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Dommerbogen 1:1-36

Juda og Simeon indtager deres område

1Efter Josvas død spurgte israelitterne Herren: „Hvem skal nu gå i spidsen i kampen mod kana’anæerne?”

2Herren svarede: „Judas stamme. Jeg vil hjælpe dem til at indtage det land, jeg har lovet dem.”

3Lederne af Judas stamme sagde til lederne af Simeons stamme: „Hjælp os med at besejre de kana’anæere, som bor i det område, der skal tilhøre os. Så hjælper vi bagefter jer med at indtage jeres område.” Så fulgte mændene fra Simeons stamme med Judas mænd.

4Da de angreb, gav Herren dem sejr over kana’anæerne og perizzitterne, så de dræbte 10.000 af fjendens krigere ved byen Bezek. 5Fjendens hær blev anført af kong Adonibezek, 6og det lykkedes ham at undslippe, men israelitterne fangede ham og huggede hans tommelfingre og storetæer af. 7„Jeg har selv behandlet 70 høvdinge på samme måde,” sagde kongen, „og jeg har ladet dem spise smulerne under mit bord. Nu gengælder Gud mig for, hvad jeg har gjort imod dem.” Derefter blev han ført til Jerusalem, hvor han blev til sin dødsdag.

8Judas mænd angreb også Jerusalem, huggede indbyggerne ned og satte ild til byen. 9Derefter rykkede de ud mod kana’anæerne i det sydlige højland, i Negev og på de vestlige bakkeskråninger. 10De gik til angreb på kana’anæerne i Hebron, det tidligere Kirjat-Arba, og besejrede Sheshajs, Ahimans og Talmajs mænd. 11De angreb også byen Debir, der tidligere hed Kirjat-Sefer. 12Kaleb havde forinden sagt: „Den, der indtager Kirjat-Sefer, får min datter Aksa til kone.” 13Otniel, der var søn af Kalebs yngre bror, Kenaz, erobrede byen og fik som belønning Aksa til kone.

14Efter brylluppet bad Aksa sin mand om tilladelse til at tage hjem til sin far og bede om et stykke agerjord. Da hun kom derhen og stod af sit æsel, spurgte Kaleb hende: „Hvad kan jeg gøre for dig?” 15„Velsign mig med en afskedsgave. Du har jo bortgiftet mig til det tørre sydland, så jeg har brug for nogle vandkilder.” Så gav Kaleb hende de øvre og de nedre kilder.

16Dengang Judas stamme drog op fra Palmernes By,1,16 Det vil sige Jeriko. fulgte efterkommerne af Moses’ svigerfar med dem. De hed kenitterne, og de slog sig ned blandt de øvrige beboere i Negevs ørken syd for Arad.

17Da Judas og Simeons mænd drog i kamp sammen, udryddede de kana’anæerne i Zefat og udslettede byen totalt. Derfor kaldes byen nu Horma.1,17 Horma betyder „udslettelse”. 18Judas hær indtog også byerne Gaza, Ashkalon og Ekron med de omkringliggende områder. 19Herren hjalp Judas stamme med at indtage højlandet, men de klarede ikke at få alle folkene i lavlandet drevet bort, fordi de havde stridsvogne af jern.

20Kaleb havde nu fået Hebron, som Moses i sin tid havde lovet ham, og han fik jaget de folk bort, som boede der. De var efterkommere af Anaks tre sønner.

De øvrige stammer fordriver ikke alle de oprindelige indbyggere

21Benjamins stamme fordrev ikke alle jebusitterne fra Jerusalem. Derfor bor jebusitterne stadig i byen sammen med benjaminitterne.

22-23Efraims og Manasses stammer angreb byen Betel, tidligere kaldet Luz, og Herren var med dem. De sendte først spioner af sted, 24som fangede en mand, der var på vej ud af byen. De sagde så til ham: „Hvis du viser os, hvordan vi kommer ind i byen, vil vi skåne dit liv.” 25Manden viste dem et smuthul, hvorefter hele byens befolkning blev hugget ned, med undtagelse af den mand og hans familie. 26Senere flyttede han til hittitternes land og grundlagde der en by, som han kaldte Luz.1,26 Opkaldt efter det gamle navn på hans hjemby. Det vides ikke, hvor denne by lå. Byen ligger der den dag i dag.

27Manasses stamme fordrev ikke alle indbyggerne i Bet-Shan, Ta’anak, Dor, Jibleam og Megiddo og landsbyerne deromkring, for kana’anæerne var fast besluttet på at blive boende. 28Senere, da israelitterne blev stærkere, gjorde de kana’anæerne til slaver, men de fik aldrig fordrevet dem fra landet. 29På samme måde gik det for Efraims stamme. Kana’anæerne blev boende side om side med dem i Gezer.

30Zebulons stamme udryddede heller ikke kana’anæerne i Kitron og Nahalol, men gjorde dem til slaver, 31og Ashers stamme fordrev ikke indbyggerne i Akko, Sidon, Ahlab, Akzib, Helba, Afik og Rehob. 32Kana’anæerne blev boende side om side med Ashers stamme. 33På samme måde gik det for Naftalis stamme: de fordrev ikke indbyggerne i Bet-Shemesh og Bet-Anat, men de gjorde dem til slaver.

