Bibelen på hverdagsdansk

Jeremias 44

Guds dom over afgudsdyrkelsen blandt judæerne i Egypten

1Herren gav mig derefter følgende budskab om de judæere, der havde slået sig ned i byerne Migdol, Takpankes og Memfis i det nordlige Egypten og i området Patros i det sydlige Egypten:

Herren, den Almægtige, Israels Gud, siger: „I ved, hvad jeg gjorde ved Jerusalem og Judas byer. De ligger nu i ruiner og er folketomme. Jeg måtte straffe befolkningen for deres ondskab, for de provokerede mig med deres afgudsdyrkelse. De dyrkede fremmede guder, som hverken de eller I eller jeres forfædre før kendte til. Gang på gang sendte jeg mine tjenere, profeterne, til dem for at advare dem: ‚Hold dog op med jeres afskyelige afgudsdyrkelse. I ved jo, at jeg hader det.’ Men de ville ikke høre efter, og de omvendte sig ikke fra deres ondskab. De blev ved med at ofre røgelse til de fremmede guder. Da kogte min vrede over, og min glødende harme faldt som ild ned over Judas byer og Jerusalems gader, så de nu er øde tomter.

Og nu spørger Herren, den Almægtige, Israels Gud, jer: Hvorfor vil I ødelægge jer selv? Hvorfor vil I være årsag til, at samtlige mænd, kvinder, børn og spædbørn må lade livet? Her i Egypten, hvor I har slået jer ned, har I igen provokeret mig til vrede ved at lave nye afguder og ofre røgelse til dem. Derved har I fældet dommen over jer selv: I vil blive udryddet, og over hele verden vil man håne og forbande jer. Har I glemt jeres forfædres ondskab? Har I glemt alle de synder, som Judas konger og dronninger begik? Har I glemt jeres egne synder og jeres koners synder i Juda og Jerusalem? 10 Indtil i dag har mit folk ikke angret eller vist mig respekt. I har ikke adlydt de love og forskrifter, jeg gav jer og jeres forfædre.

11 Derfor siger Herren, den Almægtige, Israels Gud: Jeg har besluttet at udrydde jer. 12 Jeg vil tilintetgøre den rest af Juda, der absolut ville flygte til Egypten. De skal alle sammen dø her enten i krig eller af sult, og de vil blive hånet, foragtet og forbandet. 13 De kommer til at opleve den samme straf her, som ramte Jerusalem: krig, sult og epidemier. 14 I flygtede herned i håbet om engang at vende tilbage, men kun en ganske lille rest får lov at vende tilbage. Det store flertal skal dø i Egypten.”

15 En stor gruppe judæere fra både det nordlige og sydlige Egypten hørte mit budskab. Selv om det var kvinderne, der brændte røgelse for de egyptiske afguder, var mændene udmærket godt klar over det. Forsamlingen gav mig nu følgende svar: 16 „Vi vil ikke høre på de budskaber, du påstår, at Herren har givet dig. 17 Vi har lovet at brænde røgelse for Himlens Dronning og give hende drikofre, og det vil vi blive ved med. Det er jo ikke andet end det, vores forfædre og konger og ledere gjorde før i tiden i Judas byer og Jerusalems gader.[a] Dengang led vi ingen nød. Vi havde masser at spise, og vi havde lykken med os. 18 Men da vi holdt op med at brænde røgelse og bringe drikofre til Himlens Dronning, gik alting galt for os, og vi blev plaget af krig og sult.”

19 Kvinderne tilføjede: „Tror du for øvrigt, at vi dyrker Himlens Dronning, udgyder drikofre til hende og bager kager til hendes ære uden at vores mænd ved det?”

20 Da sagde jeg til den store forsamling af mænd og kvinder: 21 „Herren så til med afsky, dengang jeres forfædre og konger og ledere brændte røgelse for afguderne i Judas byer og Jerusalems gader. 22 Det var jo netop, fordi Herren ikke længere kunne holde ud at se på jeres ondskab og jeres afskyelige afgudsdyrkelse, at han ødelagde landet, så det i dag er et forbandet land med folketomme ruinbyer. 23 Kan I da ikke forstå, at netop jeres afgudsdyrkelse og jeres oprør imod Herren og hans love og forordninger var årsag til jeres ulykke? 24 Hør nu, hvad Herren siger til alle jer judæere, som har slået jer ned i Egypten. 25 Herren, den Almægtige, Israels Gud, siger: I er alle sammen fast besluttede på at fortsætte med at brænde røgelse og give drikofre til Himlens Dronning, både mænd og kvinder. Så gør da, hvad I har lovet hende! 26 Men hør Herrens ord, alle I judæere, der har slået jer ned i Egypten: Jeg sværger ved mit eget mægtige navn, at ingen af jer længere får mulighed for at påkalde mig og sige: ‚Så sandt Herren lever!’ 27 Jeg skal sørge for, at I rammes af ulykke, så I alle omkommer som ofre for krig og sult her i Egypten. 28 Det bliver kun en lille rest, der undslipper min vrede og vender tilbage til Judas land. Til den tid vil alle de judæere, som kom til Egypten for at bosætte sig her, erkende, hvem der havde ret, jer eller mig. 29 Og nu vil jeg give jer et tegn på, at jeg mener mine trusler om straf alvorligt: 30 Jeg vil udlevere Egyptens konge, Hofra, til hans fjender på samme måde, som jeg udleverede kong Zidkija af Juda til kong Nebukadnezar af Babylon.”

