Amplified Bible

Psalm 78

God’s Guidance of His People in Spite of Their Unfaithfulness.

A skillful song, or a didactic or reflective poem, of Asaph.

1Listen, O my people, to my teaching;
Incline your ears to the words of my mouth [and be willing to learn].

I will open my mouth in a parable [to instruct using examples];
I will utter dark and puzzling sayings of old [that contain important truth]—

Which we have heard and known,
And our fathers have told us.

We will not hide them from their children,
But [we will] tell to the generation to come the praiseworthy deeds of the Lord,
And [tell of] His great might and power and the wonderful works that He has done.


For He established a testimony (a specific precept) in Jacob
And appointed a law in Israel,
Which He commanded our fathers
That they should teach to their children [the great facts of God’s transactions with Israel],

That the generation to come might know them, that the children still to be born
May arise and recount them to their children,

That they should place their confidence in God
And not forget the works of God,
But keep His commandments,

And not be like their fathers—
A stubborn and rebellious generation,
A generation that did not prepare its heart to know and follow God,
And whose spirit was not faithful to God.


The sons of Ephraim were armed as archers and carrying bows,
Yet they turned back in the day of battle.
10 
They did not keep the covenant of God
And refused to walk according to His law;
11 
And they forgot His [incredible] works
And His miraculous wonders that He had shown them.
12 
He did marvelous things in the sight of their fathers
In the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan [where Pharaoh resided].
13 
He divided the [Red] Sea and allowed them to pass through it,
And He made the waters stand up like [water behind] a dam.
14 
In the daytime He led them with a cloud
And all the night with a light of fire.
15 
He split rocks in the wilderness
And gave them abundant [water to] drink like the ocean depths.
16 
He brought streams also from the rock [at Rephidim and Kadesh]
And caused waters to run down like rivers.

17 
Yet they still continued to sin against Him
By rebelling against the Most High in the desert.
18 
And in their hearts they put God to the test
By asking for food according to their [selfish] appetite.
19 
Then they spoke against God;
They said, “Can God prepare [food for] a table in the wilderness?
20 
“Behold, He struck the rock so that waters gushed out
And the streams overflowed;
Can He give bread also?
Or will He provide meat for His people?”

21 
Therefore, when the Lord heard, He was full of wrath;
A fire was kindled against Jacob,
And His anger mounted up against Israel,
22 
Because they did not believe in God [they did not rely on Him, they did not adhere to Him],
And they did not trust in His salvation (His power to save).
23 
Yet He commanded the clouds from above
And opened the doors of heaven;
24 
And He rained down manna upon them to eat
And gave them the grain of heaven.
25 
Man ate the bread of angels;
God sent them provision in abundance.
26 
He caused the east wind to blow in the heavens
And by His [unlimited] power He guided the south wind.
27 
He rained meat upon them like the dust,
And winged birds (quail) like the sand of the seas.
28 
And He let them fall in the midst of their camp,
Around their tents.
29 
So they ate and were well filled,
He gave them what they craved.
30 
Before they had satisfied their desire,
And while their food was in their mouths,
31 
The wrath of God rose against them
And killed some of the strongest of them,
And subdued the choice young men of Israel.
32 
In spite of all this they still sinned,
For they did not believe in His wonderful and extraordinary works.
33 
Therefore He consumed their days like a breath [in emptiness and futility]
And their years in sudden terror.

34 
When He killed [some of] them, then those remaining sought Him,
And they returned [to Him] and searched diligently for God [for a time].
35 
And they remembered that God was their rock,
And the Most High God their Redeemer.
36 
Nevertheless they flattered Him with their mouths
And lied to Him with their tongues.
37 
For their heart was not steadfast toward Him,
Nor were they faithful to His covenant.
38 
[a]But He, the source of compassion and lovingkindness, forgave their wickedness and did not destroy them;
Many times He restrained His anger
And did not stir up all His wrath.
39 
For He [graciously] remembered that they were mere [human] flesh,
A wind that goes and does not return.

40 
How often they rebelled against Him in the wilderness
And grieved Him in the desert!
41 
Again and again they tempted God,
And distressed the Holy One of Israel.
42 
They did not remember [the miracles worked by] His [powerful] hand,
Nor the day when He redeemed them from the enemy,
43 
How He worked His miracles in Egypt
And His wonders in the field of Zoan [where Pharaoh resided],
44 
And turned their rivers into blood,
And their streams, so that they could not drink.
45 
He sent among them swarms of flies which devoured them,
And frogs which destroyed them.
46 
He also gave their crops to the grasshopper,
And the fruit of their labor to the locust.
47 
He destroyed their vines with [great] hailstones
And their sycamore trees with frost.
48 
He gave over their cattle also to the hailstones,
And their flocks and herds to thunderbolts.
49 
He sent upon them His burning anger,
His fury and indignation and distress,
A band of angels of destruction [among them].
50 
He leveled a path for His anger [to give it free run];
He did not spare their souls from death,
But turned over their lives to the plague.
51 
He killed all the firstborn in Egypt,
The first and best of their strength in the tents [of the land of the sons] of Ham.
52 
But God led His own people forward like sheep
And guided them in the wilderness like [a good shepherd with] a flock.
53 
He led them safely, so that they did not fear;
But the sea engulfed their enemies.

