Bibelen på hverdagsdansk

Markus 1

Johannes Døber og hans budskab

1Min beretning handler om Jesus, som er Guds Søn og den ventede Messias.

At der skulle komme en forløber for Frelseren, har Gud forudsagt i de profetiske bøger.[a] Der står jo skrevet:

„Jeg vil sende min udsending foran dig.
    Han skal berede vejen for dig.”[b]

og:

„Der lyder en stemme i ødemarken:
‚Ban vej for Herren!
    Gør vejen klar til hans komme!’ ”[c]

Den omtalte udsending var Johannes Døber. Han opholdt sig i de øde egne, og han sagde til folk, at de skulle vende om fra deres ondskab og lade sig døbe for at få tilgivelse for deres synder. Fra Jerusalem og hele Judæaområdet kom folk strømmende til for at se og høre ham. Når de havde bekendt deres synder, døbte han dem i Jordanfloden. Johannes var klædt i en profetkappe vævet af kamelhår, og han havde et læderbælte om livet.[d] Han levede af græshopper og honning fra vilde bier. Hans budskab var: „Der kommer snart en, som har større magt end jeg har. Jeg er end ikke værdig til at knæle ned og løse remmen på hans sandaler.[e] Jeg har døbt jer med vand, men han vil døbe jer med Helligåndens kraft.”[f]

Jesus bliver døbt med vand og Helligånd

Også Jesus tog af sted fra sin hjemby, Nazaret i Galilæa, og kom til Jordanfloden for at blive døbt af Johannes. 10 Da Jesus efter dåben steg op af floden, så han himlen blive åbnet og Helligånden dale ned imod ham som en due. 11 Samtidig lød der en stemme fra himlen: „Du er min elskede Søn, og dig er jeg fuldt ud tilfreds med!”[g]

Fristelsen i ørkenen

12-13 Straks efter sendte Helligånden Jesus ud i ødemarken, hvor han blev i 40 dage. Dér blev han fristet af Satan, og rundt omkring ham lurede de vilde dyr. Bagefter kom nogle engle og sørgede for mad til ham.

Jesus begynder at fortælle om Guds rige

14 Kort tid efter blev Johannes sat i fængsel af kong Herodes,[h] og Jesus begyndte at gå rundt i Galilæa og fortælle om Gud. 15 „Nu er tiden inde!” sagde han. „Nu er Guds rige kommet. I skal ændre jeres indstilling og tro på det glædelige budskab, som jeg bringer jer.”

Jesus udvælger sine første disciple

16 En dag, da Jesus gik langs bredden af Galilæasøen, fik han øje på to mænd, som var i færd med at fiske med kastenet i søen. Det var Simon og hans bror Andreas. 17 „Kom med mig, så skal jeg gøre jer til menneskefiskere!” råbte Jesus til dem. 18 Øjeblikkelig forlod de deres net og fulgte ham som hans disciple.[i]

19 Lidt længere henne på stranden fik Jesus øje på Zebedæusʼ sønner, Jakob og Johannes. De sad i deres båd og rensede nettene. 20 Da Jesus kaldte på dem, gik de straks med ham. De efterlod deres far i båden sammen med de folk, han havde i arbejde.

Jesu autoritet—hans magt over de onde ånder

21 Snart efter nåede Jesus og hans disciple frem til Kapernaum. Da det blev sabbat, gik de ind i synagogen, og Jesus fik anledning til at undervise der. 22 Hans ord gjorde dybt indtryk på de forsamlede, for han talte med en autoritet, som de ikke var vant til fra de skriftlærde.

23 Blandt tilhørerne var der en mand, som var plaget af en ond ånd. 24 Pludselig begyndte den onde ånd i manden at råbe: „Lad os være i fred, Jesus Nazaræer! Er du kommet for at ødelægge os? Jeg ved, hvem du er! Du er Guds hellige Søn!”

25 „Ti stille, og kom ud af ham,” befalede Jesus. 26 Den onde ånd fik manden til at ryste voldsomt og fór så skrigende ud af ham.

27 De tilstedeværende blev grebet af forfærdelse og begyndte at diskutere, hvad der var sket: „Hvad er det her for noget? Det er en helt ny måde at undervise på, og sikken en autoritet han har. Selv de onde ånder adlyder ham!” 28 Det, der var sket, rygtedes hurtigt ud over hele den del af Galilæa.

