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2 Samuel 1

Davids reaktion på budskabet om Sauls og Jonatans død

1Efter at Saul var død, og David var kommet tilbage til Ziklag fra sin sejr over amalekitterne, ankom der et par dage senere et sendebud med nyt fra krigen. Han havde revet flænger i sit tøj og kommet jord på hovedet som tegn på sin store sorg. Han gik hen til David og kastede sig til jorden foran ham i dyb respekt.

„Hvor kommer du fra?” spurgte David.

„Fra Israels hær,” svarede manden.

„Hvordan gik det?” spurgte David. „Fortæl mig om slaget!”

Manden svarede: „Hele hæren flygtede over hals og hoved, og mange mænd lå sårede eller døde på slagmarken. Også Saul og hans søn Jonatan omkom.”

„Er du sikker på det?”

„Ja, jeg så med mine egne øjne, hvordan Saul på Gilboahøjen holdt sig oppe ved hjælp af sit spyd, mens fjendens stridsvogne indkredsede ham. Da han fik øje på mig, kaldte han på mig. ‚Hvem er du?’ spurgte han. ‚Jeg er amalekit!’ svarede jeg. ‚Kom her hen og giv mig dødsstødet!’ bad han. ‚Jeg er allerede dødeligt såret.’ 10 Så gik jeg hen og dræbte ham, for jeg kunne se, at han var så hårdt såret, at han ikke kunne overleve. Derefter tog jeg hans krone og en af hans armringe, som jeg hermed overrækker til Dem, nådige herre.”

11 Da David og hans mænd hørte, at Saul var død, rev de også flænger i deres tøj som tegn på sorg. 12 Og resten af dagen sørgede, fastede og græd de over Saul og hans søn Jonatan, ja, over alt Herrens folk og over de faldne israelitter.

13 David spurgte manden, som havde bragt dem budskabet: „Hvor er du fra?”

Han svarede: „Jeg er en amalekit, der bor som fremmed iblandt israelitterne.”

14-16 „Hvordan kunne du få dig selv til at dræbe Guds salvede konge?” udbrød David. „Du har selv indrømmet, at du dræbte ham. Derfor skal du dø.” Derpå vendte David sig til en af sine mænd og sagde: „Dræb ham!”

17-18 David digtede nu en sørgesang om Saul og Jonatan, og han befalede at sangen, som blev kaldt „Buesangen”, skulle synges over hele Israel. Den citeres her fra „De Retskafnes Bog”:[a]

19 Israels helte ligger slagne på bjergene,
    vore bedste krigere faldt i kampen.
20 Råb det ikke ud på gaden i Gat,
    tal ikke om det på Ashkalons torve.
Filistrenes døtre vil danse af glæde,
    det uomskårne folk vil fryde sig.
21 Måtte Gilboahøjen blive ramt af tørke,
    måtte intet mere gro derpå.
Heltenes skjolde havnede i sølet,
    Sauls skjold ligger ledigt hen.
22 Mange forblødte for Jonatans bue,
    Sauls sværd slog utallige ned.
23 Saul og Jonatan, elskede var I,
    selv i døden skiltes I ikke.
I var hurtige som ørne på jagt,
    stærke som stolte løver.
24 Israels kvinder, sørg over Saul,
    som klædte jer i purpur og smykker af guld.
25 Vore helte faldt i kampens hede.
    Jonatans lig ligger henslængt på højen.
26 Jonatan, mit hjerte er knust,
    jeg elskede dig, som var du min bror!
Dit venskab var noget helt specielt,
    mere end kærlighed fra en kvinde.
27 Alle vore helte er faldet,
    deres våben ligger ubrugte hen.

Notas al pie

  1. 1,17-18 Eller: Yashars Bog, en i øvrigt ukendt bog. Der henvises også til den i Jos. 10,13.

New American Standard Bible

2 Samuel 1

David Learns of Saul’s Death

1Now it came about after the death of Saul, when David had returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, that David remained two days in Ziklag. On the third day, behold, a man came out of the camp from Saul, with his clothes torn and [a]dust on his head. And it came about when he came to David that he fell to the ground and prostrated himself. Then David said to him, “From where do you come?” And he said to him, “I have escaped from the camp of Israel.” David said to him, “How did things go? Please tell me.” And he said, “The people have fled from the battle, and also many of the people have fallen and are dead; and Saul and Jonathan his son are dead also.” So David said to the young man who told him, “How do you know that Saul and his son Jonathan are dead?” The young man who told him said, “By chance I happened to be on Mount Gilboa, and behold, Saul was leaning on his spear. And behold, the chariots and the horsemen pursued him closely. When he looked behind him, he saw me and called to me. And I said, ‘Here I am.’ He said to me, ‘Who are you?’ And I [b]answered him, ‘I am an Amalekite.’ Then he said to me, ‘Please stand beside me and kill me, for agony has seized me because my [c]life still lingers in me.’ 10 So I stood beside him and killed him, because I knew that he could not live after he had fallen. And I took the crown which was on his head and the bracelet which was on his arm, and I have brought them here to my lord.”

11 Then David took hold of his clothes and tore them, and so also did all the men who were with him. 12 They mourned and wept and fasted until evening for Saul and his son Jonathan and for the people of the Lord and the house of Israel, because they had fallen by the sword. 13 David said to the young man who told him, “Where are you from?” And he [d]answered, “I am the son of an alien, an Amalekite.” 14 Then David said to him, “How is it you were not afraid to stretch out your hand to destroy the Lord’s anointed?” 15 And David called one of the young men and said, “Go, [e]cut him down.” So he struck him and he died. 16 David said to him, “Your blood is on your head, for your mouth has testified against you, saying, ‘I have killed the Lord’s anointed.’”

David’s Dirge for Saul and Jonathan

17 Then David chanted with this lament over Saul and Jonathan his son, 18 and he told them to teach the sons of Judah the song of the bow; behold, it is written in the book of Jashar.

19 [f]Your beauty, O Israel, is slain on your high places!
How have the mighty fallen!
20 “Tell it not in Gath,
Proclaim it not in the streets of Ashkelon,
Or the daughters of the Philistines will rejoice,
The daughters of the uncircumcised will exult.
21 “O mountains of Gilboa,
Let not dew or rain be on you, nor fields of offerings;
For there the shield of the mighty was defiled,
The shield of Saul, not anointed with oil.
22 “From the blood of the slain, from the fat of the mighty,
The bow of Jonathan did not turn back,
And the sword of Saul did not return empty.
23 “Saul and Jonathan, beloved and pleasant in their life,
And in their death they were not parted;
They were swifter than eagles,
They were stronger than lions.
24 “O daughters of Israel, weep over Saul,
Who clothed you luxuriously in scarlet,
Who put ornaments of gold on your apparel.
25 “How have the mighty fallen in the midst of the battle!
Jonathan is slain on your high places.
26 “I am distressed for you, my brother Jonathan;
You have been very pleasant to me.
Your love to me was more wonderful
Than the love of women.
27 “How have the mighty fallen,
And the weapons of war perished!”

Notas al pie

  1. 2 Samuel 1:2 Lit ground
  2. 2 Samuel 1:8 Lit said to
  3. 2 Samuel 1:9 Lit whole life is still in me
  4. 2 Samuel 1:13 Lit said
  5. 2 Samuel 1:15 Lit fall upon him
  6. 2 Samuel 1:19 Lit The