54 
So He brought them to His holy land,
To this mountain [Zion] which His right hand had acquired.
55 
He also drove out the nations before the sons of Israel
And allotted their land as an inheritance, measured out and partitioned;
And He had the tribes of Israel dwell in their tents [the tents of those who had been dispossessed].
56 
Yet they tempted and rebelled against the Most High God
And did not keep His testimonies (laws).
57 
They turned back and acted unfaithfully like their fathers;
They were twisted like a warped bow [that will not respond to the archer’s aim].
58 
For they provoked Him to [righteous] anger with their high places [devoted to idol worship]
And moved Him to jealousy with their carved images [by denying Him the love, worship, and obedience that is rightfully and uniquely His].
59 
When God heard this, He was filled with [righteous] wrath;
And utterly rejected Israel, [greatly hating her ways],
60 
So that He abandoned the tabernacle at Shiloh,
The tent in which He had dwelled among men,
61 
And gave up His strength and power (the ark of the covenant) into captivity,
And His glory into the hand of the enemy (the Philistines).
62 
He also handed His people over to the sword,
And was infuriated with His inheritance (Israel).
63 
The fire [of war] devoured His young men,
And His [bereaved] virgins had no wedding songs.
64 
His priests [Hophni and Phinehas] fell by the sword,
And His widows could not weep.

65 
Then the Lord awakened as from sleep,
Like a [mighty] warrior who awakens from the sleep of wine [fully conscious of his power].
66 
He drove His enemies backward;
He subjected them to lasting shame and dishonor.
67 
Moreover, He rejected the tent of Joseph,
And did not choose the tribe of Ephraim [in which the tabernacle stood].
68 
But He chose the tribe of Judah [as Israel’s leader],
Mount Zion, which He loved [to replace Shiloh as His capital].
69 
And He built His sanctuary [exalted] like the heights [of the heavens],
Like the earth which He has established forever.
70 
He also chose David His servant
And took him from the sheepfolds;
71 
[b]From [c]tending the ewes with nursing young He brought him
To shepherd Jacob His people,
And Israel His inheritance.
72 
So David shepherded them according to the integrity of his heart;
And guided them with his skillful hands.

Notas al pie

  1. Psalm 78:38 The ancient Sopherim, the Jewish scholars whose responsibility it was to do counts of all the letters, words, and verses of the OT, said that this verse marks the halfway point in Psalms.
  2. Psalm 78:71 The first impression one might receive from this passage is that God elevated David from the lowliest position in Israel to the highest. But the ancient rabbis said that God tested David’s skills and wisdom as a shepherd. For example, it is said that David held back the bigger sheep from the pasture and brought out the smaller ones first to graze on the tender grass. The rabbis represented God as saying, “He who knows how to shepherd the sheep, each one in proportion to its strength, shall come and shepherd My people.”
  3. Psalm 78:71 Lit following.

Chinese Contemporary Bible (Traditional)

