Amplified Bible

Numbers 1

The Census of Israel’s Warriors

1The Lord spoke [by special revelation] to Moses in the Wilderness of Sinai in the Tent of Meeting (tabernacle) on the first day of the second month in the second year after the [a]Israelites came out of the land of Egypt, saying, “Take a census of all the congregation of the sons of Israel, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, every male, [b]head by head from twenty years old and upward, all in Israel who are able to go out to war. You and Aaron shall number them, army by army. And with you there shall be a man [to assist you] from each tribe, each being the head of his father’s household. These then are the names of the men who shall stand with you: from [the tribe of] Reuben, Elizur the son of Shedeur; from [the tribe of] Simeon, Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai; from [the tribe of] Judah, Nahshon the son of Amminadab; from [the tribe of] Issachar, Nethanel the son of Zuar; from [the tribe of] Zebulun, Eliab the son of Helon; 10 from the sons (descendants) of Joseph: from [the tribe of] [c]Ephraim, Elishama the son of Ammihud; from [the tribe of] Manasseh, Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur; 11 from [the tribe of] Benjamin, Abidan the son of Gideoni; 12 from [the tribe of] Dan, Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai; 13 from [the tribe of] Asher, Pagiel the son of Ochran; 14 from [the tribe of] Gad, Eliasaph the son of Deuel; 15 from [the tribe of] Naphtali, Ahira the son of Enan. 16 These men were the ones called from the congregation, the leaders of their fathers’ (ancestors’) tribes; they were the heads of thousands [the highest ranking officers] in Israel.”

17 So Moses and Aaron took these men who were designated by name, 18 and assembled all the congregation on the first day of the second month, and they registered by ancestry in their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names from twenty years old and upward, head by head, 19 just as the Lord had commanded Moses. So he numbered them in the Wilderness of Sinai.

20 The sons of Reuben, Israel’s (Jacob’s) firstborn, their generations, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, head by head, every male from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 21 those of the tribe of Reuben numbered 46,500.

22 Of the sons of Simeon, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, their numbered men according to the number of names, head by head, every male from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 23 those of the tribe of Simeon numbered 59,300.

24 Of the sons of Gad, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 25 those of the tribe of Gad numbered 45,650.

26 Of the sons of Judah, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 27 those of the tribe of Judah numbered 74,600.

28 Of the sons of Issachar, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 29 those of the tribe of Issachar numbered 54,400.

30 Of the sons of Zebulun, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 31 those of the tribe of Zebulun numbered 57,400.

32 Of the sons of Joseph: the sons (descendants) of Ephraim, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 33 those of the tribe of Ephraim numbered 40,500.

34 Of the sons of Manasseh, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 35 those of the tribe of Manasseh numbered 32,200.

36 Of the sons of Benjamin, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 37 those of the tribe of Benjamin numbered 35,400.

38 Of the sons of Dan, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 39 those of the tribe of Dan numbered 62,700.

40 Of the sons of Asher, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 41 those of the tribe of Asher numbered 41,500.

42 Of the sons of Naphtali, their descendants, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war: 43 those of the tribe of Naphtali numbered 53,400.

44 These were the ones who were numbered, whom Moses and Aaron numbered, with the leaders of Israel, twelve men, each representing his fathers’ household. 45 So all those numbered of the sons of Israel, by their fathers’ households, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war in Israel, 46 all who were numbered were 603,550.

Levites Exempted

47 The Levites, however, were not numbered among them by their fathers’ tribe. 48 For the Lord had said to Moses, 49 “Only the tribe of Levi you shall not number, nor shall you take their census among the sons of Israel [since they are unavailable to go to war]. 50 But appoint the Levites over the tabernacle (sanctuary) of the Testimony, and over all its furnishings and all things that belong to it. They shall carry the tabernacle [when traveling] and all its furnishings, and they shall take care of it and camp around it. 51 When the tabernacle is to go forward, the Levites shall take it down; and when the tabernacle is to [be set up for] camp, the Levites shall set it up. But the layman (non-Levite) who approaches the tabernacle shall be put to death. 52 The Israelites shall camp according to their armies, every man by his own camp and every man by his own [tribal] standard (banner). 53 But the Levites shall camp around the tabernacle of the Testimony, so that there will be no wrath against the congregation of the Israelites. The Levites shall be in charge of the tabernacle of the Testimony.” 54 Thus the sons of Israel did these things; according to all that the Lord had commanded Moses, so they did.

Notas al pie

  1. Numbers 1:1 In general, sons (children) of Israel or Israel or Israelites refers to all the people (males and females) of the various tribes descended from the twelve sons (Gen 35:23-26) of Jacob (later renamed Israel by God). In verses concerning things such as warfare or circumcision sons of Israel or Israel or Israelites usually refers only to the males. Tribes of ancient peoples were identified by the name of their founding ancestor. Therefore, this same general rule applies when referring to individual tribal groups, e.g. sons of Reuben, Reuben, Reubenites and so throughout.
  2. Numbers 1:2 Lit by their skulls, also the root word for “Golgotha.”
  3. Numbers 1:10 Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt, but he was chosen over his elder brother, Manasseh, by his grandfather, Jacob (Israel) to receive the birthright blessing (the double portion). Joshua, the great leader who took command after the death of Moses, was from the tribe of Ephraim. Eventually, Ephraim dominated the other nine tribes of Israel, the Northern Kingdom. “Ephraim” is often used interchangeably with “Israel” to refer to the ten tribes of the north.

