Bibelen på hverdagsdansk

1. Mosebog 31:1-54

Jakob flygter fra Laban

1Men efterhånden blev Jakob klar over, at Labans sønner var ved at blive utilfredse. „Jakob har snydt os,” knurrede de. „Han er blevet rig på vores fars bekostning.” 2Han bemærkede også, at Labans holdning over for ham ikke var som før. 3Da sagde Herren til Jakob: „Vend tilbage til dit fædreland og din familie. Jeg vil være med dig.”

4Jakob sendte så bud til Rakel og Lea om, at de skulle komme ud på marken, hvor han passede hjorden, så han kunne diskutere sagen med dem. 5„Jeg kan mærke på jeres far, at han har ændret holdning over for mig,” begyndte han. „Men mine fædres Gud har velsignet mig. 6I ved, hvor hårdt jeg har arbejdet for jeres far, 7men han har narret mig, brudt vores aftale og ændret min løn mindst ti gange. Alligevel har Gud bevaret mig, så jeres far ikke har kunnet gøre mig noget ondt. 8Når Laban lovede mig de brogede dyr, fødte hjorden broget afkom, og når han ændrede mening og lovede mig de stribede dyr, så blev lammene stribede. 9På den måde gjorde Gud mig rig på hans bekostning.”

10„I parringstiden havde jeg en drøm,” fortsatte Jakob. „I drømmen så jeg, at alle bukkene, der parrede sig med gederne, var stribede, plettede eller brogede. 11Da kaldte Guds engel på mig i drømmen.

‚Jakob!’ sagde han.

‚Ja,’ svarede jeg.

12Så sagde englen: ‚Læg mærke til, at det kun er de stribede, plettede og brogede bukke, der parrer sig med gederne i din hjord. Jeg har nemlig set, hvordan Laban har behandlet dig. 13Jeg er den Gud, du mødte ved Betel—det sted, hvor du salvede mindestenen med olivenolie og aflagde løftet om at tjene mig. Gør dig klar til at forlade dette sted og vende tilbage til det land, du kom fra.’ ”

14Rakel og Lea svarede: „Ja, hvorfor ikke? Har vi måske nogen fremtid her? Far vil næppe lade os arve noget. 15Han har behandlet os som fremmede kvinder, fordi han solgte os og selv brugte de penge, han fik for os. 16Al den rigdom, som Gud har taget fra far og givet dig, tilhører faktisk os og vores børn. Gør du kun, som Gud har sagt, du skal gøre.”

17-21Så mens Laban var væk hjemmefra nogle dage for at klippe sine får, satte Jakob sine børn og sine koner op på kamelerne og drog af sted. Han drev hjorden—alt det småkvæg, han havde samlet sig i Paddan-Aram—foran sig og begyndte tilbagerejsen til Kana’ans land, hvor hans far, Isak, boede. Han drog af sted med alt, hvad han ejede, uden at Laban vidste noget om det, og satte over Eufratfloden på vej mod bjergområdet ved Gilead. Rakel tog endog sin fars husguder med sig!

22Først to dage senere31,22 Hebraisk „på den tredje dag”, hvilket svarer til „to dage senere” på dansk. fik Laban at vide, at Jakob var flygtet. 23Han satte straks efter ham med nogle af sine mænd og indhentede ham efter syv dage i Gileads bjerge. 24Om natten viste Gud sig i en drøm for aramæeren Laban og advarede ham: „Pas på, at du ikke siger så meget som ét ondt ord til Jakob!” 25Jakob havde slået lejr i Gileads bjerge. Laban slog lejr i nærheden og opsøgte Jakob.

