La Bible du Semeur

Matthieu 1

Naissance et enfance de Jésus

La généalogie de Jésus

1Voici la généalogie de Jésus-Christ, de la descendance de David et d’Abraham.

Abraham eut pour descendant Isaac. Isaac eut pour descendant Jacob. Jacob eut pour descendant Juda et ses frères. De Thamar, Juda eut pour descendant Pérets et Zérah. Pérets eut pour descendant Hetsrôn. Hetsrôn eut pour descendant Aram. Aram eut pour descendant Amminadab. Amminadab eut pour descendant Nahshôn, Nahshôn eut pour descendant Salma. De Rahab, Salma eut pour descendant Booz. De Ruth, Booz eut pour descendant Obed. Obed eut pour descendant Isaï. Isaï eut pour descendant le roi David.

De la femme d’Urie, David eut pour descendant Salomon. Salomon eut pour descendant Roboam. Roboam eut pour descendant Abiya. Abiya eut pour descendant Asa. Asa eut pour descendant Josaphat. Josaphat eut pour descendant Yoram. Yoram eut pour descendant Ozias. Ozias eut pour descendant Yotam. Yotam eut pour descendant Ahaz. Ahaz eut pour descendant Ezéchias. 10 Ezéchias eut pour descendant Manassé. Manassé eut pour descendant Amôn. Amôn eut pour descendant Josias. 11 A l’époque de la déportation à Babylone, Josias eut pour descendant Yekonia et ses frères.

12 Après la déportation à Babylone, Yekonia eut pour descendant Shealtiel. Shealtiel eut pour descendant Zorobabel. 13 Zorobabel eut pour descendant Abioud. Abioud eut pour descendant Eliaqim. Eliaqim eut pour descendant Azor. 14 Azor eut pour descendant Sadoq. Sadoq eut pour descendant Ahim. Ahim eut pour descendant Elioud. 15 Elioud eut pour descendant Eléazar. Eléazar eut pour descendant Matthan. Matthan eut pour descendant Jacob. 16 Jacob eut pour descendant Joseph, l’époux de Marie, de laquelle est né Jésus, appelé Christ.

17 Il y eut donc en tout quatorze générations d’Abraham à David, quatorze de David jusqu’à la déportation à Babylone, et quatorze de cette déportation jusqu’à Christ.

L’annonce de la naissance de Jésus

18 Voici dans quelles circonstances Jésus-Christ vint au monde: Marie, sa mère, était liée par fiançailles à Joseph; or elle se trouva enceinte par l’action du Saint-Esprit, avant qu’ils aient vécu ensemble[a]. 19 Joseph, son futur mari, était un homme juste. Il ne voulait pas la livrer au déshonneur. C’est pourquoi il se proposa de rompre ses fiançailles sans en ébruiter la raison.

20 Il réfléchissait à ce projet quand un ange du Seigneur lui apparut en rêve et lui dit: Joseph, descendant de David, ne crains pas de prendre Marie pour femme, car l’enfant qu’elle porte vient de l’Esprit Saint. 21 Elle donnera naissance à un fils, tu l’appelleras Jésus. C’est lui, en effet, qui sauvera son peuple de ses péchés[b].

22 Tout cela arriva pour que s’accomplisse cette parole du Seigneur[c] transmise par le prophète:

23 Voici, la jeune fille vierge sera enceinte.
Et elle enfantera un fils[d]
que l’on appellera Emmanuel,
ce qui veut dire: Dieu avec nous[e].

24 A son réveil, Joseph fit ce que l’ange du Seigneur lui avait commandé: il prit sa fiancée pour femme. 25 Mais il n’eut pas de relations conjugales avec elle avant qu’elle ait mis au monde un fils, auquel il donna le nom de Jésus.

Notas al pie

  1. 1.18 En Israël, les fiancés étaient juridiquement mariés mais n’avaient pas encore de vie commune.
  2. 1.21 Jésus signifie: l’Eternel sauve.
  3. 1.22 Traduction adoptée par l’ancienne version grecque de l’Ancien Testament du nom que nous avons rendu par l’Eternel dans l’Ancien Testament.
  4. 1.23 Es 7.14 cité selon l’ancienne version grecque.
  5. 1.23 Es 8.8, 10 cité selon l’ancienne version grecque.

Amplified Bible

Matthew 1

The Genealogy of Jesus the Messiah

1The record of the genealogy of [a]Jesus the [b]Messiah, the son (descendant) of [c]David, the son (descendant) of Abraham:

Abraham [d]was the father of Isaac, Isaac the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of [e]Judah and his brothers [who became the twelve tribes of Israel]. Judah was the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar, Perez was the father of Hezron, and Hezron the father of Ram. Ram was the father of Aminadab, Aminadab the father of Nahshon, and Nahshon the father of Salmon. Salmon was the father of Boaz by [f]Rahab, Boaz was the father of Obed by Ruth, and Obed the father of Jesse. Jesse was the father of [g]David the king.

