Bibelen på hverdagsdansk

Jeremias 25

70 års fangenskab

1Det følgende budskab om Judas folk gav Herren mig i kong Jojakims, Josiasʼ søns, fjerde regeringsår, det år, hvor Nebukadnezar blev konge over Babylonien.

2-3 Først sagde jeg til Jerusalems indbyggere og hele Judas folk: „I 23 år, fra kong Josias af Judas 13. regeringsår og indtil nu, har Herren givet mig mange budskaber. Jeg har trofast forkyndt jer hans ord, men I har nægtet at adlyde ham. Gang på gang har Herren sendt sine profeter til jer, men I har vendt det døve øre til. Hver gang sagde Herren: Vend om fra jeres onde tanker og handlinger, så skal I få lov til at blive i det land, Herren gav jer, for at I altid skulle bo der. Gør mig ikke vred ved at dyrke de afguder, I selv fremstiller. Men hvis I adlyder mig, vil det gå jer godt.”

Dernæst bragte jeg dem et nyt budskab fra Herren: „I har ikke villet adlyde mig og er blevet ved med at provokere mig med jeres afgudsdyrkelse. Derfor kan I takke jer selv for den straf, I får. Jeg er Herren, den Almægtige, og fordi I ikke ville høre på mig, vil jeg nu samle alle hærene fra nord under kong Nebukadnezar, som jeg har udvalgt til at være mit redskab. Han vil føre krig mod dette land og dets befolkning og de øvrige nationer omkring jer. Jeg vil slå hårdt ned på jer og lægge landet i ruiner i lang tid,[a] så I bliver til hån og spot. 10 Jeg vil sørge for, at glæden forsvinder fra landet, at alle bryllupsfester ophører, at kværnen standser og husene ligger hen i mørke. 11 Hele landet kommer til at ligge brak som en ødemark, og Israel og nabofolkene skal være under babylonisk herredømme i 70 år.

12 Når de 70 år er gået, vil jeg straffe Babyloniens konge og hans folk for deres synd, så deres land bliver til ørken, 13 og jeg vil bringe alle de rædsler over babylonierne, som jeg har truet med i denne bog. Jeg vil udføre den straf, som Jeremias har forkyndt over nationerne. 14 Mange nationer og store konger vil besejre dem og gøre dem til slaver, sådan som de selv gjorde Israels folk til slaver. Jeg vil gengælde dem alt det onde, de har gjort imod mit folk.”

Guds vredes bæger

15 Derefter talte Herren, Israels Gud, til mig i et syn: „Her, tag dette bæger! Det er fyldt til randen med min vredes vin. Alle de nationer, jeg sender dig til, skal drikke af bægeret. 16 Når de har drukket, vil de blive øre af skræk over de krigsrædsler, jeg sender over dem.”

17 Så tog jeg bægeret med Herrens vrede, og alle de folkeslag, Herren sendte mig til, tvang jeg til at drikke af hans vredes bæger. 18 Jeg begyndte med Jerusalem og de omliggende byer i Juda, hvis konger og ledere drak af Guds vredes vin. Det hele skal lægges i ruiner til skræk og advarsel for resten af verden. 19-20 Så kom jeg til Egypten, til Farao og hans hof, til hans embedsmænd, hele det egyptiske folk og alle de fremmede, som bor i landet. Også de drak af Herrens forfærdelige bæger. Så kom turen til kongerne i landet Utz og til kongerne i filisterbyerne Ashkalon, Gaza, Ekron og den tilbageværende rest af Ashdods indbyggere. 21 Derefter kom jeg til Edom, Moab og Ammon, 22 alle kongerne i Tyrus, Sidon og rundt omkring på Middelhavskysten. 23 Så kom jeg til byerne Dedan, Tema og Buz, 24 alle de arabiske konger og nomadestammer i ørkenen, 25 alle Zimris, Elams og Mediens konger. 26 Selv konger i fjerne riger mod nord måtte en efter en stå for tur, alle verdens nationer, også Babyloniens konge måtte drikke af Herrens vredes bæger.

