Bibelen på hverdagsdansk

Lukas 8

Kvinder, der følger med Jesus

1I den følgende tid fortsatte Jesus sin vandring. Han gik fra by til by og fra landsby til landsby for at forkynde Guds ord og fortælle de gode nyheder om Guds rige. De Tolv var med og desuden nogle kvinder, som han havde befriet fra onde ånder og helbredt for forskellige sygdomme. Blandt dem var Maria Magdalene, af hvem Jesus havde uddrevet syv dæmoner, Johanna, Susanna og flere andre, som af egne midler sørgede for mad til den lille flok. (Johanna var gift med Huza, der var hofchef hos Herodes.)

Billedet med jordbunden

Folk fra alle byerne i nærheden opsøgte Jesus, og en dag, da en stor folkeskare var samlet, fortalte han følgende historie:

„En landmand gik ud for at så korn på sin mark. Da han strøede sædekornet ud, faldt noget på vejen, hvor det blev trådt ned, og fuglene kom og spiste det. Noget af kornet faldt på stengrund. Så snart planterne kom op, visnede de, for der var for lidt væde i jorden. Noget af kornet faldt på steder, hvor der var tidselrødder i jorden. Tidslerne voksede op og kvalte de små kornplanter. Men noget af kornet faldt i god jord og gav et udbytte på 100 gange så meget, som der var sået.” Da Jesus var færdig med historien, råbte han: „Lad dem høre, som har øre.”

Guds riges mysterier forklares kun for disciplene

Disciplene kom bagefter hen og spurgte Jesus, hvad meningen bag historien var. 10 Han svarede: „For jer, som følger mig, vil Guds riges mysterier blive forklaret, men de andre må nøjes med at spekulere over billedtalen. Derved opfyldes ordet:

‚De ser, men fatter dog intet.
    De hører, men forstår dog intet.’[a]

Jesus forklarer billedet med jordbunden

11 Lad mig forklare jer billedtalens betydning: Kornet, der blev sået, er et billede på Guds ord. 12 Nogle mennesker er som vejen. De hører godt nok Guds ord, men Djævelen kommer og piller de ord væk, som blev sået i deres hjerter, for at de ikke skal komme til tro og få det evige liv. 13 Nogle er som stengrunden. Når de hører Guds ord, tager de imod det med glæde. Men de lader ikke ordet slå rod, så det varer kun en tid. Når modgangen kommer, giver de op og falder fra. 14 Nogle er som jorden med tidsler i. De hører godt nok ordet, men de daglige bekymringer og jagten på materielle goder kvæler ordet, så der ingen frugt bliver. 15 Men nogle er som den gode jord. De hører ordet og gemmer det i et fint og godt hjerte. De holder ud gennem modgang, og derfor bærer det frugt i deres liv.”

Brug det lys, du har fået

16 Jesus fortsatte: „Ingen kunne finde på at tænde en lampe og stille den under en spand eller ind under sengen. Nej, man stiller en lampe højt og frit, så de, der kommer ind, får glæde af lyset. 17 Det, som er skjult, vil komme frem, så man kan se det. Og det, som er hemmeligt, vil komme ud i lyset og blive kendt.

18 Pas på, hvordan I bruger det, I hører. De, der gør brug af det lys, de har fået, vil få endnu mere. Men de, der ikke bruger det lys, de har fået, vil miste det, de troede, de havde.”

De, der gør Guds vilje, hører Jesus til

19 Engang, da Jesu mor og brødre kom for at tale med ham, kunne de ikke komme ind i huset på grund af de mange mennesker. 20 „Din mor og dine brødre står udenfor og vil tale med dig,” sagde man til ham. 21 Jesus svarede: „Min mor og mine brødre—det er alle dem, der hører Guds ord og handler på det.”

Jesus befaler blæst og bølger at lægge sig

22 En dag gik Jesus sammen med disciplene om bord i en båd, og han sagde til dem: „Lad os sejle over til den anden side af søen.” 23 De lagde da fra land, og mens de sejlede, faldt Jesus i søvn. Pludselig kom et voldsomt stormvejr hen over søen, og båden tog en masse vand ind, så de kom i livsfare. 24 Disciplene gik hen og vækkede Jesus. „Mester, mester, vi drukner!” råbte de. Da rejste han sig og befalede stormen og bølgerne at lægge sig, og det blev blikstille. 25 Derpå vendte han sig til disciplene og spurgte: „Hvor er jeres tro?”

