Bibelen på hverdagsdansk

1. Samuelsbog 20:1-42

Davids og Jonatans venskab

1David flygtede så fra Najot ved Rama og opsøgte Jonatan. „Hvad har jeg gjort?” udbrød han. „Har jeg fornærmet din far, siden han er så opsat på at slå mig ihjel?”

2„Min far har ikke i sinde at slå dig ihjel,” protesterede Jonatan. „Han har altid fortalt mig om sine planer. Jeg er sikker på, at han ikke ville skjule en så alvorlig plan for mig. Det hele må være en misforståelse.”

3„Jamen, din far ved jo, at vi er venner,” indvendte David. „Derfor tænker han: ‚Jeg vil ikke sige noget til Jonatan, for det vil bare gøre ham ked af det.’ Men sandheden er, at jeg går med livet i hænderne—det sværger jeg på.”

4„Hvad vil du have, jeg skal gøre?” spurgte Jonatan.

5David svarede: „I morgen begynder nymånefesten, og din far regner med, at jeg kommer til hans fest. Men jeg vil bede dig om at give mig fri, så vil jeg gemme mig ude på marken indtil i overmorgen om aftenen. 6Hvis din far spørger efter mig ved måltidet, skal du sige til ham: ‚David bad mig om lov til at tage hjem til Betlehem for at deltage i den årlige offerfest med sin familie.’ 7Svarer han så: ‚Det er i orden!’ er det et tegn på, at jeg ikke behøver at bekymre mig, men bliver han vred, er det, fordi han er besluttet på at slå mig ihjel. 8Jonatan, jeg ved, jeg kan regne med dig, for vi har indgået en bindende venskabspagt for Herrens ansigt. Hvis jeg har gjort noget, jeg fortjener døden for, foretrækker jeg, at du slår mig ihjel, frem for at din far gør det.”

9„Jeg kunne aldrig finde på at slå dig ihjel,” udbrød Jonatan. „Og hvis jeg havde den mindste anelse om, at min far stræbte dig efter livet, tror du så ikke, jeg straks ville advare dig?”

10Da spurgte David: „Hvem kan fortælle mig om din fars reaktion ved nymånefesten?”

11„Kom, lad os gå ud på marken,” svarede Jonatan. Det gjorde de så. 12„Jeg lover dig ved Herren, Israels Gud, at enten i morgen eller i overmorgen ved denne tid vil jeg have fundet ud af, hvad min far tænker om dig,” sagde Jonatan. „Så vil det vise sig, at din bekymring er ubegrundet. Ellers skal jeg nok give dig besked. 13Må Herren straffe mig, hvis jeg ikke fortæller dig det, hvis min far ønsker at dræbe dig. Hvis det er tilfældet, skal jeg nok sørge for, at du kan undslippe i god behold. Må Herren selv beskytte dig, som han har beskyttet min far. 14-15Og må du altid vise mig den samme trofaste kærlighed, som Herren gør, så længe jeg lever. Og skulle jeg dø, så vær nådig mod mine børn, når Herren hjælper dig med at tilintetgøre alle dine fjender.”

16Derefter bad Jonatan denne højtidelige pagtsbøn for David og hans efterkommere: „Må Herren straffe Davids fjender.”20,16 Teksten er uklar. 17Således stadfæstede Jonatan sin venskabspagt med David på grund af sin kærlighed til ham, for Jonatan elskede David lige så højt, som han elskede sig selv.

18Derefter sagde Jonatan: „I morgen under nymånefesten vil de uden tvivl savne dig, når de opdager, at din plads ved bordet står tom, 19og i overmorgen vil de alle sammen spørge efter dig. Gem dig derfor i det gamle skjulested, du brugte sidste gang Saul var ude efter dig,20,19 Jf. 1.Sam. 19,1-4. derude bag rokkestenen. 20Bagefter kommer jeg derud og lader, som om jeg øver mig i at skyde til måls med min bue. Jeg skyder tre pile af sted, 21hvorefter jeg sender en dreng ud efter pilene. Hvis du hører mig råbe til drengen: ‚Pilene ligger her hen mod mig!’ er det signal til, at der ikke er fare på færde. 22Men hvis jeg råber: ‚Gå længere frem! Pilene ligger foran dig!’ er det signal til, at du må skynde dig at flygte. 23Må Herren hjælpe os til altid at holde den venskabspagt, vi har svoret hinanden, for han er vores vidne.” 24-25Så gemte David sig i sit skjulested på marken.

