Bibelen på hverdagsdansk

Anden Kongebog 4

Elisa hjælper en enke

1En kvinde, som var enke efter en af profeterne, kom en dag hen til Elisa og sagde: „Herre, du ved selv, at min mand tjente Gud af hele sit hjerte, men han havde sat sig i gæld, og nu forlanger kreditoren, at begge mine sønner skal sælges som slaver, fordi vi ikke kan betale, hvad vi skylder ham.”

„Hvad kan jeg gøre for dig?” spurgte Elisa. „Sig mig, hvor meget har du derhjemme?”

„Jeg har ingenting,” svarede hun, „bortset fra en lille krukke med olivenolie.”

Så sagde Elisa: „Gå ud og lån alle de tomme beholdere, du kan, af dine naboer. Gå derefter hjem og luk dig inde i dit hus sammen med dine sønner. Hæld så olivenolien fra din lille krukke over i de tomme beholdere og sæt dem til side, efterhånden som de bliver fulde.”

Det gjorde enken så. Sønnerne rakte hende beholderne, og hun fyldte dem en efter en. Snart var de alle fyldt til randen.

„Er der ikke flere beholdere?” spurgte hun.

„Nej, det var den sidste,” svarede de. Så kom der ikke mere olivenolie ud af hendes krukke.

Enken gik derefter hen og fortalte det til profeten. „Gå hen og sælg olivenolien og betal din gæld,” sagde han. „De penge, der bliver tilovers, kan du og dine sønner leve af.”

Elisa opvækker en død dreng i Shunem

Elisa kom tit igennem Shunem på sine rejser, og en af byens velstående kvinder plejede at inviterede ham til middag, hver gang han kom forbi. På et tidspunkt sagde kvinden til sin mand: „Jeg ved, at det er en hellig profet, som ofte spiser her. 10 Jeg synes, vi skal indrette et lille gæsteværelse til ham på taget og sætte en seng, et bord, en stol[a] og en lampe derop, så han har sit eget værelse, når han kommer her på gennemrejse.”

11 Næste gang Elisa kom på besøg, gik han op på værelset og lagde sig på sengen for at hvile sig. 12 Så sagde han til sin tjener, Gehazi: „Kald på vores værtinde og sig, at jeg vil tale med hende.” Da hun indfandt sig, 13 sagde Elisa til Gehazi: „Sig til hende, at vi værdsætter alt det, hun har gjort for os, og spørg hende så, om jeg kan gøre noget for hende til gengæld. Hun kan bare sige til, hvis hun ønsker, at jeg skal lægge et godt ord ind for hende hos kongen eller hos hærføreren.”

„Nej, jeg mangler ikke noget. Jeg har det godt her,” svarede hun.

14 „Hvad kan vi så gøre for hende?” spurgte Elisa sin tjener. Han svarede: „Hun har ingen søn—og hendes mand er efterhånden gammel.”

15 „Kald på hende igen,” beordrede Elisa.

Da hun stillede sig i døren, 16 tiltalte Elisa hende direkte. „Næste år ved denne tid vil du stå med en søn på armen,” sagde han.

„Åh, du Guds profet,” indvendte hun, „giv mig ikke falske forhåbninger.”

17 Men Elisas ord stod ved magt. Snart efter blev kvinden gravid, og det følgende år fødte hun en søn—nøjagtig som Elisa havde forudsagt.

18 Nogle år senere var drengen en dag med sin far på høstarbejde. 19 Pludselig beklagede drengen sig over en voldsom hovedpine, og faderen sagde til en af tjenerne: „Bær ham hjem til hans mor.”

20 Det gjorde tjeneren, og hans mor sad med ham på skødet indtil middagstid. Da døde han. 21 Så bar hun ham op i gæsteværelset, lagde drengen på profetens seng og lukkede døren, 22 hvorefter hun sendte følgende besked ud til sin mand: „Send straks en tjener og et æsel hjem, så jeg kan komme af sted til profeten. Jeg er snart tilbage igen.”

