Amplified Bible

Psalm 78

God’s Guidance of His People in Spite of Their Unfaithfulness.

A skillful song, or a didactic or reflective poem, of Asaph.

1Listen, O my people, to my teaching;
Incline your ears to the words of my mouth [and be willing to learn].

I will open my mouth in a parable [to instruct using examples];
I will utter dark and puzzling sayings of old [that contain important truth]—

Which we have heard and known,
And our fathers have told us.

We will not hide them from their children,
But [we will] tell to the generation to come the praiseworthy deeds of the Lord,
And [tell of] His great might and power and the wonderful works that He has done.

For He established a testimony (a specific precept) in Jacob
And appointed a law in Israel,
Which He commanded our fathers
That they should teach to their children [the great facts of God’s transactions with Israel],

That the generation to come might know them, that the children still to be born
May arise and recount them to their children,

That they should place their confidence in God
And not forget the works of God,
But keep His commandments,

And not be like their fathers—
A stubborn and rebellious generation,
A generation that did not prepare its heart to know and follow God,
And whose spirit was not faithful to God.

The sons of Ephraim were armed as archers and carrying bows,
Yet they turned back in the day of battle.
They did not keep the covenant of God
And refused to walk according to His law;
And they forgot His [incredible] works
And His miraculous wonders that He had shown them.
He did marvelous things in the sight of their fathers
In the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan [where Pharaoh resided].
He divided the [Red] Sea and allowed them to pass through it,
And He made the waters stand up like [water behind] a dam.
In the daytime He led them with a cloud
And all the night with a light of fire.
He split rocks in the wilderness
And gave them abundant [water to] drink like the ocean depths.
He brought streams also from the rock [at Rephidim and Kadesh]
And caused waters to run down like rivers.

Yet they still continued to sin against Him
By rebelling against the Most High in the desert.
And in their hearts they put God to the test
By asking for food according to their [selfish] appetite.
Then they spoke against God;
They said, “Can God prepare [food for] a table in the wilderness?
“Behold, He struck the rock so that waters gushed out
And the streams overflowed;
Can He give bread also?
Or will He provide meat for His people?”

Therefore, when the Lord heard, He was full of wrath;
A fire was kindled against Jacob,
And His anger mounted up against Israel,
Because they did not believe in God [they did not rely on Him, they did not adhere to Him],
And they did not trust in His salvation (His power to save).
Yet He commanded the clouds from above
And opened the doors of heaven;
And He rained down manna upon them to eat
And gave them the grain of heaven.
Man ate the bread of angels;
God sent them provision in abundance.
He caused the east wind to blow in the heavens
And by His [unlimited] power He guided the south wind.
He rained meat upon them like the dust,
And winged birds (quail) like the sand of the seas.
And He let them fall in the midst of their camp,
Around their tents.
So they ate and were well filled,
He gave them what they craved.
Before they had satisfied their desire,
And while their food was in their mouths,
The wrath of God rose against them
And killed some of the strongest of them,
And subdued the choice young men of Israel.
In spite of all this they still sinned,
For they did not believe in His wonderful and extraordinary works.
Therefore He consumed their days like a breath [in emptiness and futility]
And their years in sudden terror.

When He killed [some of] them, then those remaining sought Him,
And they returned [to Him] and searched diligently for God [for a time].
And they remembered that God was their rock,
And the Most High God their Redeemer.
Nevertheless they flattered Him with their mouths
And lied to Him with their tongues.
For their heart was not steadfast toward Him,
Nor were they faithful to His covenant.
[a]But He, the source of compassion and lovingkindness, forgave their wickedness and did not destroy them;
Many times He restrained His anger
And did not stir up all His wrath.
For He [graciously] remembered that they were mere [human] flesh,
A wind that goes and does not return.

How often they rebelled against Him in the wilderness
And grieved Him in the desert!
Again and again they tempted God,
And distressed the Holy One of Israel.
They did not remember [the miracles worked by] His [powerful] hand,
Nor the day when He redeemed them from the enemy,
How He worked His miracles in Egypt
And His wonders in the field of Zoan [where Pharaoh resided],
And turned their rivers into blood,
And their streams, so that they could not drink.
He sent among them swarms of flies which devoured them,
And frogs which destroyed them.
He also gave their crops to the grasshopper,
And the fruit of their labor to the locust.
He destroyed their vines with [great] hailstones
And their sycamore trees with frost.
He gave over their cattle also to the hailstones,
And their flocks and herds to thunderbolts.
He sent upon them His burning anger,
His fury and indignation and distress,
A band of angels of destruction [among them].
He leveled a path for His anger [to give it free run];
He did not spare their souls from death,
But turned over their lives to the plague.
He killed all the firstborn in Egypt,
The first and best of their strength in the tents [of the land of the sons] of Ham.
But God led His own people forward like sheep
And guided them in the wilderness like [a good shepherd with] a flock.
He led them safely, so that they did not fear;
But the sea engulfed their enemies.

