Chinese Contemporary Bible (Traditional)

出埃及記 34

新的約版

1耶和華對摩西說:「你要鑿出兩塊石版,跟你之前摔碎的兩塊一樣,我要把前兩塊石版上的字刻在上面。 你要預備好,明天清早你要上西奈山頂來見我。 誰也不可與你同來,整座山上都不可有人,就是牛羊也不得在山前吃草。」 於是,摩西鑿出兩塊石版,跟先前的兩塊一樣。他清早起來,照著耶和華的吩咐把石版帶到西奈山上。 耶和華在雲中降臨和摩西一同站在那裡,宣告祂的名——耶和華。 耶和華在摩西面前經過,並且宣告說:「我是耶和華,我是耶和華,是有憐憫和恩典的上帝,不輕易發怒,充滿慈愛,無比信實, 向千萬人彰顯慈愛,赦免罪惡和過犯,但決不免除罪責,必向子孫追討父輩的罪債,直到三四代。」 摩西急忙俯伏在地上敬拜, 說:「主啊,如果我在你面前蒙了恩,求你與我們同行。雖然百姓頑固不化,求你赦免我們的過犯和罪惡,接納我們做你的子民。」

10 耶和華說:「我要與你立約,我要在你的同胞面前行奇事,是天下萬國從未有過的奇事,你周圍的外族人必看見我為你做的偉大而可畏的事。 11 你要遵行我今天的吩咐。我必從你面前驅逐亞摩利人、迦南人、赫人、比利洗人、希未人和耶布斯人。 12 你要謹慎,到了目的地後,不可與當地的居民立約,免得因此而陷入網羅。 13 相反,要拆掉他們的祭壇,打碎他們的神柱,砍掉他們的亞舍拉神像。 14 不可拜別的神明,因為耶和華是痛恨不貞的上帝,祂名為『痛恨不貞』。

15 「不可與當地的居民立約,免得他們與自己的神明苟合時邀請你,你就吃他們的祭物, 16 給兒子娶他們的女兒為妻,以致她們與自己的神明苟合時誘使你的兒子犯同樣的罪。

17 「不可為自己鑄造神像。

18 「要守除酵節,照我的吩咐在亞筆月所定的時間吃七天的無酵餅,因為你是在亞筆月離開埃及的。

19 「凡是頭胎生的兒子都屬於我,包括牲畜中一切頭胎生的公牛和公羊。 20 頭胎生的驢要用羊贖回,如果不用羊贖回,就要打斷牠的脖子。凡頭胎生的男嬰,都要贖回他的性命。誰也不可空手來朝見我。

21 「一週工作六天,第七天要休息,就是耕種和收割時也要休息。

22 「在收割初熟麥子的時候,要守七七收割節,年底要守收藏節。 23 所有的男子都要一年三次來朝見主耶和華——以色列的上帝。 24 我要從你面前趕走外族人,擴張你的領土。你一年三次來朝見你的上帝耶和華時,必沒有人貪戀你的土地。

25 「不可把祭牲的血和有酵的餅一起獻給我。逾越節的祭物也不可留到第二天早晨。

26 「要把田中最好的初熟之物送到你們的上帝耶和華的殿中。

「不可用母山羊的奶煮牠的小羊羔。」

27 耶和華又對摩西說:「你要把我說的這些話記錄下來,因為我要按這些話跟你和以色列人立約。」 28 摩西在耶和華那裡待了四十晝夜,沒吃也沒喝。耶和華把約的內容,就是十條誡命,寫在石版上。

29 摩西手裡拿著兩塊約版下西奈山,他不知道自己因為曾與耶和華說話而臉上發光。 30 亞倫和所有的以色列百姓看見摩西臉上發光,都不敢走近他。 31 摩西召他們過來,亞倫和會眾的首領便上前來。摩西與他們說話。 32 之後,所有的以色列人都來到他面前,他就把耶和華在西奈山上的吩咐都告訴他們。 33 說完之後,他就用帕子遮住自己的臉。 34 每當進到會幕跟耶和華說話時,他就揭開帕子,出來後便把耶和華的吩咐告訴以色列百姓。 35 百姓會看到他臉上發光,於是他再用帕子遮住臉,直到下次與耶和華說話的時候才揭開。

Amplified Bible

Exodus 34

The Two Tablets Replaced

1Then the Lord said to Moses, “Cut two tablets of stone like the first, and I will write on these tablets the words that were on the first tablets which you smashed [when you learned of Israel’s idolatry]. So be ready by morning, and come up in the morning to Mount Sinai, and present yourself there to Me on the top of the mountain. No man is to come up with you, nor let any man be seen anywhere on the mountain; nor let flocks or herds feed in front of that mountain.” So Moses cut two tablets of stone like the first ones, and he got up early in the morning and went up on Mount Sinai, as the Lord had commanded him, and took [a]the two tablets of stone in his hand. Then the Lord descended in the cloud and stood there with Moses as he proclaimed the Name of the Lord. Then the Lord passed by in front of him, and proclaimed, “The Lord, the Lord God, compassionate and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in lovingkindness and truth (faithfulness); keeping mercy and lovingkindness for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin; but He will by no means leave the guilty unpunished, visiting (avenging) the iniquity (sin, guilt) of the fathers upon the children and the grandchildren to the third and fourth generations [that is, calling the children to account for the sins of their fathers].” Moses bowed to the earth immediately and worshiped [the Lord]. And he said, “If now I have found favor and lovingkindness in Your sight, O Lord, let the Lord, please, go in our midst, though it is a stiff-necked (stubborn, rebellious) people, and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us as Your possession.”

