Bibelen på hverdagsdansk

1 Mosebog 34

Jakobs sønner hævner deres søster

1En dag gik Leas datter Dina ud for at besøge nogle af de unge piger, som boede der på stedet. Men da Sikem, der var søn af hivvitten Hamor, som var byens konge, fik øje på hende, greb han fat i hende og voldtog hende. Han blev dybt forelsket i hende og forsøgte at vinde hendes kærlighed. Han sagde derfor til sin far: „Den pige vil jeg giftes med! Hjælp mig med at få hende!”

Jakob fik hurtigt at vide, at hans datter var blevet vanæret, men da hans sønner var ude for at passe dyrene, ville han ikke foretage sig noget, før de kom hjem igen.

Sikems far, Hamor, begav sig på vej hen til Jakob sammen med sin søn for at få en aftale. Jakobs sønner var kommet hjem fra marken, så snart de hørte, hvad der var sket. De var chokerede og rasende over, at Sikem havde været så skamløs og voldtaget deres søster og derved havde bragt skam over hende og hele Jakobs familie. Hamor fremkom nu med sit ærinde over for dem: „Min søn Sikem er forelsket i din datter. Han kan slet ikke vente med at få hende til kone. Vær rar og lad ham gifte sig med hende!” 9-10 Så tilføjede han: „I øvrigt vil jeg indbyde dig og dine folk til at slå jer ned her iblandt os, så jeres døtre kan gifte sig med vores sønner, og vores døtre med jeres sønner. I må slå jer ned, hvor I har lyst, og færdes frit iblandt os og blive velstående folk.”

11 Sikem tog derefter ordet, og henvendt til Dinas far og brødre sagde han: „Vis mig godhed og lad mig gifte mig med Dina! Jeg vil give jer hvad som helst, I beder om! 12 Uanset hvor stor en brudepris eller anden gave, I forlanger, er jeg villig til at betale—hvis I blot vil give mig pigen!”

13 Men Dinas brødre gav Sikem og Hamor et listigt svar på grund af det, Sikem havde gjort imod deres søster. De sagde: 14 „Det kan vi umuligt gå med til, for du er ikke omskåret. Det ville være en stor skam for en kvinde fra vores familie at gifte sig med en mand som dig. 15 Men hvis alle jeres mænd vil blive omskåret som os, 16 har vi ikke noget imod giftermål med jer. Så slår vi os gerne ned her og bliver ét med jer. 17 Men hvis I ikke vil gå ind på det forslag, tager vi vores søster og rejser herfra.”

18 Hamor og Sikem gik straks ind på forslaget. 19 Sikem ville ingen tid spilde, for han var meget forelsket i Dina. Han var også den, der havde mest at sige i sin familie. 20 Hamor og Sikem fremlagde nu forslaget for byens ledere, som samledes på pladsen ved byporten.

21 „Disse folk er vores venner,” begyndte de. „Lad os indbyde dem til at slå sig ned iblandt os og leve af deres erhverv som alle andre. Landet er jo stort nok til at rumme dem, og deres unge og vores unge kan gifte sig med hinanden. 22 Men de vil kun blive her på den betingelse, at alle vores mænd bliver omskåret, lige som de er. 23 Hvis vi accepterer, bliver alle deres husdyr og anden ejendom i sidste ende vores. Lad os gå ind på deres betingelse, så de bliver boende hos os.”

24 Forslaget blev accepteret, og alle mændene i byen blev omskåret. 25 Men to dage senere, da de alle lå med feber og smerter, greb to af Dinas brødre, Simeon og Levi, deres sværd og gik uhindret ind i byen og dræbte samtlige mænd— 26 deriblandt også Hamor og Sikem. Så hentede de Dina i Sikems hus og vendte tilbage til lejren med hende. 27 Derefter gik alle Jakobs sønner ind og plyndrede byen, hvor deres søster var blevet voldtaget. 28 De tog alle får og køer og æsler i byen og på markerne udenfor. 29 Alt, der havde nogen værdi, tog de, og kvinderne og børnene tog de til fange.

30 Men Jakob bebrejdede Simeon og Levi, hvad de havde gjort. „I har gjort mig meget upopulær!” sagde han. „Nu kan jeg takke jer for, at landets indbyggere, kanaʼanæerne og perizzitterne, er blevet mine fjender. Vi er jo ikke ret mange, så hvis de slår sig sammen og angriber os, er det ude med os.”

31 „Synes du måske, at Sikem skulle have lov til at behandle vores søster som en luder?” indvendte de vredt.

