Bibelen på hverdagsdansk

Daniels Bog 1:1-21

Ved kong Nebukadnezars hof

1I kong Jojakim af Judas tredje regeringsår kom Babylons konge, Nebukadnezar, med sin hær og belejrede Jerusalem, 2-4og Herren hjalp ham, så Jojakim måtte overgive sig. Derefter tog Nebukadnezar de hellige kar fra Herrens hus med hjem til Babylon, hvor han anbragte dem i sin guds skatkammer. Han tog også en del unge mænd fra kongehuset og de fornemste familier i Israel med sig til Babylon.

Da han var kommet hjem, befalede han sin hofmarskal, Ashpenaz, at udvælge nogle af de unge mænd og undervise dem i tre år i kaldæisk sprog og kultur. De skulle være velskabte, se godt ud, være veluddannede, lærenemme og egnede til at gøre tjeneste i kongens palads.

5I de tre år deres uddannelse varede, fik de unge mænd samme slags mad og vin som kongen selv. Hans plan var at gøre dem til sine personlige rådgivere.

6Blandt de udvalgte var der fire unge mænd fra Judas stamme, som hed Daniel, Hananja, Mishael og Azarja. 7Hofmarskalen gav dem babyloniske navne.1,7 Deres hebraiske navne henviser til den Gud, de troede på. Daniel betyder „Gud er min dommer”, Hananja betyder „Jahve viser nåde”, Mishael betyder „Hvem er som Gud” og Azarja betyder „Jahve hjælper”. De nye babyloniske navne henviser til nogle babyloniske afguder, Bel, Ak og Nego. Daniel kom til at hedde Belteshazzar, Hananja blev kaldt Shadrak, Mishael blev kaldt Meshak, og Azarja blev kaldt Abed-Nego.

8Daniel besluttede af religiøse grunde,1,8 Kongens mad var enten ikke kosher dvs. tilberedt efter kravene i Toraen, og derfor „uren”, eller også havde den først været ofret til afguderne. at han ikke ville spise den mad og drikke den vin, som blev serveret, så han bad hofmarskalen om, at de måtte få noget andet at spise. 9Gud gjorde det sådan, at hofmarskalen blev venligt stemt over for Daniel, 10men han var alligevel meget betænkelig ved sagen. „Hvis I ikke spiser den kongelige mad,” indvendte han, „er jeg bange for, at I bliver blege og tynde i sammenligning med de andre unge mænd, og i sidste ende bliver det mig, det går ud over. Kongen vil hugge hovedet af mig, fordi jeg har forsømt mine pligter.”

11Daniel henvendte sig nu til den opsynsmand, som Ashpenaz havde udpeget til at tage sig af de fire unge mænd. 12„Prøv i ti dage at give os grønsager og vand,” foreslog han. 13„Derefter kan du sammenligne os med de unge mænd, som spiser kongens mad, og så afgøre, om du vil tillade, at vi fortsætter med at spise grønsager.”

14Opsynsmanden gik med på det, 15og da prøvetiden var overstået, så Daniel og hans tre venner både bedre og sundere ud end de andre, der havde spist kongens mad. 16Derfor lod han dem fortsætte med at spise grønsager, og gav dem ikke mad og vin fra kongens køkken.

17Gud gjorde disse fire unge mænd usædvanligt lærenemme, så de snart var godt kendt med datidens videnskab, og Gud gav Daniel en særlig evne til at tyde drømme og syner.

18-19Da den treårige uddannelse var afsluttet, førte hofmarskalen alle de unge mænd frem for kongen, som stillede dem en række spørgsmål. Ingen kunne måle sig med Daniel, Hananja, Mishael og Azarja i visdom, så kongen tog dem straks i sin tjeneste. 20Hver gang der kom et problem, som krævede særlig visdom og dømmekraft, var det kongens erfaring, at disse fire unge mænd var ti gange dygtigere end alle hans øvrige rådgivere, astrologer og drømmetydere. 21På den måde blev Daniel kongelig rådgiver i Babylon, indtil perserrigets kong Kyros erobrede byen.

King James Version

Daniel 1:1-21

1In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah came Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon unto Jerusalem, and besieged it. 2And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with part of the vessels of the house of God: which he carried into the land of Shinar to the house of his god; and he brought the vessels into the treasure house of his god.

3¶ And the king spake unto Ashpenaz the master of his eunuchs, that he should bring certain of the children of Israel, and of the king’s seed, and of the princes; 4Children in whom was no blemish, but well favoured, and skilful in all wisdom, and cunning in knowledge, and understanding science, and such as had ability in them to stand in the king’s palace, and whom they might teach the learning and the tongue of the Chaldeans. 5And the king appointed them a daily provision of the king’s meat, and of the wine which he drank: so nourishing them three years, that at the end thereof they might stand before the king.1.5 the wine…: Heb. the wine of his drink 6Now among these were of the children of Judah, Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah: 7Unto whom the prince of the eunuchs gave names: for he gave unto Daniel the name of Belteshazzar; and to Hananiah, of Shadrach; and to Mishael, of Meshach; and to Azariah, of Abed-nego.

8¶ But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the portion of the king’s meat, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself. 9Now God had brought Daniel into favour and tender love with the prince of the eunuchs. 10And the prince of the eunuchs said unto Daniel, I fear my lord the king, who hath appointed your meat and your drink: for why should he see your faces worse liking than the children which are of your sort? then shall ye make me endanger my head to the king.1.10 worse…: Heb. sadder1.10 sort: or, term, or, continuance? 11Then said Daniel to Melzar, whom the prince of the eunuchs had set over Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah,1.11 Melzar: or, the steward 12Prove thy servants, I beseech thee, ten days; and let them give us pulse to eat, and water to drink.1.12 pulse: Heb. of pulse1.12 to eat…: Heb. that we may eat, etc 13Then let our countenances be looked upon before thee, and the countenance of the children that eat of the portion of the king’s meat: and as thou seest, deal with thy servants. 14So he consented to them in this matter, and proved them ten days. 15And at the end of ten days their countenances appeared fairer and fatter in flesh than all the children which did eat the portion of the king’s meat. 16Thus Melzar took away the portion of their meat, and the wine that they should drink; and gave them pulse.

17¶ As for these four children, God gave them knowledge and skill in all learning and wisdom: and Daniel had understanding in all visions and dreams.1.17 Daniel…: or, he made Daniel understand 18Now at the end of the days that the king had said he should bring them in, then the prince of the eunuchs brought them in before Nebuchadnezzar. 19And the king communed with them; and among them all was found none like Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah: therefore stood they before the king. 20And in all matters of wisdom and understanding, that the king enquired of them, he found them ten times better than all the magicians and astrologers that were in all his realm.1.20 wisdom…: Heb. wisdom of understanding 21And Daniel continued even unto the first year of king Cyrus.