La Bible du Semeur

Genèse 27

Isaac bénit Jacob

1Quand Isaac était devenu vieux, sa vue avait baissé au point qu’il n’y voyait plus. Un jour, il appela Esaü son fils aîné et lui dit: Mon fils!

Celui-ci répondit: Qu’y a-t-il?

– Me voici devenu vieux, reprit Isaac, et je ne sais pas quand je mourrai. Maintenant donc, je te prie, prends tes armes, ton arc et tes flèches, va courir la campagne et chasse quelque gibier pour moi. Tu m’en apprêteras un de ces bons plats comme je les aime, tu me le serviras, je mangerai, puis je te donnerai ma bénédiction avant de mourir.

Rébecca écoutait ce qu’Isaac disait à son fils Esaü. Quand celui-ci fut parti chasser dans la campagne pour rapporter du gibier, Rébecca dit à son fils Jacob: Ecoute, j’ai entendu ton père dire à ton frère Esaü: «Rapporte-moi du gibier! Tu m’en feras un bon plat, je mangerai et je te donnerai ma bénédiction devant l’Eternel avant de mourir.» Maintenant donc, mon fils, écoute-moi et fais ce que je vais te dire. Va au troupeau et choisis-moi deux bons chevreaux, j’en préparerai pour ton père un de ces bons plats comme il les aime. 10 Tu le lui apporteras, il en mangera, puis il te donnera sa bénédiction avant de mourir.

11 Jacob répondit à Rébecca, sa mère: Esaü mon frère est couvert de poils et moi pas. 12 Si mon père me touche, il s’apercevra que j’ai voulu le tromper, si bien que j’attirerai sur moi une malédiction au lieu d’une bénédiction.

13 Sa mère répliqua: Dans ce cas, que la malédiction retombe sur moi, mon fils; fais seulement ce que je t’ai dit. Va me chercher cela.

14 Il alla donc prendre des chevreaux et les apporta à sa mère qui en prépara un bon plat comme son père l’aimait. 15 Puis elle choisit les plus beaux habits d’Esaü, son fils aîné, qui se trouvaient dans la maison, et elle les fit mettre à Jacob, son fils cadet. 16 Elle lui recouvrit, avec la peau des chevreaux, les mains, les bras et la partie du cou dénudée de poils. 17 Puis elle lui remit le bon plat et le pain qu’elle avait préparés.

18 Jacob entra chez son père et dit: Mon père!

Celui-ci répondit: Oui mon fils, qui es-tu?

19 Et Jacob dit à son père: Je suis Esaü, ton fils aîné. J’ai fait ce que tu m’as demandé. Lève-toi, je te prie, assieds-toi et mange de mon gibier, pour me donner ensuite ta bénédiction.

20 Isaac lui demanda: Comment as-tu fait, mon fils, pour trouver si vite du gibier?

Jacob répondit: C’est l’Eternel ton Dieu qui l’a mené sur mon chemin.

21 Isaac dit à Jacob: Viens un peu plus près, mon fils, que je te touche pour voir si tu es bien mon fils Esaü.

22 Jacob s’approcha donc d’Isaac, son père le tâta et dit: La voix est celle de Jacob, mais les mains sont celles d’Esaü.

23 Comme les mains de Jacob étaient couvertes de poils comme celles d’Esaü son frère, son père ne le reconnut pas et il lui donna sa bénédiction. 24 Mais auparavant il lui redemanda: Es-tu bien mon fils Esaü?

Et Jacob répondit: Oui.

25 Alors Isaac lui dit: Sers-moi donc, que je mange du produit de la chasse de mon fils, pour te donner ensuite ma bénédiction.

Jacob le servit et Isaac mangea. Il lui apporta aussi du vin, que son père but.

26 Puis Isaac, son père, lui dit: Approche-toi, viens m’embrasser, mon fils.

27 Jacob s’approcha et l’embrassa. Isaac sentit l’odeur de ses habits, puis il le bénit en ces termes:

Oui, l’odeur de mon fils est comme la senteur d’un champ béni par l’Eternel[a].
28 Que Dieu t’accorde donc la rosée qui descend du ciel, qu’il rende tes terres fertiles,
qu’il te donne avec abondance du froment et du vin.
29 Que des nations te soient assujetties,
que, devant toi, des peuples se prosternent!
Sois le chef de tes frères,
que les fils de ta mère s’inclinent devant toi!
Maudit soit qui te maudira,
béni soit qui te bénira!

Le sort d’Esaü

30 Lorsque Isaac eut fini de bénir Jacob, celui-ci le quitta. Esaü son frère rentra alors de la chasse. 31 Il prépara, lui aussi, un bon plat, l’apporta à son père et lui dit: Mon père, lève-toi, je te prie, et mange du gibier de ton fils, pour me donner ensuite ta bénédiction.

32 Isaac lui demanda: Qui es-tu?

Il répondit: Je suis ton fils aîné, Esaü.

33 Alors Isaac, en proie à une vive émotion, se mit à trembler et dit: Qui est donc celui qui a pris du gibier et me l’a apporté? J’ai mangé de tout avant que tu ne viennes et je lui ai donné ma bénédiction; maintenant il sera béni.