27 Så sagde Herren til mig: „Sig til dem: Hør hvad Herren, den Almægtige, Israels Gud siger: ‚Drik af mit vredes bæger, til I er fulde og brækker jer og ikke kan rejse jer igen, for I skal opleve frygtelige krige.’ 28 Hvis de nægter at drikke af bægeret, skal du sige til dem: ‚Herren, den Almægtige, befaler jer at drikke! Der er ingen vej udenom! 29 Jeg begyndte med at straffe min egen, udvalgte by. Skulle jeg så lade jer gå fri? Nej, I kan ikke undslippe straffen. Jeg erklærer krig mod samtlige jordens nationer.’

30 Jeremias, du skal profetere imod dem og sige: ‚Herren tordner imod sit eget folk fra sin hellige bolig i Himlen. Og imod resten af jordens befolkning råber han som arbejderne, der tramper druer i vinpersen. 31 Krigsråbet når ud til jordens fjerneste afkroge. Han dømmer menneskeheden og alle verdens nationer, han fælder alle onde på jorden med sit sværd. 32 Se, siger Herren, den Almægtige, straffen skal brede sig fra folk til folk som en voldsom orkan, der kommer fra jordens ender. 33 Den dag vil ligene af de døde ligge henslængt i hele verden. De vil ligge som affald på jorden, uden at nogen sørger over dem eller begraver dem.’ ”

34 Klag og græd, I onde ledere! Rul jer i støvet, I folkenes herskere! Timen er kommet, da I skal knuses og spredes som potteskår ud over jorden. 35 I får ingen mulighed for at undslippe, det er ude med jer!

36 Hør fyrsternes og magthavernes desperate skrig. Herren har raseret deres lande. 37 Fredelige landskaber bliver til ørken på grund af Herrens voldsomme vrede. 38 Han er kommet frem fra sit skjul som en løve på jagt for at ødelægge dem og deres land med sit frygtelige sværd og sin voldsomme vrede.

Notas al pie

  1. 25,9 Ordret „for evigt”, men det hebraiske ord betyder blot en uafgrænset tidsperiode.

New International Reader's Version

Jeremiah 25

Seventy Years in Babylon

1A message from the Lord about all the people of Judah came to Jeremiah. It came in the fourth year that Jehoiakim was the king of Judah. It was the first year that Nebuchadnezzar was the king of Babylon. Jehoiakim was the son of Josiah. Jeremiah, the Lord’s prophet, spoke to all the people of Judah and Jerusalem. He said, “For 23 years the Lord’s messages have been coming to me. They began to come in the 13th year that Josiah was king of Judah. He was the son of Amon. The Lord’s messages still come to me today. I’ve spoken to you people again and again. But you haven’t listened to me.

“The Lord has sent all his servants the prophets to you. They’ve come to you again and again. But you haven’t listened. You haven’t paid any attention to them. They said, ‘Each of you must turn from your evil ways and practices. Then you can stay in the land forever. It’s the land the Lord gave you and your people of long ago. Don’t follow other gods. Don’t serve them or worship them. Don’t make the Lord angry with the gods your own hands have made. Then he won’t harm you.’

“ ‘But you did not listen to me,’ announces the Lord. ‘You have made me very angry with the gods your hands have made. And you have brought harm on yourselves.’

“The Lord who rules over all says, ‘You have not listened to my words. So I will send for all the nations in the north. And I will send for my servant Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon,’ announces the Lord. ‘I will bring all of them against this land and against you who live here. They will march out against all the nations that are around this land. I will set apart Judah and the nations around it in a special way to be destroyed. People will be shocked because of them. And they will make fun of them. Those nations will be destroyed forever. 10 I will put an end to the sounds of joy and gladness. I will put an end to the voices of brides and grooms. The sound of grinding millstones will not be heard anymore. And lamps will not be lit anymore. 11 This whole country will become dry and empty. And these nations will serve the king of Babylon for 70 years.

