Chinese Contemporary Bible (Simplified)

希伯来书 7

大祭司麦基洗德

1这位麦基洗德是撒冷王,也是至高上帝的祭司。当年亚伯拉罕杀败众王凯旋归来的时候,麦基洗德迎上去为他祝福, 亚伯拉罕把战利品的十分之一给了他。麦基洗德这名字的原意是“公义之王”,后来他又被称为撒冷王,意思是“和平之王”。 他的父母、族谱、生辰、寿数都不得而知,他跟上帝的儿子相似,永远担任祭司的职分。

试想,连我们的祖先亚伯拉罕都将战利品的十分之一给了他,可见他是何等的尊贵! 按照犹太人的律法,那些承袭做祭司的利未后裔可以照例向自己的同胞,就是亚伯拉罕的后裔,收取十分之一。 但这位与犹太人没有血缘关系的麦基洗德,不单接受了亚伯拉罕给他的十分之一,还为承受应许的亚伯拉罕祝福。 毫无疑问,那为人祝福的总比领受祝福的位分大。 收取十分之一的利未祭司都是会死的人,但那位收取十分之一的麦基洗德被证明仍然活着。 这样说来,连接受十分之一奉献的利未也透过亚伯拉罕向麦基洗德纳了十分之一。 10 因为亚伯拉罕遇见麦基洗德时,利未虽然还没有出生,却已经在他祖先的身体里面了。

大祭司耶稣

11 犹太人在利未祭司制度的基础上承受了律法,如果通过这个祭司制度可以达到纯全,又何必照麦基洗德的模式而不是亚伦的模式,另外兴起一位祭司呢? 12 既然这祭司制度更改了,律法也必须更改。 13 因为这里所说的这位祭司属于别的支派,那支派里从来没有在祭坛前供职的祭司。 14 显然,我们的主基督属于犹大支派,摩西从来没有说这个支派会出祭司。

15-16 如果照麦基洗德的模式另外兴起一位祭司,祂做祭司不是照律法要求的血统关系,而是照不能朽坏之生命的大能,事情就更加清楚了。 17 因为有一处经文为祂做见证说:“你照麦基洗德的模式永远做祭司。” 18 以前的条例由于本身的弱点和无益被废除了, 19 因为律法并没有使人变得纯全。但如今,我们可以借着一个更美好的盼望来到上帝面前。

20 此外,耶稣做祭司并非没有誓言作保,其他人做祭司没有誓言作保。 21 上帝只对耶稣说过:

“主起了誓,绝不反悔,
你永远做祭司。”

22 这誓言使耶稣成了更美之约的保证人。 23 以前做祭司的人数极多,但因为受死亡的限制,都不能长久担任圣职。 24 然而,基督永远活着,祂的祭司职位也永不更改。 25 所以祂能拯救那些靠着祂来到上帝面前的人,直到永远,因为祂永远活着,为他们祈求。

26 我们所需要的,正是这样一位圣洁无瑕、良善纯全、远离罪恶、超越诸天的大祭司。 27 祂无需像其他大祭司每天先为自己的罪献祭,然后为百姓的罪献祭,因为祂只一次献上自己的生命,便永远完成了赎罪的工作。 28 根据律法所立的大祭司都有弱点,但律法之后凭誓言所立的大祭司——上帝的儿子永远纯全。

Amplified Bible

Hebrews 7

Melchizedek’s Priesthood Like Christ’s

1For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, met Abraham as he returned from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, and Abraham gave him a tenth of all [the spoil]. He is, first of all, by the translation of his name, king of righteousness, and then he is also king of Salem, which means king of peace. Without [[a]any record of] father or mother, nor ancestral line, without [any record of] beginning of days (birth) nor ending of life (death), but having been made like the Son of God, he remains a priest without interruption and without successor.