Da nymånefesten begyndte, indtog kongen sin sædvanlige plads ved bordet, ind mod væggen. Jonatan satte sig overfor, og Abner satte sig ved siden af Saul. Davids plads stod tom. 26Men Saul spurgte ikke til David den dag, for han gik ud fra, at der var sket noget, som havde gjort David uren indtil om aftenen. Ja, det måtte være grunden til hans udeblivelse. 27Næste dag, da Davids plads stadig stod tom, spurgte Saul: „Hvor er vores unge helt blevet af? Hverken i går eller i dag har han deltaget i måltidet.”

28-29„Han bad mig om lov til at tage hjem til Betlehem og deltage i en familiesammenkomst,” svarede Jonatan. „Hans bror forlangte, at han kom hjem, så jeg gav ham min tilladelse.”

30Da kogte Saul af raseri og råbte: „Hvilken udspekuleret oprørskhed! Tror du ikke, jeg ved, at du holder med den fyr til skam og skændsel for dig selv og for din mor. 31Er du klar over, at så længe han er i live, bliver du aldrig konge? Få fat i ham, så jeg kan slå ham ihjel.”

32„Hvad ondt har han gjort?” blev Jonatan ved. „Hvorfor skal han dø?”

33Som svar kastede Saul sit spyd efter Jonatan for at dræbe ham. Da gik det op for Jonatan, at hans far var fast besluttet på at slå David ihjel. 34Han rejste sig fnysende fra bordet og spiste intet resten af dagen, for han var ked af det for Davids skyld og oprørt over sin fars hån.

35Næste morgen gik Jonatan som aftalt ud på marken sammen med en dreng.

36„Løb hen og saml de pile op, jeg skyder,” befalede han drengen. Drengen begyndte at løbe, og Jonatan skød en pil forbi ham. 37Kort før drengen nåede frem til pilen, råbte Jonatan: „Gå længere frem! Pilen ligger foran dig! 38Skynd dig af sted!” Så skyndte drengen sig hen og samlede pilen op, hvorefter han bragte den til sin herre. 39Han anede naturligvis ikke noget om, hvad der gik for sig, kun Jonatan og David kendte det hemmelige signal. 40Jonatan gav nu buen og pilene til drengen og sagde: „Gå du bare hjem med dem.”

41Så snart drengen var forsvundet, kom David frem fra sit skjulested bag stenen og bøjede sig tre gange mod jorden. Derpå kyssede de hinanden på kinden og tog grædende afsked. 42„Gå med fred!” sagde Jonatan. „Husk, at Herren var vidne til den pagt, vi indgik med hinanden. Han vil altid stå som vidne mellem os to og mellem vores børn.”

New International Reader's Version

1 Samuel 20:1-42

David and Jonathan

1David was in Naioth at Ramah. He ran away from there to where Jonathan was. He asked him, “What have I done? What crime have I committed? I haven’t done anything to harm your father. So why is he trying to kill me?”

2“That will never happen!” Jonathan replied. “You aren’t going to die! My father doesn’t do anything at all without letting me know. So why would he hide this from me? He isn’t going to kill you!”

3But David strongly disagreed. He said, “Your father knows very well that you are pleased with me. He has said to himself, ‘I don’t want Jonathan to know I’m planning to kill David. If he finds out, he’ll be very sad.’ But I’m very close to being killed. And that’s just as sure as the Lord and you are alive.”

4Jonathan said to David, “I’ll do anything you want me to do for you.”

5So David said, “Tomorrow is the time for the New Moon feast. I’m supposed to eat with the king. But let me go and hide in the field. I’ll stay there until the evening of the day after tomorrow. 6Your father might miss me. If he does, then tell him, ‘David begged me to let him hurry home to Bethlehem. A yearly sacrifice is being offered there for his whole family group.’ 7Your father might say, ‘That’s all right.’ If he does, it will mean I’m safe. But he might become very angry. If he does, you can be sure he’s made up his mind to harm me. 8Please be kind to me. You have made a covenant with me in front of the Lord. If I’m guilty, kill me yourself! Don’t hand me over to your father!”

9“I would never do that!” Jonathan said. “Suppose I had even the smallest clue that my father had made up his mind to harm you. Then I would tell you.”

10David asked, “Who will tell me if your father answers you in a mean way?”