Jesus viser sin magt til at helbrede alle mulige sygdomme

29 Da mødet i synagogen var forbi, gik Jesus, Jakob, Johannes og Andreas med Simon hjem. 30 Det viste sig, at Simons svigermor lå syg med feber, og det fortalte de Jesus. 31 Jesus gik straks hen til hende, tog hendes hånd og hjalp hende op. Feberen forsvandt med det samme, og hun gik i gang med at sørge for mad til dem.

32 Da solen var gået ned, og sabbatten dermed var forbi,[j] bragte man en masse syge og dæmonbesatte mennesker til Jesus. 33 Næsten hele byen stimlede sammen uden for huset. 34 Jesus helbredte mange mennesker, der havde forskellige sygdomme. Desuden uddrev han mange onde ånder, men han tillod dem ikke at røbe, hvem han var.[k]

Jesus fortsætter med at fortælle om Gud og helbrede i hele Galilæa

35 Næste morgen stod Jesus op længe før daggry og gik alene ud til et øde sted for at bede. 36 Simon og de andre gik noget senere ud for at lede efter ham. 37 Da de fandt ham, sagde de: „Alle folk spørger efter dig.” 38 „Lad os tage hen til de andre landsbyer,” sagde Jesus. „De skal også høre det budskab, jeg er kommet for at fortælle.”

39 Så vandrede Jesus gennem hele Galilæa og fortalte sit budskab i synagogerne, og han befriede mange mennesker fra dæmonernes magt.

Jesus helbreder en spedalsk mand

40 En dag kom der en spedalsk[l] mand til Jesus. Han faldt på knæ og bad indtrængende om at blive helbredt. „Hvis du vil, kan du gøre mig rask!” sagde han. 41 Jesus fik dyb medlidenhed med ham, rakte hånden ud og rørte ved ham. „Det vil jeg!” sagde Jesus. „Bliv rask!” 42 I samme øjeblik forsvandt spedalskheden. Manden var totalt helbredt. 43 Jesus sagde da til ham: 44 „Lad være med at fortælle det her til nogen. Men gå hen og lad dig undersøge af en præst, så du kan blive erklæret rask. Husk at medbringe den offergave, som Toraen foreskriver for spedalske, der er blevet helbredt.”

45 Men da manden gik derfra, råbte han til højre og venstre, at han var blevet helbredt. Folk stimlede nu sammen i store klynger omkring Jesus, og fra den dag var det umuligt for ham at gå ubemærket ind i en by. Han opholdt sig på øde steder, men selv dér kom folk til ham alle vegne fra.

Notas al pie

  1. 1,2 Nogle håndskrifter siger „profeten Esajas” i stedet for „profeterne” (dvs. de profetiske bøger).
  2. 1,2 Mal. 3,1a.
  3. 1,3 Es. 40,3 LXX.
  4. 1,6 Denne særlige påklædning var den samme som profeten Elias havde, og den kendetegnede ham som profet. Se 2.Kong. 1,8.
  5. 1,7 At tage gæsternes sandaler af og vaske deres fødder var den ringeste slaves arbejde.
  6. 1,8 Se noten til Matt. 1,18.
  7. 1,11 Kan muligvis også oversættes: „Jeg glæder mig over dig.” Det græske ord, som her er brugt, betyder egentlig „acceptere nogen eller noget som værende godt”. Det henviser ofte til at gøre Guds vilje, at gøre det, som Gud fuldt ud kan acceptere og stå bag ved.
  8. 1,14 Herodes Antipas, en søn af Herodes den Store.
  9. 1,18 I datidens kultur foregik undervisningen ofte ved, at man fulgte en mester og lærte gennem eksemplets magt. En discipel er altså mere en lærling end en studerende. Derfor kalder lærlingene og andre mennesker ofte Jesus for „mester”.
  10. 1,32 På sabbatsdagen havde jøderne ikke lov til at udføre noget fysisk krævende arbejde og måtte kun gå en kort distance. Sabbatten strakte sig fra fredag ved solnedgang til lørdag ved solnedgang.
  11. 1,34 Se vers 24. Ånderne vidste udmærket, at Jesus var den ventede Messias, Guds egen Søn, men hvis det blev almindeligt kendt på dette tidlige tidspunkt, ville det lægge hindringer i vejen for det arbejde, Jesus var kommet for at udføre.
  12. 1,40 Det vides ikke med sikkerhed, om det var den samme sygdom, man i dag kender som spedalskhed. Muligvis dækker udtrykket over flere smitsomme hudsygdomme. I alle tilfælde blev sådanne mennesker afsondret fra samfundet og betragtet som „urene” mennesker. De skulle bo uden for byerne, og ingen turde røre ved dem af frygt for smittefaren.

