Chinese Contemporary Bible (Traditional)

哥林多前書 11

1你們要效法我,正如我效法基督一樣。

敬拜的禮儀

我讚賞你們,因為你們凡事都想到我,並堅守我傳給你們的各種教導。

我希望你們知道,基督是男人的頭,丈夫是妻子的頭,上帝是基督的頭。 男人在禱告和講道時,若蒙著頭,就是羞辱自己的頭。 但婦女在禱告和講道時,若不蒙著頭,就是羞辱自己的頭,因為她就像剃光了頭髮一樣。 因此,如果婦女不願意把頭蒙起來,就該把頭髮剪掉。如果她覺得剪髮或剃頭是羞恥的,就應該蒙頭。 然而,男人不該蒙頭,因為男人是上帝的形像和榮耀,而女人是男人的榮耀。 因為男人並非出自女人,而女人卻是出自男人。 並且男人不是為女人而造的,女人卻是為男人而造的。

10 因此為了天使的緣故,女人在頭上應該有服權柄的記號。 11 不過在主裡面,女人不可沒有男人,男人不可沒有女人。 12 因為女人是從男人而來,男人又是女人生的,但萬物都是來自上帝。

13 你們自行斟酌吧,女人向上帝禱告時不蒙頭合適嗎? 14 按著人的天性,難道你們不知道男人留長髮是他的羞辱, 15 女人留長髮是她的榮耀嗎?因為頭髮是用來給女人蓋頭的。 16 如果有誰想反駁這些話,我只能說,這是我們和上帝的眾教會向來遵守的規矩。

守聖餐的規矩

17 現在我有話要吩咐你們,不是稱讚你們,因為你們聚會不但無益,反而有害。 18 首先,我聽說你們在聚會的時候拉幫結派,我相信這些話有幾分真實。 19 你們中間必然會有分裂的事,好顯出誰是經得起考驗的。

20 你們聚會的時候,不是在吃主的晚餐。 21 因為你們進餐的時候,各人只顧吃自己的,結果有些人挨餓,有些人醉酒。 22 難道你們不可以在家裡吃喝嗎?還是你們輕看上帝的教會,存心羞辱那些貧窮的弟兄姊妹呢?我該說什麼呢?稱讚你們嗎?不可能!

23 我把從主領受的傳給了你們,就是:主耶穌被出賣的那天晚上,祂拿起一個餅來, 24 向上帝祝謝後掰開,說,「這是我的身體,是為你們掰開的,你們要這樣做,為的是紀念我。」 25 晚餐後,祂又照樣拿起杯來,說,「這杯是用我的血立的新約。你們每逢喝的時候,要這樣做,為的是紀念我。」 26 所以,每當你們吃這餅、喝這杯的時候,就是宣告主的死,一直到主再來。

27 因此,無論是誰,若以不正確的心態吃主的餅、喝主的杯,就是得罪主的身體和主的血。 28 所以,人要先自我省察,才可以吃這餅喝這杯。 29 因為守聖餐的時候,若有人隨便吃喝,忘記了這是主的身體,他就是自招審判。 30 正因如此,你們當中有許多人身體軟弱,疾病纏身,死亡的也不少。 31 如果我們先自我省察,就不會遭受審判了。 32 主審判我們,是對我們的管教,免得我們和世人一同被定罪。

33 因此,我的弟兄姊妹,當你們吃聖餐時,要彼此等候。 34 如果有人饑餓,可以在家中先吃,免得你們聚會的時候自招審判。至於其餘的事,等我到了以後再安排。

Amplified Bible

1 Corinthians 11

Christian Order

1Imitate me, just as I imitate Christ.

I praise and appreciate you because you remember me in everything and you firmly hold to the [a]traditions [the substance of my instructions], just as I have passed them on to you. But I want you to understand that Christ is the head (authority over) of every man, and man is the head of woman, and God is the head of Christ. Every man who prays or [b]prophesies with something on his head dishonors his head [and the One who is his head]. And every woman who prays or prophesies when she has her [c]head uncovered disgraces her head; for she is one and the same as the [d]woman whose head is shaved [in disgrace]. If a woman does not cover her head, she should have her hair cut off; and [e]if it is disgraceful for a woman to have her hair cut off or her head shaved, she should cover her head. A man ought not have his head covered [during worship], since he is the image and [reflected] glory of God; but the woman is [the expression of] man’s glory. For man does not originate from woman, but woman from man; for indeed man was not created for the sake of woman, but woman for the sake of man. 10 Therefore the woman ought to have a sign of authority on her head, [f]for the sake of the angels [so as not to offend them]. 11 Nevertheless, woman is not independent of man, nor is man independent of woman. 12 For as the woman originates from the man, so also man is born through the woman; and all things [whether male or female] originate from God [as their Creator]. 13 [g]Judge for yourselves; is it proper for a woman to offer prayer to God [publicly] with her head uncovered? 14 Does not common sense itself teach you that if a man has long hair, it is a dishonor to him, 15 but if a woman has long hair, it is her ornament and glory? For her long hair is given to her as a covering. 16 Now if anyone is inclined to be contentious [about this], we have no other practice [in worship than this], nor do the churches of God [in general].