Notas al pie

  1. 44,17 Judæerne tilbad solen, månen og stjernerne under kong Manasse (2.Kong. 21,3ff), men holdt op under kong Josias, som blev dræbt i kampen mod egypterne, jf. 2.Kong. 23,26ff.

King James Version

Jeremiah 44

1The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the Jews which dwell in the land of Egypt, which dwell at Migdol, and at Tahpanhes, and at Noph, and in the country of Pathros, saying,

Thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel; Ye have seen all the evil that I have brought upon Jerusalem, and upon all the cities of Judah; and, behold, this day they are a desolation, and no man dwelleth therein,

Because of their wickedness which they have committed to provoke me to anger, in that they went to burn incense, and to serve other gods, whom they knew not, neither they, ye, nor your fathers.

Howbeit I sent unto you all my servants the prophets, rising early and sending them, saying, Oh, do not this abominable thing that I hate.

But they hearkened not, nor inclined their ear to turn from their wickedness, to burn no incense unto other gods.

Wherefore my fury and mine anger was poured forth, and was kindled in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem; and they are wasted and desolate, as at this day.

Therefore now thus saith the Lord, the God of hosts, the God of Israel; Wherefore commit ye this great evil against your souls, to cut off from you man and woman, child and suckling, out of Judah, to leave you none to remain;

In that ye provoke me unto wrath with the works of your hands, burning incense unto other gods in the land of Egypt, whither ye be gone to dwell, that ye might cut yourselves off, and that ye might be a curse and a reproach among all the nations of the earth?

Have ye forgotten the wickedness of your fathers, and the wickedness of the kings of Judah, and the wickedness of their wives, and your own wickedness, and the wickedness of your wives, which they have committed in the land of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem?

10 They are not humbled even unto this day, neither have they feared, nor walked in my law, nor in my statutes, that I set before you and before your fathers.

11 Therefore thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will set my face against you for evil, and to cut off all Judah.

12 And I will take the remnant of Judah, that have set their faces to go into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, and they shall all be consumed, and fall in the land of Egypt; they shall even be consumed by the sword and by the famine: they shall die, from the least even unto the greatest, by the sword and by the famine: and they shall be an execration, and an astonishment, and a curse, and a reproach.

13 For I will punish them that dwell in the land of Egypt, as I have punished Jerusalem, by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence:

14 So that none of the remnant of Judah, which are gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall escape or remain, that they should return into the land of Judah, to the which they have a desire to return to dwell there: for none shall return but such as shall escape.

15 Then all the men which knew that their wives had burned incense unto other gods, and all the women that stood by, a great multitude, even all the people that dwelt in the land of Egypt, in Pathros, answered Jeremiah, saying,

16 As for the word that thou hast spoken unto us in the name of the Lord, we will not hearken unto thee.

17 But we will certainly do whatsoever thing goeth forth out of our own mouth, to burn incense unto the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, as we have done, we, and our fathers, our kings, and our princes, in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem: for then had we plenty of victuals, and were well, and saw no evil.

18 But since we left off to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, we have wanted all things, and have been consumed by the sword and by the famine.

19 And when we burned incense to the queen of heaven, and poured out drink offerings unto her, did we make her cakes to worship her, and pour out drink offerings unto her, without our men?

20 Then Jeremiah said unto all the people, to the men, and to the women, and to all the people which had given him that answer, saying,

21 The incense that ye burned in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem, ye, and your fathers, your kings, and your princes, and the people of the land, did not the Lord remember them, and came it not into his mind?

22 So that the Lord could no longer bear, because of the evil of your doings, and because of the abominations which ye have committed; therefore is your land a desolation, and an astonishment, and a curse, without an inhabitant, as at this day.

23 Because ye have burned incense, and because ye have sinned against the Lord, and have not obeyed the voice of the Lord, nor walked in his law, nor in his statutes, nor in his testimonies; therefore this evil is happened unto you, as at this day.

24 Moreover Jeremiah said unto all the people, and to all the women, Hear the word of the Lord, all Judah that are in the land of Egypt:

25 Thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, saying; Ye and your wives have both spoken with your mouths, and fulfilled with your hand, saying, We will surely perform our vows that we have vowed, to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her: ye will surely accomplish your vows, and surely perform your vows.

26 Therefore hear ye the word of the Lord, all Judah that dwell in the land of Egypt; Behold, I have sworn by my great name, saith the Lord, that my name shall no more be named in the mouth of any man of Judah in all the land of Egypt, saying, The Lord God liveth.

27 Behold, I will watch over them for evil, and not for good: and all the men of Judah that are in the land of Egypt shall be consumed by the sword and by the famine, until there be an end of them.

28 Yet a small number that escape the sword shall return out of the land of Egypt into the land of Judah, and all the remnant of Judah, that are gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall know whose words shall stand, mine, or their's.

29 And this shall be a sign unto you, saith the Lord, that I will punish you in this place, that ye may know that my words shall surely stand against you for evil:

30 Thus saith the Lord; Behold, I will give Pharaohhophra king of Egypt into the hand of his enemies, and into the hand of them that seek his life; as I gave Zedekiah king of Judah into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, his enemy, and that sought his life.