1提阿非罗啊，在前一封信中，我从耶稣的生平和教导开始， 2 一直谈到祂借着圣灵吩咐了自己选立的使徒，然后被接回天上。 3 祂受难后用许多确凿的证据证实自己活着，在四十天之内屡次向使徒显现，与他们谈论上帝的国。 4 有一次，耶稣和他们在一起吃饭的时候，叮嘱他们：“你们不要离开耶路撒冷，要在那里等候我对你们说过的天父的应许。 5 因为从前约翰用水给你们施洗，但再过几天，你们要受圣灵的洗。”
6 他们跟耶稣在一起的时候问祂：“主啊，你要在这时候复兴以色列国吗？” 7 耶稣回答说：“天父照祂的权柄定下的时间、日期不是你们可以知道的。 8 但圣灵降临在你们身上后，你们必得到能力，在耶路撒冷、犹太全境和撒玛利亚，直到地极，做我的见证人。”
9 耶稣说完这番话，就在他们眼前被提升天，被一朵云彩接去，离开了他们的视线。 10 祂上升时，他们都定睛望着天空，忽然有两个身穿白衣的人站在他们身旁， 11 说：“加利利人啊！你们为什么站在这里望着天空呢？这位离开你们被接到天上的耶稣，你们看见祂怎样升天，将来祂还要怎样回来。”
12 于是，他们从橄榄山回到耶路撒冷。橄榄山距离耶路撒冷不远，约是安息日允许走的路程[a]。 13 他们进城后，来到楼上自己住的房间。当时有彼得、约翰、雅各、安得烈、腓力、多马、巴多罗买、马太、亚勒腓的儿子雅各、激进党人西门、雅各的儿子犹大。 14 他们和耶稣的母亲玛丽亚、耶稣的弟弟们及几个妇女在一起同心合意地恒切祷告。
15 那时，约有一百二十人在聚会，彼得站起来说： 16 “弟兄们，关于带人抓耶稣的犹大，圣灵借着大卫的口早已预言，这经文必须要应验。 17 这人原本是我们中间的一员，与我们同担使徒的职分。”
18 犹大用作恶得来的钱买了一块田，他头朝下栽倒在那里，肚破肠流。 19 这消息很快传遍了耶路撒冷，当地人称那块田为“亚革大马”，就是“血田”的意思。
20 彼得继续说：“诗篇上写道，‘愿他的家园一片荒凉，无人居住’，又说，‘愿别人取代他的职位。’ 21-22 所以，我们必须另选一个人代替犹大，与我们一同为主耶稣的复活做见证。他必须是从主耶稣接受约翰的洗礼起一直到主升天，始终与我们在一起的人。”
23 被提名的有别号巴撒巴又叫犹士都的约瑟和马提亚两个人。 24-25 大家便祷告说：“主啊！你洞悉人的内心，求你指明这两个人中你要拣选哪一个来担负使徒的职分。犹大丢弃了这职分，去了他该去的地方。” 26 然后，他们抽签，抽中了马提亚，就把他列入十一使徒中。
Notas al pie
- 1:12 按犹太人的传统，在安息日只能走约一公里远。
1The first [a]account I made, Theophilus, was [a continuous report] about all the things that Jesus began to do and to [b]teach 2 until the day when He ascended to heaven, after He had by the Holy Spirit given instruction to the apostles (special messengers) whom He had chosen. 3 To these [men] He also showed Himself alive after His suffering [in Gethsemane and on the cross], by [a series of] many infallible proofs and unquestionable demonstrations, appearing to them over a period of forty days and talking to them about the things concerning the kingdom of God. 4 While being together and eating with them, He commanded them not to leave Jerusalem, but to wait for what the Father had promised, “Of which,” He said, “you have heard Me speak. 5 For John baptized with water, but you will be baptized and empowered and united with the Holy Spirit, not long from now.”
