Bibelen på hverdagsdansk

1. Mosebog 46:1-34

Jakob og hans familie flytter til Egypten

1Så tog Jakob af sted med hele sin teltlejr og kom til Be’ersheba. Dér bragte han et offer til sin fars Gud. 2Om natten talte Gud til ham i et syn.

„Jakob! Jakob!” kaldte han.

„Ja, jeg lytter,” svarede Jakob.

3„Det er Gud, der taler til dig,” sagde stemmen, „din fars Gud! Vær ikke bange for at tage til Egypten. Jeg vil sørge for, at din slægt bliver et stort folk, mens I bor der. 4Jeg vil selv gå med dig til Egypten, og jeg vil bringe dine efterkommere tilbage igen. Selv vil du dø i Egypten, men Josef vil være hos dig, når du dør.”

5Næste morgen hjalp Jakobs sønner så deres far, deres koner og deres børn op i de vogne, som Farao havde stillet til rådighed, og de forlod Be’ersheba. 6-7De tog alting med sig—deres dyr og alt, hvad de havde samlet sig i Kana’an. Kort tid efter ankom de til Egypten, Jakob og alle hans efterkommere: hans sønner og døtre og børnebørn, hele hans store familie.

8Det følgende er en liste over Jakobs sønner og sønnesønner, der tog med ham til Egypten:

Ruben, hans ældste søn, 9og dennes sønner Enok, Pallu, Hetzron og Karmi; 10Simeon og hans sønner Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jakin, Sohar og Saul, hvis mor var kana’anæer; 11Levi og hans sønner Gershon, Kehat og Merari; 12Juda og hans sønner Shela, Peretz og Zerach; (Er og Onan var jo allerede døde. Peretz’ sønner hed Hetzron og Hamul.) 13Issakar og hans sønner Tola, Pua, Jashub46,13 De sidste to navne er her taget fra den samaritanske pentateuch (de 5 Mosebøger) og syriak oversættelsen, jævnfør 4.Mos. 26,23-24 og 1.Krøn. 7,1. og Shimron; 14Zebulon og hans sønner Sered, Elon og Jahle’el. 15Det var Jakobs og Leas seks sønner, som alle blev født i Paddan-Aram. Jakobs og Leas sønner og sønnesønner var således i alt 33. Der var også datteren Dina.

16Gads sønner hed Zefon,46,16 Den masoretiske tekst har Zifjon, mens den samaritanske pentateuch og den græske oversættelse, Septuaginta, har Zefon, jf. 4.Mos. 26,15. Haggi, Shuni, Etzbon, Eri, Arodi og Areli; 17Ashers sønner hed Jimna, Jishva, Jishvi, Beria, og deres søster hed Sera. Berias sønner hed Heber og Malkiel. 18Disse 16 personer var efterkommere af Jakob og Zilpa, tjenestepigen, som Lea fik af sin far, Laban.

19Jakobs og Rakels sønner hed Josef og Benjamin. 20Josef fik i Egypten sønnerne Manasse og Efraim med Asenat, en datter af præsten Potifera fra Heliopolis. 21Benjamins sønner hed Bela, Beker, Ashbel, Gera, Na’aman, Ehi, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim og Ard. 22Disse 14 var Jakobs og Rakels sønner og sønnesønner.

23Dan havde sønnen Hushim. 24Naftalis sønner hed Jahtze’el, Guni, Jetzer og Shillem. 25Disse 7 var sønner og sønnesønner af Jakob og Bilha, tjenestepigen, som Rakel fik af sin far, Laban.

26Antallet af Jakobs efterkommere, som kom med til Egypten, var altså 66. Svigerdøtrene blev ikke regnet med.46,26 Ifølge den daværende kultur talte man normalt ikke kvinderne med. Dina og Sera var undtagelser. Vi må formode, at der var mange andre døtre, som ikke er nævnt i denne opremsning. Tælles Dina med var der 71 efterkommere af Jakob. Når vi fratrækker de to døde sønner, Josef og hans to sønner, får vi 66, der rejste med Jakob til Egypten. 27Med Jakob selv samt Josef og hans to sønner var de så 70 i alt, som videreførte Jakobs slægt i Egypten.

28Da Jakob og hans følge ankom til Egypten, sendte Jakob Juda i forvejen for at bede Josef om at vise dem vej til Goshen. 29Josef gjorde straks sin vogn klar og tog af sted til Goshen for at møde sin far. Så snart han ankom, omfavnede han sin far og græd ved hans skulder i lang tid. 30Derefter sagde Jakob til Josef: „Nu kan jeg dø i fred, for jeg har med egne øjne set, at du er i live.”