Hoffnung für Alle

4 Mose 1

Vorbereitungen zum Aufbruch nach Kanaan (Kapitel 1,1–10,10)

Die Israeliten werden gemustert

1Vor mehr als einem Jahr hatten die Israeliten Ägypten verlassen. Noch immer befanden sie sich in der Wüste Sinai. Am 1. Tag des 2. Monats sprach der Herr im heiligen Zelt zu Mose:

2/3 »Zähle zusammen mit Aaron die ganze Gemeinschaft der Israeliten! Mustert ihre Truppen! Schreibt die Namen aller wehrfähigen Männer ab 20 Jahren auf, nach Sippen und Familien geordnet. Aus jedem Stamm soll euch ein Sippenoberhaupt dabei helfen:

Elizur, der Sohn von Schedëur aus dem Stamm Ruben,

Schelumiël, der Sohn von Zurischaddai aus dem Stamm Simeon,

Nachschon, der Sohn von Amminadab aus dem Stamm Juda,

Netanel, der Sohn von Zuar aus dem Stamm Issachar,

Eliab, der Sohn von Helon aus dem Stamm Sebulon,

10 Elischama, der Sohn von Ammihud aus dem Stamm Ephraim, Gamliël, der Sohn von Pedazur aus dem Stamm Manasse – Ephraim und Manasse waren Söhne von Josef –,

11 Abidan, der Sohn von Gidoni aus dem Stamm Benjamin,

12 Ahiëser, der Sohn von Ammischaddai aus dem Stamm Dan,

13 Pagiël, der Sohn von Ochran aus dem Stamm Asser,

14 Eljasaf, der Sohn von Deguël aus dem Stamm Gad,

15 und Ahira, der Sohn von Enan aus dem Stamm Naftali.«

16 Die ausgewählten Männer waren die Stammesfürsten und Oberhäupter des Volkes Israel. 17 Mose und Aaron holten sie herbei 18 und riefen noch am selben Tag das ganze Volk zusammen. Jeder Israelit ab 20 Jahren wurde in ein Verzeichnis eingetragen, das nach Sippen und Familien geordnet war.

19 So ließ Mose das Volk in der Wüste Sinai mustern, wie der Herr es ihm aufgetragen hatte. 20‒31 Und dies war das Ergebnis: Der Stamm Ruben, die Nachkommenschaft des erstgeborenen Sohnes von Israel, umfasste 46.500 Mann im wehrfähigen Alter. Sie wurden nach Sippen und Familien gemustert und in ein Verzeichnis eingetragen. Der Stamm Simeon hatte 59.300 Mann, Gad 45.650, Juda 74.600, Issachar 54.400 und Sebulon 57.400. 32‒43 Der Stamm Ephraim zählte 40.500, der Stamm Manasse 32.200 Mann. Ephraim und Manasse waren Söhne von Josef gewesen. Benjamin hatte 35.400, Dan 62.700, Asser 41.500 und Naftali 53.400 Leute im wehrfähigen Alter.

44 All diese Männer wurden von Mose, Aaron und den zwölf Stammesoberhäuptern Israels gemustert. 45 Die Gesamtzahl der wehrfähigen Israeliten ab 20 Jahren 46 betrug 603.550 Mann.

Die Aufgabe des Stammes Levi

47 Die wehrfähigen Männer des Stammes Levi wurden nicht mitgezählt, 48 denn der Herr hatte zu Mose gesagt: 49 »Die Leviten sollst du nicht mustern und sie nicht zu den anderen Israeliten dazurechnen. 50 Sie haben die Aufgabe, für das heilige Zelt zu sorgen, in dem das Bundesgesetz aufbewahrt wird, und für alles, was an Gefäßen, Werkzeugen und sonstigen Dingen noch dazugehört. Rings um das Heiligtum sollen sie lagern und die Arbeit darin verrichten. 51 Wenn das Volk weiterzieht, sollen sie das Zelt abbauen. Unterwegs müssen sie es tragen, und wenn Halt gemacht wird, sollen sie es wieder aufstellen. Nur die Leviten dürfen sich dem Heiligtum nähern. Wer es sonst tut, muss getötet werden. 52 Die anderen Israeliten sollen jeweils bei dem Feldzeichen des Heeresverbands lagern, zu dem sie gehören. 53 Die Leviten aber sollen ihre Zelte rings um das Heiligtum aufschlagen, damit kein anderer zu nahe herankommt und meinen Zorn über euch alle herausfordert. Sie sind verantwortlich für den Dienst im heiligen Zelt, in dem das Bundesgesetz aufbewahrt wird.«

54 Die Israeliten führten alles so aus, wie der Herr es Mose aufgetragen hatte.