Amplified Bible

Mark 1

The Preaching of John the Baptist

1The beginning of the [facts regarding the] good news of [a]Jesus Christ, the Son of God.

As it is written and forever remains in the [writings of the] prophet Isaiah:

Behold, I send My messenger ahead of You,
Who will prepare Your way—

A voice of one shouting in the wilderness,
Prepare the way of the Lord,
[b]Make His paths straight!’”

[c]John the Baptist appeared in the wilderness preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins [that is, requiring a change of one’s old way of thinking, turning away from sin and seeking God and His righteousness]. And all the country of Judea and all the people of Jerusalem were continually going out to him; and they were being baptized by him in the Jordan River, as they confessed their sins. John wore clothing made of camel’s hair and had a [wide] leather [d]band around his waist, and he ate locusts and wild honey. And he was preaching, saying, “After me comes He who is mightier [more powerful, more noble] than I, and I am not worthy to stoop down and untie the straps of His sandals [even as His slave]. As for me, I baptized you [who came to me] with water [only]; but He will baptize you [who truly repent] [e]with the Holy Spirit.”

The Baptism of Jesus

In those days Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee and was baptized by John in the Jordan. 10 [f]Immediately coming up out of the water, he (John) saw the heavens torn open, and the [g]Spirit like a dove descending on Him (Jesus); 11 and a [h]voice came out of heaven saying: “You are My beloved Son, in You I am well-pleased and delighted!”

12 Immediately the [Holy] Spirit forced Him out into the wilderness. 13 He was in the wilderness forty days being tempted [to do evil] by Satan; and He was with the wild animals, and the angels ministered continually to Him.

Jesus Preaches in Galilee

14 Now after John [the Baptist] was arrested and [i]taken into custody, Jesus went to Galilee, preaching the good news of [the kingdom of] God, 15 and saying, “The [appointed period of] time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand; repent [change your inner self—your old way of thinking, regret past sins, live your life in a way that proves repentance; seek God’s purpose for your life] and believe [with a deep, abiding trust] in the good news [regarding salvation].”

16 As Jesus was walking by the shore of the [j]Sea of Galilee, He saw Simon [Peter] and Simon’s brother, [k]Andrew, casting a net in the sea; for they were fishermen. 17 And Jesus said to them, [l]Follow Me [as My disciples, accepting Me as your Master and Teacher and walking the same path of life that I walk], and I will make you fishers of men.” 18 Immediately they left their nets and followed Him [becoming His disciples, believing and trusting in Him and following His example]. 19 Going on a little farther, He saw James the son of Zebedee, and his brother John, who were also in the boat mending and cleaning the nets. 20 Immediately Jesus called to them; and they left their father Zebedee in the boat with the hired workers, and went away to follow Him [becoming His disciples, believing and trusting in Him and following His example].

21 They went into Capernaum, and immediately on the Sabbath Jesus went into the synagogue and began to teach. 22 They were completely amazed at His teaching; because He was teaching them as one having [God-given] authority, and not as the scribes. 23 Just then there was a man in their synagogue with an unclean spirit; and he cried out [terribly from the depths of his throat], 24 saying, “[m]What business do You have with us, Jesus of Nazareth? Have You come to destroy us? I know who You are—the Holy One of God!” 25 Jesus rebuked him, saying, “Be quiet (muzzled, silenced), and come out of him!” 26 The unclean spirit threw the man into convulsions, and screeching with a loud voice, came out of him. 27 They were all so amazed that they debated and questioned each other, saying, “What is this? A new teaching with authority! He commands even the unclean spirits (demons), and they obey Him.” 28 Immediately the news about Him spread everywhere throughout the district surrounding Galilee.

