Bibelen på hverdagsdansk

Jeremias 44

Guds dom over afgudsdyrkelsen blandt judæerne i Egypten

1Herren gav mig derefter følgende budskab om de judæere, der havde slået sig ned i byerne Migdol, Takpankes og Memfis i det nordlige Egypten og i området Patros i det sydlige Egypten:

Herren, den Almægtige, Israels Gud, siger: „I ved, hvad jeg gjorde ved Jerusalem og Judas byer. De ligger nu i ruiner og er folketomme. Jeg måtte straffe befolkningen for deres ondskab, for de provokerede mig med deres afgudsdyrkelse. De dyrkede fremmede guder, som hverken de eller I eller jeres forfædre før kendte til. Gang på gang sendte jeg mine tjenere, profeterne, til dem for at advare dem: ‚Hold dog op med jeres afskyelige afgudsdyrkelse. I ved jo, at jeg hader det.’ Men de ville ikke høre efter, og de omvendte sig ikke fra deres ondskab. De blev ved med at ofre røgelse til de fremmede guder. Da kogte min vrede over, og min glødende harme faldt som ild ned over Judas byer og Jerusalems gader, så de nu er øde tomter.

Og nu spørger Herren, den Almægtige, Israels Gud, jer: Hvorfor vil I ødelægge jer selv? Hvorfor vil I være årsag til, at samtlige mænd, kvinder, børn og spædbørn må lade livet? Her i Egypten, hvor I har slået jer ned, har I igen provokeret mig til vrede ved at lave nye afguder og ofre røgelse til dem. Derved har I fældet dommen over jer selv: I vil blive udryddet, og over hele verden vil man håne og forbande jer. Har I glemt jeres forfædres ondskab? Har I glemt alle de synder, som Judas konger og dronninger begik? Har I glemt jeres egne synder og jeres koners synder i Juda og Jerusalem? 10 Indtil i dag har mit folk ikke angret eller vist mig respekt. I har ikke adlydt de love og forskrifter, jeg gav jer og jeres forfædre.

11 Derfor siger Herren, den Almægtige, Israels Gud: Jeg har besluttet at udrydde jer. 12 Jeg vil tilintetgøre den rest af Juda, der absolut ville flygte til Egypten. De skal alle sammen dø her enten i krig eller af sult, og de vil blive hånet, foragtet og forbandet. 13 De kommer til at opleve den samme straf her, som ramte Jerusalem: krig, sult og epidemier. 14 I flygtede herned i håbet om engang at vende tilbage, men kun en ganske lille rest får lov at vende tilbage. Det store flertal skal dø i Egypten.”

15 En stor gruppe judæere fra både det nordlige og sydlige Egypten hørte mit budskab. Selv om det var kvinderne, der brændte røgelse for de egyptiske afguder, var mændene udmærket godt klar over det. Forsamlingen gav mig nu følgende svar: 16 „Vi vil ikke høre på de budskaber, du påstår, at Herren har givet dig. 17 Vi har lovet at brænde røgelse for Himlens Dronning og give hende drikofre, og det vil vi blive ved med. Det er jo ikke andet end det, vores forfædre og konger og ledere gjorde før i tiden i Judas byer og Jerusalems gader.[a] Dengang led vi ingen nød. Vi havde masser at spise, og vi havde lykken med os. 18 Men da vi holdt op med at brænde røgelse og bringe drikofre til Himlens Dronning, gik alting galt for os, og vi blev plaget af krig og sult.”

19 Kvinderne tilføjede: „Tror du for øvrigt, at vi dyrker Himlens Dronning, udgyder drikofre til hende og bager kager til hendes ære uden at vores mænd ved det?”

