Amplified Bible

Numbers 1

The Census of Israel’s Warriors

1The Lord spoke [by special revelation] to Moses in the Wilderness of Sinai in the Tent of Meeting (tabernacle) on the first day of the second month in the second year after the [a]Israelites came out of the land of Egypt, saying, “Take a census of all the congregation of the sons of Israel, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, every male, [b]head by head from twenty years old and upward, all in Israel who are able to go out to war. You and Aaron shall number them, army by army. And with you there shall be a man [to assist you] from each tribe, each being the head of his father’s household. These then are the names of the men who shall stand with you: from [the tribe of] Reuben, Elizur the son of Shedeur; from [the tribe of] Simeon, Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai; from [the tribe of] Judah, Nahshon the son of Amminadab; from [the tribe of] Issachar, Nethanel the son of Zuar; from [the tribe of] Zebulun, Eliab the son of Helon; 10 from the sons (descendants) of Joseph: from [the tribe of] [c]Ephraim, Elishama the son of Ammihud; from [the tribe of] Manasseh, Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur; 11 from [the tribe of] Benjamin, Abidan the son of Gideoni; 12 from [the tribe of] Dan, Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai; 13 from [the tribe of] Asher, Pagiel the son of Ochran; 14 from [the tribe of] Gad, Eliasaph the son of Deuel; 15 from [the tribe of] Naphtali, Ahira the son of Enan. 16 These men were the ones called from the congregation, the leaders of their fathers’ (ancestors’) tribes; they were the heads of thousands [the highest ranking officers] in Israel.”

17 So Moses and Aaron took these men who were designated by name, 18 and assembled all the congregation on the first day of the second month, and they registered by ancestry in their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names from twenty years old and upward, head by head, 19 just as the Lord had commanded Moses. So he numbered them in the Wilderness of Sinai.

20 The sons of Reuben, Israel’s (Jacob’s) firstborn, their generations, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, head by head, every male from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 21 those of the tribe of Reuben numbered 46,500.

22 Of the sons of Simeon, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, their numbered men according to the number of names, head by head, every male from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 23 those of the tribe of Simeon numbered 59,300.

24 Of the sons of Gad, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 25 those of the tribe of Gad numbered 45,650.

26 Of the sons of Judah, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 27 those of the tribe of Judah numbered 74,600.

28 Of the sons of Issachar, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 29 those of the tribe of Issachar numbered 54,400.

30 Of the sons of Zebulun, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 31 those of the tribe of Zebulun numbered 57,400.

32 Of the sons of Joseph: the sons (descendants) of Ephraim, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 33 those of the tribe of Ephraim numbered 40,500.

34 Of the sons of Manasseh, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 35 those of the tribe of Manasseh numbered 32,200.

36 Of the sons of Benjamin, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 37 those of the tribe of Benjamin numbered 35,400.

38 Of the sons of Dan, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 39 those of the tribe of Dan numbered 62,700.

40 Of the sons of Asher, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 41 those of the tribe of Asher numbered 41,500.

42 Of the sons of Naphtali, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 43 those of the tribe of Naphtali numbered 53,400.

44 These were the ones who were numbered, whom Moses and Aaron numbered, with the leaders of Israel, twelve men, each representing his fathers’ household. 45 So all those numbered of the sons of Israel, by their fathers’ households, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war in Israel, 46 all who were numbered were 603,550.

Levites Exempted

47 The Levites, however, were not numbered among them by their fathers’ tribe. 48 For the Lord had said to Moses, 49 “Only the tribe of Levi you shall not number, nor shall you take their census among the sons of Israel [since they are unavailable to go to war]. 50 But appoint the Levites over the tabernacle (sanctuary) of the Testimony, and over all its furnishings and all things that belong to it. They shall carry the tabernacle [when traveling] and all its furnishings, and they shall take care of it and camp around it. 51 When the tabernacle is to go forward, the Levites shall take it down; and when the tabernacle is to [be set up for] camp, the Levites shall set it up. But the layman (non-Levite) who approaches the tabernacle shall be put to death. 52 The Israelites shall camp according to their armies, every man by his own camp and every man by his own [tribal] standard (banner). 53 But the Levites shall camp around the tabernacle of the Testimony, so that there will be no wrath against the congregation of the Israelites. The Levites shall be in charge of the tabernacle of the Testimony.” 54 Thus the sons of Israel did these things; according to all that the Lord had commanded Moses, so they did.