Healing the Crowds

29 And immediately they left the synagogue and went into the house of Simon [Peter] and Andrew, accompanied by James and John. 30 Now Simon’s mother-in-law was lying sick with a fever; and immediately they told Him about her. 31 Jesus went to her, and taking her by the hand, raised her up; and the fever left her, and she began to serve them [as her guests].

32 Now when evening came, after the sun had set [and the Sabbath Day had ended, in a steady stream] they were bringing to Him all who were sick and those who were under the power of demons, 33 until the whole city had gathered together at the door. 34 And Jesus healed many who were suffering with various diseases; and He drove out many demons, but would not allow the demons to speak, because they knew Him [recognizing Him as the Son of God].

35 Early in the morning, while it was still dark, Jesus got up, left [the house], and went out to a secluded place, and was praying there. 36 Simon [Peter] and his companions searched [everywhere, looking anxiously] for Him, 37 and they found Him and said, “Everybody is looking for You!” 38 He replied, “Let us go on to the neighboring towns, so I may preach there also; that is why I came [from the Father].” 39 So He went throughout Galilee, preaching [the gospel] in their synagogues and casting out demons.

40 And a leper came to Him, begging Him and falling on his knees before Him, saying, “If You are willing, You are able to make me [n]clean.” 41 Moved with compassion [for his suffering], Jesus reached out with His hand and touched him, and said to him, “I am willing; be cleansed.” 42 The leprosy left him immediately and he was cleansed [completely healed and restored to health]. 43 And Jesus [deeply moved] admonished him sternly and sent him away immediately, 44 saying to him, “See that you tell no one anything [about this]; but go, show yourself to the priest and offer for your purification what Moses commanded, as proof to them [that you are really healed].” 45 But he went out and began to proclaim it freely and to spread the news [of his healing], to such an extent that Jesus could no longer openly enter a city [where He was known], but stayed out in the unpopulated places; yet people were still coming to Him from everywhere.

Notas al pie

  1. Mark 1:1 Mark’s gospel is believed to be directed primarily to Gentile believers in Rome. Since Gentiles would not necessarily be familiar with the Jewish title Messiah, he emphasizes instead the fact that Jesus is the Son of God.
  2. Mark 1:3 A ruler or nobleman traveling in the wilderness would have a crew of workmen preparing and clearing the road ahead of him. In spiritual terms, John the Baptist was clearing the way for the arrival of the Messiah by preparing the hearts of his followers.
  3. Mark 1:4 Considered the last of the Old Testament prophets, John the Baptist was the son of Zecharias (Zechariah) the priest and his wife, Elizabeth. Elizabeth and Mary, the mother of Jesus, were related (Luke 1:36), and Mary may have been with Elizabeth at the time John was born (Luke 1:56). John the Baptist is not to be confused with John the Apostle who, along with his brother James, was among the twelve disciples of Jesus.
  4. Mark 1:6 This band (sash, girdle) was about six inches wide and had clasps or fasteners in front. It was used to carry personal items such as a dagger, money or other necessary things.
  5. Mark 1:8 The Greek here can be translated with, in, or by.
  6. Mark 1:10 Mark uses the word “immediately” almost forty times in his gospel.
  7. Mark 1:10 The three persons of the Godhead were present: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.
  8. Mark 1:11 See note Matt 3:17.
  9. Mark 1:14 Cf 6:17 ff.
  10. Mark 1:16 A fresh water lake about 13 miles long and 7 miles wide, almost 700 feet below sea level and center of a busy fishing industry.
  11. Mark 1:16 One of the followers of John the Baptist (John 1:40).
  12. Mark 1:17 The concept of “follow” can represent three separate possibilities: in the early stages of His ministry, (1) walking with Him physically (literally), that is merely being in His presence regardless of personal belief or commitment; (2) accepting and identifying with the salvation He offered; and later on (3) being identified with Him by being subject to the scorn and rejection of unbelievers because of personal belief and commitment to Him.
  13. Mark 1:24 Lit What to me and to you, originally a Hebrew idiom which does not translate well into English. The idiom is meant to inform the other person that the speaker is not aware of any obligation between them and does not wish to deal with the other person (cf 2 Sam 16:10).
  14. Mark 1:40 Lepers were ceremonially unclean according to OT law (Lev 13:45, etc.) and were not to come into physical contact with other people. The leper’s request was the same as asking for healing.