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Nahum 1

Herrens dom over Nineve og trøst til Juda

1Nahum fra Elkosh modtog følgende budskab fra Herren om Nineves undergang:

Herren er en nidkær Gud,
    som straffer fjendens ondskab.
Han er ikke bange for at vise sin vrede
    og afsige en hård dom over sine modstandere.
Der skal meget til, før han bliver vred,
    men hans magt er stor, og han straffer de skyldige.
Når han går til angreb, er det med orkanagtig styrke,
    stormskyerne er som støv fra hans fødder.
Når han truer ad havet, tørrer det ud,
    han tørlægger alle floder.
Bashans og Karmels frodige marker svides af,
    og blomsterne visner i Libanons bjerge.
Når Herren rykker frem, skælver bjergene,
    og højene dukker sig,
hele jorden bæver,
    og alle dens indbyggere gyser.
Hvem kan holde stand mod hans vrede?
    Hvem kan standse hans harme?
Hans glødende vrede vælder frem som ild.
    Selv bjergene splintres i småstykker.

Men Herren er god mod dem, der søger ham,
    han værner dem mod deres fjender.
Han beskytter alle,
    der søger ly hos ham.
Men de, der sætter sig op imod ham,
    skyller han bort som med en flodbølge,
han driver sine fjender ind i dødens mørke.
    Tvivler I på Herrens magt?[a]
Han vil gøre fuldstændig ende på dem,
    så I ikke kommer i samme nødsituation igen.
10 De er som et sammenfiltret tjørnekrat,
    som drankere, der kun tænker på deres vin.
De bliver fuldstændigt tilintetgjort
    som en stubmark, der brændes af.
11 Fra dig, Nineve,[b] kom der en,
    der satte sig op mod Herren selv.
Han havde lagt onde planer,
12     men Herren siger til Juda:
„Selv om de har en stor og stærk hær,
    vil de blive klippet som får,
    og gå helt til grunde.
Jeg har før brugt dem til at ydmyge jer,
    men det gør jeg ikke igen.
13 Nu vil jeg fjerne det åg, de lagde på jeres skuldre,
    og sprænge de lænker, I sidder i.”
14 Og til Nineves konge siger Herren:
„Din kongeslægt skal uddø.
    Jeg gør det af med gudebillederne i dit afgudstempel.
Jeg gør graven klar til dig,
    for du er ikke bedre værd.”

Notas al pie

  1. 1,9 Ordret: „Hvad tænker I om Herren?” Nahum taler til Judas folk, når han bruger „I”. Assyrerne omtales i tredje person. Herren slog 185.000 assyrere ihjel, da de tidligere havde belejret Jerusalem, jf. 2.Kong. 18–19. Assyrien vil snart blive helt tilintetgjort, så de ikke igen udgør en trussel mod Jerusalem.
  2. 1,11 Ordret: „Fra dig”. Her taler Nahum til Nineve, hovedstaden i Assyrien. Sandsynligvis tænkes på Sankerib, der i sin tid var lige ved at erobre Jerusalem.

Amplified Bible

Nahum 1

God Is Awesome

1The [a]oracle (a burdensome message—a pronouncement from God) concerning [b]Nineveh [the capital city of Assyria]. The book of the vision of Nahum of Elkosh [which he saw in spirit and prophesied].


The Lord is a jealous and avenging God [protecting and demanding what is rightfully and uniquely His];
The Lord avenges and He is full of wrath.
The Lord takes vengeance on His adversaries,
And He reserves wrath for His enemies.

The Lord is slow to anger and great in power
And He will by no means leave the guilty unpunished.
The Lord has His way in the whirlwind and in the storm,
And the clouds are the dust beneath His feet.

He rebukes the sea and dries it up;
He dries up all the rivers [illustrating His judgment].
Bashan [on the east] and [Mount] Carmel [on the west] wither,
And [in the north] the blossoms of Lebanon fade.

The mountains quake before Him
And the hills melt away;
Indeed the earth is shaken by His presence—
Yes, the world and all that dwell in it.

Who can stand before His indignation [His great wrath]?
And who can stand up and endure the fierceness of His anger?
His wrath is poured out like fire
And the rocks are destroyed by Him.

The Lord is good,
A strength and stronghold in the day of trouble;
He knows [He recognizes, cares for, and understands fully] those who take refuge and trust in Him.

But with an [c]overwhelming flood [of judgment through invading armies]
He will make a complete destruction of [d]its site
And will pursue His enemies into darkness.


Whatever [plot] you [Assyrians] devise against the Lord,
He will make a complete end of it;
Affliction [of God’s people by the hand of Assyria] will not occur twice.
10 
Like tangled thorn branches [gathered for fuel],
And like those drowned in drunkenness,
[e]The people of Nineveh are consumed [through fire]
Like stubble completely withered and dry [in the day of the Lord’s wrath].
11 
From you [O Nineveh],
One has gone forth who plotted evil against the Lord,
A malevolent [f]counselor [the king of Assyria].

12 This is what the Lord says,

“Though they are at full strength and many in number,
Even so, they will be cut off and pass away.
Though I have afflicted you and caused you grief [O Jerusalem],
I will afflict you no longer.
13 
“Now, I will break his yoke [of taxation] off you,
And I will tear off your shackles.”

14 
The Lord has given a command concerning you [O king of Nineveh]:
“Your name will no longer be perpetuated.
I will cut off the carved idols and cast images
From the temple of your gods;
I will prepare your grave,
For you are vile and unworthy.”

15 
Behold, on the mountains the feet of him who brings good news [telling of Assyria’s destruction],
Who announces peace and prosperity!
Celebrate your feasts, O Judah;
Perform your vows.
For the wicked one [the king of Assyria] will never again pass through you;
He is completely cut off.

Notas al pie

  1. Nahum 1:1 An urgent message the prophet is under compulsion to proclaim.
  2. Nahum 1:1 Under the preaching of Jonah, the king of Nineveh and all its people repented (Jon 3:5). But when Nahum came to Nineveh a hundred and fifty years later, everything had changed and the people had become hopelessly wicked. God’s wrath was not to be turned away this time.
  3. Nahum 1:8 The overwhelming flood may be understood as a metaphor describing a conquering army as well as a literal reference to a flood of water. Diodorus of Sicily refers to a legend that Nineveh could never be taken until the river became its enemy. Arbaces the Scythian had besieged the city in vain for two years, but in the third year the Khoser River washed away a considerable section of the very great wall and the invaders pushed through this opening. Nahum 2:6 refers to the devastating flood and 3:13, 15 probably to the destruction of Nineveh by fire. The vivid descriptions of ch 3 are historically accurate.
  4. Nahum 1:8 The city of Nineveh was the magnificent capital of the Assyrian Empire. The great palace of Sennacherib was without rival and contained at least seventy or more rooms. The city was home to more than 120,000 residents (at least twice the size of Babylon) and had no less than fifteen gates in the wall surrounding the city. During its glory days it was probably the largest city in the known world. Built near the juncture of the Tigris River and its tributary the Khoser, it was served by an elaborate water system of eighteen canals. Nineveh had many suburbs, three of which are mentioned along with Nineveh in Gen 10:11, 12. Nineveh’s extensive ruins are located near the modern city of Mosul, Iraq.
  5. Nahum 1:10 Lit They.
  6. Nahum 1:11 The reference here may be to Sennacherib, who reigned over Assyria from 705-681 b.c. He led an attack on Judah (the Southern Kingdom) in 701 b.c.