So He brought them to His holy land,
To this mountain [Zion] which His right hand had acquired.
He also drove out the nations before the sons of Israel
And allotted their land as an inheritance, measured out and partitioned;
And He had the tribes of Israel dwell in their tents [the tents of those who had been dispossessed].
Yet they tempted and rebelled against the Most High God
And did not keep His testimonies (laws).
They turned back and acted unfaithfully like their fathers;
They were twisted like a warped bow [that will not respond to the archer’s aim].
For they provoked Him to [righteous] anger with their high places [devoted to idol worship]
And moved Him to jealousy with their carved images [by denying Him the love, worship, and obedience that is rightfully and uniquely His].
When God heard this, He was filled with [righteous] wrath;
And utterly rejected Israel, [greatly hating her ways],
So that He abandoned the tabernacle at Shiloh,
The tent in which He had dwelled among men,
And gave up His strength and power (the ark of the covenant) into captivity,
And His glory into the hand of the enemy (the Philistines).
He also handed His people over to the sword,
And was infuriated with His inheritance (Israel).
The fire [of war] devoured His young men,
And His [bereaved] virgins had no wedding songs.
His priests [Hophni and Phinehas] fell by the sword,
And His widows could not weep.

Then the Lord awakened as from sleep,
Like a [mighty] warrior who awakens from the sleep of wine [fully conscious of his power].
He drove His enemies backward;
He subjected them to lasting shame and dishonor.
Moreover, He rejected the tent of Joseph,
And did not choose the tribe of Ephraim [in which the tabernacle stood].
But He chose the tribe of Judah [as Israel’s leader],
Mount Zion, which He loved [to replace Shiloh as His capital].
And He built His sanctuary [exalted] like the heights [of the heavens],
Like the earth which He has established forever.
He also chose David His servant
And took him from the sheepfolds;
[b]From [c]tending the ewes with nursing young He brought him
To shepherd Jacob His people,
And Israel His inheritance.
So David shepherded them according to the integrity of his heart;
And guided them with his skillful hands.

  1. Psalm 78:38 The ancient Sopherim, the Jewish scholars whose responsibility it was to do counts of all the letters, words, and verses of the OT, said that this verse marks the halfway point in Psalms.
  2. Psalm 78:71 The first impression one might receive from this passage is that God elevated David from the lowliest position in Israel to the highest. But the ancient rabbis said that God tested David’s skills and wisdom as a shepherd. For example, it is said that David held back the bigger sheep from the pasture and brought out the smaller ones first to graze on the tender grass. The rabbis represented God as saying, “He who knows how to shepherd the sheep, each one in proportion to its strength, shall come and shepherd My people.”
  3. Psalm 78:71 Lit following.

Nkwa Asem

Nnwom 78

Onyankopɔn ne ne nkurɔfo

1Me nkurɔfo, muntie me nkyerɛkyerɛ na monyɛ aso mma asɛm a meka no. Mede abebu rebɛkyerɛ mo anwonwade a esii tete no mu; nneɛma a yɛate na yɛahu; nneɛma a yɛn agyanom kaa ho asɛm kyerɛɛ yɛn. Yɛremfa nkame yɛn mma; yɛbɛka Awurade tumideyɛ ne anwonwade a wayɛ akyerɛ nkyirimma. Ɔmaa Israelfo mmara na ɔde ahyɛde nso maa Yakob asefo. Ɔka kyerɛɛ yɛn agyanom se wɔnkyerɛkyerɛ wɔn mma ne mmara no, sɛnea ɛbɛyɛ a nkyirimma besua na wɔn nso akyerɛkyerɛ wɔn mma. Ɛba saa a, wɔn nso de wɔn ho bɛto Onyankopɔn so, na ɛremma wɔn werɛ mfi nea wayɛ, na daa wobedi ne mmara no so. Wɔrenyɛ sɛ wɔn nenanom adɔnyɛfo ne asoɔdenfo a wɔn gyidi a na wɔwɔ wɔ Onyankopɔn mu no antim da, nanso wɔantena ase sɛ nokwafo amma no.

