The Gospel Exalted
1Paul, a [a]bond-servant of Christ Jesus, called as an apostle (special messenger, personally chosen representative), set apart for [preaching] the [b]gospel of God [the good news of salvation], 2 which He promised beforehand through His prophets in the sacred Scriptures— 3 [the good news] regarding His Son, who, as to the flesh [His human nature], was born a descendant of David [to fulfill the covenant promises], 4 and [as to His divine nature] according to the Spirit of holiness was openly designated to be the Son of God with power [in a triumphant and miraculous way] by His resurrection from the dead: Jesus Christ our Lord. 5 It is through Him that we have received grace and [our] apostleship to promote obedience to the faith and make disciples for His name’s sake among all the Gentiles, 6 and you also are among those who are called of Jesus Christ to belong to Him;
7 [I am writing] to all who are beloved of God in Rome, called to be saints (God’s people) and set apart for a sanctified life, [that is, set apart for God and His purpose]: Grace to you and peace [inner calm and spiritual well-being] from God our Father and from the Lord Jesus Christ.
8 First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for all of you, because your faith [your trust and confidence in His power, wisdom, and goodness] is being proclaimed in all the world. 9 For God, whom I serve with my spirit by preaching the gospel of His Son, is my witness as to how continuously I mention you 10 in my prayers; always pleading that somehow, by God’s will, I may now at last come to you. 11 For I long to see you so that I may share with you some spiritual gift, to strengthen and establish you; 12 that is, that we may be mutually encouraged and comforted by each other’s faith, both yours and mine. 13 I do not want you to be unaware, [c]brothers and sisters, that many times I have planned to come to you, (and have been prevented so far) so that I may have some fruit [of my labors] among you, even as I have among the rest of the Gentiles. 14 I have a duty to perform and a debt to pay both to Greeks and to barbarians [the cultured and the uncultured], both to the wise and to the foolish. 15 So, for my part, I am ready and eager to preach the gospel also to you who are in Rome.
16 I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation [from His wrath and punishment] to everyone who believes [in Christ as Savior], to the Jew first and also to the Greek. 17 For in the gospel the righteousness of God is revealed, both springing from faith and leading to faith [disclosed in a way that awakens more faith]. As it is written and forever remains written, “The just and upright shall live by faith.”
Unbelief and Its Consequences
18 For [God does not overlook sin and] the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men who in their wickedness suppress and stifle the truth, 19 because that which is known about God is evident within them [in their inner consciousness], for God made it evident to them. 20 For ever since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through His workmanship [all His creation, the wonderful things that He has made], so that they [who fail to believe and trust in Him] are without excuse and without defense. 21 For even though [d]they knew God [as the Creator], they did not [e]honor Him as God or give thanks [for His wondrous creation]. On the contrary, they became worthless in their thinking [godless, with pointless reasonings, and silly speculations], and their foolish heart was darkened. 22 Claiming to be wise, they became fools, 23 and exchanged the glory and majesty and excellence of the immortal God for [f]an image [worthless idols] in the shape of mortal man and birds and four-footed animals and reptiles.
24 Therefore God gave them over in the lusts of their own hearts to [sexual] impurity, so that their bodies would be dishonored among them [abandoning them to the degrading power of sin], 25 because [by choice] they exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever! Amen.
26 For this reason God gave them over to degrading and vile passions; for their women exchanged the natural function for that which is unnatural [a function contrary to nature], 27 and in the same way also the men turned away from the natural function of the woman and were consumed with their desire toward one another, men with men committing shameful acts and in return receiving in their own bodies the inevitable and appropriate penalty for their wrongdoing.
28 And since they did not see fit to acknowledge God or consider Him worth knowing [as their Creator], God gave them over to a depraved mind, to do things which are improper and repulsive, 29 until they were filled (permeated, saturated) with every kind of unrighteousness, wickedness, greed, evil; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malice and mean-spiritedness. They are gossips [spreading rumors], 30 slanderers, haters of God, insolent, arrogant, boastful, inventors [of new forms] of evil, disobedient and disrespectful to parents, 31 without understanding, untrustworthy, unloving, unmerciful [without pity]. 32 Although they know God’s righteous decree and His judgment, that those who do such things deserve death, yet they not only do them, but they even [enthusiastically] approve and tolerate others who practice them.
Notas al pie
- Romans 1:1 I.e. a person in bondage. One who belongs to another.
- Romans 1:1 In ancient Greece the word translated as “good news” or “gospel” was used to denote, among other things, success in a battle.
- Romans 1:13 Lit brethren, includes all born-again believers: men, women, and children.
- Romans 1:21 Anyone who attributes the existence of the world to chance or to a different creator is already guilty of deliberately rejecting God, because to deny the true God one must set aside common sense.
- Romans 1:21 Lit glorify.
- Romans 1:23 Paul’s indictment of idolatry (images) is logical and devastating. He emphasizes that idols are essentially copies of living creatures, whether in human form (as, for example, in ancient Greek myth) or otherwise (as in Egyptian idolatry and metaphysics). These lifeless images are clearly powerless, and even the living creatures which they supposedly represent are either nonexistent hybrids and monsters, or else ordinary creatures on earth who could hardly create so much as a grain of sand.
1Kutoka kwa Paulo, mtumwa wa Yesu Kristo na mtume niliyecha guliwa na kuitwa kuhubiri Habari Njema ya Mungu. 2 Habari hii aliiahidi tangu zamani kwa njia ya manabii wake katika Maandiko matakatifu.