New American Standard Bible

Genesis 34

The Treachery of Jacob’s Sons

1Now Dinah the daughter of Leah, whom she had borne to Jacob, went out to [a]visit the daughters of the land. When Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, the prince of the land, saw her, he took her and lay with her [b]by force. [c]He was deeply attracted to Dinah the daughter of Jacob, and he loved the girl and [d]spoke tenderly to her. So Shechem spoke to his father Hamor, saying, “Get me this young girl for a wife.” Now Jacob heard that he had defiled Dinah his daughter; but his sons were with his livestock in the field, so Jacob kept silent until they came in. Then Hamor the father of Shechem went out to Jacob to speak with him. Now the sons of Jacob came in from the field when they heard it; and the men were grieved, and they were very angry because he had done a [e]disgraceful thing in Israel [f]by lying with Jacob’s daughter, for such a thing ought not to be done.

But Hamor spoke with them, saying, “The soul of my son Shechem longs for your daughter; please give her to him [g]in marriage. Intermarry with us; give your daughters to us and take our daughters for yourselves. 10 Thus you shall [h]live with us, and the land shall be open before you; [i]live and trade in it and acquire property in it.” 11 Shechem also said to her father and to her brothers, “If I find favor in your sight, then I will give whatever you say to me. 12 Ask me ever so much bridal payment and gift, and I will give according as you say to me; but give me the girl [j]in marriage.”

13 But Jacob’s sons answered Shechem and his father Hamor with deceit, because he had defiled Dinah their sister. 14 They said to them, “We cannot do this thing, to give our sister to one who is uncircumcised, for that would be a disgrace to us. 15 Only on this condition will we consent to you: if you will become like us, in that every male of you be circumcised, 16 then we will give our daughters to you, and we will take your daughters for ourselves, and we will [k]live with you and become one people. 17 But if you will not listen to us to be circumcised, then we will take our daughter and go.”

18 Now their words seemed [l]reasonable to Hamor and Shechem, Hamor’s son. 19 The young man did not delay to do the thing, because he was delighted with Jacob’s daughter. Now he was more respected than all the household of his father. 20 So Hamor and his son Shechem came to the gate of their city and spoke to the men of their city, saying, 21 “These men are [m]friendly with us; therefore let them [n]live in the land and trade in it, for behold, the land is [o]large enough for them. Let us take their daughters [p]in marriage, and give our daughters to them. 22 Only on this condition will the men consent to us to [q]live with us, to become one people: that every male among us be circumcised as they are circumcised. 23 Will not their livestock and their property and all their animals be ours? Only let us consent to them, and they will [r]live with us.” 24 All who went out of the gate of his city listened to Hamor and to his son Shechem, and every male was circumcised, all who went out of the gate of his city.

25 Now it came about on the third day, when they were in pain, that two of Jacob’s sons, Simeon and Levi, Dinah’s brothers, each took his sword and came upon the city unawares, and killed every male. 26 They killed Hamor and his son Shechem with the edge of the sword, and took Dinah from Shechem’s house, and went forth. 27 Jacob’s sons came upon the slain and looted the city, because they had defiled their sister. 28 They took their flocks and their herds and their donkeys, and that which was in the city and that which was in the field; 29 and they captured and looted all their wealth and all their little ones and their wives, even all that was in the houses. 30 Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, “You have brought trouble on me by making me odious among the inhabitants of the land, among the Canaanites and the Perizzites; and [s]my men being few in number, they will gather together against me and [t]attack me and I will be destroyed, I and my household.” 31 But they said, “Should he [u]treat our sister as a harlot?”

Notas al pie

  1. Genesis 34:1 Lit see
  2. Genesis 34:2 Lit and humbled her
  3. Genesis 34:3 Lit His soul clung
  4. Genesis 34:3 Lit spoke to the heart of the girl
  5. Genesis 34:7 Lit senseless
  6. Genesis 34:7 Lit to lie
  7. Genesis 34:8 Lit for a wife
  8. Genesis 34:10 Lit dwell
  9. Genesis 34:10 Lit dwell
  10. Genesis 34:12 Lit for a wife
  11. Genesis 34:16 Lit dwell
  12. Genesis 34:18 Lit good
  13. Genesis 34:21 Lit peaceful
  14. Genesis 34:21 Lit dwell
  15. Genesis 34:21 Lit wide of hands before them
  16. Genesis 34:21 Lit to us for wives
  17. Genesis 34:22 Lit dwell
  18. Genesis 34:23 Lit dwell
  19. Genesis 34:30 Lit I, few in number
  20. Genesis 34:30 Lit smite
  21. Genesis 34:31 Or make