Amplified Bible

Matthew 10

The Twelve Disciples; Instructions for Service

1Jesus summoned His twelve disciples and gave them authority and power over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal every kind of disease and every kind of sickness.

Now these are the names of the twelve [a]apostles (special messengers, personally chosen representatives): first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew, his brother; [b]James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother; Philip and Bartholomew (Nathanael); Thomas and Matthew (Levi) the tax collector; [c]James the son of [d]Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus (Judas, not Iscariot); Simon the Cananaean (Zealot), and Judas Iscariot, the one who betrayed Him.

Jesus sent out these twelve, instructing them: “Do not go among the Gentiles, and do not go into a city of the Samaritans; but rather go to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. And as you go, preach, saying, ‘The kingdom of heaven is at hand.’ Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse the lepers, cast out demons. Freely you have received, freely give. Do not take gold, or silver, or [even] copper money in your money belt, 10 or a provision bag for your journey, or even two tunics, or sandals, or a staff; for the worker deserves his support. 11 Whatever city or village you enter, ask who in it is worthy [who welcomes you and your message], and stay at his house until you leave [that city]. 12 As you go into the house, give it your greeting [that is, ‘Peace be to this house’]. 13 If [the family living in] the house is worthy [welcoming you and your message], give it your [blessing of] [e]peace [that is, a blessing of well-being and prosperity, the favor of God]. But if it is not worthy, take back your blessing of peace. 14 Whoever does not welcome you, nor listen to your message, as you leave that house or city, [f]shake the dust [of it] off your feet [in contempt, breaking all ties]. 15 I assure you and most solemnly say to you, it will be more tolerable on the day of judgment for the land of [g]Sodom and Gomorrah than for that city [since it rejected the Messiah’s messenger].

A Hard Road before Them

16 “Listen carefully: I am sending you out like sheep among wolves; so be wise as serpents, and innocent as doves [have no self-serving agenda]. 17 Beware of men [whose nature is to act in opposition to God], for they will hand you over to the courts and flog you in their synagogues; 18 and you will be brought before governors and kings for My sake, as witnesses to them and to the Gentiles. 19 But when they hand you over, do not worry about how or what you are to say; for what you are to say will be given you within that [very] hour; 20 for it is not you speaking, but the Spirit of your Father speaking through you.

21 “Brother will betray brother to death, and the father his child; and children will rise up and rebel against their parents and cause them to be put death. 22 And you will be hated by everyone because of [your association with] My name, but it is the one who has patiently persevered and endured to the end who will be saved.

23 “When they persecute you in one city [because of your faith in Me], flee to the next; for I assure you and most solemnly say to you, you will not finish going through all the cities of Israel before the Son of Man comes.

The Meaning of Discipleship

24 “A disciple is not above his teacher, nor is a bond-servant above his master. 25 It is enough for the disciple to be like his teacher, and the bond-servant like his master. If they have called the head of the house [h]Beelzebul (Satan), how much more [will they speak evil of] the members of his household.

26 “So do not be afraid of them, for nothing is hidden that will not be revealed [at the judgment], or kept secret that will not be made known [at the judgment]. 27 What I say to you in the dark (privately), tell in the light (publicly); and what you hear whispered in your ear, proclaim from the housetops [to many people]. 28 Do not be afraid of those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul; but rather be afraid of Him who can destroy both soul and body in hell. 29 Are not two little sparrows sold for a [i]copper coin? And yet not one of them falls to the ground apart from your Father’s will. 30 But even the very hairs of your head are all numbered [for the Father is sovereign and has complete knowledge]. 31 So do not fear; you are more valuable than many sparrows.

32 “Therefore, the one who [j]confesses and acknowledges Me before men [as Lord and Savior, affirming a state of oneness with Me], that one I will also confess and acknowledge before My Father who is in heaven. 33 But the one who denies and rejects Me before men, that one I will also deny and reject before My Father who is in heaven.

34 “Do not think that I have come to bring peace on the earth; I have not come to bring peace, but a sword [of division between belief and unbelief]. 35 For I have come to set a man against his father, and a daughter against her mother, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law; 36 and a man’s enemies will be the members of his [own] household [when one believes and another does not].

