Chinese Contemporary Bible (Simplified)

马可福音 12

凶狠的佃户

1耶稣用比喻对他们说:“有人开辟了一个葡萄园,在四周筑起篱笆,又在园中挖了一个榨酒池,建了一座瞭望台,然后把葡萄园租给佃户,就出远门了。

“到葡萄成熟时,园主派一个奴仆去收取他该得的一份。 那些佃户却捉住那个奴仆,打了他一顿,使他空手而归。

“园主又差另一个奴仆去。这一次,佃户不但侮辱他,还把他打得头破血流。 园主再派一个奴仆前往,他们却把他杀掉了。园主后来派去的人不是挨打,就是被杀。 最后只剩下园主的爱子,园主就派他去,以为那些佃户会尊重他的儿子。 这班佃户却彼此商量说,‘这个就是园主的继承人。来吧!我们杀掉他,产业就归我们了。’

“于是他们抓住他,杀了他,把他抛到葡萄园外。 那么,园主会采取什么行动呢?他必定会来杀掉这些佃户,把葡萄园转给别人。 10 圣经上说,

“‘工匠丢弃的石头已成了房角石。
11 这是主的作为,
在我们看来奇妙莫测。’

你们没有读过这经文吗?”

12 他们听出这比喻是针对他们说的,就想逮捕耶稣,但又害怕百姓,只好先离开了。

纳税给凯撒的问题

13 后来,他们派了几个法利赛人和希律党人到耶稣那里,企图利用祂所说的话设计陷害祂。

14 他们上前对耶稣说:“老师,我们知道你诚实无伪,不看人的情面,因为你不以貌取人,而是按真理传上帝的道。那么,向凯撒纳税对不对呢? 15 我们该不该纳呢?”耶稣看破他们的阴谋,就说:“你们为什么试探我呢?拿一个银币来给我看。”

16 他们就拿来一个银币,耶稣问他们:“上面刻的是谁的像和名号?”

他们说:“凯撒的。”

17 耶稣说:“属于凯撒的东西应该给凯撒,属于上帝的东西应该给上帝。”

他们听了这话,都很惊奇。

论复活

18 撒都该人向来不相信有复活的事,他们来问耶稣: 19 “老师,摩西为我们写下律例,如果一个人死了,遗下妻子,又没有儿女,他的兄弟就当娶嫂嫂,替哥哥传宗接代。 20 有弟兄七人,老大结了婚,没有孩子就死了。 21 二弟把大嫂娶过来,也没有生孩子就死了,三弟也是一样, 22 七个人都没有留下孩子。最后,那女人也死了。 23 那么,到复活的时候,她将是谁的妻子呢?因为七个人都娶过她。”

24 耶稣说:“你们弄错了,因为你们不明白圣经,也不知道上帝的能力。 25 死人复活之后,将不娶也不嫁,就像天上的天使一样。 26 关于死人复活的事,你们没有读过摩西书有关火中荆棘的记载吗?上帝对摩西说,‘我是亚伯拉罕的上帝,以撒的上帝,雅各的上帝。’ 27 上帝不是死人的上帝,而是活人的上帝。你们大错了!”

最大的诫命

28 有一位律法教师听到他们的辩论,觉得耶稣的回答很精彩,就走过去问道:“诫命中哪一条最重要呢?”

29 耶稣回答道:“最重要的诫命是,‘听啊,以色列!主——我们的上帝是独一的主。 30 你要全心、全情、全意、全力爱主——你的上帝’; 31 其次就是‘要爱邻如己’。再也没有任何诫命比这两条更重要了。”

32 那位律法教师说:“老师,你说的对,上帝只有一位,除祂以外,别无他神。 33 我们要全心、全意、全力爱祂,又要爱邻如己。这样做比献什么祭都好。”

34 耶稣见他答得很有智慧,就告诉他:“你离上帝的国不远了。”此后,没人再敢问耶稣问题了。

基督的身份

35 耶稣在圣殿里教导的时候,问道:“律法教师为什么说基督是大卫的后裔呢? 36 大卫自己曾经受圣灵的感动,说,

“‘主对我主说,
你坐在我的右边,
等我使你的仇敌伏在你脚下。’