The Covenant Renewed

10 Then God said, “Behold, I am going to make a covenant. Before all your people I will do wondrous works (miracles) such as have not been created or produced in all the earth nor among any of the nations; and all the people among whom you live shall see the working of the Lord, for it is a fearful and awesome thing that I am going to do with you.

11 “Be sure to observe what I am commanding you this day: behold, I am going to drive out the Amorite before you, and the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite. 12 Watch yourself so that you do not make a covenant (solemn agreement, treaty) with the inhabitants of the land into which you are going, or it will become a [dangerous] trap among you. 13 But you shall tear down and destroy their [pagan] altars, smash in pieces their [sacred] pillars (obelisks, images) and cut down their [b]Asherim 14 —for you shall not worship any other god; for the Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous (impassioned) God [demanding what is rightfully and uniquely His]— 15 otherwise you might make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land and they would play the prostitute with their gods and sacrifice to their gods, and someone might invite you [c]to eat his sacrifice (meal), 16 and you might take some of his daughters for your sons, and his daughters would play the prostitute with their gods and cause your sons also to play the prostitute (commit apostasy) with their gods [that is, abandon the true God for man-made idols]. 17 You shall make for yourselves no molten gods.

18 “You shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread (Passover). For seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, as I have commanded you, at the appointed time in the month of Abib; for in the month of Abib you came out of Egypt.

19 “All the firstborn males among your livestock belong to Me, whether cattle or sheep. 20 You shall redeem the firstborn of a donkey with a lamb; but if you do not redeem it, then you shall break its neck. You shall redeem all the firstborn of your sons. None of you are to appear before Me empty-handed.

21 “You shall work for six days, but on the seventh day you shall rest; [even] in plowing time and in harvest you shall rest [on the Sabbath]. 22 You shall observe and celebrate the Feast of Weeks (Harvest, First Fruits, or Pentecost), the first fruits of the wheat harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering (Booths or Tabernacles) at the year’s end. 23 Three times a year all your males shall appear before the Lord [d]God, the God of Israel. 24 For I will drive out and dispossess nations before you and enlarge your borders; nor shall any man covet (actively seek for himself) your land when you go up to appear before the Lord your God three times a year.

25 “You shall not offer the blood of My sacrifice with leavened bread, nor shall the sacrifice of the Feast of the Passover (Unleavened Bread) be left over until morning.

26 “You shall bring the very first of the first fruits of your ground to the house of the Lord your God.

“You shall not [e]boil a young goat in his mother’s milk [as some pagans do].”

27 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Write these words, for in accordance with these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel.” 28 Moses was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights; he ate no bread and drank no water. And he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments.

Moses’ Face Shines

29 When Moses came down from Mount Sinai with the two tablets of the Testimony in his hand, he did not know that the skin of his face was shining [with a unique radiance] because he had been speaking with God. 30 When Aaron and all the Israelites saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face shone, and they were afraid to approach him. 31 But Moses called to them, and Aaron and all the leaders of the congregation returned to him; and he spoke to them. 32 Afterward all the Israelites approached him, and he commanded them to do everything that the Lord had said to him on Mount Sinai. 33 When Moses had finished speaking with them, he put a veil over his face. 34 But whenever Moses went in before the Lord to speak with Him, [f]he would take off the veil until he came out. When he came out and he told the Israelites what he had been commanded [by God], 35 the Israelites would see the face of Moses, how his skin shone [with a unique radiance]. So Moses put the veil on his face again until he went in to speak with God.

Notas al pie

  1. Exodus 34:4 Some expositors suggest that the two tablets of stone were small enough to be easily carried. The pictures of Moses carrying large tombstone-size tablets are the result of an artist’s rendering, and are not supported in the Bible.
  2. Exodus 34:13 Symbols of the mother-goddess Asherah, usually a tree or pole dedicated to her and placed near her many shrines.
  3. Exodus 34:15 Lit and you would eat. It was commonplace in ancient cultures to invite friends to a sacrifice to a pagan deity. Aside from its religious implications, at the end of the ceremony the sacrifice became a meal for all present and served as a social occasion.
  4. Exodus 34:23 Heb YHWH (Yahweh), usually rendered Lord.
  5. Exodus 34:26 This may have been a pagan practice, perhaps a fertility rite.
  6. Exodus 34:34 The apostle Paul refers to this incident when he says that we all may, with unveiled faces, behold the glory of the Lord, and be transformed (2 Cor 3:13-18). That ability to personally approach God was once given only to the great leader of Israel, but it is now within reach of each individual believer. The gospel has no boundary keeping people at a distance from God; all believers may reverently approach Him.