26„Hvad ligner det at snige sig af sted på den måde?” begyndte Laban. „Mig har du narret, og mine døtre har du bortført, som om de var krigsfanger! 27Du gav mig ingen chance for at holde et ordentligt afskedsgilde med sang og musik, og hvad dertil hører. 28Du gav mig ikke lov til at kysse mine døtre og børnebørn farvel. Du har opført dig rigtig tarveligt! 29Jeg kunne med lethed gøre det af med dig, men sidste nat viste din fars Gud sig for mig og sagde: ‚Pas på, hvad du siger til Jakob!’ 30Jeg kan godt forstå, at du har hjemve og længes efter at tage tilbage til din familie. Men var det virkelig nødvendigt at stjæle mine husguder?”

31„Jeg indrømmer, at jeg skyndte mig af sted,” svarede Jakob. „Jeg var bange for, at du ville tage dine døtre fra mig. 32Hvad dine husguder angår, så skal den, som har taget dem, dø! Hvis du finder noget her, som tilhører dig, vil jeg omgående give dig det tilbage. Det skal disse mænd være vidner på!” Jakob vidste nemlig ikke, at Rakel havde stjålet husguderne.

33Laban begyndte eftersøgningen i Jakobs telt. Så fortsatte han i Leas og i de to tjenestepigers telte—uden at finde noget. Til sidst kom han til Rakels telt. 34Rakel havde taget husguderne og gemt dem i sin kamelsadel og sad nu oven på dem i sit telt. Derfor fandt Laban dem ikke, skønt han gennemsøgte teltet grundigt. 35Rakel havde sagt til ham: „Undskyld mig, far, at jeg ikke rejser mig for dig, men jeg har min menstruation.” Laban fandt altså ikke sine husguder.

36Så blev Jakob vred og konfronterede Laban. „Hvad fandt du så?” spurgte han. 37„Hvorfor beskylder du mig for at have stjålet fra dig? Hvad har jeg begået, siden du jager mig, som om jeg var en forbryder? Nu da du har ledt overalt i min lejr, hvad har du så fundet, som tilhører dig? Læg det kun frem, så alle kan se, hvem af os, der har ret. Lad vores folk dømme os to imellem.” 38Så fortsatte han: „I 20 år har jeg været hos dig og taget mig af dine får og geder, så de har fået levedygtigt afkom. I al den tid har jeg aldrig taget en eneste af dine væddere. 39Og hvis nogle af dine får blev angrebet eller dræbt af rovdyr, kom jeg ikke bare og fortalte dig det. Nej, jeg tog selv tabet på mig og erstattede det. Du krævede endog erstatning for dyr, der blev stjålet—hvad enten det var min fejl eller ej. 40Jeg arbejdede samvittighedsfuldt for dig i dagens hede og udholdt nattens kulde, og ofte fik jeg ikke lukket et øje. 41I 20 lange år arbejdede jeg for dig—de 14 for at betale for dine to døtre, og de seks for at erhverve mig en hjord. Ti gange ændrede du mening for at snyde mig for min løn. 42Hvis ikke min farfar Abrahams og min far Isaks vældige Gud havde været med mig, ville du såmænd have sendt mig af sted med tomme hænder! Men Gud har bemærket din ondskab og mit ærlige arbejde—og i nat advarede han dig.”

Jakobs pagt med Laban

43Laban svarede Jakob: „Dine to koner er mine døtre, deres børn er mine børnebørn, og hjorden har du fra mig. Alt, hvad du har, har du fået af mig. Men hvad kan jeg gøre imod mine egne døtre og børnebørn? 44Lad os slutte en fredspagt og bevidne det med en stenhøj.”

45Så tog Jakob en sten og rejste den som et monument, 46og han befalede sine mænd at samle flere sten og bygge en stenhøj. Derefter spiste de sammen ved stenhøjen. 47-48Laban kaldte højen Jegar-Sahaduta,31,47-48 Det betyder „vidnehøj” på aramæisk. Jakob kaldte den Galed.31,47-48 Det tilsvarende hebraiske ord. „Den skal være et vidne imellem os, hvis en af os overskrider denne grænse,” sagde Laban. 49„Den skal også kaldes Mitzpa,31,49 På hebraisk ordspil med „holde øje med”. Mitzpa betyder vagttårn. for herefter skal Herren selv holde øje med os. 50Selvom ingen andre ser det, hvis du behandler mine døtre dårligt eller tager andre koner, så ser Gud det!” 51-52Laban fortsatte: „Denne stenhøj skal stå imellem os som et vidne om vores gensidige løfte: At vi ikke vil overskride denne grænse med onde hensigter. 53Må vores forfædres Gud—din farfar Abrahams og min farfar Nakors Gud—straffe den af os, som bryder pagten.”