11“Come on,” Jonathan said. “Let’s go out to the field.” So they went there together.

12Then Jonathan spoke to David. He said, “I promise you that I’ll find out what my father is planning to do. I’ll find out by this time the day after tomorrow. The Lord, the God of Israel, is my witness. Suppose my father has kind feelings toward you. Then I’ll send you a message and let you know. 13But suppose he wants to harm you. And I don’t let you know about it. Suppose I don’t help you get away in peace. Then may the Lord punish me greatly. May he be with you, just as he has been with my father. 14But always be kind to me, just as the Lord is. Be kind to me as long as I live. Then I won’t be killed. 15And never stop being kind to my family. Don’t stop even when the Lord has cut off every one of your enemies from the face of the earth.”

16So Jonathan made a covenant of friendship with David and his family. He said, “May the Lord hold David’s enemies responsible for what they’ve done.” 17Jonathan had David promise his friendship again because he loved him. In fact, Jonathan loved David just as he loved himself.

18Then Jonathan said to David, “Tomorrow is the time for the New Moon feast. You will be missed, because your seat at the table will be empty. 19Go to the place where you hid when all this trouble began. Go there the day after tomorrow, when evening is approaching. There’s a stone out there called Ezel. 20Wait by it. I’ll shoot three arrows to one side of the stone. I’ll pretend I’m practicing my shooting. 21Then I’ll send a boy out there. I’ll tell him, ‘Go and find the arrows.’ Suppose I say to him, ‘The arrows are on this side of you. Bring them here.’ Then come. That will mean you are safe. You won’t be in any danger. And that’s just as sure as the Lord is alive. 22But suppose I tell the boy, ‘The arrows are far beyond you.’ Then go. That will mean the Lord is sending you away. 23And remember what we talked about. Remember that the Lord is a witness between you and me forever.”

24So David hid in the field. When the time for the New Moon feast came, the king sat down to eat. 25He sat in his usual place by the wall. Jonathan sat across from him. Abner sat next to Saul. But David’s place was empty. 26Saul didn’t say anything that day. He said to himself, “Something must have happened to David to make him ‘unclean.’ That must be why he isn’t here.” 27But the next day, David’s place was empty again. It was the second day of the month. Finally, Saul spoke to his son Jonathan. He said, “Why hasn’t the son of Jesse come to the meal? He hasn’t been here yesterday or today.”

28Jonathan replied, “David begged me to let him go to Bethlehem. 29He said, ‘Let me go. Our family is offering a sacrifice in the town. My brother has ordered me to be there. Are you pleased with me? If you are, let me go and see my brothers.’ That’s why he hasn’t come to eat at your table.”

30Saul became very angry with Jonathan. He said to him, “You are an evil son. You have refused to obey me. I know that you are on the side of Jesse’s son. You should be ashamed of that. And your mother should be ashamed of having a son like you. 31You will never be king as long as Jesse’s son lives on this earth. And you will never have a kingdom either. So send someone to bring the son of Jesse to me. He must die!”

32“Why do you want to put him to death?” Jonathan asked his father. “What has he done?” 33But Saul threw his spear at Jonathan to kill him. Then Jonathan knew that his father wanted to kill David.

34So Jonathan got up from the table. He was very angry. On that second day of the feast, he refused to eat. He was very sad that his father was treating David so badly.

35The next morning Jonathan went out to the field to meet David. He took a young boy with him. 36He said to the boy, “Run and find the arrows I shoot.” As the boy ran, Jonathan shot an arrow far beyond him. 37The boy came to the place where Jonathan’s arrow had fallen. Then Jonathan shouted to him, “The arrow went far beyond you, didn’t it?” 38He continued, “Hurry up! Run fast! Don’t stop!” The boy picked up the arrow and returned to his master. 39The boy didn’t know what was going on. Only Jonathan and David knew. 40Jonathan gave his weapons to the boy. He told him, “Go back to town. Take the weapons with you.”

41After the boy had gone, David got up from the south side of the stone. He bowed down in front of Jonathan with his face to the ground. He did it three times. Then they kissed each other and cried. But David cried more than Jonathan did.

42Jonathan said to David, “Go in peace. In the name of the Lord we’ve promised to be friends. We have said, ‘The Lord is a witness between you and me. He’s a witness between your children and my children forever.’ ” Then David left, and Jonathan went back to the town.