“如果你们有人献祭给耶和华，要用牛羊作祭物。 3如果用牛作燔祭，必须用毫无残疾的公牛，在会幕门口献上，便可蒙耶和华悦纳。 4献祭者要把手放在牛头上，所献的燔祭便蒙悦纳，为他赎罪。 5他要在耶和华面前宰牛，然后祭司——亚伦的子孙要把牛血洒在会幕门口的祭坛四周。 6献祭者要剥掉牛皮，把牛切成块。 7祭司——亚伦的子孙要在祭坛上生火，把木柴摆在火上， 8然后将肉块、头颅和脂肪都摆在祭坛燃烧的木柴上。 9献祭者要用水洗净牛的内脏和腿。祭司要把这一切都放在坛上焚烧。这是燔祭，是蒙耶和华悦纳的馨香火祭。
10“如果用绵羊或山羊作燔祭，必须用毫无残疾的公羊。 11献祭者要在祭坛北面，在耶和华面前宰羊。祭司——亚伦的子孙要把羊血洒在祭坛四周。 12献祭者将羊切成块后，祭司要把肉块、头颅和脂肪摆在祭坛燃烧的木柴上。 13献祭者要用水洗净羊的内脏和腿。祭司要把这一切都放在坛上焚烧。这是燔祭，是蒙耶和华悦纳的馨香火祭。
14“如果有人用鸟作燔祭，要用斑鸠或雏鸽。 15祭司要把鸟带到祭坛前，拧下鸟头，放在祭坛上焚烧；要在祭坛旁放尽鸟血； 16要除掉鸟的嗉子和羽毛，丢在祭坛东边倒灰的地方。 17祭司要抓着两个翅膀把鸟撕开，但不可撕断，然后把鸟放在坛上焚烧。这是燔祭，是蒙耶和华悦纳的馨香火祭。
The Law of Burnt Offerings
1The Lord [a]called to Moses and spoke to him from the Tent of Meeting, saying, 2 “Speak to the [b]children of Israel and say to them, ‘When any one of you brings an offering to the Lord, you shall bring your offering of [domestic] animals from the herd (cattle, oxen) or from the flock (sheep, goats). 3 If his offering is a burnt offering from the herd, he shall offer a male without blemish; he shall offer it at the doorway of the Tent of Meeting so that he may be accepted before the Lord. 4 He shall lay his hand on the head of the burnt offering [transferring symbolically his guilt to the sacrifice], that it may be [c]accepted for him to make atonement on his behalf. 5 He shall kill the young bull before the Lord; and Aaron’s sons the priests shall present the blood and sprinkle the blood around on the altar that is at the doorway of the Tent of Meeting. 6 Then he shall skin the burnt offering and cut it into pieces. 7 The sons of Aaron the [high] priest shall put fire on the altar [of burnt offering] and arrange wood on the fire. 8 Then Aaron’s sons the priests shall arrange the pieces, the head and the fat, on the wood which is on the fire that is on the altar. 9 But he shall wash its entrails and its legs with water. The priest shall offer all of it up in smoke on the altar as a burnt offering. It is an offering by fire, a sweet and soothing aroma to the Lord.
10 ‘But if his offering is from the flock, of the sheep or of the goats, as a burnt offering, he shall offer a male without blemish. 11 He shall kill it on the north side of the altar before the Lord, and Aaron’s sons the priests shall sprinkle its blood around on the altar. 12 He shall cut it into pieces, with its head and its fat, and the priest shall arrange them on the wood which is on the fire that is on the altar. 13 But he shall wash the entrails and legs with water. The priest shall offer all of it, and offer it up in smoke on the altar. It is a burnt offering, an offering by fire, a sweet and soothing aroma to the Lord.
14 ‘But if his offering to the Lord is a burnt offering of birds, then he shall bring turtledoves or young pigeons as his offering. 15 The priest shall bring it to the altar, and wring off its head, and offer it up in smoke on the altar; and its blood is to be drained out on the side of the altar. 16 He shall remove its [d]crop with its feathers and throw it next to the east side of the altar, in the place for ashes. 17 Then he shall tear it open by its wings, but shall not sever it. And the priest shall offer it up in smoke on the altar, on the wood that is on the fire. It is a burnt offering, an offering by fire, a sweet and soothing aroma to the Lord.
Notas al pie
- Leviticus 1:1 Before this God had spoken to Moses from the mountain, but now God dwelt among His people in fellowship with them and talked with His servant Moses “from the Tent of Meeting.” The people were entering into a new relationship with God.
- Leviticus 1:2 In general, sons (children) of Israel or Israel or Israelites refers to all the people (males and females) of the various tribes descended from the twelve sons (Gen 35:23-26) of Jacob (later renamed Israel by God). In verses concerning things such as warfare or circumcision sons of Israel or Israel or Israelites usually refers only to the males. Tribes of ancient people were identified by the name of their founding ancestor. Therefore, this same general rule applies when referring to individual tribal groups, e.g. sons of Reuben, Reuben, Reubenites and so throughout.
- Leviticus 1:4 By laying his hands on the head of the sacrifice the offerer identified himself with it and through its death it became an atonement or covering for his sin. Because the unblemished sacrifice “covered” his sin it placed the offerer in a right relationship with God, just as later under the new covenant the perfection and sacrifice of the Christ would cover the imperfection and sin of those who identified with Him and accepted Him as Savior.
- Leviticus 1:16 An enlargement of the gullet that serves as a receptacle for food.