23 „Hvorfor vil du have fat i ham i dag?” spurgte manden tilbage. „Det er jo hverken helligdag eller sabbat.”

Hun svarede: „Tag det bare roligt.”

24 Så sadlede hun æslet, satte sig op og sagde til tjeneren: „Skynd dig at trække af sted med æslet. Du skal ikke standse, før jeg siger til.”

25 Da hun nærmede sig Karmels bjerg, fik Elisa øje på hende i det fjerne. „Se, det er kvinden fra Shunem, der kommer der,” sagde han til sin tjener Gehazi. 26 „Løb hen og hils på hende og spørg, hvordan det går med hendes mand og den lille dreng.” Det gjorde Gehazi. „Tak, vi har det godt,” svarede kvinden tilbage.

27 Men da hun nåede frem til Elisa på bjerget, faldt hun på knæ foran ham og klamrede sig til hans fødder. Gehazi prøvede at trække hende væk, men profeten sagde: „Lad hende være. Hun er i stor nød, og Herren har ikke fortalt mig, hvad der er i vejen.”

28 Da sagde kvinden til Elisa: „Herre, var det mig, der bad om at få en søn? Sagde jeg ikke, at du ikke måtte give mig falske forhåbninger?”

29 „Gør dig klar til at tage af sted,” sagde Elisa til Gehazi. „Tag min stav med og skynd dig hen og læg staven på drengens ansigt. Spild ikke tiden med snak undervejs.”

30 Men drengens mor sagde: „Så sandt Herren lever, og du selv er i live, jeg vender ikke hjem, uden at du kommer med.” Så fulgte Elisa med hende.

31 Gehazi skyndte sig at gå i forvejen, og da han kom til huset, lagde han staven på drengens ansigt, men der var intet livstegn. Så vendte Gehazi om og gik Elisa i møde: „Drengen kom ikke til live,” sagde han.

32 Da Elisa kom ind i huset, så han den døde dreng, som lå på hans seng. 33 Han gik ind i værelset og lukkede døren. Så bad han til Herren, 34 og da han havde bedt, lagde han sig hen over drengen—med sin mund på drengens mund, med sine øjne over drengens øjne og med sine hænder på drengens hænder. Da begyndte varmen at vende tilbage i drengens krop. 35 Så rejste Elisa sig og gik frem og tilbage i værelset. Derefter lagde han sig igen hen over drengen som før. Denne gang nyste drengen syv gange og slog øjnene op.

36 Derpå sagde profeten til Gehazi: „Kald på kvinden.” Da drengens mor kom ind i værelset, sagde Elisa: „Her er din søn.” 37 Da faldt hun på knæ foran Elisa, hvorefter hun tog sin søn og gik ud.

Profeteleverne oplever to mirakler

38 Elisa vendte derefter tilbage til Gilgal. På den tid var der hungersnød i landet. En dag, da han havde undervist profeteleverne, sagde han til Gehazi: „Sæt den store gryde på ilden og lav en ret mad til de unge mennesker.”

39 En af eleverne gik ud for at samle urter og fandt en vild slyngplante med agurklignende frugter. Han plukkede så mange af de ukendte frugter, han kunne bære i sin kappe. Da han kom tilbage, skar han dem i stykker og kom dem i gryden. 40 Men så snart mændene smagte maden, råbte de forfærdet: „Mester, maden er giftig.”

41 „Skaf mig noget mel,” befalede Elisa. Da han havde hældt melet i gryden, sagde han: „Nu kan I godt spise det.” Og ingen af dem blev syge.

42 En dag kom en mand fra Baʼal-Shalisha til Elisa med en sæk nyhøstede bygkerner og 20 små brød, der var lavet af årets første byghøst. Elisa bad Gehazi om at servere brødene for profeteleverne.

43 „Hvordan skal jeg kunne mætte hundrede mennesker med den smule mad?” indvendte Gehazi.