Så svor Jakob ved sin far Isaks mægtige Gud, at han ville overholde pagten, 54hvorefter han ofrede til Gud og indbød sine mænd til et festmåltid. Efter måltidet overnattede de der i bjergene.

King James Version

Genesis 31:1-55

1And he heard the words of Laban’s sons, saying, Jacob hath taken away all that was our father’s; and of that which was our father’s hath he gotten all this glory. 2And Jacob beheld the countenance of Laban, and, behold, it was not toward him as before.31.2 as before: Heb. as yesterday and the day before 3And the LORD said unto Jacob, Return unto the land of thy fathers, and to thy kindred; and I will be with thee. 4And Jacob sent and called Rachel and Leah to the field unto his flock, 5And said unto them, I see your father’s countenance, that it is not toward me as before; but the God of my father hath been with me. 6And ye know that with all my power I have served your father. 7And your father hath deceived me, and changed my wages ten times; but God suffered him not to hurt me. 8If he said thus, The speckled shall be thy wages; then all the cattle bare speckled: and if he said thus, The ringstraked shall be thy hire; then bare all the cattle ringstraked. 9Thus God hath taken away the cattle of your father, and given them to me. 10And it came to pass at the time that the cattle conceived, that I lifted up mine eyes, and saw in a dream, and, behold, the rams which leaped upon the cattle were ringstraked, speckled, and grisled.31.10 rams: or, he goats 11And the angel of God spake unto me in a dream, saying, Jacob: And I said, Here am I. 12And he said, Lift up now thine eyes, and see, all the rams which leap upon the cattle are ringstraked, speckled, and grisled: for I have seen all that Laban doeth unto thee. 13I am the God of Beth-el, where thou anointedst the pillar, and where thou vowedst a vow unto me: now arise, get thee out from this land, and return unto the land of thy kindred. 14And Rachel and Leah answered and said unto him, Is there yet any portion or inheritance for us in our father’s house? 15Are we not counted of him strangers? for he hath sold us, and hath quite devoured also our money. 16For all the riches which God hath taken from our father, that is ours, and our children’s: now then, whatsoever God hath said unto thee, do.

17¶ Then Jacob rose up, and set his sons and his wives upon camels; 18And he carried away all his cattle, and all his goods which he had gotten, the cattle of his getting, which he had gotten in Padan-aram, for to go to Isaac his father in the land of Canaan. 19And Laban went to shear his sheep: and Rachel had stolen the images that were her father’s.31.19 images: Heb. teraphim 20And Jacob stole away unawares to Laban the Syrian, in that he told him not that he fled.31.20 unawares…: Heb. the heart of Laban 21So he fled with all that he had; and he rose up, and passed over the river, and set his face toward the mount Gilead. 22And it was told Laban on the third day that Jacob was fled. 23And he took his brethren with him, and pursued after him seven days’ journey; and they overtook him in the mount Gilead. 24And God came to Laban the Syrian in a dream by night, and said unto him, Take heed that thou speak not to Jacob either good or bad.31.24 either…: Heb. from good to bad