34Amoritterne holdt stand mod Dans stamme, så de ikke kunne bosætte sig i lavlandet. 35Amoritterne blev også boende på Heresbjerget, i Ajjalon og i Sha’albim, men da Efraims og Manasses stammer blev stærkere, gjorde de dem til slaver. 36Amoritternes sydlige grænse løber fra Akrabbimpasset til Sela og videre opefter.

New International Version - UK

Judges 1:1-36

Israel fights the remaining Canaanites

1After the death of Joshua, the Israelites asked the Lord, ‘Who of us is to go up first to fight against the Canaanites?’

2The Lord answered, ‘Judah shall go up; I have given the land into their hands.’

3The men of Judah then said to the Simeonites their fellow Israelites, ‘Come up with us into the territory allotted to us, to fight against the Canaanites. We in turn will go with you into yours.’ So the Simeonites went with them.

4When Judah attacked, the Lord gave the Canaanites and Perizzites into their hands, and they struck down ten thousand men at Bezek. 5It was there that they found Adoni-Bezek and fought against him, putting to rout the Canaanites and Perizzites. 6Adoni-Bezek fled, but they chased him and caught him, and cut off his thumbs and big toes.

7Then Adoni-Bezek said, ‘Seventy kings with their thumbs and big toes cut off have picked up scraps under my table. Now God has paid me back for what I did to them.’ They brought him to Jerusalem, and he died there.

8The men of Judah attacked Jerusalem also and took it. They put the city to the sword and set it on fire.

9After that, Judah went down to fight against the Canaanites living in the hill country, the Negev and the western foothills. 10They advanced against the Canaanites living in Hebron (formerly called Kiriath Arba) and defeated Sheshai, Ahiman and Talmai. 11From there they advanced against the people living in Debir (formerly called Kiriath Sepher).

12And Caleb said, ‘I will give my daughter Aksah in marriage to the man who attacks and captures Kiriath Sepher.’ 13Othniel son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother, took it; so Caleb gave his daughter Aksah to him in marriage.

14One day when she came to Othniel, she urged him1:14 Hebrew; Septuagint and Vulgate Othniel, he urged her to ask her father for a field. When she got off her donkey, Caleb asked her, ‘What can I do for you?’

15She replied, ‘Do me a special favour. Since you have given me land in the Negev, give me also springs of water.’ So Caleb gave her the upper and lower springs.

16The descendants of Moses’ father-in-law, the Kenite, went up from the City of Palms1:16 That is, Jericho with the people of Judah to live among the inhabitants of the Desert of Judah in the Negev near Arad.

17Then the men of Judah went with the Simeonites their fellow Israelites and attacked the Canaanites living in Zephath, and they totally destroyed1:17 The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them. the city. Therefore it was called Hormah.1:17 Hormah means destruction. 18Judah also took1:18 Hebrew; Septuagint Judah did not take Gaza, Ashkelon and Ekron – each city with its territory.

19The Lord was with the men of Judah. They took possession of the hill country, but they were unable to drive the people from the plains, because they had chariots fitted with iron. 20As Moses had promised, Hebron was given to Caleb, who drove from it the three sons of Anak. 21The Benjaminites, however, did not drive out the Jebusites, who were living in Jerusalem; to this day the Jebusites live there with the Benjaminites.

22Now the tribes of Joseph attacked Bethel, and the Lord was with them. 23When they sent men to spy out Bethel (formerly called Luz), 24the spies saw a man coming out of the city and they said to him, ‘Show us how to get into the city and we will see that you are treated well.’ 25So he showed them, and they put the city to the sword but spared the man and his whole family. 26He then went to the land of the Hittites, where he built a city and called it Luz, which is its name to this day.

27But Manasseh did not drive out the people of Beth Shan or Taanach or Dor or Ibleam or Megiddo and their surrounding settlements, for the Canaanites were determined to live in that land. 28When Israel became strong, they pressed the Canaanites into forced labour but never drove them out completely. 29Nor did Ephraim drive out the Canaanites living in Gezer, but the Canaanites continued to live there among them. 30Neither did Zebulun drive out the Canaanites living in Kitron or Nahalol, so these Canaanites lived among them, but Zebulun did subject them to forced labour. 31Nor did Asher drive out those living in Akko or Sidon or Ahlab or Akzib or Helbah or Aphek or Rehob. 32The Asherites lived among the Canaanite inhabitants of the land because they did not drive them out. 33Neither did Naphtali drive out those living in Beth Shemesh or Beth Anath; but the Naphtalites too lived among the Canaanite inhabitants of the land, and those living in Beth Shemesh and Beth Anath became forced labourers for them. 34The Amorites confined the Danites to the hill country, not allowing them to come down into the plain. 35And the Amorites were determined also to hold out in Mount Heres, Aijalon and Shaalbim, but when the power of the tribes of Joseph increased, they too were pressed into forced labour. 36The boundary of the Amorites was from Scorpion Pass to Sela and beyond.