„Gør nu, som jeg har sagt,” vedblev Elisa, „for Herren siger, at der vil være rigeligt til alle og tilmed blive noget til overs.”

44 Og ganske rigtigt. Som Herren havde sagt, sådan gik det.

Notas al pie

  1. 4,10 Borde og stole blev dengang kun brugt i de kongelige paladser, i byrådet og hos velhavende folk, så det var noget helt særligt, denne kvinde gjorde ud af Elisa. Normalt sad folk på tæpper eller puder på gulvet og spiste.

Amplified Bible

2 Kings 4

The Widow’s Oil

1Now one of the wives of a man of the [a]sons of the prophets cried out to Elisha [for help], saying “Your servant my husband is dead, and you know that your servant [reverently] feared the Lord; but the creditor is coming to take my two sons to be his slaves [in payment for a loan].” Elisha said to her, “What shall I do for you? Tell me, what do you have [of value] in the house?” She said, “Your maidservant has nothing in the house except a [small] jar of [olive] oil.” Then he said, “Go, borrow containers from all your neighbors, empty containers—and not just a few. Then you shall go in and shut the door behind you and your sons, and pour out [the oil you have] into all these containers, and you shall set aside each one when it is full.” So she left him and shut the door behind her and her sons; they were bringing her the containers as she poured [the oil]. When the containers were all full, she said to her son, “Bring me another container.” And he said to her, “There is not a one left.” Then the oil stopped [multiplying]. Then she came and told the man of God. He said, “Go, sell the oil and pay your debt, and you and your sons can live on the rest.”

The Shunammite Woman

Now there came a day when Elisha went over to Shunem, where there was a prominent and influential woman, and she persuaded him to eat a meal. Afterward, whenever he passed by, he stopped there for a meal. She said to her husband, “Behold, I sense that this is a holy man of God who frequently passes our way. 10 Please, let us make a small, fully-walled upper room [on the housetop] and put a bed there for him, with a table, a chair, and a lampstand. Then whenever he comes to visit us, he can turn in there.”

11 One day he came there and turned in to the upper room and lay down to rest. 12 And he said to Gehazi his servant, “Call this Shunammite.” So he called her and she stood before him. 13 Now he said to Gehazi, “Say to her now, ‘You have gone to all this trouble for us; what can I do for you? Would you like to be mentioned to the king or to the captain of the army?’” She answered, “I live among my own people [in peace and security and need no special favors].” 14 Later Elisha said, “What then is to be done for her?” Gehazi answered, “Well, she has no son and her husband is old.” 15 He said, “Call her.” So Gehazi called her, and she [came and] stood in the doorway. 16 Elisha said, “At this season next year, you will embrace a son.” She said, “No, my lord. O man of God, do not lie to your maidservant.”

17 But the woman conceived and gave birth to a son at that season the next year, just as Elisha had said to her.

The Shunammite’s Son

18 When the child was grown, the day came that he went out to his father, to the reapers. 19 But he said to his father, “My head, my head.” The man said to his servant, “Carry him to his mother.” 20 When he had carried and brought him to his mother, he sat on her lap until noon, and then he [b]died. 21 She went up and laid him on the bed of the man of God, and shut the door [of the small upper room] behind him and left. 22 Then she called to her husband and said, “Please send me one of the servants and one of the donkeys, so that I may run to the man of God and return.” 23 He said, “Why are you going to him today? It is neither the New Moon nor the Sabbath.” And she said, “It will be all right.” 24 Then she saddled the donkey and said to her servant, “Drive [the animal] fast; do not slow down the pace for me unless I tell you.” 25 So she set out and came to the man of God at Mount Carmel.

