Chinese Contemporary Bible (Simplified)

出埃及 21

如何对待奴仆

1“你要向百姓颁布下列法令。 你若买一个希伯来人当奴仆,他必须服侍你六年,到第七年便可以获得自由,不用支付任何赎金。 倘若买他的时候,他是单身,那么期满的时候,他可以单身离开。如果他跟妻子一同被买,就可以带妻子一起离开。 倘若主人给他娶了妻,妻子生了儿女,那么期满的时候,他只能单独离开,他的妻儿要归主人。 倘若奴仆说,‘我爱我的主人和我的妻子儿女,我不愿意离开他们做自由人。’ 主人就要带他到审判官面前,让他靠着门或门框,用锥子为他穿耳洞。这样,他就要永远服侍主人。 倘若有人把女儿卖为奴婢,她不可像男仆那样离开。 倘若买她的主人本想把她留在身边,后来却不喜欢她,就应当让她赎身。主人无权把她转卖给外族人,因为是主人对她不守信用。 倘若是买来给自己的儿子,就要把她当作自己的女儿一般看待。 10 倘若有人娶了奴婢为妻,后来又另娶,他还是要照常供给她饭食和衣服,并履行同房的义务。 11 倘若主人不履行以上的三个条件,奴婢就可以随时离开,不用缴付任何赎金。

如何处理人身伤害

12 “打人致死的,必须被处死。 13 倘若不是故意杀人,而是上帝许可那人死在他手里,他就可以逃往我指定的地方。 14 倘若是蓄意杀人,就算他逃到我的祭坛那里,也要把他拉出来处死。 15 殴打父母的,必须被处死。 16 绑架他人贩卖或自用的,必须被处死。 17 咒骂父母的,必须被处死。 18 倘若斗殴时一方用拳头或石块致另一方受伤、躺卧在床,但不至于死, 19 日后能起床扶着拐杖走路,伤人者便不算有罪,但要赔偿受伤者停工期间的损失,并要负责医好他。

20 “倘若有人用棍子打他的仆婢,导致他们当场死亡,他必须受惩罚。 21 倘若伤者过了一两天才死去,主人就可免刑,因为死者是他的财产。 22 倘若有人彼此斗殴,伤了孕妇,导致早产,但未造成其他伤害,伤人者要按她丈夫所要求的金额,经审判官判定以后,如数赔偿。 23 倘若孕妇身体其他部位也受了伤,伤人者就要以命偿命, 24 以眼还眼,以牙还牙,以手还手,以脚还脚, 25 以烧伤还烧伤,以创伤还创伤,以殴打还殴打。

26 “主人若打坏仆婢的一只眼睛,就要因仆婢眼睛受伤而使仆婢得自由。 27 同样,倘若他打掉了仆婢的一颗牙齿,也要因此而释放他。

28 “倘若有牛抵死了人,要用石头打死那头牛,并且不可吃它的肉,牛的主人可算无罪。 29 但倘若牛常常用角伤人,并且已经有人向牛的主人投诉,他却不拴好牛,以致牛抵死了人,就要用石块打死牛,并处死主人。 30 若判他以罚款抵命,不论金额多少,他都得照付。 31 牛若抵死了别人的儿女,也要照以上的条例办理。 32 牛若抵死了别人的仆婢,牛的主人要赔三百三十克银子[a]给那仆婢的主人,并要用石头打死牛。 33 倘若有人打开井盖或挖了井后不把井口盖好,以致有牛或驴掉进井里, 34 井的主人就要赔偿牲畜的主人,死牲畜则归井的主人。 35 倘若某人的牛抵死了别人的牛,两家的主人就要卖掉活牛,平分所得,同时也要平分那头死掉的牛。 36 倘若素知牛好抵,主人却没有拴好它,他就要以牛还牛,死牛则归他。

Notas al pie

  1. 21:32 三百三十克银子约是当时一个奴仆的身价。

The Message

Exodus 21

1“These are the laws that you are to place before them:

2-6 “When you buy a Hebrew slave, he will serve six years. The

seventh year he goes free, for nothing. If he came in single he leaves single. If he came in married he leaves with his wife. If the master gives him a wife and she gave him sons and daughters, the wife and children stay with the master and he leaves by himself. But suppose the slave should say, ‘I love my master and my wife and children—I don’t want my freedom,’ then his master is to bring him before God and to a door or doorpost and pierce his ear with an awl, a sign that he is a slave for life.

7-11 “When a man sells his daughter to be a handmaid, she doesn’t go free after six years like the men. If she doesn’t please her master, her family must buy her back; her master doesn’t have the right to sell her to foreigners since he broke his word to her. If he turns her over to his son, he has to treat her like a daughter. If he marries another woman, she retains all her full rights to meals, clothing, and marital relations. If he won’t do any of these three things for her, she goes free, for nothing.

12-14 “If someone hits another and death results, the penalty is death. But if there was no intent to kill—if it was an accident, an ‘act of God’—I’ll set aside a place to which the killer can flee for refuge. But if the murder was premeditated, cunningly plotted, then drag the killer away, even if it’s from my Altar, to be put to death.

15 “If someone hits father or mother, the penalty is death.

16 “If someone kidnaps a person, the penalty is death, regardless of whether the person has been sold or is still held in possession.

17 “If someone curses father or mother, the penalty is death.

18-19 “If a quarrel breaks out and one hits the other with a rock or a fist and the injured one doesn’t die but is confined to bed and then later gets better and can get about on a crutch, the one who hit him is in the clear, except to pay for the loss of time and make sure of complete recovery.

20-21 “If a slave owner hits a slave, male or female, with a stick and the slave dies on the spot, the slave must be avenged. But if the slave survives a day or two, he’s not to be avenged—the slave is the owner’s property.

22-25 “When there’s a fight and in the fight a pregnant woman is hit so that she miscarries but is not otherwise hurt, the one responsible has to pay whatever the husband demands in compensation. But if there is further damage, then you must give life for life—eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, burn for burn, wound for wound, bruise for bruise.

26-27 “If a slave owner hits the eye of a slave or handmaid and ruins it, the owner must let the slave go free because of the eye. If the owner knocks out the tooth of the male or female slave, the slave must be released and go free because of the tooth.

28-32 “If an ox gores a man or a woman to death, the ox must be stoned. The meat cannot be eaten but the owner of the ox is in the clear. But if the ox has a history of goring and the owner knew it and did nothing to guard against it, then if the ox kills a man or a woman, the ox is to be stoned and the owner given the death penalty. If a ransom is agreed upon instead of death, he must pay it in full as a redemption for his life. If a son or daughter is gored, the same judgment holds. If it is a slave or a handmaid the ox gores, thirty shekels of silver is to be paid to the owner and the ox stoned.

33-34 “If someone uncovers a cistern or digs a pit and leaves it open and an ox or donkey falls into it, the owner of the pit must pay whatever the animal is worth to its owner but can keep the dead animal.

35-36 “If someone’s ox injures a neighbor’s ox and the ox dies, they must sell the live ox and split the price; they must also split the dead animal. But if the ox had a history of goring and the owner knew it and did nothing to guard against it, the owner must pay an ox for an ox but can keep the dead animal.”