Bibelen på hverdagsdansk

1. Mosebog 37:1-36

Josefs drømme

1Jakob slog sig nu ned i Kana’ans land, hvor også hans far havde vandret omkring med sin teltlejr. 2Det følgende er historien om, hvad der siden skete med Jakob og hans familie.

Da Jakobs søn Josef var 17 år gammel, vogtede han tit sin fars får sammen med sine halvbrødre, de sønner, hans far havde fået med Bilha og Zilpa. Josef fortalte ofte sin far, hvad hans ældre brødre foretog sig ude på marken.

3Jakob elskede Josef højere end sine andre sønner, fordi han havde fået ham i sin alderdom. En dag forærede han Josef en fornem lang kjortel i flotte farver. 4Brødrene kunne ikke undgå at lægge mærke til, hvordan deres far forkælede Josef, og derfor hadede de ham og talte aldrig pænt til ham.

5En nat havde Josef en mærkelig drøm, og han fortalte straks sine brødre om den.

6„Nu skal I høre, hvad jeg har drømt!” sagde han. „Jeg drømte, 7at vi var ude på marken for at binde kornet i neg. Mit neg rejste sig op og blev stående, mens jeres neg, der stod rundt om mit, bøjede sig til jorden for det.”

8„Nå, du tror måske, at du skal være herre over os?” sagde hans brødre hånligt. Og på grund af den drøm hadede de ham endnu mere.

9Senere fik Josef endnu en drøm fra Gud, og han fortalte den til sine brødre. „Hør, hvad jeg nu har drømt!” sagde han. „Den her gang bøjede solen og månen og 11 stjerner sig for mig.” 10Den sidste drøm fortalte han også til sin far, men hans far skældte ham ud: „Hvad bilder du dig ind? Skal både jeg og din mor og dine brødre komme og bøje os til jorden for dig?” 11Josefs brødre kunne ikke skjule deres misundelse, men hans far blev ved med at spekulere over, hvad den drøm mon kunne betyde.

Josef bliver solgt som slave

12Kort efter tog Josefs brødre af sted for at vogte deres fars fåreflokke ved Sikem. 13-14Da de havde været borte i nogen tid, sagde Jakob til Josef: „Dine brødre er i Sikem med fårene. Tag derud og se, hvordan det går med dem, og hvordan dyrene har det, og kom så tilbage og fortæl mig det.”

„Det skal jeg nok, far,” svarede Josef.

Så tog han af sted fra lejren i Hebrondalen og kom til Sikem. 15Dér var der en mand, som lagde mærke til, at han gik omkring på sletten.

„Hvem leder du efter?” spurgte manden.

16„Mine brødre og deres får,” svarede Josef. „Har du set noget til dem?”

17„Ja,” sagde manden, „men de er for længst brudt op herfra. Jeg hørte dem sige, at de ville tage til Dotan.” Så fortsatte Josef til Dotan, hvor han ganske rigtigt fandt dem.

18Da Josefs brødre fik øje på ham langt borte, snakkede de indbyrdes om, hvordan de kunne få ham slået ihjel.

19„Se! Der kommer den drømmer!” var der en, der udbrød. 20„Kom, lad os slå ham ihjel,” sagde en anden. „Bagefter kan vi smide liget i en af de udtørrede brønde og sige til far, at han er blevet ædt af et rovdyr. Så er det i hvert fald slut med hans drømmerier!”

21Men Ruben ønskede at redde Josefs liv, så han sagde. „Nej, I må ikke slå ham ihjel. 22Det er nok at smide ham i brønden derhenne på marken. I må ikke gøre ham noget ondt.” Det var nemlig Rubens hensigt senere at tage Josef op af brønden og aflevere ham i god behold til faderen. 23Da Josef nåede hen til brødrene, rev de den fine kjortel af ham 24og kastede ham i den udtørrede brønd. 25Derefter satte de sig ned i græsset for at spise. Pludselig fik de øje på en karavane et stykke borte. Det var ishmaelitter, der fragtede gummi, krydderier og urter fra Gilead til Egypten. 26-27„Se!” sagde Juda til de andre brødre. „Der kommer nogle ishmaelitter. Hvad med at sælge Josef til dem? Det er ikke så godt at slå ham ihjel, for så skal vi til at skjule drabet bagefter. Han er trods alt vores bror.” Det forslag syntes de godt om, 28så da de midjanitiske37,28 Midjanitterne boede på Sinaihalvøen og nedstammede fra Abrahams søn, Midjan, jf. 1.Mos. 25,2. De havde meget samarbejde med ishmaelitterne, som jo nedstammede fra Abrahams anden søn, Ishmael. Begge grupper havde nære forbindelser til Egypten. Enten bestod denne karavane af to grupper af mennesker, måske med midjanitterne som købmænd og ishmaelitterne som karavaneførere, eller også er der tale om en gruppe ishmaelitter, der havde bosat sig i Midjan. handelsmænd kom forbi, trak brødrene Josef op af brønden og solgte ham for 20 sølvstykker, hvorefter ishmaelitterne tog ham med til Egypten.

29Ruben havde ikke været til stede, dengang brødrene solgte Josef, så da han kom hen til brønden, var Josef forsvundet. Da blev Ruben så fortvivlet, at han rev sit tøj i stykker. Han løb tilbage til brødrene 30og råbte: „Drengen er væk! Hvad i alverden skal jeg nu stille op?”