When the man of God saw her at a distance, he said to Gehazi his servant, “Look, there is the Shunammite woman. 26 Please run now to meet her and ask her, ‘Is it well with you? Is it well with your husband? Is it well with the child?’” And she answered, “It is well.” 27 When she came to the mountain to the man of God, she took hold of his feet. Gehazi approached to push her away; but the man of God said, “Let her alone, for her soul is desperate and troubled within her; and the Lord has hidden the reason from me and has not told me.” 28 Then she said, “Did I ask for a son from my lord? Did I not say, ‘Do not give me false hope’?”

29 Then he said to Gehazi, “[c]Gird up your loins (prepare now!) and take my staff in your hand, and go [to the woman’s house]; if you meet any man [along the way], do not greet him and if a man greets you, do not [stop to] answer him; and lay my staff on the face of the boy [as soon as you reach the house].” 30 The mother of the child said, “As the Lord lives and as your soul lives, I will not leave you.” So Elisha arose and followed her. 31 Gehazi went on ahead of them and laid the staff on the boy’s face, but there was no sound or response [from the boy]. So he turned back to meet Elisha and told him, “The boy has not awakened (revived).”

32 When Elisha came into the house, the child was dead and lying on his bed. 33 So he went in, shut the door behind the two of them, and prayed to the Lord. 34 Then he went up and lay on the child and put his mouth on his mouth, his eyes on his eyes, and his hands on his hands. And as he stretched himself out on him and held him, the boy’s skin became warm. 35 Then he returned and walked in the house once back and forth, and went up [again] and stretched himself out on him; and the boy sneezed seven times and he opened his eyes. 36 Then Elisha called Gehazi and said, “Call this Shunammite.” So he called her. And when she came to him, he said, “Pick up your son.” 37 She came and fell at his feet, bowing herself to the ground [in respect and gratitude]. Then she picked up her son and left.

The Poisonous Stew

38 Elisha came back to Gilgal during a famine in the land. The sons of the prophets were sitting before him, and he said to his servant, “Put on the large pot and cook stew for the sons of the prophets.” 39 Then one [of them] went into the field to gather herbs, and found a wild vine and gathered from it a lapful of wild gourds, and came and cut them up into the pot of stew, although they did not know what they were. 40 So they served it for the men to eat. But as they ate the stew, they cried out, “O man of God, there is death in the pot.” And they could not eat it. 41 But he said, “Bring [d]flour.” And he threw it into the pot and said, “Serve it for the people so that they may eat.” Then there was nothing harmful in the pot.

42 Now [at another time] a man from Baal-shalisha came and brought the man of God bread of the first fruits, twenty loaves of barley bread, and fresh ears of grain [in the husk] in his sack. And Elisha said, “Give it to the people [affected by the famine] so that they may eat.” 43 His servant said, “How am I to set [only] this before a hundred [hungry] men?” He said, “Give it to the people so that they may eat, for thus says the Lord, ‘They shall eat and have some left.’” 44 So he set it before them, and they ate and left some, in accordance with the word of the Lord.

Notas al pie

  1. 2 Kings 4:1 I.e. a group or association of prophets.
  2. 2 Kings 4:20 Because her faith in God led her to expect a miracle from Elisha, the woman apparently kept the death secret from her husband and the entire household.
  3. 2 Kings 4:29 “Gird up your loins,” a phrase often found in the Bible, is an urgent call to get ready for immediate action, or it may be a call to prepare for a coming action or event. The phrase is related to the type of clothing worn in ancient times. To keep from impeding the wearer during any vigorous activity, e.g. battle, exercise, strenuous work, etc., the loose ends of garments (tunics, cloaks, mantles, etc.) had to be gathered up and tucked into the girdle. The girdle was a band about six inches wide that had fasteners in front. It was worn around the loins (the midsection of the body between the lower ribs and the hips) and was normally made of leather. Expensive or embroidered girdles were also worn and were made of cotton, flax or silk. The girdle also served as a kind of pocket or pouch and was used to carry personal items such as a dagger, money or other necessary things.
  4. 2 Kings 4:41 The flour itself had no power except as a symbol of God’s miraculous healing.