37 既然大卫自己称基督为主,基督又怎能是大卫的后裔呢?”百姓听得津津有味。 38 耶稣又教导他们,说:“你们要提防律法教师,他们爱穿着长袍招摇过市,喜欢人们在大街上问候他们, 39 又喜欢会堂里的上座和宴席中的首位。 40 他们侵吞寡妇的财产,还假意做冗长的祷告。这种人必受到更严厉的惩罚。”

穷寡妇的奉献

41 然后,耶稣走到圣殿的奉献箱对面坐下,看大家怎样奉献。很多财主奉献了大量的钱。 42 后来一个穷寡妇来了,投进了相当于一文钱的两个小铜钱。 43 耶稣叫门徒来,说:“我实在告诉你们,这位穷寡妇比其他人奉献的都多, 44 因为他们不过奉献了自己剩余的,但这穷寡妇却奉献了她赖以为生的。”

Amplified Bible

Mark 12

Parable of the Vineyard Owner

1Jesus began to speak to them [the chief priests, scribes and elders who were questioning Him] in parables: “A man planted a vineyard and put a [a]wall around it, and dug a pit for the wine press and built a tower; and he rented it out to tenant farmers and left the country. When the harvest season came he sent a [b]servant to the tenants, in order to collect from them some of the fruit of the vineyard. They took him and beat him and sent him away empty-handed. Again he sent them another servant, and they [threw stones and] wounded him in the head, and treated him disgracefully. And he sent another, and that one they killed; then many others—some they beat and some they killed. He still had one man left to send, a beloved son; he sent him last of all to them, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’ But those tenants said to each other, ‘This man is the heir! Come on, let us kill him [and destroy the evidence], and his inheritance will be ours!’ So they took him and killed him, and threw his body outside the vineyard. What will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy the tenants, and will give the vineyard to others. 10 Have you not even read this Scripture:

The stone which the builders regarded as unworthy and rejected,
This [very stone] has become the chief Cornerstone
11 
This came about from the Lord,
And it is marvelous and wonderful in our eyes’?”

12 And they were looking for a way to seize Him, but they were afraid of the crowd; for they knew that He spoke this parable in reference to [and as a charge against] them. And so they left Him and went away.

Jesus Answers the Pharisees, Sadducees and Scribes

13 Then they sent some of the [c]Pharisees and Herodians to Jesus in order to trap Him into making a statement [that they could use against Him]. 14 They came and said to Him, “Teacher, we know that You are truthful and have no personal bias toward anyone; for You are not influenced by outward appearances or social status, but in truth You teach the way of God. Is it lawful [according to Jewish law and tradition] to pay the [d]poll-tax to [[e]Tiberius] Caesar, or not? 15 Should we pay [the tax] or should we not pay?” But knowing their hypocrisy, He asked them, “Why are you testing Me? Bring Me a [f]coin (denarius) to look at.” 16 So they brought one. Then He asked them, “Whose image and inscription is this?” They said to Him, “Caesar’s.” 17 Jesus said to them, “Pay to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” And they were greatly amazed at Him.

18 Some Sadducees (who say that there is no resurrection) came to Him, and began questioning Him, saying, 19 “Teacher, Moses wrote for us [a law] that if a man’s brother dies and leaves a wife but leaves no child, his brother is to [g]marry the widow and raise up children for his brother. 20 There were seven brothers; the first [one] took a wife, and died leaving no children. 21 The second brother married her, and died leaving no children; and the third likewise; 22 and so all seven [married her and died, and] left no children. Last of all the woman died also. 23 In the resurrection, whose wife will she be? For all seven [brothers] were married to her.” 24 Jesus said to them, “Is this not why you are wrong, because you know neither the Scriptures [that teach the resurrection] nor the power of God [who is able to raise the dead]? 25 For when they rise from the dead, they do not marry nor are they given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven. 26 But concerning the raising of the dead, have you not read in the book of Moses, in the passage about the burning bush, how God spoke to him, saying, ‘I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? 27 He is not the God of the dead, but of the living; you are greatly mistaken and you are deceiving yourselves!”