25¶ Then Laban overtook Jacob. Now Jacob had pitched his tent in the mount: and Laban with his brethren pitched in the mount of Gilead. 26And Laban said to Jacob, What hast thou done, that thou hast stolen away unawares to me, and carried away my daughters, as captives taken with the sword? 27Wherefore didst thou flee away secretly, and steal away from me; and didst not tell me, that I might have sent thee away with mirth, and with songs, with tabret, and with harp?31.27 steal…: Heb. hast stolen me 28And hast not suffered me to kiss my sons and my daughters? thou hast now done foolishly in so doing. 29It is in the power of my hand to do you hurt: but the God of your father spake unto me yesternight, saying, Take thou heed that thou speak not to Jacob either good or bad. 30And now, though thou wouldest needs be gone, because thou sore longedst after thy father’s house, yet wherefore hast thou stolen my gods? 31And Jacob answered and said to Laban, Because I was afraid: for I said, Peradventure thou wouldest take by force thy daughters from me. 32With whomsoever thou findest thy gods, let him not live: before our brethren discern thou what is thine with me, and take it to thee. For Jacob knew not that Rachel had stolen them. 33And Laban went into Jacob’s tent, and into Leah’s tent, and into the two maidservants’ tents; but he found them not. Then went he out of Leah’s tent, and entered into Rachel’s tent. 34Now Rachel had taken the images, and put them in the camel’s furniture, and sat upon them. And Laban searched all the tent, but found them not.31.34 searched: Heb. felt 35And she said to her father, Let it not displease my lord that I cannot rise up before thee; for the custom of women is upon me. And he searched, but found not the images.

36¶ And Jacob was wroth, and chode with Laban: and Jacob answered and said to Laban, What is my trespass? what is my sin, that thou hast so hotly pursued after me? 37Whereas thou hast searched all my stuff, what hast thou found of all thy household stuff? set it here before my brethren and thy brethren, that they may judge betwixt us both.31.37 searched: Heb. felt 38This twenty years have I been with thee; thy ewes and thy she goats have not cast their young, and the rams of thy flock have I not eaten. 39That which was torn of beasts I brought not unto thee; I bare the loss of it; of my hand didst thou require it, whether stolen by day, or stolen by night. 40Thus I was; in the day the drought consumed me, and the frost by night; and my sleep departed from mine eyes. 41Thus have I been twenty years in thy house; I served thee fourteen years for thy two daughters, and six years for thy cattle: and thou hast changed my wages ten times. 42Except the God of my father, the God of Abraham, and the fear of Isaac, had been with me, surely thou hadst sent me away now empty. God hath seen mine affliction and the labour of my hands, and rebuked thee yesternight.

43¶ And Laban answered and said unto Jacob, These daughters are my daughters, and these children are my children, and these cattle are my cattle, and all that thou seest is mine: and what can I do this day unto these my daughters, or unto their children which they have born? 44Now therefore come thou, let us make a covenant, I and thou; and let it be for a witness between me and thee. 45And Jacob took a stone, and set it up for a pillar. 46And Jacob said unto his brethren, Gather stones; and they took stones, and made an heap: and they did eat there upon the heap. 47And Laban called it Jegar-sahadutha: but Jacob called it Galeed.31.47 Jegar-sahadutha: that is, The heap of witness, Chaldee31.47 Galeed: that is, The heap of witness, Heb. 48And Laban said, This heap is a witness between me and thee this day. Therefore was the name of it called Galeed; 49And Mizpah; for he said, The LORD watch between me and thee, when we are absent one from another.31.49 Mizpah: that is, A beacon, or, watchtower 50If thou shalt afflict my daughters, or if thou shalt take other wives beside my daughters, no man is with us; see, God is witness betwixt me and thee. 51And Laban said to Jacob, Behold this heap, and behold this pillar, which I have cast betwixt me and thee; 52This heap be witness, and this pillar be witness, that I will not pass over this heap to thee, and that thou shalt not pass over this heap and this pillar unto me, for harm. 53The God of Abraham, and the God of Nahor, the God of their father, judge betwixt us. And Jacob sware by the fear of his father Isaac. 54Then Jacob offered sacrifice upon the mount, and called his brethren to eat bread: and they did eat bread, and tarried all night in the mount.31.54 offered…: or, killed beasts 55And early in the morning Laban rose up, and kissed his sons and his daughters, and blessed them: and Laban departed, and returned unto his place.