La Bibbia della Gioia

Matteo 2

La nascita di Gesù

1Gesù nacque nella cittadina di Betlemme, in Giudea, durante il regno di Erode.

In quel periodo alcuni magi arrivarono a Gerusalemme dallʼOriente e chiesero:

«Dovʼè il re dei Giudei appena nato? Abbiamo visto la sua stella nei lontani paesi dʼOriente e siamo venuti qui per adorarlo».

Il re Erode rimase turbato da queste parole, e con lui gli abitanti di Gerusalemme. Egli riunì tutti i capi religiosi.

«Ci hanno mai detto i profeti dove sarebbe nato il Messia?» chiese il re.

«Sì, a Betlemme», risposero, «così infatti scrisse il profeta Michea: “O piccola Betlemme, tu non sei la meno importante fra i villaggi della Giudea, perché da te sorgerà un principe, che guiderà il mio popolo Israele”».

Allora Erode chiese di parlare in privato con i magi. Durante questo colloquio, scoprì il momento esatto in cui la stella era apparsa e disse loro: «Andate a Betlemme a cercare il bambino. Quando lʼavrete trovato, venite ad avvertirmi, così anchʼio potrò andare ad adorarlo!»

Dopo questo incontro, i magi ripresero il loro viaggio. Ed ecco: la stella che avevano visto in oriente li precedeva finché non si fermò proprio sul luogo dovʼera il bambino, sopra Betlemme.

10 La loro gioia non conobbe limiti!

11 Entrarono nella casa dove erano il bambino e Maria, sʼinginocchiarono e lo adorarono. Poi presentarono i loro doni e glieli offrirono: oro, incenso e mirra. 12 Ma nel viaggio di ritorno verso il loro paese, non passarono più per Gerusalemme ad informare Erode, perché Dio li aveva avvertiti in sogno di seguire unʼaltra strada.

13 Partiti i magi, un angelo del Signore apparve in sogno a Giuseppe. «Àlzati e fuggi in Egitto col bambino e sua madre», disse lʼangelo, «e restaci finché non ti dirò di ritornare, perché il re Erode cercherà di uccidere il bimbo!» 14 Quella notte stessa Giuseppe partì con Maria e il bambino per lʼEgitto, 15 dove rimasero fino alla morte di Erode. Così sʼavverava la predizione del profeta: «Ho chiamato mio figlio dallʼEgitto».

La strage degli innocenti

16 Erode andò su tutte le furie quando venne a sapere che i magi si erano presi gioco di lui. Mandò i suoi soldati a Betlemme e ordinò loro di uccidere tutti i bambini maschi al di sotto dei due anni, sia in città che nelle campagne circostanti, perché i magi gli avevano detto che la stella era apparsa loro due anni prima. 17 Con questa brutale azione di Erode si avverava la profezia di Geremia: 18 «Grida di dolore si odono da Rama, un pianto irrefrenabile; è Rachele sconsolata che piange per i suoi figli, perché sono morti».

19 Dopo la morte di Erode, un angelo del Signore apparve in sogno a Giuseppe in Egitto e gli disse: 20 «Àlzati e riporta il bambino e sua madre in Israele, perché ormai quelli che volevano uccidere il bimbo sono tutti morti».

21 E Giuseppe ritornò immediatamente in Israele con Gesù e sua madre. 22 Ma, sulla via del ritorno, apprese con timore che il nuovo re era Archelao, figlio di Erode. Sempre in sogno, fu avvertito di non tornare in Giudea; si stabilirono allora tutti e tre in Galilea, 23 a Nazaret. Si realizzava così la predizione del profeta concernente il Messia: «Egli sarà chiamato Nazareno».

Amplified Bible

Matthew 2

The Visit of the Magi

1Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of [a]Herod the king (Herod the Great), [b]magi (wise men) from the east came to Jerusalem, asking, “Where is He who has been born King of the Jews? For we have seen His star [c]in the east and have come to worship Him.” When Herod the king heard this, he was disturbed, and all Jerusalem with him. So he called together all the chief priests and [d]scribes of the people and [anxiously] asked them where the Christ (the Messiah, the Anointed) was to be born. They replied to him, “In Bethlehem of Judea, for this is what has been written by the prophet [Micah]:


And you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah,
are not in any way least among the leaders of Judah;
For from you shall come a Ruler
Who will shepherd My people Israel.’”