31Så slagtede brødrene en ged, kom noget af gedens blod på Josefs kjortel 32og bragte den smukke kjortel til deres far for at lade ham identificere den. „Vi fandt den på marken,” forklarede de. „Er det ikke Josefs kjortel?”

33Jakob genkendte den øjeblikkelig og hulkede: „Jo, det er min søns kjortel! Der er ingen tvivl: Han er blevet flået ihjel og ædt af et vildt dyr!” 34Straks rev Jakob af sorg sit tøj i stykker og klædte sig i sækkelærred, og således sørgede han over sin søn i mange dage. 35Alle hans sønner og døtre gjorde, hvad de kunne for at trøste ham, men det var ingen nytte til. „Lad mig dø af sorg og komme ned i dødsriget til min søn!” udbrød han og brast i gråd.

36I mellemtiden var de midjanitiske købmænd kommet til Egypten, hvor de solgte Josef til Potifar, som var en højtstående embedsmand ved kong Faraos hof og øverstbefalende for livvagten.

New International Version

Genesis 37:1-36

Joseph’s Dreams

1Jacob lived in the land where his father had stayed, the land of Canaan.

2This is the account of Jacob’s family line.

Joseph, a young man of seventeen, was tending the flocks with his brothers, the sons of Bilhah and the sons of Zilpah, his father’s wives, and he brought their father a bad report about them.

3Now Israel loved Joseph more than any of his other sons, because he had been born to him in his old age; and he made an ornate37:3 The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain; also in verses 23 and 32. robe for him. 4When his brothers saw that their father loved him more than any of them, they hated him and could not speak a kind word to him.

5Joseph had a dream, and when he told it to his brothers, they hated him all the more. 6He said to them, “Listen to this dream I had: 7We were binding sheaves of grain out in the field when suddenly my sheaf rose and stood upright, while your sheaves gathered around mine and bowed down to it.”

8His brothers said to him, “Do you intend to reign over us? Will you actually rule us?” And they hated him all the more because of his dream and what he had said.

9Then he had another dream, and he told it to his brothers. “Listen,” he said, “I had another dream, and this time the sun and moon and eleven stars were bowing down to me.”

10When he told his father as well as his brothers, his father rebuked him and said, “What is this dream you had? Will your mother and I and your brothers actually come and bow down to the ground before you?” 11His brothers were jealous of him, but his father kept the matter in mind.

Joseph Sold by His Brothers

12Now his brothers had gone to graze their father’s flocks near Shechem, 13and Israel said to Joseph, “As you know, your brothers are grazing the flocks near Shechem. Come, I am going to send you to them.”

“Very well,” he replied.

14So he said to him, “Go and see if all is well with your brothers and with the flocks, and bring word back to me.” Then he sent him off from the Valley of Hebron.

When Joseph arrived at Shechem, 15a man found him wandering around in the fields and asked him, “What are you looking for?”

16He replied, “I’m looking for my brothers. Can you tell me where they are grazing their flocks?”

17“They have moved on from here,” the man answered. “I heard them say, ‘Let’s go to Dothan.’ ”

So Joseph went after his brothers and found them near Dothan. 18But they saw him in the distance, and before he reached them, they plotted to kill him.

19“Here comes that dreamer!” they said to each other. 20“Come now, let’s kill him and throw him into one of these cisterns and say that a ferocious animal devoured him. Then we’ll see what comes of his dreams.”

21When Reuben heard this, he tried to rescue him from their hands. “Let’s not take his life,” he said. 22“Don’t shed any blood. Throw him into this cistern here in the wilderness, but don’t lay a hand on him.” Reuben said this to rescue him from them and take him back to his father.

23So when Joseph came to his brothers, they stripped him of his robe—the ornate robe he was wearing— 24and they took him and threw him into the cistern. The cistern was empty; there was no water in it.

25As they sat down to eat their meal, they looked up and saw a caravan of Ishmaelites coming from Gilead. Their camels were loaded with spices, balm and myrrh, and they were on their way to take them down to Egypt.

26Judah said to his brothers, “What will we gain if we kill our brother and cover up his blood? 27Come, let’s sell him to the Ishmaelites and not lay our hands on him; after all, he is our brother, our own flesh and blood.” His brothers agreed.

28So when the Midianite merchants came by, his brothers pulled Joseph up out of the cistern and sold him for twenty shekels37:28 That is, about 8 ounces or about 230 grams of silver to the Ishmaelites, who took him to Egypt.

29When Reuben returned to the cistern and saw that Joseph was not there, he tore his clothes. 30He went back to his brothers and said, “The boy isn’t there! Where can I turn now?”

31Then they got Joseph’s robe, slaughtered a goat and dipped the robe in the blood. 32They took the ornate robe back to their father and said, “We found this. Examine it to see whether it is your son’s robe.”

33He recognized it and said, “It is my son’s robe! Some ferocious animal has devoured him. Joseph has surely been torn to pieces.”

34Then Jacob tore his clothes, put on sackcloth and mourned for his son many days. 35All his sons and daughters came to comfort him, but he refused to be comforted. “No,” he said, “I will continue to mourn until I join my son in the grave.” So his father wept for him.

36Meanwhile, the Midianites37:36 Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint, Vulgate and Syriac (see also verse 28); Masoretic Text Medanites sold Joseph in Egypt to Potiphar, one of Pharaoh’s officials, the captain of the guard.