20 Da sagde jeg til den store forsamling af mænd og kvinder: 21 „Herren så til med afsky, dengang jeres forfædre og konger og ledere brændte røgelse for afguderne i Judas byer og Jerusalems gader. 22 Det var jo netop, fordi Herren ikke længere kunne holde ud at se på jeres ondskab og jeres afskyelige afgudsdyrkelse, at han ødelagde landet, så det i dag er et forbandet land med folketomme ruinbyer. 23 Kan I da ikke forstå, at netop jeres afgudsdyrkelse og jeres oprør imod Herren og hans love og forordninger var årsag til jeres ulykke? 24 Hør nu, hvad Herren siger til alle jer judæere, som har slået jer ned i Egypten. 25 Herren, den Almægtige, Israels Gud, siger: I er alle sammen fast besluttede på at fortsætte med at brænde røgelse og give drikofre til Himlens Dronning, både mænd og kvinder. Så gør da, hvad I har lovet hende! 26 Men hør Herrens ord, alle I judæere, der har slået jer ned i Egypten: Jeg sværger ved mit eget mægtige navn, at ingen af jer længere får mulighed for at påkalde mig og sige: ‚Så sandt Herren lever!’ 27 Jeg skal sørge for, at I rammes af ulykke, så I alle omkommer som ofre for krig og sult her i Egypten. 28 Det bliver kun en lille rest, der undslipper min vrede og vender tilbage til Judas land. Til den tid vil alle de judæere, som kom til Egypten for at bosætte sig her, erkende, hvem der havde ret, jer eller mig. 29 Og nu vil jeg give jer et tegn på, at jeg mener mine trusler om straf alvorligt: 30 Jeg vil udlevere Egyptens konge, Hofra, til hans fjender på samme måde, som jeg udleverede kong Zidkija af Juda til kong Nebukadnezar af Babylon.”

Notas al pie

  1. 44,17 Judæerne tilbad solen, månen og stjernerne under kong Manasse (2.Kong. 21,3ff), men holdt op under kong Josias, som blev dræbt i kampen mod egypterne, jf. 2.Kong. 23,26ff.

Amplified Bible

Jeremiah 44

Conquest of Egypt Predicted

1The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the Jews who were living in the land of Egypt—at Migdol, at Tahpanhes, at Memphis, and in the land of Pathros, saying, “Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, ‘You have seen all the disaster that I have brought on Jerusalem and on all the cities of Judah; and see, this day they are desolated and no one lives in them because of the wickedness which they committed, provoking Me to anger by continuing to burn sacrifices and incense to serve other gods that they had not known, neither they, nor you, nor your fathers. Yet I sent to you all My servants the prophets, again and again, saying, “Oh, do not do this shamefully vile thing which I hate.” But they did not listen or turn [obediently] from their wickedness, and stop burning sacrifices and incense to other gods. Therefore My wrath and My anger were poured out and burned in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem; so they have become a ruin and a desolation, as it is this day. Therefore now thus says the Lord God of hosts, the God of Israel, “Why did you commit this great evil against yourselves [bringing disaster] that will cut off from you man and woman, child and infant, out of Judah, leaving yourselves without a remnant? Why do you [deliberately] provoke Me to anger with the works (idols) of your hands, burning sacrifices and incense to [make-believe] gods in the land of Egypt, where you [of your own accord] have come to live [as temporary residents], that you might be cut off and become a curse and a disgrace [an object of taunts] among all the nations of the earth? Have you forgotten the wickedness of your fathers, the wickedness of the kings of Judah, the wickedness of their wives [who served their foreign gods], your own wickedness, and the wickedness of your wives [who imitated the sin of the queens], which they committed in the land of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem? 10 They have not become apologetic [for their guilt and sin] even to this day; they have not feared [Me with reverence] nor walked in My law or My statutes, which I have set before you and before your fathers.”’