Med ærefrygt og undren i stemmen sagde de til hinanden: „Hvem er den mand egentlig? Selv stormen og bølgerne adlyder ham!”

Jesus sætter en ikke-jøde fri fra dæmonernes magt

26 De sejlede nu videre ind imod gadarenernes egn, som ligger over for Galilæa. 27 Da Jesus steg i land, kom en mand fra landsbyen løbende hen imod ham. Han var besat af onde ånder, og i lang tid havde han flakket hjemløs om uden tøj på. Han holdt til i klippehulerne, hvor man begravede de døde. 28-29 Han faldt nu på knæ foran Jesus, og Jesus befalede den onde ånd at fare ud af ham. Men han skreg op: „Lad mig være i fred, Jesus, du den højeste Guds Søn! Jeg beder dig om ikke at pine mig!” Mange gange havde ånden slæbt af sted med den stakkels mand. Man havde lænket ham med jernkæder på hænder og fødder og holdt ham bevogtet, men hver gang havde han revet sig løs og var af den onde ånd blevet drevet ud i ødemarken.

30 „Hvad er dit navn?” spurgte Jesus.

„Legion!” råbte manden, for han var besat af en mængde dæmoner. 31 De begyndte nu at bønfalde Jesus om ikke at jage dem ned i afgrundens mørke. 32 Der gik en flok svin og rodede efter føde på toppen af en skrænt i nærheden, og dæmonerne bad om lov til at fare i svinene. I samme øjeblik Jesus gav dem lov, 33 fór de ud af manden og ind i svinene, og hele svineflokken styrtede ned ad skrænten og ud i søen, hvor de druknede.

34 Da svinehyrderne så det, flygtede de, og de fortalte om det i by og på land. 35 Snart var en strøm af mennesker på vej ud for at se, hvad der var sket. Da de nåede derhen, fik de øje på manden, der havde været besat af onde ånder. Han sad nu roligt, påklædt og fuldstændig normal ved Jesu fødder. Det forbløffede dem og gjorde dem bange. 36 De, der havde set, hvordan den besatte var blevet reddet, forklarede, hvordan det var sket. 37 Derefter bad alle folk der fra egnen Jesus om at forlade deres område, for de var bange for, hvad han ellers kunne finde på at gøre.

Jesus gik da op i båden for at sejle tilbage til Galilæa. 38 Manden, der havde været besat af onde ånder, bad om at få lov til at følge med, men Jesus sagde: 39 „Gå tilbage til din familie og fortæl, hvor stort et under, Gud har gjort for dig.” Manden gik da hjem og fortalte over hele byen om det forunderlige, Jesus havde gjort.

Ved tro bliver en kvinde helbredt og en pige oprejst fra de døde

40 Da Jesus nåede tilbage over søen, tog folkeskaren imod ham med åbne arme, for de havde ventet ham med længsel. 41 En synagogeforstander ved navn Jairus nærmede sig, knælede ned foran ham og bad ham følge med hjem, 42 for hans eneste datter lå for døden. Hun var 12 år gammel.

Mens Jesus fulgte med ham, masede mængden sig ind på ham fra alle sider.

43 Nu var der en kvinde, som havde lidt af blødninger i 12 år, uden at nogen havde kunnet helbrede hende, selv om hun havde brugt alle sine penge på lægehjælp. 44 Hun nærmede sig bagfra og rørte ved kvasten på hans bedesjal. Straks standsede blødningen.

45 „Hvem var det, der rørte ved mig?” spurgte Jesus.

Da ingen meldte sig, sagde Peter: „Mester, folk maser jo ind på dig fra alle sider.”

46 „Der var en, der rørte ved mig,” insisterede Jesus, „for jeg kunne mærke en kraft forlade mig.”

47 Kvinden indså nu, at Jesus var klar over, hvad der var sket. Skælvende kom hun frem og faldt på knæ foran ham, og i hele mængdens påhør fortalte hun, hvorfor hun havde rørt ved ham, og at hun nu var rask.