37 [k]He who loves father or mother more than Me is not worthy of Me; and he who loves son or daughter more than Me is not worthy of Me. 38 And he who does not take his [l]cross [expressing a willingness to endure whatever may come] and follow Me [believing in Me, conforming to My example in living and, if need be, suffering or perhaps dying because of faith in Me] is not worthy of Me. 39 Whoever finds his life [in this world] will [eventually] lose it [through death], and whoever loses his life [in this world] for My sake will find it [that is, life with Me for all eternity].

The Reward of Service

40 “He who receives and welcomes you receives Me, and he who receives Me receives Him who sent Me. 41 He who receives and welcomes a prophet because he is a prophet will receive a prophet’s reward; and he who receives a righteous (honorable) man because he is a righteous man will receive a righteous man’s reward. 42 And whoever gives to one of these little ones [these who are humble in rank or influence] even a cup of cold water to drink because he is my disciple, truly I say to you, he will not lose his reward.”

Notas al pie

  1. Matthew 10:2 In general usage the word “apostle” (Gr apostolos) means “sent one” or “messenger.” In this passage and others in reference to the “twelve,” the word “apostles” is used in a technical sense of the twelve disciples, and later Paul, whom Jesus chose. An apostle was one who witnessed Christ’s resurrection (Acts 1:21, 22; 1 Cor 9:1, 2). They validated their apostleship by performing “signs and wonders and miracles” (2 Cor 12:12), and were the foundation of the church.
  2. Matthew 10:2 It is believed that Salome, Zebedee’s wife and the mother of James and John was a sister of Mary, the mother of Jesus.
  3. Matthew 10:3 Also known as James the Less or James the Younger. It is believed that his mother, Mary (Gr Maria), was a sister or sister-in-law of Mary, the mother of Jesus (John 19:25).
  4. Matthew 10:3 Possibly the Hebrew or Syriac name of the same person: Clopas. He may be the “Cleopas” mentioned in Luke 24:18.
  5. Matthew 10:13 I.e. “shalom” is to come upon this house.
  6. Matthew 10:14 A symbolic act expressing contempt.
  7. Matthew 10:15 The cities destroyed by God because of the sinfulness of their people (Gen 19:1-29).
  8. Matthew 10:25 I.e. an idol worshiped in the Philistine city of Ekron: Baal Zebul, lord of the high places or Baal Zebub, lord of the flies.
  9. Matthew 10:29 Gr assarion, a Roman coin equal to a 16th of a denarius (the denarius was counted as a day’s wages for an unskilled worker).
  10. Matthew 10:32 The word “confess” used in conjunction with “before” connotes a legal statement or a testimony in a legal setting.
  11. Matthew 10:37 Commitment to Jesus takes precedence over all else.
  12. Matthew 10:38 The historical background behind this statement is that those who were about to be crucified had to carry the crossbeam to which they would be nailed or bound. In addition to the terrible agony that crucifixion inflicted, it was such a great indignity that some of the Roman writers used the word cross as a curse word in the expression “Go to a bad cross!” (Lat i in malam crucem).

Nueva Biblia al Día

Mateo 10

Jesús envía a los doce

1Reunió a sus doce discípulos y les dio autoridad para expulsar a los *espíritus malignos y sanar toda enfermedad y toda dolencia.

Éstos son los nombres de los doce apóstoles: primero Simón, llamado Pedro, y su hermano Andrés; *Jacobo y su hermano Juan, hijos de Zebedeo; Felipe y Bartolomé; Tomás y Mateo, el *recaudador de impuestos; Jacobo, hijo de Alfeo, y Tadeo; Simón el Zelote y Judas Iscariote, el que lo traicionó.

Jesús envió a estos doce con las siguientes instrucciones: «No vayan entre los *gentiles ni entren en ningún pueblo de los samaritanos. Vayan más bien a las ovejas descarriadas del pueblo de Israel. Dondequiera que vayan, prediquen este mensaje: “El reino de los cielos está cerca.” Sanen a los enfermos, resuciten a los muertos, *limpien de su enfermedad a los que tienen *lepra, expulsen a los demonios. Lo que ustedes recibieron gratis, denlo gratuitamente. No lleven oro ni plata ni cobre en el cinturón, 10 ni bolsa para el camino, ni dos mudas de ropa, ni sandalias, ni bastón; porque el trabajador merece que se le dé su sustento.