17 But in giving this next instruction, I do not praise you, because when you meet together it is not for the better but for the worse. 18 For, in the first place, when you meet together in church, I hear that there are divisions among you; and in part I believe it, 19 for [doubtless] there have to be factions among you, so that those who are of approved character may be clearly recognized among you. 20 So when you meet together, it is not to eat the [h]Lord’s Supper, 21 for when you eat, each one hurries to get his own supper first [not waiting for others or the poor]. So one goes hungry while another gets drunk. 22 What! Do you not have houses in which to eat and drink? Or do you show contempt for the church of God and humiliate those [impoverished believers] who have nothing? What will I say to you? Shall I praise you for this? In this I will not praise you!

The Lord’s Supper

23 [i]For I received from the Lord Himself that [instruction] which I passed on to you, that the Lord Jesus on the night in which He was betrayed took bread; 24 and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, “This is (represents) My body, which is [offered as a sacrifice] for you. Do this in [affectionate] remembrance of Me.” 25 In the same way, after supper He took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant [ratified and established] in My blood; do this, as often as you drink it, in [affectionate] remembrance of Me.” 26 For every time you eat this bread and drink this cup, you are [symbolically] proclaiming [the fact of] the Lord’s death until He comes [again].

27 So then whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in a way that is unworthy [of Him] will be guilty of [profaning and sinning against] the body and blood of the Lord. 28 But a person must [prayerfully] examine himself [and his relationship to Christ], and only when he has done so should he eat of the bread and drink of the cup. 29 For anyone who eats and drinks [without solemn reverence and heartfelt gratitude for the sacrifice of Christ], eats and drinks a judgment on himself if he does not [j]recognize the body [of Christ]. 30 That [careless and unworthy participation] is the reason why many among you are weak and sick, and a number sleep [in death]. 31 But if we evaluated and judged ourselves honestly [recognizing our shortcomings and correcting our behavior], we would not be judged. 32 But when we [fall short and] are judged by the Lord, we are disciplined [by undergoing His correction] so that we will not be condemned [to eternal punishment] along with the world.

33 So then, my brothers and sisters, when you come together to eat [the Lord’s Supper], wait for one another [and see to it that no one is left out]. 34 If anyone is too hungry [to wait], let him eat at home, so that you will not come together for judgment [on yourselves]. About the remaining matters [of which I was informed], I will take care of them when I come.

Notas al pie

  1. 1 Corinthians 11:2 The following discourse covers appropriate conduct and relationships within the church, as well as within church-related activities.
  2. 1 Corinthians 11:4 The references to men or women prophesying (here and v 5) indicate that Paul has church meetings in mind, where the speaker is leading the congregation in prayer or addressing them.
  3. 1 Corinthians 11:5 In public, respectable women wore their hair done up in a modest style. In the Greco-Roman-Jewish culture of the time, hair worn down and loose would suggest a woman of questionable morals.
  4. 1 Corinthians 11:5 Possibly the mark of an adulteress or prostitute, but likely a sign of disgrace for any number of reasons. In one of Aristophanes’ comedies, for example, head shaving is recommended for a woman whose son is cowardly or otherwise worthless.
  5. 1 Corinthians 11:6 There is little doubt that this would appear disgraceful and embarrassing, but Paul is essentially providing his readers a simple way to determine for themselves if a woman should cover her head while prophesying or leading prayer in church.
  6. 1 Corinthians 11:10 This may be an indication that angels are present at gatherings of believers.
  7. 1 Corinthians 11:13 This verse acknowledges custom as another, separate argument for a woman’s head covering (v 5).
  8. 1 Corinthians 11:20 When Christ instituted the Lord’s Supper (or the Lord’s Table), it was the Passover meal with the special rituals and explanations that He introduced (Matt 26:26 ff; Luke 22:15 ff). The description given here indicates that the early church celebrated the Lord’s Supper in similar fashion by having a full meal (the so-called agape “love” feast) that included the special rites with the bread and wine (see v 21).
  9. 1 Corinthians 11:23 Many scholars believe this may be the first written description of the Lord’s Supper since this letter from Paul is dated earlier than any of the Gospels.
  10. 1 Corinthians 11:29 I.e. respect Christ’s sacrifice and his fellow believers for whom Christ also died.