詩篇 78

上帝引導祂的子民

亞薩的訓誨詩。

1我的百姓啊!
你們要聽我的教導,
側耳傾聽我的話。
我要開口講比喻,
道出古時的奧秘,
是我們所聞所知、世代流傳下來的事。
我們不要在子孫面前隱瞞事實,
要把耶和華當受稱頌的作為、
祂的權能和所行的奇事告訴下一代。
因為祂為雅各制定法度,
為以色列設立律法,
又吩咐我們的祖先把這些律法傳給兒女,
好讓他們也照樣教導自己的子孫後代,
世代相傳。
這樣,他們就會信靠上帝,
遵行祂的命令,
不忘記祂的作為;
也不會像自己的祖先那樣頑梗叛逆,
對上帝不忠,心懷二意。
以法蓮人備上了弓箭,
卻臨陣逃命。
10 他們不遵守上帝的約,
拒絕遵行祂的律法。
11 他們忘記了祂的作為,
忘記了祂為他們所行的奇事。
12 祂曾在埃及,在瑣安當著他們祖先的面行神蹟。
13 祂把海水分開,
帶領他們安然渡過;
祂使海水堆起如牆壁。
14 祂白天以雲柱帶領他們,
晚上用火柱引導他們。
15 祂在曠野劈開磐石,
供應他們豐沛的水源。
16 祂使水從磐石中滾滾流出,
如滔滔江河。
17 然而,他們仍舊犯罪,
在曠野反叛至高的上帝。
18 他們頑梗地試探上帝,
索要他們想吃的食物。
19 他們抱怨上帝,說:
「難道上帝可以在曠野擺宴席嗎?
20 祂擊打磐石,
水就湧出,流淌成河,
但祂能賜給我們——祂的子民食物和肉嗎?」
21 耶和華聽後大怒,
祂的怒火燒向雅各,
祂的怒氣撒向以色列。
22 因為他們不相信上帝,也不信靠祂的拯救。
23 祂向穹蒼發出命令,
又打開天門,
24 降下嗎哪給他們吃,賜下天糧。
25 他們吃了天使的食物,
上帝賜給他們豐富的食物。
26 祂使空中颳起東風,
用大能引來南風,
27 使飛鳥像雨點一般降在他們當中,多如塵埃,
使他們有多如海沙的肉吃。
28 祂使飛鳥降落在他們營中的帳篷周圍,
29 讓他們盡情地吃,
遂了他們的心願。
30 但是,他們還沒有吃完,
肉還在口中的時候,
31 上帝就向他們發怒,
殺掉了他們當中最強壯的,
消滅了以色列的青年。
32 即使如此,
他們依舊犯罪,
不相信上帝奇妙的作為。
33 所以上帝使他們虛度一生,
讓他們的歲月充滿恐懼。
34 直到上帝擊殺他們的時候,
他們才回轉,誠心尋求上帝。
35 他們才想起上帝是他們的磐石,
至高的上帝是他們的救贖主。
36 他們卻虛情假意,滿口謊言。
37 他們不忠於祂,
也不信守祂的約。
38 但上帝充滿憐憫,
赦免了他們的罪,
沒有毀滅他們。
祂多次收住怒氣,
沒有完全發出祂的烈怒。
39 祂顧念他們不過是血肉之軀,
像一陣風轉眼消逝。
40 他們在曠野屢屢反叛祂,
使祂傷心。
41 他們再三試探上帝,
惹以色列的聖者發怒。
42 他們忘記了祂的大能,
忘記了祂救他們脫離壓迫的日子,
43 也忘記了祂在埃及所行的神蹟,
在瑣安的田野所行的奇事。
44 祂曾使江河溪流變成血,
以致無人能喝。
45 祂曾使成群的蒼蠅吞沒他們,
使青蛙毀滅他們。
46 祂將他們的五穀賞給蚱蜢,
讓蝗蟲吃盡他們的收成。
47 祂用冰雹毀壞他們的葡萄樹,
用嚴霜毀壞他們的無花果樹,
48 又用冰雹毀滅他們的牛群,
用閃電毀滅他們的牲畜。
49 祂把怒火、烈怒、憤恨和禍患傾倒在他們身上,
遣下一群降災的天使。
50 祂的怒氣盡發,
使他們被瘟疫吞噬,難逃一死。
51 祂擊殺了埃及人所有的長子,
就是含帳篷中頭生的兒子。
52 祂領出自己的子民,
好像領出羊群,
引領他們經過曠野,
53 使他們一路平安,免受驚嚇,
大海卻淹沒了他們的仇敵。
54 祂帶領自己的子民來到聖地的邊界,
來到祂親手為他們預備的山區,
55 從他們面前趕出外族人,
把外族人的土地分給他們,
作為他們的產業,
使以色列各支派安頓下來。
56 可是,他們仍舊試探上帝,
反叛至高者,不遵行祂的法度。
57 他們跟祖先一樣背信棄義,
像斷弓一樣毫不可靠。
58 他們建造邱壇,惹祂發怒;
他們豎起神像,令祂憤怒。
59 上帝知道了他們的惡行,
怒不可遏,
徹底棄絕了以色列人。
60 祂離棄了設在示羅的聖幕,
就是祂在人間的居所。
61 祂任憑自己的約櫃被人擄去,
讓自己的榮耀落在敵人手中。
62 祂使自己的子民被刀劍殺戮,
向自己的產業大發怒氣。
63 青年被烈火吞噬,
少女無法婚嫁。
64 祭司喪身刀下,
寡婦無法哭喪。
65 那時,主像從睡眠中醒來,
又如酒後醒來的勇士。
66 祂擊退仇敵,
叫他們永遠蒙羞。
67 祂丟棄了約瑟的子孫,
沒有揀選以法蓮支派。
68 祂揀選了猶大支派,
祂所喜愛的錫安山。
69 祂為自己建造高聳的聖所,
使它像大地一樣長存。
70 祂揀選了祂的僕人大衛,
把他從羊圈中召來,
71 讓他離開牧羊的生活,
去牧養祂的子民雅各的後裔,
牧養祂的產業以色列。
72 於是,大衛以正直的心牧養他們,
用靈巧的手帶領他們。