11 »En cualquier pueblo o aldea donde entren, busquen a alguien que merezca recibirlos, y quédense en su casa hasta que se vayan de ese lugar. 12 Al entrar, digan: “Paz a esta casa.”[a] 13 Si el hogar se lo merece, que la paz de ustedes reine en él; y si no, que la paz se vaya con ustedes. 14 Si alguno no los recibe bien ni escucha sus palabras, al salir de esa casa o de ese pueblo, sacúdanse el polvo de los pies. 15 Les aseguro que en el día del juicio el castigo para Sodoma y Gomorra será más tolerable que para ese pueblo. 16 Los envío como ovejas en medio de lobos. Por tanto, sean astutos como serpientes y sencillos como palomas.

17 »Tengan cuidado con la gente; los entregarán a los tribunales y los azotarán en las sinagogas. 18 Por mi causa los llevarán ante gobernadores y reyes para dar testimonio a ellos y a los gentiles. 19 Pero cuando los arresten, no se preocupen por lo que van a decir o cómo van a decirlo. En ese momento se les dará lo que han de decir, 20 porque no serán ustedes los que hablen, sino que el Espíritu de su Padre hablará por medio de ustedes.

21 »El hermano entregará a la muerte al hermano, y el padre al hijo. Los hijos se rebelarán contra sus padres y harán que los maten. 22 Por causa de mi nombre todo el mundo los odiará, pero el que se mantenga firme hasta el fin será salvo. 23 Cuando los persigan en una ciudad, huyan a otra. Les aseguro que no terminarán de recorrer las ciudades de Israel antes de que venga el Hijo del hombre.

24 »El discípulo no es superior a su maestro, ni el *siervo superior a su amo. 25 Basta con que el discípulo sea como su maestro, y el siervo como su amo. Si al jefe de la casa lo han llamado *Beelzebú, ¡cuánto más a los de su familia!

26 »Así que no les tengan miedo; porque no hay nada encubierto que no llegue a revelarse, ni nada escondido que no llegue a conocerse. 27 Lo que les digo en la oscuridad, díganlo ustedes a plena luz; lo que se les susurra al oído, proclámenlo desde las azoteas. 28 No teman a los que matan el cuerpo pero no pueden matar el alma.[b] Teman más bien al que puede destruir alma y cuerpo en el infierno.[c] 29 ¿No se venden dos gorriones por una monedita?[d] Sin embargo, ni uno de ellos caerá a tierra sin que lo permita el Padre; 30 y él les tiene contados a ustedes aun los cabellos de la cabeza. 31 Así que no tengan miedo; ustedes valen más que muchos gorriones.

32 »A cualquiera que me reconozca delante de los demás, yo también lo reconoceré delante de mi Padre que está en el cielo. 33 Pero a cualquiera que me desconozca delante de los demás, yo también lo desconoceré delante de mi Padre que está en el cielo.

34 »No crean que he venido a traer paz a la tierra. No vine a traer paz sino espada. 35 Porque he venido a poner en conflicto

“al hombre contra su padre,
    a la hija contra su madre,
    a la nuera contra su suegra;
36 los enemigos de cada cual
    serán los de su propia familia”.[e]

37 »El que quiere a su padre o a su madre más que a mí no es digno de mí; el que quiere a su hijo o a su hija más que a mí no es digno de mí; 38 y el que no toma su cruz y me sigue no es digno de mí. 39 El que encuentre su *vida, la perderá, y el que la pierda por mi causa, la encontrará.

40 »Quien los recibe a ustedes, me recibe a mí; y quien me recibe a mí, recibe al que me envió. 41 Cualquiera que recibe a un profeta por tratarse de un profeta, recibirá recompensa de profeta; y el que recibe a un justo por tratarse de un justo, recibirá recompensa de justo. 42 Y quien dé siquiera un vaso de agua fresca a uno de estos pequeños por tratarse de uno de mis discípulos, les aseguro que no perderá su recompensa.»

Notas al pie

  1. Mateo 10:12 Al entrar … casa”. Lit. Al entrar en la casa, salúdenla.
  2. Mateo 10:28 alma. Este vocablo griego también puede significar *vida.
  3. Mateo 10:28 infierno. Lit. *Gehenna.
  4. Mateo 10:29 una monedita. Lit. un *asarion.
  5. Mateo 10:36 Mi 7:6