12 “ ‘But I will punish that king and his nation because they are guilty. I will do this when the 70 years are over,’ announces the Lord. ‘I will make that land a desert forever. 13 I have spoken against that land. And I will make all these things happen to it. Everything will happen that is written in this book. And I will make everything Jeremiah prophesied against all the nations come true. 14 The people of Babylon will become slaves of many other nations and great kings. I will pay them back for what they have done.’ ”

The Cup of God’s Great Anger

15 The Lord is the God of Israel. He said to me, “Take this cup from my hand. It is filled with the wine of my great anger. Make all the nations to which I send you drink it. 16 When they drink it, they will not even be able to walk straight. It will drive them out of their minds. I am going to send war against them.” 17 So I took the cup from the Lord’s hand. I made all the nations to which he sent me drink from it.

18 He sent me to Judah’s kings and officials. He told me to go to Jerusalem and the towns of Judah. He wanted me to tell them they would be destroyed. Then people would be shocked because of them. They would make fun of them. They would use their name in a curse. And that’s how things still are today.

19 Here is a list of the other kings and nations he sent me to.

Pharaoh, the king of Egypt

his attendants, his officials, all his people

20 all the people from other lands who lived there

all the kings of Uz

the Philistine kings of Ashkelon, Gaza and Ekron

the Philistines still living in Ashdod

21 Edom, Moab, Ammon

22 all the kings of Tyre and Sidon

the kings of the islands and other lands along the Mediterranean Sea

23 Dedan, Teman, Buz

all the other places far away in the east

24 all the kings of Arabia

all the other kings of people who live in the desert

25 all the kings of Zimri, Elam and Media

26 all the kings in the north, near and far

So he sent me to all the kingdoms on the face of the earth, one after the other. They will all drink from the cup of the Lord’s anger. After they drink, the king of Babylon will drink from it too.

27 The Lord says, “Tell them, ‘The Lord who rules over all is the God of Israel. He says, “Drink from this cup. Get drunk and throw up. Fall down and do not get up again. I am going to send war against you.” ’ 28 But they might refuse to take the cup from your hand. They might not want to drink from it. Then tell them, ‘The Lord who rules over all says, “You must drink from it! 29 I am beginning to bring trouble on the city where I have put my Name. You might think you will not be punished. But you will certainly be punished. I am sending war against everyone who lives on earth,” announces the Lord who rules over all.’

30 “Jeremiah, prophesy against them. Tell them,

“ ‘The Lord will roar from heaven like a lion.
    His voice will sound like thunder
    from his holy temple there.
He will roar loudly against his land.
    He will shout like those who stomp on grapes in winepresses.
    He will shout against everyone who lives on earth.
31 The noise of battle will be heard
    from one end of the earth to the other.
    That’s because the Lord will bring charges against the nations.
He will judge every human being.
    He will kill sinful people with his sword,’ ”
    announces the Lord.

32 The Lord who rules over all says,

“Look! Horrible trouble is spreading
    from one nation to another.
A mighty storm is rising.
    It is coming from a place
    that is very far away.”

33 At that time those the Lord kills will be lying around everywhere. They will be found from one end of the earth to the other. No one will mourn for them. Their dead bodies will not be gathered up or buried. Instead, they will be like human waste lying there on the ground.

34 Weep and cry, you shepherds.
    Roll in the dust, you leaders of the flock.
Your time to be killed has come.
    You will fall like the best of the rams.
35 The shepherds won’t have any place to run to.
    The leaders of the flock won’t be able to escape.
36 Listen to the cries of the shepherds.
    Hear the weeping of the leaders of the flock.
    The Lord is destroying their grasslands.
37 Their peaceful meadows will be completely destroyed
    because of the Lord’s great anger.
38 Like a lion he will leave his den.
    The land of those leaders will become a desert.
That’s because the sword of the Lord brings great harm.
    His anger will burn against them.