48 Jesus sagde da til hende: „Min ven, det er din tro, der har reddet[b] dig! Fred være med dig!”

49 Mens han endnu talte, kom en mand med besked til Jairus fra hans hjem: „Din datter er død. Du behøver ikke ulejlige mesteren mere.” 50 Da Jesus hørte det, sagde han til Jairus: „Vær ikke bange! Tro på mig, så vil hun blive reddet!”

51 Da de nåede frem til huset, ville Jesus kun have Peter, Johannes, Jakob og den lille piges forældre med ind i det værelse, hvor hun lå. 52 Huset var fyldt med grædende og jamrende mennesker. „Lad være med at græde,” sagde Jesus. „Hun er ikke død. Hun sover bare.” 53 Men de lo overbærende, for de vidste godt, at hun var død. 54 Jesus gik hen og tog pigen i hånden. „Stå op, lille pige!” kaldte han. 55 Da vendte hendes ånd tilbage, og hun stod straks op. Så sagde Jesus, at de skulle give hende noget at spise. 56 Forældrene var ude af sig selv af undren, men Jesus sagde, at de ikke måtte fortælle nogen, hvad der var sket.

Notas al pie

  1. 8,10 Es. 6,9 LXX.
  2. 8,48 Eller: „frelst” eller „helbredt”. Lægen Lukas bruger dog normalt andre ord, når der er fokus på fysisk helbredelse.

New American Standard Bible

Luke 8

Ministering Women

1Soon afterwards, He began going around from one city and village to another, proclaiming and preaching the kingdom of God. The twelve were with Him, and also some women who had been healed of evil spirits and sicknesses: Mary who was called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out, and Joanna the wife of Chuza, Herod’s steward, and Susanna, and many others who were contributing to their support out of their private means.

Parable of the Sower

When a large crowd was coming together, and those from the various cities were journeying to Him, He spoke by way of a parable: “The sower went out to sow his seed; and as he sowed, some fell beside the road, and it was trampled under foot and the birds of the [a]air ate it up. Other seed fell on rocky soil, and as soon as it grew up, it withered away, because it had no moisture. Other seed fell among the thorns; and the thorns grew up with it and choked it out. Other seed fell into the good soil, and grew up, and produced a crop a hundred times as great.” As He said these things, He would call out, “He who has ears to hear, [b]let him hear.”

His disciples began questioning Him as to what this parable meant. 10 And He said, “To you it has been granted to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God, but to the rest it is in parables, so that seeing they may not see, and hearing they may not understand.

11 “Now the parable is this: the seed is the word of God. 12 Those beside the road are those who have heard; then the devil comes and takes away the word from their heart, so that they will not believe and be saved. 13 Those on the rocky soil are those who, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no firm root; [c]they believe for a while, and in time of temptation fall away. 14 The seed which fell among the thorns, these are the ones who have heard, and as they go on their way they are choked with worries and riches and pleasures of this life, and bring no fruit to maturity. 15 But the seed in the good soil, these are the ones who have heard the word in an honest and good heart, and hold it fast, and bear fruit with [d]perseverance.

Parable of the Lamp

16 “Now no one after lighting a lamp covers it over with a container, or puts it under a bed; but he puts it on a lampstand, so that those who come in may see the light. 17 For nothing is hidden that will not become evident, nor anything secret that will not be known and come to light. 18 So take care how you listen; for whoever has, to him more shall be given; and whoever does not have, even what he [e]thinks he has shall be taken away from him.”

19 And His mother and brothers came to Him, and they were unable to get to Him because of the crowd. 20 And it was reported to Him, “Your mother and Your brothers are standing outside, wishing to see You.” 21 But He answered and said to them, “My mother and My brothers are these who hear the word of God and do it.”

Jesus Stills the Sea

22 Now on one of those days Jesus and His disciples got into a boat, and He said to them, “Let us go over to the other side of the lake.” So they launched out. 23 But as they were sailing along He fell asleep; and a fierce gale of wind descended on the lake, and they began to be swamped and to be in danger. 24 They came to Jesus and woke Him up, saying, “Master, Master, we are perishing!” And He got up and rebuked the wind and the surging waves, and they stopped, and [f]it became calm. 25 And He said to them, “Where is your faith?” They were fearful and amazed, saying to one another, “Who then is this, that He commands even the winds and the water, and they obey Him?”

