Bibelen på hverdagsdansk

1. Mosebog 11:1-32

Menneskenes stolthed

1I begyndelsen talte alle mennesker samme sprog. 2Efter oversvømmelsen bevægede de sig rundt i Østen og kom til en frugtbar slette i landet Shinar,11,2 Et område, der senere blev kendt som Babylonien i Mesopotamien. hvor de slog sig ned. 3De sagde til hinanden: „Lad os forme mursten og brænde dem hårde, og lad os bruge asfalt som mørtel. 4Så kan vi bygge en stor by med et tårn, som når op til himlen. Et sådant projekt vil gøre os berømte og hindre, at vi bliver spredt ud over jorden.”

5Men Gud steg ned for at se på byen og tårnet, som de var ved at bygge. 6„Se, hvad de er i stand til at udrette, når de er enige og taler samme sprog,” sagde Gud. „Intet vil være umuligt for dem. 7Lad os derfor give dem forskellige sprog, så de ikke længere forstår hinanden.”

8På den måde fik Gud spredt dem ud over hele jorden, og de fik aldrig fuldendt deres byggeri. 9Man kaldte den påbegyndte by for Babel,11,9 Eller Babylon. Ordet ligner det hebraiske ord for „forvirring”. for det var dér, Herren forvirrede menneskene ved at give dem forskellige sprog, og som følge deraf spredtes de ud over hele jorden.

Slægtslinien fra Sem til Abram

10Det følgende er en liste over Sems efterkommere ned til Abram. To år efter oversvømmelsen—da Sem var 100 år—fik han en søn, som fik navnet Arpakshad. 11Derefter levede Sem endnu 500 år og fik andre sønner og døtre. 12Arpakshad var 35 år, da han fik sønnen Shela. 13Derefter levede Arpakshad endnu 403 år og fik andre sønner og døtre. 14Shela var 30 år, da han fik sønnen Eber. 15Derefter levede Shela endnu 403 år og fik andre sønner og døtre. 16Eber var 34 år, da han fik sønnen Peleg. 17Derefter levede Eber endnu 430 år og fik andre sønner og døtre. 18Peleg var 30 år, da han fik sønnen Reu. 19Derefter levede Peleg endnu 209 år og fik andre sønner og døtre. 20Reu var 32 år, da han fik sønnen Zerug. 21Derefter levede Reu endnu 207 år og fik andre sønner og døtre. 22Zerug var 30 år, da han fik sønnen Nakor. 23Derefter levede Zerug endnu 200 år og fik andre sønner og døtre. 24Nakor var 29 år, da han fik sønnen Tera. 25Derefter levede Nakor endnu 119 år og fik andre sønner og døtre. 26Tera var 70 år, før han fik sønnerne Abram, Nakor og Haran.11,26 Tera var altså 70, før han fik sin første søn. Det vides ikke, hvornår de andre blev født, og hvem der er ældst af de tre. Sandsynligvis er Abram yngst, men nævnes først, fordi han er den mest kendte og den, historien her drejer sig om. I 5,32 og 10,1 har vi rækkefølgen Sem, Kam og Jafet, selvom Kam er den yngste (9,24). Se også 10,21. Måske blev Abram født, da Tera var ca. 130 år, fordi ApG. 7,4 siger, at Abram først rejste fra Karan, efter at faderen var død. Ifølge 12,4 var Abram 75 år på det tidspunkt.

Teras slægt

27Det følgende er en liste over Teras efterkommere. Tera var far til Abram, Nakor og Haran. Haran fik en søn, der blev kaldt Lot, 28men døde ellers forholdsvis ung på sin fødeegn ved den kaldæiske by Ur. (Hans far, Tera, var stadig i live på det tidspunkt.)

29Abram giftede sig med Saraj, og Nakor giftede sig med sin niece Milka, en datter af Haran og søster til Jiska. 30Saraj kunne ikke få børn. 31Tera tog sin søn Abram, sin svigerdatter Saraj og sit barnebarn Lot med sig og forlod sin hjemby Ur for at drage til Kana’ans land. Men da de kom til byen Karan, slog de sig ned der. 32Tera blev 205 år gammel og døde i Karan.

New International Version

Genesis 11:1-32

The Tower of Babel

1Now the whole world had one language and a common speech. 2As people moved eastward,11:2 Or from the east; or in the east they found a plain in Shinar11:2 That is, Babylonia and settled there.

3They said to each other, “Come, let’s make bricks and bake them thoroughly.” They used brick instead of stone, and tar for mortar. 4Then they said, “Come, let us build ourselves a city, with a tower that reaches to the heavens, so that we may make a name for ourselves; otherwise we will be scattered over the face of the whole earth.”

5But the Lord came down to see the city and the tower the people were building. 6The Lord said, “If as one people speaking the same language they have begun to do this, then nothing they plan to do will be impossible for them. 7Come, let us go down and confuse their language so they will not understand each other.”

8So the Lord scattered them from there over all the earth, and they stopped building the city. 9That is why it was called Babel11:9 That is, Babylon; Babel sounds like the Hebrew for confused.—because there the Lord confused the language of the whole world. From there the Lord scattered them over the face of the whole earth.

From Shem to Abram

10This is the account of Shem’s family line.

Two years after the flood, when Shem was 100 years old, he became the father11:10 Father may mean ancestor; also in verses 11-25. of Arphaxad. 11And after he became the father of Arphaxad, Shem lived 500 years and had other sons and daughters.

12When Arphaxad had lived 35 years, he became the father of Shelah. 13And after he became the father of Shelah, Arphaxad lived 403 years and had other sons and daughters.11:13 Hebrew; Septuagint (see also Luke 3:35,36 and note at Gen. 10:24) 35 years, he became the father of Cainan. 13 And after he became the father of Cainan, Arphaxad lived 430 years and had other sons and daughters, and then he died. When Cainan had lived 130 years, he became the father of Shelah. And after he became the father of Shelah, Cainan lived 330 years and had other sons and daughters

14When Shelah had lived 30 years, he became the father of Eber. 15And after he became the father of Eber, Shelah lived 403 years and had other sons and daughters.

16When Eber had lived 34 years, he became the father of Peleg. 17And after he became the father of Peleg, Eber lived 430 years and had other sons and daughters.

18When Peleg had lived 30 years, he became the father of Reu. 19And after he became the father of Reu, Peleg lived 209 years and had other sons and daughters.

20When Reu had lived 32 years, he became the father of Serug. 21And after he became the father of Serug, Reu lived 207 years and had other sons and daughters.

22When Serug had lived 30 years, he became the father of Nahor. 23And after he became the father of Nahor, Serug lived 200 years and had other sons and daughters.

24When Nahor had lived 29 years, he became the father of Terah. 25And after he became the father of Terah, Nahor lived 119 years and had other sons and daughters.

26After Terah had lived 70 years, he became the father of Abram, Nahor and Haran.

Abram’s Family

27This is the account of Terah’s family line.

Terah became the father of Abram, Nahor and Haran. And Haran became the father of Lot. 28While his father Terah was still alive, Haran died in Ur of the Chaldeans, in the land of his birth. 29Abram and Nahor both married. The name of Abram’s wife was Sarai, and the name of Nahor’s wife was Milkah; she was the daughter of Haran, the father of both Milkah and Iskah. 30Now Sarai was childless because she was not able to conceive.

31Terah took his son Abram, his grandson Lot son of Haran, and his daughter-in-law Sarai, the wife of his son Abram, and together they set out from Ur of the Chaldeans to go to Canaan. But when they came to Harran, they settled there.

32Terah lived 205 years, and he died in Harran.