6 So when they had come together, they asked Him repeatedly, “Lord, are You at this time reestablishing the kingdom and restoring it to Israel?” 7 He said to them, “It is not for you to know the times or epochs which the Father has fixed by His own authority. 8 But you will receive power and ability when the Holy Spirit comes upon you; and you will be My witnesses [to tell people about Me] both in Jerusalem and in all Judea, and Samaria, and even to the ends of the earth.”
9 And after He said these things, He was caught up as they looked on, and a cloud took Him up out of their sight. 10 While they were looking intently into the sky as He was going, two men in white clothing suddenly stood beside them, 11 who said, “Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking into the sky? This [same] Jesus, who has been taken up from you into heaven, will return in just the same way as you have watched Him go into heaven.”
The Upper Room
12 Then the disciples returned to Jerusalem from the mount called Olivet (Olive Grove), which is near Jerusalem, [only] a Sabbath day’s journey (less than one mile) away. 13 When they had entered the city, they went upstairs to the upper room where they were staying [indefinitely]; that is, Peter, and John and [his brother] James, and Andrew, Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew (Nathanael) and Matthew, [c]James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon the Zealot, and Judas (Thaddaeus) the son of James. 14 All these with one mind and one purpose were continually devoting themselves to prayer, [waiting together] along with the women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with His brothers.
15 Now on one of these days Peter stood up among the brothers and sisters (a gathering of about a hundred and twenty believers was there) and he said, 16 “Brothers and sisters, it was necessary that the Scripture be fulfilled, which the Holy Spirit foretold by the lips of David [king of Israel] about Judas [Iscariot], who acted as guide to those who arrested Jesus. 17 For he (Judas) was counted among us and received his share [by divine allotment] in this ministry.” 18 (Now Judas Iscariot [d]acquired a piece of land [indirectly] with the [money paid him as a] reward for his treachery, and falling headlong, his body burst open in the middle and all his intestines poured out. 19 All the people in Jerusalem learned about this, so in their own dialect—Aramaic—they called the piece of land Hakeldama, that is, Field of Blood.) 20 “For in the book of Psalms it is written,
‘Let his place of residence become desolate,
And let there be no one to live in it’;
‘Let another take his position as overseer.’
21 So of the men who have accompanied us during all the time that the Lord Jesus spent with us, 22 beginning with the baptism by John [at the outset of Jesus’ ministry] until the day when He was taken up from us—one of these men must become a witness with us [to testify] of His resurrection.” 23 And they put forward two men, Joseph, the one called Barsabbas (who was surnamed Justus), and Matthias. 24 They prayed and said, “You, Lord, who know all hearts [their thoughts, motives, desires], show us which one of these two You have chosen 25 to occupy this ministry and apostleship which Judas left to go to his own place [of evil].” 26 And they [e]cast lots for them, and the lot fell to Matthias; and he was added to the eleven apostles.
Notas al pie
- Acts 1:1 Luke is referring to his gospel.
- Acts 1:1 As the gospel tells us what Jesus began to do and teach, so Acts tells what He continued to do and teach by His Holy Spirit (F. F. Bruce).
- Acts 1:13 Also known as James the Less or James the Younger. His mother, Mary (Gr Maria), may have been either a sister or sister-in-law of Mary (Gr Mariam), the mother of Jesus.
- Acts 1:18 Peter means that the chief priests purchased the field in Judas’ name. He had returned to them with the money, and when they refused to accept it, he threw it into the temple sanctuary (Matt 27:3 ff). Afterwards they decided to buy the field for use as a burial ground for strangers. Peter goes on to say that Judas was disemboweled in a fall, while Matthew reports that Judas hanged himself (Matt 27:5). One explanation for the apparent discrepancy is that the rope or line that Judas was using broke, and the body fell in such a way as to be disemboweled (Matt 27:3 ff).
- Acts 1:26 The custom of the Jews was to write the names on stones, place them in a container and shake it until one stone fell out.