Chinese Contemporary Bible (Simplified)

列王纪下 17

何细亚做以色列王

1犹大王亚哈斯执政第十二年,以拉的儿子何细亚在撒玛利亚登基做以色列王,执政九年。 他做耶和华视为恶的事,不过没有他之前的以色列诸王那么败坏。 亚述王撒缦以色攻打以色列,何细亚纳贡称臣。 然而,何细亚差遣使者向埃及王梭求援,不再像往年那样向亚述王进贡。亚述王发现后,把他抓起来囚在狱中。 亚述王攻打以色列全境,并围困撒玛利亚三年。 何细亚执政第九年,撒玛利亚沦陷。亚述王把以色列人掳到亚述,安置在哈腊、歌散的哈博河一带以及玛代人的各城。

以色列人的罪恶史

以色列人之所以有如此下场,是因为他们的上帝耶和华领他们出埃及,从埃及王法老手中救出他们,他们却犯罪得罪祂。他们祭拜别的神明, 效法耶和华在他们面前赶走的外族人的风俗和以色列诸王奉行的习俗。 以色列人暗中做不义之事,冒犯他们的上帝耶和华。从瞭望塔到坚城,他们在各地建丘坛, 10 在各高岗上、绿树下立神柱和亚舍拉神像, 11 在各丘坛烧香,如同耶和华在他们面前赶走的外族人一样。他们邪恶的行为激怒了耶和华。 12 尽管耶和华警告他们不可祭拜偶像,他们仍然执迷不悟。

13 耶和华借着祂的众先知和先见警告以色列人和犹大人说:“你们要离开恶道,遵守我的诫命和律例,即我吩咐你们祖先遵守并借着我的仆人——众先知传给你们的律法。” 14 但他们充耳不闻,像他们祖先一样顽固不化,不信靠他们的上帝耶和华, 15 拒绝遵守祂的律例和祂与他们祖先所立的约,无视祂的警告。他们随从虚无的偶像,自己也变得虚无。他们违背耶和华的命令,去效法周围的外族人。 16 他们把他们的上帝耶和华的诫命抛诸脑后,铸造了两个金牛犊,还造了亚舍拉神像。他们祭拜巴力和天上的万象, 17 把自己的儿女烧死献作祭物。他们占卜,行邪术,出卖自己去做耶和华视为恶的事,惹祂发怒。

18 因此,耶和华非常愤怒,从祂面前赶走以色列人,只留下犹大一个支派。 19 但犹大人也不遵守他们的上帝耶和华的诫命,反而效法以色列人的恶行。 20 于是,耶和华弃绝了以色列全族,使他们饱尝痛苦,任人宰割,直至把他们从自己眼前赶走。 21 祂使以色列从大卫家分裂出来,以色列人便拥立尼八的儿子耶罗波安为王。耶罗波安诱使以色列人远离耶和华,使他们犯了大罪。 22 以色列人沉溺于耶罗波安所犯的一切罪中,始终不肯回头, 23 直到耶和华把他们从自己眼前赶走,正如祂借自己的仆人——众先知对他们的警告。这样,以色列人被掳到亚述,至今仍住在那里。

外族人移居撒玛利亚

24 亚述王把巴比伦、古他、亚瓦、哈马、西法瓦音等地的一些居民迁移到撒玛利亚各城,代替以色列人。 25 刚迁居到那里的时候,他们不敬拜耶和华,所以耶和华差遣狮子闯入他们当中,咬死了一些人。 26 有人禀告亚述王说:“你迁移到撒玛利亚各城的那些人不知道当地神明的规矩,所以神明就差遣狮子闯入他们当中,咬死了一些人。” 27 亚述王便下令:“派一位被掳来的祭司回去,让他住在那里,把当地神明的规矩教导给他们。” 28 于是,有一位从撒玛利亚被掳走的祭司回去住在伯特利,教导他们怎样敬拜耶和华。

29 可是,这些从各地迁来的民族都在所住的各城为自己制造神像,供奉在撒玛利亚人在高岗上建造的神庙中。 30 巴比伦人造疏割·比讷神像,古他人造匿甲神像,哈马人造亚示玛神像, 31 亚瓦人造匿哈和他珥他神像,西法瓦音人焚烧儿女向他们的神明亚得米勒和亚拿米勒献祭。 32 他们也敬拜耶和华,却委任各种人做祭司,在高岗上的神庙为他们献祭。 33 他们就这样既敬拜耶和华,又各按各的风俗供奉自己的神明。

34 直到现在,他们仍然执迷不悟,不敬畏耶和华,也不遵行耶和华赐给雅各子孙的律例、典章、法度和诫命。耶和华曾给雅各取名叫以色列, 35 与他的子孙立约,吩咐他们:“不可祭拜其他神明,不可跪拜和供奉他们,也不可向他们献祭。 36 耶和华伸出大能的臂膀把你们领出埃及,你们要敬拜祂,要向祂跪拜、献祭。 37 你们要永远谨遵祂所定的律例、典章、法度和诫命,不可祭拜其他神明。 38 不可忘记我与你们立的约,不可祭拜其他神明。 39 我是你们的上帝耶和华,你们要敬拜我,我必从一切仇敌手中救你们。” 40 但是他们没有听从,依然仿效先前的风俗。 41 那些移民到撒玛利亚各城的外族人既敬拜耶和华,又供奉自己的偶像。直到今日,他们的子孙仍是这样。

The Message

2 Kings 17

Hoshea of Israel

11-2 In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah, Hoshea son of Elah became king of Israel. He ruled in Samaria for nine years. As far as God was concerned, he lived a bad life, but not nearly as bad as the kings who had preceded him.