Notas al pie

  1. Numbers 1:1 In general, sons (children) of Israel or Israel or Israelites refers to all the people (males and females) of the various tribes descended from the twelve sons (Gen 35:23-26) of Jacob (later renamed Israel by God). In verses concerning things such as warfare or circumcision sons of Israel or Israel or Israelites usually refers only to the males. Tribes of ancient peoples were identified by the name of their founding ancestor. Therefore, this same general rule applies when referring to individual tribal groups, e.g. sons of Reuben, Reuben, Reubenites and so throughout.
  2. Numbers 1:2 Lit by their skulls, also the root word for “Golgotha.”
  3. Numbers 1:10 Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt, but he was chosen over his elder brother, Manasseh, by his grandfather, Jacob (Israel) to receive the birthright blessing (the double portion). Joshua, the great leader who took command after the death of Moses, was from the tribe of Ephraim. Eventually, Ephraim dominated the other nine tribes of Israel, the Northern Kingdom. “Ephraim” is often used interchangeably with “Israel” to refer to the ten tribes of the north.

Korean Living Bible

민수기 1

이스라엘의 첫 인구 조사

1이스라엘 백성이 이집트를 떠난 지 2년째가 되는 해 2월 일에 여호와께서 시 나이 광야 성막에서 모세에게 말씀하셨다.

2-4 “너희는 이스라엘의 각 지파와 집안별 로 20세 이상 된 남자로서 전쟁에 나가 싸울 수 있는 사람이 몇 명이나 되는지 조사하여라. 너와 아론은 각 지파에서 선출된 지도자들의 도움을 받아 직접 그 인구 조사를 실시해야 한다.

너희를 도와줄 각 지파의 지도자들은 다음과 같다:

르우벤 지파에서

스데울의 아들 엘리술,

시므온 지파에서

수리삿대의 아들 슬루미엘,

유다 지파에서

암미나답의 아들 나손,

잇사갈 지파에서

수알의 아들 느다넬,

스불론 지파에서

헬론의 아들 엘리압,

10 요셉 자손 중에서는

에브라임 지파에서

암미훗의 아들 엘리사마,

므낫세 지파에서

브다술의 아들 가말리엘,

11 베냐민 지파에서

기드오니의 아들 아비단,

12 단 지파에서

암미삿대의 아들 아히에셀,

13 아셀 지파에서

오그란의 아들 바기엘,

14 갓 지파에서

드우엘의 아들 엘리아삽,

15 납달리 지파에서

에난의 아들 아히라이다.”

16 이들은 모두 이스라엘 백성 가운데서 선출된 각 지파의 지도자들이었다.

17-19 그 날에 모세와 아론과 각 지파 지도자 들은 20세 이상의 이스라엘 모든 남자들을 소집하여 자기 소속 지파와 집안별로 등록하게 하였다. 이 모든 일은 여호와께서 모세에게 명령하신 대로 실시되었다.

20 전쟁에 나가 싸울 수 있는 20세 이상 등록된 이스라엘 남자들의 수는 각 지파별로 다음과 같다:

21 야곱의 맏아들 르우벤 지파에서46,500명
22-23 시므온 지파에서59,300명
24-25 갓 지파에서45,650명
26-27 유다 지파에서74,600명
28-29 잇사갈 지파에서54,400명
30-31 스불론 지파에서57,400명
32-33 에브라임 지파에서40,500명
34-35 므낫세 지파에서32,200명
36-37 베냐민 지파에서35,400명
38-39 단 지파에서62,700명
40-41 아셀 지파에서41,500명
42-43 납달리 지파에서53,400명

44-46 모두 603,550명이었다.

47 그러나 이 총인원에는 레위인이 포함되지 않았다.

48 그것은 여호와께서 모세에게 이렇게 말씀하셨기 때문이다.

49 “레위 지파는 한 사람도 징집 명단에 포함시키지 말고

50 [a]성막과 그 모든 비품을 관리하게 하라. 그들은 성막과 그 모든 기구를 운반하고 성막 주변에 살면서 봉사하게 하라.

51 성막을 다른 곳으로 옮길 때에는 레위인들이 그것을 걷고 세워야 한다. 그 외에 다른 사람이 이 성막에 접근하면 처형시켜라.

52 그리고 이스라엘의 각 지파는 자기 지파의 기를 가지고 지파별로 지역을 정하여 천막을 쳐야 한다.

53 그러나 레위인들은 성막 주위에 천막을 쳐서 이스라엘 백성에게 나 여호와의 진노가 내리지 않게 하라. 이와 같이 레위인들은 성막을 지키는 책임을 져야 한다.”

54 그래서 이스라엘 백성은 여호와께서 모세에게 명령하신 대로 하였다.

Notas al pie

  1. 1:50 또는 ‘증거막’