28 Then one of the scribes [an expert in Mosaic Law] came up and listened to them arguing [with one another], and noticing that Jesus answered them well, asked Him, “Which commandment is first and most important of all?” 29 Jesus answered, “The first and most important one is: ‘Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord; 30 and you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul (life), and with all your mind (thought, understanding), and with all your strength.’ 31 This is the second: ‘You shall [unselfishly] [h]love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these.” 32 The scribe said to Him, “Admirably answered, Teacher; You truthfully stated that He is One, and there is no other but Him; 33 and to love Him with all the heart and with all the understanding and with all the strength, and to [unselfishly] love one’s neighbor as oneself, is much more than all burnt offerings and sacrifices.” 34 When Jesus saw that he answered thoughtfully and intelligently, He said to him, “You are not far from the kingdom of God.” And after that, no one would dare to ask Him any more questions.

35 Jesus began to say, as He taught in [a portico or court of] the temple, [i]How can the scribes say that the Christ is the son of David? 36 David himself said [when inspired] by the Holy Spirit,

The Lord (the Father) said to my Lord (the Son, the Messiah),
Sit at My right hand,
Until I put Your enemies under Your feet.”’

37 David himself calls Him (the Son, the Messiah) ‘Lord’; so how can it be that He is [j]David’s Son?” The large crowd enjoyed hearing Jesus and listened to Him with delight.

38 In [the course of] His teaching He was saying, “Beware of the scribes, who like to walk around in long robes [displaying their prominence], and like to receive respectful greetings in the market places, 39 and [they love] the [k]chief seats in the synagogues and the places of distinction and honor at banquets, 40 [these scribes] who devour (confiscate) widows’ houses, and offer long prayers for appearance’s sake [to impress others]. These men will receive greater condemnation.”

The Widow’s Mite

41 And He sat down opposite the [temple] treasury, and began watching how the people were putting money into the [l]treasury. And many rich people were putting in [m]large sums. 42 A poor widow came and put in two small copper coins, which amount to a [n]mite. 43 Calling His disciples to Him, He said to them, “I assure you and most solemnly say to you, this poor widow put in [proportionally] more than all the contributors to the treasury. 44 For they all contributed from their surplus, but she, from her poverty, put in all she had, all she had to live on.”

Notas al pie

  1. Mark 12:1 It was commonplace to pile up loose rocks to serve as a low wall around one’s property.
  2. Mark 12:2 The servants represent the prophets sent to Israel by God.
  3. Mark 12:13 This was an unlikely alliance since the Pharisees were a strict religious sect while the Herodians were not religious and supported the rule of Caesar.
  4. Mark 12:14 Every Jew was required to pay the poll-tax. It was considered a sign of subservience to Rome.
  5. Mark 12:14 See note Matt 22:21.
  6. Mark 12:15 A day’s wages for a laborer.
  7. Mark 12:19 The purpose of this was to carry on the family line and keep property within the family.
  8. Mark 12:31 The key to understanding this and other statements about love is to know that this love (the Greek word agape) is not so much a matter of emotion as it is of doing things for the benefit of another person, that is, having an unselfish concern for another and a willingness to seek the best for another.
  9. Mark 12:35 It is no coincidence that Jesus raises this question after His preceding discussion with the lawyer/scribe. Matthew (22:35) notes that the lawyer had questioned Jesus to test Him. His goal was to extract from Jesus the admission that there is only one God (see v 32), and eventually to use that admission against Him when He claimed to be the Son of God and therefore God Himself. In reality, Jesus had admitted nothing that posed a problem for the concept of one God existing as three distinct Persons, and He drew attention to this fact by raising the issue of David’s relationship to the Messiah.
  10. Mark 12:37 Lit his.
  11. Mark 12:39 These seats were located near the scrolls of the Law, facing the congregation in the synagogue.
  12. Mark 12:41 Thirteen trumpet-shaped chests were placed around the wall in the Court of Women in the temple.
  13. Mark 12:41 The thirteen receptacles for the money were metal and the heavy silver coins contributed by the wealthy would have made quite a noise when they were deposited, calling audible attention to the size of each contribution. By contrast, the widow’s coins (v 42) would have barely made a sound.
  14. Mark 12:42 The least valuable Roman coin, which amounted to only one sixty-fourth of a day’s wages for a laborer; traditionally called the “widow’s mite.”