3-5 Then Shalmaneser king of Assyria attacked. Hoshea was already a puppet of the Assyrian king and regularly sent him tribute, but Shalmaneser discovered that Hoshea had been operating traitorously behind his back—having worked out a deal with King So of Egypt. And, adding insult to injury, Hoshea was way behind on his annual payments of tribute to Assyria. So the king of Assyria arrested him and threw him in prison, then proceeded to invade the entire country. He attacked Samaria and threw up a siege against it. The siege lasted three years.

In the ninth year of Hoshea’s reign the king of Assyria captured Samaria and took the people into exile in Assyria. He relocated them in Halah, in Gozan along the Habor River, and in the towns of the Medes.

7-12 The exile came about because of sin: The children of Israel sinned against God, their God, who had delivered them from Egypt and the brutal oppression of Pharaoh king of Egypt. They took up with other gods, fell in with the ways of life of the pagan nations God had chased off, and went along with whatever their kings did. They did all kinds of things on the sly, things offensive to their God, then openly and shamelessly built local sex-and-religion shrines at every available site. They set up their sex-and-religion symbols at practically every crossroads. Everywhere you looked there was smoke from their pagan offerings to the deities—the identical offerings that had gotten the pagan nations off into exile. They had accumulated a long list of evil actions and God was fed up, fed up with their persistent worship of gods carved out of deadwood or shaped out of clay, even though God had plainly said, “Don’t do this—ever!”

13 God had taken a stand against Israel and Judah, speaking clearly through countless holy prophets and seers time and time again, “Turn away from your evil way of life. Do what I tell you and have been telling you in The Revelation I gave your ancestors and of which I’ve kept reminding you ever since through my servants the prophets.”

14-15 But they wouldn’t listen. If anything, they were even more bullheaded than their stubborn ancestors, if that’s possible. They were contemptuous of his instructions, the solemn and holy covenant he had made with their ancestors, and of his repeated reminders and warnings. They lived a “nothing” life and became “nothings”—just like the pagan peoples all around them. They were well-warned: God said, “Don’t!” but they did it anyway.

16-17 They threw out everything God, their God, had told them, and replaced him with two statue-gods shaped like bull-calves and then a phallic pole for the whore goddess Asherah. They worshiped cosmic forces—sky gods and goddesses—and frequented the sex-and-religion shrines of Baal. They even sank so low as to offer their own sons and daughters as sacrificial burnt offerings! They indulged in all the black arts of magic and sorcery. In short, they prostituted themselves to every kind of evil available to them. And God had had enough.

18-20 God was so thoroughly angry that he got rid of them, got them out of the country for good until only one tribe was left—Judah. (Judah, actually, wasn’t much better, for Judah also failed to keep God’s commands, falling into the same way of life that Israel had adopted.) God rejected everyone connected with Israel, made life hard for them, and permitted anyone with a mind to exploit them to do so. And then this final No as he threw them out of his sight.

21-23 Back at the time that God ripped Israel out of their place in the family of David, they had made Jeroboam son of Nebat king. Jeroboam debauched Israel—turned them away from serving God and led them into a life of total sin. The children of Israel went along with all the sins that Jeroboam did, never murmured so much as a word of protest. In the end, God spoke a final No to Israel and turned his back on them. He had given them fair warning, and plenty of time, through the preaching of all his servants the prophets. Then he exiled Israel from her land to Assyria. And that’s where they are now.

24-25 The king of Assyria brought in people from Babylon, Cuthah, Avva, Hamath, and Sepharvaim, and relocated them in the towns of Samaria, replacing the exiled Israelites. They moved in as if they owned the place and made themselves at home. When the Assyrians first moved in, God was just another god to them; they neither honored nor worshiped him. Then God sent lions among them and people were mauled and killed.

26 This message was then sent back to the king of Assyria: “The people you brought in to occupy the towns of Samaria don’t know what’s expected of them from the god of the land, and now he’s sent lions and they’re killing people right and left because nobody knows what the god of the land expects of them.”

27 The king of Assyria ordered, “Send back some priests who were taken into exile from there. They can go back and live there and instruct the people in what the god of the land expects of them.”

28 One of the priests who had been exiled from Samaria came back and moved into Bethel. He taught them how to honor and worship God.

29-31 But each people that Assyria had settled went ahead anyway making its own gods and setting them up in the neighborhood sex-and-religion shrines that the citizens of Samaria had left behind—a local custom-made god for each people:

for Babylon, Succoth Benoth;
for Cuthah, Nergal;
for Hamath, Ashima;
for Avva, Nibhaz and Tartak;
for Sepharvaim, Adrammelech and Anammelech (people burned their children in sacrificial offerings to these gods!).

32-33 They honored and worshiped God, but not exclusively—they also appointed all sorts of priests, regardless of qualification, to conduct a variety of rites at the local fertility shrines. They honored and worshiped God, but they also kept up their devotions to the old gods of the places they had come from.

34-39 And they’re still doing it, still worshiping any old god that has nostalgic appeal to them. They don’t really worship God—they don’t take seriously what he says regarding how to behave and what to believe, what he revealed to the children of Jacob whom he named Israel. God made a covenant with his people and ordered them, “Don’t honor other gods: Don’t worship them, don’t serve them, don’t offer sacrifices to them. Worship God, the God who delivered you from Egypt in great and personal power. Reverence and fear him. Worship him. Sacrifice to him. And only him! All the things he had written down for you, directing you in what to believe and how to behave—well, do them for as long as you live. And whatever you do, don’t worship other gods! And the covenant he made with you, don’t forget your part in that. And don’t worship other gods! Worship God, and God only—he’s the one who will save you from enemy oppression.”

40-41 But they didn’t pay any attention. They kept doing what they’d always done. As it turned out, all the time these people were putting on a front of worshiping God, they were at the same time involved with their local idols. And they’re still doing it. Like father, like son.