34 Quand Esaü entendit les paroles de son père, il poussa un grand cri plein d’amertume et supplia son père: Moi aussi, mon père, bénis-moi!

35 Isaac lui répondit: Ton frère est venu et il a extorqué ta bénédiction par ruse.

36 Esaü dit: Est-ce parce qu’on l’appelle Jacob (le Trompeur) qu’il m’a trompé par deux fois[b]? D’abord il a pris mon droit d’aînesse et maintenant voilà qu’il m’enlève ma bénédiction! Et il ajouta: N’as-tu pas de bénédiction en réserve pour moi?

37 Isaac lui répondit: Vois, j’ai fait de lui ton maître et je lui ai donné tous ses frères pour serviteurs, je l’ai pourvu de blé et de vin. Que puis-je donc faire pour toi, mon fils?

38 Esaü dit à son père: Ne possèdes-tu qu’une seule bénédiction, mon père? Bénis-moi, moi aussi, mon père[c]!

Et il se mit à pleurer à grands cris.

39 Alors Isaac, son père, répondit:

Loin des terrains fertiles tu auras ta demeure
et loin de la rosée qui nous descend du ciel[d].
40 C’est grâce à ton épée que tu pourras survivre,
tu seras assujetti à ton frère. Mais, errant çà et là,
tu briseras le joug imposé par lui à ton cou.

La fuite de Jacob

41 Esaü prit Jacob en haine à cause de la bénédiction qu’il avait reçue de son père et il se dit en lui-même: La mort de mon père n’est pas loin, alors je tuerai Jacob mon frère.

42 On informa Rébecca des propos d’Esaü, son fils aîné; elle fit venir Jacob son fils cadet, et lui dit: Voici que ton frère Esaü veut te tuer pour se venger de toi. 43 Maintenant donc, mon fils, écoute-moi et fais ce que je te dis: Pars d’ici, fuis chez mon frère Laban, à Harân. 44 Reste chez lui quelque temps, jusqu’à ce que la colère de ton frère s’apaise[e]. 45 Une fois que sa fureur se sera calmée et qu’il aura oublié ce que tu lui as fait, j’enverrai quelqu’un pour te faire revenir de là-bas. Pourquoi devrais-je vous perdre tous les deux en un seul jour?

46 Rébecca alla dire à Isaac: Je suis dégoûtée de la vie à cause de ces femmes hittites. Si Jacob lui aussi épouse une des filles de ce pays, à quoi bon vivre?

Notas al pie

  1. 27.27 Allusion en Hé 11.20.
  2. 27.36 Jacob fait assonance avec le verbe supplanter, tromper (voir Jr 9.4) et avec le nom talon (voir Gn 25.26).
  3. 27.38 Allusion en Hé 12.17.
  4. 27.39 Le pays d’Edom où résideront les descendants d’Esaü est sec, rocailleux et bien moins fertile que Canaan (Gn 36.8; 2 R 8.20).
  5. 27.44 En fait, 20 ans (31.38-41).

Amplified Bible

Genesis 27

Jacob’s Deception

1Now when Isaac was old and his eyes were too dim to see, he called his elder [and favorite] son Esau and said to him, “My son.” And Esau answered him, “Here I am.” Isaac said, “See here, I am old; [a]I do not know [b]when I may die. So now, please take your [hunting] gear, your quiver [of arrows] and your bow, and go out into the open country and hunt game for me; and make me a savory and delicious dish [of meat], the kind I love, and bring it to me to eat, so that my soul may bless you [as my firstborn son] before I die.”

But Rebekah overheard what Isaac said to Esau his son; and when Esau had gone to the open country to hunt for game that he might bring back, Rebekah said to Jacob her [younger and favorite] son, “Listen carefully: I heard your father saying to Esau your brother, ‘Bring me some game and make me a savory and delicious dish [of meat], so that I may eat it, and declare my blessing on you [c]in the presence of the Lord before my death.’ So now, my son, listen [carefully] to me [and do exactly] as I command you. Go now to the flock and bring me two good and suitable young goats, and I will make them into a savory dish [of meat] for your father, the kind he loves [to eat]. 10 Then you shall bring it to your father to eat, so that he may bless you before his death.” 11 Jacob said to Rebekah his mother, “Listen, Esau my brother is a hairy man and I am a smooth [skinned] man. 12 Suppose my father touches me and feels my skin; then I will be seen by him as a cheat (imposter), and I will bring his curse on me and not a blessing.” 13 But his mother said to him, “May your curse be on me, my son; only listen and obey me, and go, bring the young goats to me.” 14 So Jacob went and got the two young goats, and brought them to his mother; and his mother prepared a delicious dish of food [with a delightful aroma], the kind his father loved [to eat]. 15 Then Rebekah took her elder son Esau’s best clothes, which were with her in her house, and put them on Jacob her younger son. 16 And she put the skins of the young goats on his hands and on the smooth part of his neck. 17 Then she gave her son Jacob the delicious meat and the bread which she had prepared.

