Amplified Bible

Nahum 1

God Is Awesome

1The [a]oracle (a burdensome message—a pronouncement from God) concerning [b]Nineveh [the capital city of Assyria]. The book of the vision of Nahum of Elkosh [which he saw in spirit and prophesied].


The Lord is a jealous and avenging God [protecting and demanding what is rightfully and uniquely His];
The Lord avenges and He is full of wrath.
The Lord takes vengeance on His adversaries,
And He reserves wrath for His enemies.

The Lord is slow to anger and great in power
And He will by no means leave the guilty unpunished.
The Lord has His way in the whirlwind and in the storm,
And the clouds are the dust beneath His feet.

He rebukes the sea and dries it up;
He dries up all the rivers [illustrating His judgment].
Bashan [on the east] and [Mount] Carmel [on the west] wither,
And [in the north] the blossoms of Lebanon fade.

The mountains quake before Him
And the hills melt away;
Indeed the earth is shaken by His presence—
Yes, the world and all that dwell in it.

Who can stand before His indignation [His great wrath]?
And who can stand up and endure the fierceness of His anger?
His wrath is poured out like fire
And the rocks are destroyed by Him.

The Lord is good,
A strength and stronghold in the day of trouble;
He knows [He recognizes, cares for, and understands fully] those who take refuge and trust in Him.

But with an [c]overwhelming flood [of judgment through invading armies]
He will make a complete destruction of [d]its site
And will pursue His enemies into darkness.


Whatever [plot] you [Assyrians] devise against the Lord,
He will make a complete end of it;
Affliction [of God’s people by the hand of Assyria] will not occur twice.
10 
Like tangled thorn branches [gathered for fuel],
And like those drowned in drunkenness,
[e]The people of Nineveh are consumed [through fire]
Like stubble completely withered and dry [in the day of the Lord’s wrath].
11 
From you [O Nineveh],
One has gone forth who plotted evil against the Lord,
A malevolent [f]counselor [the king of Assyria].

12 This is what the Lord says,

“Though they are at full strength and many in number,
Even so, they will be cut off and pass away.
Though I have afflicted you and caused you grief [O Jerusalem],
I will afflict you no longer.
13 
“Now, I will break his yoke [of taxation] off you,
And I will tear off your shackles.”

14 
The Lord has given a command concerning you [O king of Nineveh]:
“Your name will no longer be perpetuated.
I will cut off the carved idols and cast images
From the temple of your gods;
I will prepare your grave,
For you are vile and unworthy.”

15 
Behold, on the mountains the feet of him who brings good news [telling of Assyria’s destruction],
Who announces peace and prosperity!
Celebrate your feasts, O Judah;
Perform your vows.
For the wicked one [the king of Assyria] will never again pass through you;
He is completely cut off.

Notas al pie

  1. Nahum 1:1 An urgent message the prophet is under compulsion to proclaim.
  2. Nahum 1:1 Under the preaching of Jonah, the king of Nineveh and all its people repented (Jon 3:5). But when Nahum came to Nineveh a hundred and fifty years later, everything had changed and the people had become hopelessly wicked. God’s wrath was not to be turned away this time.
  3. Nahum 1:8 The overwhelming flood may be understood as a metaphor describing a conquering army as well as a literal reference to a flood of water. Diodorus of Sicily refers to a legend that Nineveh could never be taken until the river became its enemy. Arbaces the Scythian had besieged the city in vain for two years, but in the third year the Khoser River washed away a considerable section of the very great wall and the invaders pushed through this opening. Nahum 2:6 refers to the devastating flood and 3:13, 15 probably to the destruction of Nineveh by fire. The vivid descriptions of ch 3 are historically accurate.
  4. Nahum 1:8 The city of Nineveh was the magnificent capital of the Assyrian Empire. The great palace of Sennacherib was without rival and contained at least seventy or more rooms. The city was home to more than 120,000 residents (at least twice the size of Babylon) and had no less than fifteen gates in the wall surrounding the city. During its glory days it was probably the largest city in the known world. Built near the juncture of the Tigris River and its tributary the Khoser, it was served by an elaborate water system of eighteen canals. Nineveh had many suburbs, three of which are mentioned along with Nineveh in Gen 10:11, 12. Nineveh’s extensive ruins are located near the modern city of Mosul, Iraq.
  5. Nahum 1:10 Lit They.
  6. Nahum 1:11 The reference here may be to Sennacherib, who reigned over Assyria from 705-681 b.c. He led an attack on Judah (the Southern Kingdom) in 701 b.c.

New International Reader's Version

Nahum 1

1Here is a prophecy the Lord gave Nahum, who was from the town of Elkosh. The prophecy came in a vision and is written in a book. The prophecy is about Nineveh.

The Lord Is Angry With Nineveh

The Lord is a jealous God who punishes people.
    He pays them back for the evil things they do.
    He directs his anger against them.
The Lord punishes his enemies.
    He holds his anger back
    until the right time to use it.
The Lord is slow to get angry.
    But he is very powerful.
The Lord will not let guilty people go
    without punishing them.
When he marches out, he stirs up winds and storms.
    Clouds are the dust kicked up by his feet.
He controls the seas. He dries them up.
    He makes all the rivers run dry.
Bashan and Mount Carmel dry up.
    The flowers in Lebanon fade.
He causes the mountains to shake.
    The hills melt away.
The earth trembles because he is there.
    The world and all those who live in it also tremble.
Who can stand firm when his anger burns?
    Who can live when he is angry?
His anger blazes out like fire.
    He smashes the rocks to pieces.

The Lord is good.
    When people are in trouble,
    they can go to him for safety.
He takes good care of those
    who trust in him.
But he will destroy Nineveh
    with a powerful flood.
He will chase his enemies
    into the place of darkness.

The Lord will put an end
    to anything they plan against him.
He won’t allow Assyria to win the battle
    over his people a second time.
10 His enemies will be tangled up among thorns.
    Their wine will make them drunk.
    They’ll be burned up like dry straw.
11 Nineveh, a king has marched out from you.
    He makes evil plans against the Lord.
    He thinks about how he can do what is wrong.

12 The Lord says,

“His army has many soldiers.
    Other nations are helping them.
    But they will be destroyed and pass away.
Judah, I punished you.
    But I will not do it anymore.
13 Now I will break Assyria’s yoke off your neck.
    I will tear off the ropes that hold you.”

14 Nineveh, the Lord has given an order concerning you.
    He has said, “You will not have any children
    to carry on your name.
I will destroy the wooden and metal statues
    that are in the temple of your gods.
I will get your grave ready for you.
    You are worthless.”

15 Look at the mountains of Judah!
    I see a messenger running to bring good news!
    He’s telling us that peace has come!
People of Judah, celebrate your feasts.
    Carry out your promises.
The evil Assyrians won’t attack you again.
    They’ll be completely destroyed.