Now pause and consider how great this man was to whom Abraham, the patriarch, gave a tenth of the spoils. It is true that those descendants of Levi who are charged with the priestly office are commanded in the Law to collect tithes from the people—which means, from their kinsmen—though these have descended from Abraham. But this person [Melchizedek] who is not from their Levitical ancestry received tithes from Abraham and blessed him who possessed the promises [of God]. Yet it is beyond all dispute that the lesser person is always blessed by the greater one. Furthermore, here [in the Levitical priesthood] tithes are received by men who are subject to death; but in that case [concerning Melchizedek], they are received by one of whom it is testified that he [b]lives on [perpetually]. A person might even say that Levi [the father of the priestly tribe] himself, who received tithes, paid tithes through Abraham [the father of all Israel and of all who believe], 10 for Levi was still in the loins (unborn) of his forefather [Abraham] when Melchizedek met him (Abraham).

11 Now if perfection [a perfect fellowship between God and the worshiper] had been attained through the Levitical priesthood (for under it the people were given the Law) what further need was there for another and different kind of priest to arise, one in the manner of Melchizedek, rather than one appointed to the order of Aaron? 12 For when there is a change in the priesthood, there is of necessity a change of the law [concerning the priesthood] as well. 13 For the One of whom these things are said belonged [not to the priestly line of Levi but] to another tribe, from which no one has officiated or served at the altar. 14 For it is evident that our Lord descended from [the tribe of] Judah, and Moses mentioned nothing about priests in connection with that tribe. 15 And this becomes even more evident if another priest arises in the likeness of Melchizedek, 16 who has become a priest, not on the basis of a [c]physical and legal requirement in the Law [concerning his ancestry as a descendant of Levi], but on the basis of the power of an indestructible and endless life. 17 For it is attested [by God] of Him,

You (Christ) are a Priest forever
According to the order of Melchizedek.”

18 For, on the one hand, a former commandment is cancelled because of its weakness and uselessness [because of its inability to justify the sinner before God] 19 (for the Law never made anything perfect); while on the other hand a better hope is introduced through which we now continually draw near to God. 20 And indeed it was not without the taking of an oath [that Christ was made priest] 21 (for those Levites who formerly became priests [received their office] without [its being confirmed by the taking of] an oath, but this One [was designated] with an oath through the One who said to Him,

The Lord has sworn
And will not change His mind or regret it,
You (Christ) are a Priest forever’”).

22 And so [because of the oath’s greater strength and force] Jesus has become the certain guarantee of a better covenant [a more excellent and more advantageous agreement; one that will never be replaced or annulled].

23 The [former successive line of] priests, on the one hand, existed in greater numbers because they were each prevented by death from continuing [perpetually in office]; 24 but, on the other hand, Jesus holds His priesthood permanently and without change, because He lives on forever. 25 Therefore He is able also to save forever (completely, perfectly, for eternity) those who come to God through Him, since He always lives to intercede and intervene on their behalf [with God].

26 It was fitting for us to have such a High Priest [perfectly adapted to our needs], holy, blameless, unstained [by sin], separated from sinners and exalted higher than the heavens; 27 who has no day by day need, like those high priests, to offer sacrifices, first of all for his own [personal] sins and then for those of the people, because He [met all the requirements and] did this once for all when He offered up Himself [as a willing sacrifice]. 28 For the Law appoints men as high priests who are weak [frail, sinful, dying men], but the word of the oath [of God], which came after [the institution of] the Law, permanently appoints [as priest] a Son [d]who has been made perfect forever.

Notas al pie

  1. Hebrews 7:3 Some believe that Melchizedek was an ordinary man blessed and appointed by God as a special priest, who serves as a Christlike figure in his priestly and kingly functions because his order was a priesthood without end. Others take the description literally to mean that Melchizedek was not a human, but an angel (v 8). If this is so, then Christ, as the Son of God, would be the “High Priest” of the order in which Melchizedek served as priest in the sense that angels are spiritual beings who have a pretemporal, but not eternal origin. Another view suggests that Melchizedek was perhaps a pre-incarnate appearance of Jesus in human form. Those who maintain that Melchizedek was an ordinary human being would say the writer is speaking symbolically concerning his ancestry; hence the insertion of “any record of” in the text of v 3 since his death is not recorded in Scripture.
  2. Hebrews 7:8 See note v 3.
  3. Hebrews 7:16 Lit law of a fleshly commandment.
  4. Hebrews 7:28 Lit perfected.