David was the father of Solomon by [h]Bathsheba who had been the wife of Uriah. Solomon was the father of Rehoboam, Rehoboam the father of Abijah, and Abijah the father of Asa. Asa was the father of Jehoshaphat, Jehoshaphat the father of Joram, and Joram the father of Uzziah. Uzziah was the father of Jotham, Jotham the father of Ahaz, and Ahaz the father of Hezekiah. 10 Hezekiah was the father of Manasseh, Manasseh the father of Amon, and Amon the father of Josiah. 11 Josiah became the father of Jeconiah [also called Coniah and Jehoiachin] and his brothers, at the time of the deportation (exile) to Babylon.

12 After the deportation to Babylon: Jeconiah became the father of Shealtiel, and Shealtiel the father of Zerubbabel. 13 Zerubbabel was the father of Abihud, Abihud the father of Eliakim, and Eliakim the father of Azor. 14 Azor was the father of Zadok, Zadok the father of Achim, and Achim the father of Eliud. 15 Eliud was the father of Eleazar, Eleazar the father of Matthan, and Matthan the father of Jacob. 16 Jacob was the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, by [i]whom Jesus was born, who is called the Messiah (Christ).

17 So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen; from David to the Babylonian deportation (exile), fourteen generations; and from the Babylonian deportation to the Messiah, fourteen generations.

Conception and Birth of Jesus

18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was as follows: when His mother Mary had been [j]betrothed to Joseph, before they came together she was found to be with child by [the power of] the Holy Spirit. 19 And Joseph her [promised] husband, being a just and righteous man and not wanting to expose her publicly to shame, planned to send her away and divorce her quietly. 20 But after he had considered this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, descendant of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife, for the Child who has been [k]conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit. 21 She will give birth to a Son, and you shall name Him Jesus (The Lord is salvation), for He will [l]save His people from their sins.” 22 All this happened in order to fulfill what the Lord had spoken through the [m]prophet [Isaiah]: 23 Behold, the [n]virgin shall be with child and give birth to a Son, and they shall call His name Immanuel”—which, when translated, means, “God with us.” 24 Then Joseph awoke from his sleep and did as the angel of the Lord had commanded him, and he took Mary [to his home] as his wife, 25 but he kept her a virgin until she had given birth to a Son [her firstborn child]; and he named Him Jesus (The Lord is salvation).

Notas al pie

  1. Matthew 1:1 Heb Yeshua (Joshua), meaning The Lord is salvation.
  2. Matthew 1:1 Gr Christos. Greek for Messiah, which means Anointed One. Throughout his gospel, which is directed primarily to Jewish believers, Matthew uses OT Scripture to emphasize the fact that Jesus is their promised Messiah.
  3. Matthew 1:1 The shepherd boy who killed the Philistine giant Goliath, and later became king of Israel.
  4. Matthew 1:2 Lit begot, fathered, from the Greek word gennao, meaning “to father a child” (early modern English beget) and so throughout the genealogy whenever father occurs.
  5. Matthew 1:2 Gr Judas; names of people in the OT are given in their OT form.
  6. Matthew 1:5 The woman who assisted the Hebrew spies before the conquest of Jericho (Josh 2:1-21).
  7. Matthew 1:6 David is the only one addressed as “the king.” The text places an emphasis on David, showing that Jesus is a descendant of David and an heir to the throne of David and the Davidic Covenant.
  8. Matthew 1:6 Lit her of Uriah.
  9. Matthew 1:16 The Greek singular feminine pronoun hes, translated “whom,” shows that Jesus was born of Mary alone, without Joseph’s participation; however, Jesus was considered Joseph’s legal son and heir. Accordingly, Matthew’s genealogy confirms Jesus as a legitimate descendant of David.
  10. Matthew 1:18 The first stage of marriage (called shiddukin in Hebrew) in Jewish tradition and law, usually lasting for a year before the wedding night; unlike an engagement, it was legally binding and required a divorce to nullify it. The woman remained with her parents during the betrothal year and was referred to as a “wife” even though the marriage was not consummated during this period of time (cf Deut 22:23, 24).
  11. Matthew 1:20 Lit begotten.
  12. Matthew 1:21 Those who, by personal faith, accept Him as Savior are saved from the penalty of sin and reconciled with the Father.
  13. Matthew 1:22 The prophets in the Bible always have the ability to foretell the future as revealed to them by God. Scripture provides stringent criteria for testing a prophet’s ability to foretell future events (Deut 18:22).
  14. Matthew 1:23 “Virgin” (Gr parthenos) clearly confirms that Mary was a virgin when she gave birth to Jesus.