31Josef sagde til sine brødre og deres familier: „Jeg vil nu tage tilbage til Farao og fortælle ham, at I er ankommet fra Kana’ans land. 32Jeg vil forklare ham, at I er fårehyrder og kvægavlere, og at I har bragt jeres får, geder og kvæg og alt, hvad I ejer, med jer. 33Når Farao derpå sender bud efter jer og spørger om jeres beskæftigelse, 34skal I sige: ‚Vi og vores forfædre har altid været kvægavlere og fårehyrder.’ Når I fortæller ham det, vil han lade jer sætte jeres telte op her ude i Goshen, for egypterne kan ikke fordrage nomadefolk.”

King James Version

Genesis 46:1-34

1And Israel took his journey with all that he had, and came to Beer-sheba, and offered sacrifices unto the God of his father Isaac. 2And God spake unto Israel in the visions of the night, and said, Jacob, Jacob. And he said, Here am I. 3And he said, I am God, the God of thy father: fear not to go down into Egypt; for I will there make of thee a great nation: 4I will go down with thee into Egypt; and I will also surely bring thee up again: and Joseph shall put his hand upon thine eyes.

5And Jacob rose up from Beer-sheba: and the sons of Israel carried Jacob their father, and their little ones, and their wives, in the wagons which Pharaoh had sent to carry him. 6And they took their cattle, and their goods, which they had gotten in the land of Canaan, and came into Egypt, Jacob, and all his seed with him: 7His sons, and his sons’ sons with him, his daughters, and his sons’ daughters, and all his seed brought he with him into Egypt.

8¶ And these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt, Jacob and his sons: Reuben, Jacob’s firstborn. 9And the sons of Reuben; Hanoch, and Phallu, and Hezron, and Carmi.

10¶ And the sons of Simeon; Jemuel, and Jamin, and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman.46.10 Jemuel: or, Nemuel46.10 Jachin: or, Jarib46.10 Zohar: or, Zerah

11¶ And the sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.46.11 Gershon: or, Gershom

12¶ And the sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and Pharez, and Zerah: but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. And the sons of Pharez were Hezron and Hamul.

13¶ And the sons of Issachar; Tola, and Phuvah, and Job, and Shimron.46.13 Phuvah, and Job: or, Puah, and Jashub

14¶ And the sons of Zebulun; Sered, and Elon, and Jahleel. 15These be the sons of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob in Padan-aram, with his daughter Dinah: all the souls of his sons and his daughters were thirty and three.

16¶ And the sons of Gad; Ziphion, and Haggi, Shuni, and Ezbon, Eri, and Arodi, and Areli.46.16 Ziphion: or, Zephon46.16 Ezbon: or, Ozni46.16 Arodi: or, Arod

17¶ And the sons of Asher; Jimnah, and Ishuah, and Isui, and Beriah, and Serah their sister: and the sons of Beriah; Heber, and Malchiel. 18These are the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter, and these she bare unto Jacob, even sixteen souls. 19The sons of Rachel Jacob’s wife; Joseph, and Benjamin.

20¶ And unto Joseph in the land of Egypt were born Manasseh and Ephraim, which Asenath the daughter of Poti-pherah priest of On bare unto him.46.20 priest: or, prince

21¶ And the sons of Benjamin were Belah, and Becher, and Ashbel, Gera, and Naaman, Ehi, and Rosh, Muppim, and Huppim, and Ard.46.21 Ehi: or, Ahiram46.21 Muppim: or, Shupham or, Shuppim46.21 Huppim: or, Hupham 22These are the sons of Rachel, which were born to Jacob: all the souls were fourteen.

23¶ And the sons of Dan; Hushim.46.23 Hushim: or, Shuham

24¶ And the sons of Naphtali; Jahzeel, and Guni, and Jezer, and Shillem. 25These are the sons of Bilhah, which Laban gave unto Rachel his daughter, and she bare these unto Jacob: all the souls were seven. 26All the souls that came with Jacob into Egypt, which came out of his loins, besides Jacob’s sons’ wives, all the souls were threescore and six;46.26 loins: Heb. thigh 27And the sons of Joseph, which were born him in Egypt, were two souls: all the souls of the house of Jacob, which came into Egypt, were threescore and ten.

28¶ And he sent Judah before him unto Joseph, to direct his face unto Goshen; and they came into the land of Goshen. 29And Joseph made ready his chariot, and went up to meet Israel his father, to Goshen, and presented himself unto him; and he fell on his neck, and wept on his neck a good while. 30And Israel said unto Joseph, Now let me die, since I have seen thy face, because thou art yet alive. 31And Joseph said unto his brethren, and unto his father’s house, I will go up, and shew Pharaoh, and say unto him, My brethren, and my father’s house, which were in the land of Canaan, are come unto me; 32And the men are shepherds, for their trade hath been to feed cattle; and they have brought their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have.46.32 their trade…: Heb. they are men of cattle 33And it shall come to pass, when Pharaoh shall call you, and shall say, What is your occupation? 34That ye shall say, Thy servants’ trade hath been about cattle from our youth even until now, both we, and also our fathers: that ye may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is an abomination unto the Egyptians.