. The Master, Jesus, on the night of his betrayal, took bread. Having given thanks, he broke it and said,

This is my body, broken for you.
Do this to remember me.

After supper, he did the same thing with the cup:

This cup is my blood, my new covenant with you.
Each time you drink this cup, remember me.

What you must solemnly realize is that every time you eat this bread and every time you drink this cup, you reenact in your words and actions the death of the Master. You will be drawn back to this meal again and again until the Master returns. You must never let familiarity breed contempt.

27-28 Anyone who eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Master irreverently is like part of the crowd that jeered and spit on him at his death. Is that the kind of “remembrance” you want to be part of? Examine your motives, test your heart, come to this meal in holy awe.

29-32 If you give no thought (or worse, don’t care) about the broken body of the Master when you eat and drink, you’re running the risk of serious consequences. That’s why so many of you even now are listless and sick, and others have gone to an early grave. If we get this straight now, we won’t have to be straightened out later on. Better to be confronted by the Master now than to face a fiery confrontation later.

33-34 So, my friends, when you come together to the Lord’s Table, be reverent and courteous with one another. If you’re so hungry that you can’t wait to be served, go home and get a sandwich. But by no means risk turning this Meal into an eating and drinking binge or a family squabble. It is a spiritual meal—a love feast.

The other things you asked about, I’ll respond to in person when I make my next visit.