3 Habari hii njema ni kuhusu Mwana wa Mungu ambaye kimwili alizaliwa katika ukoo wa Daudi, 4 na ambaye alidhihiri shwa kuwa Mwana wa Mungu kwa uwezo wa Roho wa utakatifu kwa kufufuliwa kutoka kwa wafu. Yeye ndiye Yesu Kristo Bwana wetu, 5 ambaye kutoka kwake, na kwa ajili yake, tumepokea neema na agizo la kuwaongoza watu wa mataifa yote wasiomjua Mungu, wapate kumwamini na kumtii. 6 Ninyi pia ni miongoni mwa watu walioitwa kuwa wafuasi wa Yesu Kristo.
7 Basi, nawatakieni ninyi nyote mlioko huko Roma, ambao ni wapendwa wa Mungu mlioitwa muwe watakatifu, neema na amani ito kayo kwa Mungu Baba yetu, na kwa Bwana wetu Yesu Kristo.
Maombi Na Shukrani
8 Kwanza kabisa, namshukuru Mungu wangu kwa njia ya Yesu Kristo kwa ajili yenu nyote, kwa sababu imani yenu inatangazwa duniani kote. 9 Mungu ninayemtumikia kwa moyo wangu wote ninapo hubiri Habari Njema ya Mwanae, anajua jinsi ninavyowakumbuka siku zote 10 katika sala zangu kila ninapoomba. Namwomba Mungu, akipenda, hatimaye sasa nipate nafasi ya kuja kwenu. 11 Ninata mani sana kuwaona ili niwagawie zawadi ya kiroho ya kuwaima risha, 12 yaani tuimarishane: mimi nitiwe moyo kwa imani yenu na ninyi mtiwe moyo kwa imani yangu.
13 Ndugu zangu, napenda mfahamu kwamba mara nyingi nimeku sudia kuja kwenu, ingawa mpaka sasa nimezuiliwa. Ningependa kupata mavuno ya waamini kati yenu kama nilivyofanikiwa kupata waamini kati ya watu wa mataifa mengine.
14 Ninawajibika kwa watu wote, Wagiriki na wasiokuwa Wagi riki; wenye elimu na wasiokuwa na elimu. 15 Ndio maana ninata mani sana kuhubiri Injili kwenu ninyi pia mlioko Roma.
16 Mimi siionei aibu Injili kwa maanani nguvu ya Mungu inayowaokoa wote wanaoamini: Wayahudi kwanza, na watu wa mataifa mengine pia. 17 Kwa maana Habari hii Njema inaonyesha wazi haki inayotoka kwa Mungu. Haki hii hupatikana kwa imani tangu mwanzo hadi mwisho. Kama ilivyoandikwa: “Wenye haki wataishi kwa imani.”
Ghadhabu Ya Mungu Kwa Wanadamu
18 Ghadhabu ya Mungu imedhihirishwa kutoka mbinguni dhidi ya uasi na uovu wa wanadamu ambao kwa uovu wao wanauficha ukweli usijulikane. 19 Kwa maana yote yanayoweza kujulikana kumhusu Mungu ni dhahiri kwao kwa sababu Mungu mwenyewe ameyaweka wazi. 20 Tangu Mungu alipoumba ulimwengu, asili ya Mungu asiyeonekana kwa macho, yaani uwezo wake wa milele na Uungu wake, umedhihirika wazi wazi kutokana na vitu alivyoviumba. Kwa hiyo watu hawana kisingizio.
21 Ingawa walimjua Mungu, hawakumpa heshima na utukufu anaostahili wala kumshukuru. Badala yake, fikira zao zimekuwa batili na akili zao zilizopumbaa zikatiwa giza. 22 Wakijidai kuwa ni werevu, wakawa wajinga. 23 Wakauacha utukufu wa Mungu aishiye milele wakageukia sanamu zinazofanana na mwanadamu ambaye hufa, na ndege na wanyama na viumbe vitambaavyo.
24 Kwa hiyo, Mungu aliwaacha waendelee kufuata tamaa mbaya za mioyo yao na kutenda matendo ya unajisi nakufanyiana mambo ya aibu katika miili yao. 25 Hii ni kwa sababu walikataa ukweli ku husu Mungu wakaamua kuamini uongo; wakaabudu na kutumikia kiumbe badala ya Muumba ahimidiwaye milele! Amina.
26 Kwa hiyo, Mungu aliwaachia wafuate tamaa zao za aibu. Hata wanawake wao waliacha matumizi ya asili ya maumbile yao wakatumia miili yao isivyokusudiwa. 27 Hali kadhalika wanaume waliacha uhusiano wa asili kati ya waume na wake wakawakiana tamaa wao kwa wao. Wanaume walifanyiana mambo ya aibu, nao waka pata katika miili yao adhabu waliyostahili kama matokeo ya uovu wao.
28 Zaidi ya hayo, kwa sababu walikataa kumtambua Mungu, yeye aliwaacha katika nia zao za upotovu watende mambo yasiyosta hili kutendwa. 29 Wamejawa na udhalimu wa kila namna, uovu, tamaa na ubaya. Wamejawa na husuda, uuaji, fitina, hadaa, nia mbaya. Wao pia ni wasengenyaji, 30 wasingiziaji, wanaomchukia Mu ngu, wajeuri, wenye kiburi na majivuno; wenye hila, wasiotii wazazi wao; 31 niwajinga, wasioamini, wasio na huruma nawaka tili. 32 Ingawa wanafahamu sheria ya Mungu kwamba watu wanaoishi maisha ya namna hii wanastahili mauti, bado wanaendelea kutenda mambo haya na kuwasifu wengine wafanyao kama wao.