Then Herod secretly sent for the magi and learned from them [e]the [exact] time the star [had first] appeared. Then he sent them to Bethlehem, saying, “Go and search carefully for the Child; and when you have found Him, report to me, so that I too may come and worship Him.” After hearing the king, they went their way; and behold, the star, which they had seen in the east, went on before them [continually leading the way] until it came and stood over the place where the young Child was. 10 When they saw the star, they rejoiced exceedingly with great joy. 11 And after entering the house, they saw the Child with Mary His mother; and they fell down and worshiped Him. Then, after opening their treasure chests, they presented to Him gifts [fit for a king, gifts] of gold, frankincense, and myrrh. 12 And having been warned [by God] in a dream not to go back to Herod, the magi left for their own country by another way.

The Flight to Egypt

13 Now when they had gone, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, “Get up! Take the Child and His mother and flee to Egypt, and remain there until I tell you; for Herod intends to search for the Child in order to destroy Him.”

14 So Joseph got up and took the Child and His mother while it was still night, and left for Egypt. 15 He remained there until the death of Herod. This was to fulfill what the Lord had spoken by the prophet [Hosea]: “Out of Egypt I called My Son.”

Herod Slaughters the Babies

16 Then Herod, when he realized that he had been tricked by the magi, was extremely angry, and he sent [soldiers] and put to death all the male children in Bethlehem and in all that area who were two years old and under, according to the date which he had learned from the magi. 17 Then what had been spoken through Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled:

18 
A voice was heard in [f]Ramah,
Weeping and great mourning,
[g]Rachel weeping for her children;
She refused to be comforted,
Because they were no more.”

19 But when [h]Herod died, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, and said, 20 “Get up! Take the Child and His mother, and go to the land of Israel; for those who sought the Child’s life are dead.” 21 Then Joseph got up, and took the Child and His mother, and came into the land of Israel. 22 But when he heard that Archelaus was ruling over Judea [i]in place of his father Herod [the Great], he was afraid to go there. Then being warned by God in a dream, he left for the region of Galilee, 23 and went and settled in a city called Nazareth. This was to fulfill what was spoken through the prophets: “He shall be called a [j]Nazarene.”

Notas al pie

  1. Matthew 2:1 Herod the Great was born into a prominent, wealthy family in Idumea (the area formerly known as Edom, the land of Esau’s descendants) and some archeological evidence indicates he considered himself Jewish.
  2. Matthew 2:1 Gr magoi; these were educated men who specialized in astronomy, astrology, and the natural sciences. The magi were witnesses to the miraculous events surrounding the birth of Jesus.
  3. Matthew 2:2 Or at its rising.
  4. Matthew 2:4 Teachers and professional scholars specializing in the Law (Hebrew Bible, the Old Testament) and writings of the prophets.
  5. Matthew 2:7 Lit the time of the appearing star.
  6. Matthew 2:18 Ramah was located five miles north of Jerusalem, this city was a staging point for the deportation of Jews to Babylon under Nebuchadnezzar in 586 b.c.
  7. Matthew 2:18 A reference to Jacob’s (Israel’s) wife Rachel as the mother of the children of Israel. Here, her grief over the slaughter of babies by Herod parallels the grief of Israel when they were conquered and deported by the Babylonians. The image is that of Rachel weeping for the children of Israel from her grave. Matthew takes Jeremiah’s words, which originally referred to grief over Babylonian captivity, and applies them to Herod’s slaughter of the babies.
  8. Matthew 2:19 Herod the Great died sometime between March 29 and April 11, 4 b.c.
  9. Matthew 2:22 Following Herod’s death Israel was partitioned between three of his sons: Archelaus, Antipas, and Philip II.
  10. Matthew 2:23 The Nazarenes may have been looked on with disfavor by other Jews because Roman soldiers, whose presence was greatly resented, were housed near Nazareth, perhaps causing the Nazarenes to be identified with them.