18 So he went to his father and said, “My father.” And Isaac said, “Here I am. Who are you, my son?” 19 Jacob said to his father, “I am Esau your firstborn; I have done what you told me to do. Now please, sit up and eat some of my game, so that you may bless me.” 20 Isaac said to his son, “How is it that you have found the game so quickly, my son?” And he said, “Because the Lord your God caused it to come to me.” 21 But Isaac [wondered and] said to Jacob, “Please come close [to me] so that I may touch you, my son, and determine if you are really my son Esau or not.” 22 So Jacob approached Isaac, and his father touched him and said, “The voice is Jacob’s voice, but the hands are the hands of Esau.” 23 He could not recognize him [as Jacob], because his hands were hairy like his brother Esau’s hands; so he blessed him. 24 But he said, “Are you really my son Esau?” Jacob answered, “I am.” 25 Then Isaac said, “Bring the food to me, and I will eat some of my son’s game, so that I may bless you.” He brought it to him, and he ate; and he brought him wine and he drank. 26 Then his father Isaac said to him, “Please come, my son, and kiss me.” 27 So he came and kissed him; and Isaac smelled his clothing and blessed him and said,

“The scent of my son [Esau]
Is like the aroma of a field which the Lord has blessed;
28 
Now may God give you of the dew of heaven [to water your land],
And of the fatness (fertility) of the earth,
And an abundance of grain and [d]new wine;
29 
May peoples serve you,
And nations bow down to you;
Be lord and master over your brothers,
And may your mother’s sons bow down to you.
May those who curse you be cursed,
And may those who bless you be blessed.”

The Stolen Blessing

30 Now as soon as Isaac had finished blessing Jacob, and Jacob had scarcely left the presence of Isaac his father, Esau his brother came in from his hunting. 31 Esau also made a delicious dish [of meat] and brought it to his father and said to him, “Let my father get up and eat some of his son’s game, so that you may bless me.” 32 Isaac his father said to him, “Who are you?” And he replied, “I am your son, your firstborn, Esau.” 33 Then Isaac trembled violently, and he said, “Then who was the one [who was just here] who hunted game and brought it to me? I ate all of it before you came, and I blessed him. Yes, and he [in fact] shall be (shall remain) blessed.” 34 When Esau heard the words of his father, he cried out with a great and extremely bitter cry and said to his father, “Bless me, even me also, O my father!” 35 Isaac said, “Your brother came deceitfully and has [fraudulently] taken away your blessing [for himself].” 36 Esau replied, “Is he not rightly named [e]Jacob (the supplanter)? For he has supplanted me these two times: he took away my birthright, and now he has taken away my blessing. Have you not reserved a blessing for me?” 37 But Isaac replied to Esau, “Listen carefully: I have made Jacob your lord and master; I have given him all his brothers and relatives as servants; and I have sustained him with grain and new wine. What then, can I do for you, my son?” 38 Esau said to his father, “Have you only one blessing, my father? Bless me, even me also, O my father.” Then Esau [no longer able to restrain himself] raised his voice and wept [loudly].

39 Then Isaac his father answered and [prophesied and] said to him,

“Your dwelling shall be away from the fertility of the earth
And away from the dew of heaven above;
40 
But you shall live by your sword,
And serve your brother;
However it shall come to pass when you break loose [from your anger and hatred],
That you will tear his yoke off your neck [and you will be free of him].”

41 So Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing with which his father blessed him; and Esau said in his heart, “The days of mourning for my father are very near; then I will kill my brother Jacob.” 42 When these words of her elder son Esau were repeated to Rebekah, she sent for Jacob her younger son, and said to him, “Listen carefully, your brother Esau is comforting himself concerning you by planning to kill you. 43 So now, my son, listen and do what I say; go, escape to my brother Laban in Haran! 44 Stay with him for a while, until your brother’s anger subsides. 45 When your brother’s anger toward you subsides and he forgets what you did to him, then [f]I will send and bring you back from there. Why should I be deprived of you both in a single day?”

46 Then Rebekah said to Isaac, “I am tired of living because of the daughters of Heth [these insolent wives of Esau]. If Jacob takes a wife from the daughters of Heth, like these daughters of the land, what good will my life be to me?”

Notas al pie

  1. Genesis 27:2 Isaac lived another forty-three years after this blessing was given to Jacob (35:27-29).
  2. Genesis 27:2 Lit the day of my death.
  3. Genesis 27:7 The patriarch’s formal blessing, offered before the Lord, was equivalent to an inalterable command and prophecy, whose outcome was assured. For that reason it had great importance and tangible value, especially for the firstborn son. When Esau sold his birthright (25:33), he did not imagine that, as a consequence, he would actually lose the blessing to which he had originally been entitled as the firstborn.
  4. Genesis 27:28 The Hebrew word refers to wine that is in the first stage of fermentation, still in the vat. Some of the rabbis said that the first stage takes three days, and that wine does not have a strong appeal to the senses until it is 40 days old (according to the Talmud).
  5. Genesis 27:36 See note 25:26.
  6. Genesis 27:45 Rebekah never saw her son Jacob again. He was well over forty and probably fifty-seven years old when he fled from Esau to Haran, and he stayed there at least twenty years.