11 “Therefore thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, ‘Behold, I am going to set My face against you for woe—even to cut off (destroy) all Judah [from the land]. 12 And I will take the remnant of Judah who have decided to go into the land of Egypt to live there [instead of surrendering to the Chaldeans as directed], and they will all fall and die in the land of Egypt; they will fall by the sword or perish by famine. From the least to the greatest, they will die by the sword or by famine; and they will become detestable, an object of horror, a curse, and a disgrace. 13 For I will punish all the inhabitants of the land of Egypt, as I have punished Jerusalem, with the sword, with famine, and with virulent disease; 14 so none of the survivors from the remnant of Judah who have entered the land of Egypt to live there will survive, even though they lift up their souls in longing to return to the land of Judah, [the place] to which they long to return to live; none will return except a few refugees.’”

15 Then all the men who knew that their wives were burning [a]sacrifices to other gods, and all the women who were standing by, a large group, including all the people who were living in Pathros in the land of Egypt, answered Jeremiah, saying, 16 “As for the word (message) that you have spoken to us in the name of the Lord, we are not going to listen to you. 17 But rather we will certainly perform every word of the vows we have made: to burn sacrifices to the [b]queen of heaven (Ishtar) and to pour out drink offerings to her, just as we ourselves and our forefathers, our kings and our princes did in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem; for [then] we had plenty of food and were prosperous and saw no misfortune. 18 But since we stopped burning sacrifices to the queen of heaven and pouring out drink offerings to her, we have lacked everything and have been consumed by the sword and by famine.” 19 And said the wives, “When we were burning sacrifices to the queen of heaven and were pouring out drink offerings to her, was it without [the knowledge and approval of] our husbands that we made cakes [in the shape of a star] to represent her and pour out drink offerings to her?”

Tragedy for the Jews

20 Then Jeremiah said to all the people, to the men and to the women and to all the people who had given him that answer, 21 “The smoking sacrifices (incense) that you burned in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem—you and your forefathers, your kings and your princes, and the people of the land—did not the Lord remember [in detail your idolatry] and did it not all come into His mind? 22 The Lord could no longer endure it, because of the evil of your acts and the repulsive acts which you have committed; because of them your land has become a ruin, an object of horror and a curse, without inhabitant, as it is this day. 23 Because you have burned sacrifices [to idols] and because you have sinned against the Lord and have not obeyed the voice of the Lord or walked in His law and in His statutes and in His testimonies, therefore this tragedy has fallen on you, as it has this day.”

24 Then Jeremiah said to all the people, including all the women, “Hear the word of the Lord, all [you of] Judah who are in the land of Egypt, 25 thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, as follows: ‘You and your wives have both declared with your mouth and fulfilled it with your hand, saying, “We will certainly perform our vows that we have vowed, to burn sacrifices to the queen of heaven (Ishtar) and to pour out drink offerings to her.” Surely then confirm your vows and go ahead and perform your vows! [If you intend to defy all My warnings, proceed!]’ 26 Therefore hear the word of the Lord, all [you people of] Judah who are living in the land of Egypt, ‘Behold, I have sworn [an oath] by My great Name,’ says the Lord, ‘that My Name shall never again be invoked by the mouth of any man of Judah in all the land of Egypt, saying, “As the Lord God lives.” 27 Behold, I am watching over them for harm and not for good; and all the men of Judah who are in the land of Egypt shall be consumed by the sword and by famine until they are all destroyed. 28 Yet a small number [of My choosing] who escape the sword will return from the land of Egypt to the land of Judah; and all the remnant of Judah who have gone to the land of Egypt to reside there will know whose words will stand, Mine or theirs. 29 And this will be the sign to you,’ says the Lord, ‘that I am going to punish you in this place, so that you may know that My words will surely stand against you for harm.’ 30 Thus says the Lord, ‘Behold, I will give [c]Pharaoh Hophra king of Egypt into the hand of his enemies and into the hand of those who seek his life, just as I gave Zedekiah king of Judah into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, who was his enemy and was seeking his life.’”

Notas al pie

  1. Jeremiah 44:15 Or incense.
  2. Jeremiah 44:17 See note 7:18.
  3. Jeremiah 44:30 Hophra ruled 588-570 b.c. He was murdered in a coup led by his successor the Pharaoh Amasis.