The Demoniac Cured

26 Then they sailed to the country of the Gerasenes, which is opposite Galilee. 27 And when He came out onto the land, He was met by a man from the city who was possessed with demons; and who had not put on any clothing for a long time, and was not living in a house, but in the tombs. 28 Seeing Jesus, he cried out and fell before Him, and said in a loud voice, “[g]What business do we have with each other, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? I beg You, do not torment me.” 29 For He had commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man. For it had seized him many times; and he was bound with chains and shackles and kept under guard, and yet he would break his bonds and be driven by the demon into the desert. 30 And Jesus asked him, “What is your name?” And he said, “Legion”; for many demons had entered him. 31 They were imploring Him not to command them to go away into the abyss.

32 Now there was a herd of many swine feeding there on the mountain; and the demons implored Him to permit them to enter [h]the swine. And He gave them permission. 33 And the demons came out of the man and entered the swine; and the herd rushed down the steep bank into the lake and was drowned.

34 When the herdsmen saw what had happened, they ran away and reported it in the city and out in the country. 35 The people went out to see what had happened; and they came to Jesus, and found the man from whom the demons had gone out, sitting down at the feet of Jesus, clothed and in his right mind; and they became frightened. 36 Those who had seen it reported to them how the man who was demon-possessed had been [i]made well. 37 And all the people of the country of the Gerasenes and the surrounding district asked Him to leave them, for they were gripped with great fear; and He got into a boat and returned. 38 But the man from whom the demons had gone out was begging Him that he might [j]accompany Him; but He sent him away, saying, 39 “Return to your house and describe what great things God has done for you.” So he went away, proclaiming throughout the whole city what great things Jesus had done for him.

Miracles of Healing

40 And as Jesus returned, the [k]people welcomed Him, for they had all been waiting for Him. 41 And there came a man named Jairus, and he was an [l]official of the synagogue; and he fell at Jesus’ feet, and began to implore Him to come to his house; 42 for he had an [m]only daughter, about twelve years old, and she was dying. But as He went, the crowds were pressing against Him.

43 And a woman who had a hemorrhage for twelve years, and could not be healed by anyone, 44 came up behind Him and touched the fringe of His [n]cloak, and immediately her hemorrhage stopped. 45 And Jesus said, “Who is the one who touched Me?” And while they were all denying it, Peter said, “Master, the [o]people are crowding and pressing in on You.” 46 But Jesus said, “Someone did touch Me, for I was aware that power had gone out of Me.” 47 When the woman saw that she had not escaped notice, she came trembling and fell down before Him, and declared in the presence of all the people the reason why she had touched Him, and how she had been immediately healed. 48 And He said to her, “Daughter, your faith has [p]made you well; go in peace.”

49 While He was still speaking, someone *came from the house of the synagogue official, saying, “Your daughter has died; do not trouble the Teacher anymore.” 50 But when Jesus heard this, He answered him, “Do not be afraid any longer; only believe, and she will be [q]made well.” 51 When He came to the house, He did not allow anyone to enter with Him, except Peter and John and James, and the girl’s father and mother. 52 Now they were all weeping and lamenting for her; but He said, “Stop weeping, for she has not died, but is asleep.” 53 And they began laughing at Him, knowing that she had died. 54 He, however, took her by the hand and called, saying, “Child, arise!” 55 And her spirit returned, and she got up immediately; and He gave orders for something to be given her to eat. 56 Her parents were amazed; but He instructed them to tell no one what had happened.

Notas al pie

  1. Luke 8:5 Lit heaven
  2. Luke 8:8 Or hear! Or listen!
  3. Luke 8:13 Lit who believe
  4. Luke 8:15 Or steadfastness
  5. Luke 8:18 Or seems to have
  6. Luke 8:24 Lit a calm occurred
  7. Luke 8:28 Lit What to me and to you (a Heb idiom)
  8. Luke 8:32 Lit them
  9. Luke 8:36 Or saved
  10. Luke 8:38 Lit be with
  11. Luke 8:40 Lit crowd
  12. Luke 8:41 Lit ruler
  13. Luke 8:42 Or only begotten
  14. Luke 8:44 Or outer garment
  15. Luke 8:45 Lit crowds
  16. Luke 8:48 Or saved you
  17. Luke 8:50 Or saved