1犹大王约雅敬执政第三年，巴比伦王尼布甲尼撒前来围攻耶路撒冷。 2主将犹大王约雅敬及上帝殿中的部分器具交在他手中。他把器具掳到巴比伦1:2 “巴比伦”希伯来文是“示拿”，巴比伦的别称。的神庙，放在他神明的库房里。
3王吩咐太监长亚施毗拿从以色列的王室贵族中选一些人， 4即毫无残疾、相貌英俊、学问渊博、知识丰富、聪慧善学、能在王宫服侍的青年，教他们迦勒底的语言和文字。 5王安排他们每日享用一份御用的膳食和酒。他们要受教养三年，期满后好在王身边供职。 6被选的人中有犹大族的但以理、哈拿尼雅、米沙利、亚撒利雅。 7太监长给他们起了名字：称但以理为伯提沙撒，哈拿尼雅为沙得拉，米沙利为米煞，亚撒利雅为亚伯尼歌。
8然而，但以理决心不用王的膳食和酒，以免玷污自己。他请求太监长准许他不玷污自己。 9上帝使但以理得到太监长的恩待和同情。 10不过，太监长对但以理说：“我惧怕我主我王，因为这是他安排给你们的饮食。如果他看见你们比同龄的青年瘦弱，如何是好？你们会使我在王面前人头难保。” 11但以理便对太监长派来监管他、哈拿尼雅、米沙利和亚撒利雅的人说： 12“求你试试看，十天内只让仆人们吃素菜、喝清水， 13然后比较一下我们的面貌和那些用御膳的青年的面貌，看了之后再作决定。” 14监管同意试他们十天。 15十天后，但以理和他三个朋友看上去比那些用御膳的青年更俊美健康。 16于是，监管撤去了安排给他们的膳食和酒，只给他们素菜。
17上帝使这四个青年精通各样学问和知识。但以理能明白各种异象和梦兆。 18到了尼布甲尼撒王规定青年们进宫的日子，太监长便带他们去见王。 19王与他们谈话，发现无人比得上但以理、哈拿尼雅、米沙利和亚撒利雅，便把他们留在身边供职。 20王询问他们各样的事，发现他们的智慧和聪明比全国的术士和巫师高十倍。 21直到塞鲁士王元年，但以理仍在那里供职。
Daniel’s Training in Babylon
1In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it. 2 And the Lord delivered Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, along with some of the articles from the temple of God. These he carried off to the temple of his god in Babylonia[a] and put in the treasure house of his god.
3 Then the king ordered Ashpenaz, chief of his court officials, to bring into the king’s service some of the Israelites from the royal family and the nobility— 4 young men without any physical defect, handsome, showing aptitude for every kind of learning, well informed, quick to understand, and qualified to serve in the king’s palace. He was to teach them the language and literature of the Babylonians.[b] 5 The king assigned them a daily amount of food and wine from the king’s table. They were to be trained for three years, and after that they were to enter the king’s service.
6 Among those who were chosen were some from Judah: Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah. 7 The chief official gave them new names: to Daniel, the name Belteshazzar; to Hananiah, Shadrach; to Mishael, Meshach; and to Azariah, Abednego.
8 But Daniel resolved not to defile himself with the royal food and wine, and he asked the chief official for permission not to defile himself this way. 9 Now God had caused the official to show favor and compassion to Daniel, 10 but the official told Daniel, “I am afraid of my lord the king, who has assigned your[c] food and drink. Why should he see you looking worse than the other young men your age? The king would then have my head because of you.”
11 Daniel then said to the guard whom the chief official had appointed over Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah, 12 “Please test your servants for ten days: Give us nothing but vegetables to eat and water to drink. 13 Then compare our appearance with that of the young men who eat the royal food, and treat your servants in accordance with what you see.” 14 So he agreed to this and tested them for ten days.
15 At the end of the ten days they looked healthier and better nourished than any of the young men who ate the royal food. 16 So the guard took away their choice food and the wine they were to drink and gave them vegetables instead.
17 To these four young men God gave knowledge and understanding of all kinds of literature and learning. And Daniel could understand visions and dreams of all kinds.
18 At the end of the time set by the king to bring them into his service, the chief official presented them to Nebuchadnezzar. 19 The king talked with them, and he found none equal to Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah; so they entered the king’s service. 20 In every matter of wisdom and understanding about which the king questioned them, he found them ten times better than all the magicians and enchanters in his whole kingdom.
21 And Daniel remained there until the first year of King Cyrus.