Efraimfo a wokitakita nnyan ne ne ntadua no guanee ɔko da no. 10 Wɔanni wɔne Onyankopɔn apam no so; wɔampɛ sɛ wodi ne mmara no so. 11 Wɔn werɛ fii anwonwade a wohui sɛ wayɛ no. 12 Bere a na wɔn nenanom rehwɛ Onyankopɔn no, na ɔno nso reyɛ anwonwade wɔ Soan a ɛwɔ Misraim no. 13 Ɔkyɛɛ ɛpo mu na ɔde wɔn faa mu. Ɔmaa nsu no gyinae sɛ afasuw. 14 Ɔnam omununkum mu dii wɔn anim awia ne anadwo, kanea gya mu. 15 Ɔpaee ɔbotan mu wɔ bepɔw so, na onyaa nsu fii mu de maa wɔn. 16 Ɔmaa asuwa bɛtɔɔ ɔbotan no mu maa nsu sen fii mu sɛ asuten. 17 Nanso wɔkɔɔ so yɛɛ bɔne tiaa Onyankopɔn na bepɔw no so, wɔsɔre tiaa ɔsorosoroni no. 18 Wɔboapa bisaa aduan a wɔpɛ de sɔɔ Onyankopɔn hwɛe. 19 Wɔkasa tiaa Onyankopɔn se, “Onyankopɔn betumi ama aduan wɔ sare so anaa? 20 Ɛwom sɛ ɔbɔɔ ɔbotan mu maa nsu pii sen fii mu, na obetumi ama yɛn abodoo na wama ne nkurɔfo nam nso?” 21 Enti Onyankopɔn tee no, ne bo fuwii, na ɔde ogya kɔɔ ne nkurɔkfo so, na n’abufuw a ɛwɔ wɔn so no mu yɛɛ den 22 efisɛ, na wonni ne mu gyidi sɛ obetumi agye wɔn nkwa. 23 Nanso ɔkasa kyerɛɛ soro; ɔhyɛ maa n’apon buei. 24 Ɔtɔɔ mana ma wodii. 25 Enti wodii abɔfo aduan, na Onyankopɔn maa wɔn nea ehia wɔn nyinaa.

26 Bio, ɔmaa apuei mframa bɔe, na ne tumi mu, ɔhwanyanee anadwo mframa, 27 na ɔmaa ne nkurɔfo nnomaa a wɔn dodow bɛyɛ sɛ mpoano anhwea. 28 Wɔtetew guguu ntamadan no mu ne ho nyinaa. 29 Enti nnipa we mee. Onyankopɔn maa wɔn nea wɔhwehwɛ. 30 Nanso, wɔn ani ansɔ nea wɔhwehwɛ no nyinaa ho a na wogu so didi 31 bere a Onyankopɔn ani beree wɔn so na okum mmarima ahoɔdenfo a na wodi mu wɔ Israel no. 32 Eyinom nyinaa akyi, na bɔne ara na nnipa no reyɛ; n’anwonwade no nyinaa akyi, wɔamfa wɔn ho anto ne so. 33 Enti otwaa wɔn nna so te sɛ ɔhome na wɔn nkwa yɛɛ sin prɛkopɛ.

34 Bere biara a obekum wɔn mu bi no, nkae no dan ba ne nkyɛn; wɔbɛsesa abɔ no mpae dennen. 35 Wɔkaee sɛ Onyankopɔn yɛ wɔn hwɛfo, na Otumfoɔ no bɛboa wɔn. 36 Nanso na wɔn nsɛm no nyinaa yɛ atoro. Nsɛm a wɔka no mu biara nyɛ nokware. 37 Na wonni no nokware; na wonni wɔne n’apam no nokware. 38 Nanso na Onyankopɔn wɔ ahummɔbɔ ma ne nkurɔfo. Ɔde wɔn bɔne kyɛɛ wɔn na wansɛe wɔn. Mpɛn pii ɔkoraa nabufuw so na wanna n’abufuw adi. 39 Ɔkaee sɛ wɔyɛ adasamma te sɛ mframa a ɛbɔ na etwam no.

40 Mpɛn ahe na wɔansɔre antia no wɔ sare so hɔ, na mpɛn ahe na wɔamma ne werɛ anhow! 41 Wɔsɔɔ Onyankopɔn hwɛe adekyee ne adesae nam so de yaw brɛɛ Israel Nyankopɔn Kronkron no. 42 Wɔn werɛ fii ne tumi kɛse no ne da a ogyee wɔn fii wɔn atamfo nsam, 43 wɔ Soan tawtaw so a ɛwɔ Misraim no. 44 Ɔmaa nsu dan mogya a na Misraimfo nnya nsu nnom. 45 Ɔmaa nwansena baa wɔn so bɛhaw wɔn na mpɔtorɔ nso bɛsɛee wɔn asase.

46 Ɔmaa mmoadabi bedii wɔn mfuduan de sɛee wɔn mfuw. 47 Ɔde asukɔtweaa bɛsɛee wɔn bobe na ɔde sukyerɛmma sɛee wɔn ankye nnua. 48 Ɔde asukɔtweaa kum wɔn anantwi ɛnna ɔde anyinam kum wɔn nguan. 49 Ɔnam n’abufuw a ano yɛ den a ɛbae te sɛ owu asomafo no maa ɔhaw kɛse baa wɔn so. 50 Wamfa n’abufuw ansie, na wamfa wɔn nkwa nso ankyɛ wɔn. Mmom, ɔmaa ɔyaredɔm bekum wɔn. 51 Okum Misraimfo mmakan nyinaa.

52 Afei odii ne nkurɔfo anim te sɛ oguanhwɛfo de wɔn faa sare no so. 53 Odii wɔn anim dwoodwoo, enti na wonsuro. Nanso ɛpo asorɔkye bɛbɔ faa wɔn atamfo so. 54 Ɔde wɔn baa n’asase kronkron no ne mmepɔw a ɔko dii so no so. 55 Ɔpamoo nnipa a na wɔte hɔ no de hɔ maa ne nkurɔfo. Ɔkyekyɛɛ wɔn nsase no mu de maa Israel mmusuakuw no de wɔn afi maa ne nkurɔfo no.

56 Nanso wɔsrɔre tiaa Onyankopɔn tumfoɔ sɔɔ no hwɛe. Wɔanni ne mmara so. 57 Na mmom, wɔsɔre tiaa no na wɔanni nokware sɛ wɔn agyanom, wɔn a wɔde wɔn ho to wɔn so a, ɛnyɛ ye te sɛ agyan a akyeakyea no. 58 Wɔn abosonsom hyɛɛ no abufuw, na wɔn ahoni a na wɔsom no maa ne bo fuwii.

59 Onyankopɔn hui no, ne bo fuwii enti ɔpoo ne nkurɔfo no koraa. 60 Ogyaw ne ntamadan wɔ Silo, faako a na ɔte wɔ wɔn mu no. 61 Ɔmaa yɛn atamfo faa Apam Adaka a ɛyɛ ne tumi ne n’anuonyam agyiraehyɛde no. 62 Ne bo fuwii ɔno ara ne nkurɔfo enti ɔmaa wɔn ara wɔn atamfo kunkum wɔn. 63 Wokum mmerante wɔ ɔsa mu, enti na mmabaa nnya kunu nware. 64 Asɔfo wuwui basabasayɛ mu na wɔamma wɔn akunafo no kwan amma wɔansu. 65 Akyiri yi, Awurade sɔree sɛnea ofi nna mu. Na ɔte sɛ ɔhoɔdenfo a nsa ahyɛ no den. 66 Odii wɔn so nea edi kan ne nea etwa to hyɛɛ wɔn aniwu, pamoo wɔn. 67 Nanso ɔpoo Yosef asefo. Efraim abusua nso, wamfa wɔn. 68 Na mmom, oyii Yuda ne Sion Bepɔw a na ɔpɛ n’asɛm no. 69 Ɛhɔ na osii ne fi te sɛ ne soro fi. Ɔyɛɛ no den te sɛ asase pɛ a etim hɔ daa. 70 Oyii ne somfo Dawid a ɔfrɛɛ no fii nguan adidibea hɔ no; 71 ɔno na ɔhwɛɛ ne nguan so na ɔyɛɛ no Israel hene ne Onyankopɔn nkurɔfo so oguanhwɛfo. 72 Dawid de ne koma ne ne nyansa nyinaa hwɛɛ wɔn.