Amplified Bible

Luke 6

Jesus Is Lord of the Sabbath

1One Sabbath while Jesus was passing through fields of standing grain, it happened that His disciples were picking the heads of grain, rubbing them in their hands, and eating them. But some of the Pharisees said, “Why are you doing what [a]is unlawful on the Sabbath?” Jesus replied to them, “Have you not even read [in the Scriptures] what David did when he was hungry, he and those who were with him— how he went into the house of God, and took and ate the [b]consecrated bread, which is not lawful [for anyone] to eat except the priests alone, and [how he also] gave it to the men who were with him?” Jesus was saying to them, “The Son of Man (the Messiah) is Lord [even] of the Sabbath.”

On another Sabbath He went into the synagogue and taught, and a man was present whose right hand was withered. The scribes and the Pharisees were watching Him closely [with malicious intent], to see if He would [actually] heal [someone] on the Sabbath, so that they might find a reason to accuse Him. But He was aware of their thoughts, and He said to the man with the withered hand, “Get up and come forward.” So he got up and stood there. Then Jesus said to them, “I ask you directly: Is it lawful to do good on the Sabbath or to do evil, to save a life or to destroy it?” 10 After looking around at them all, He said to the man, “Stretch out your hand!” And he did, and his hand was [fully] restored. 11 But the scribes and Pharisees were filled with senseless rage [and lacked spiritual insight], and discussed with one another what they might do to Jesus.

Choosing the Twelve

12 Now at this time Jesus went off to the mountain to pray, and He spent the whole night in prayer to God. 13 When day came, He called His disciples and selected twelve of them, whom He also named [c]apostles (special messengers, personally chosen representatives): 14 Simon, whom He also named Peter, and his brother Andrew; and [the brothers] [d]James and John; and Philip, and Bartholomew [also called Nathanael]; 15 and Matthew (Levi, the tax collector) and Thomas; and [e]James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon who was called the Zealot; 16 Judas [also called Thaddaeus] the son of James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor [to the Lord].

17 Then Jesus came down with them and stood on a level place; and there was a large crowd of His disciples, and a vast multitude of people from all over Judea and Jerusalem and the coastal region of Tyre and Sidon, 18 who had come to listen to Him and to be healed of their diseases. Even those who were troubled by unclean spirits (demons) were being healed. 19 All the people were trying to touch Him, because [healing] power was coming from Him and healing them all.

The Beatitudes

20 And looking toward His disciples, He began [f]speaking: “Blessed [spiritually prosperous, happy, to be admired] are you who are poor [in spirit, those devoid of spiritual arrogance, those who regard themselves as insignificant], for the kingdom of God is yours [both now and forever]. 21 Blessed [joyful, nourished by God’s goodness] are you who hunger now [for righteousness, actively seeking right standing with God], for you will be [completely] satisfied. Blessed [forgiven, refreshed by God’s grace] are you who weep now [over your sins and repent], for you will laugh [when the burden of sin is lifted]. 22 Blessed [morally courageous and spiritually alive with life-joy in God’s goodness] are you when people hate you, and exclude you [from their fellowship], and insult you, and scorn your name as evil because of [your association with] the Son of Man. 23 Rejoice on that day and leap for joy, for your reward in heaven is great [absolutely inexhaustible]; for their fathers used to treat the prophets in the same way. 24 But [g]woe (judgment is coming) to you who are rich [and place your faith in possessions while remaining spiritually impoverished], for you are [already] receiving your comfort in full [and there is nothing left to be awarded to you]. 25 Woe to you who are well-fed (gorged, satiated) now, for you will be hungry. Woe to you who laugh now [enjoying a life of self-indulgence], for you will mourn and weep [and deeply long for God]. 26 Woe to you when all the people speak well of you and praise you, for their fathers used to treat the false prophets in the same way.

27 “But I say to you who hear [Me and pay attention to My words]: [h]Love [that is, unselfishly seek the best or higher good for] your enemies, [make it a practice to] do good to those who hate you, 28 bless and show kindness to those who curse you, pray for those who mistreat you. 29 Whoever [i]strikes you on the cheek, offer him the other one also [simply ignore insignificant insults or losses and do not bother to retaliate—maintain your dignity]. Whoever takes away your coat, do not withhold your shirt from him either. 30 Give to everyone who asks of you. [j]Whoever takes away what is yours, do not demand it back. 31 Treat others the same way you want them to treat you. 32 If you [only] love those who love you, what credit is that to you? For even sinners love those who love them. 33 If you do good to those who do good to you, what credit is that to you? For even sinners do the same. 34 If you lend [money] to those from whom you expect to receive [it back], what credit is that to you? Even sinners lend to sinners expecting to receive back the same amount. 35 But love [that is, unselfishly seek the best or higher good for] your enemies, and do good, and lend, [k]expecting nothing in return; for your reward will be great (rich, abundant), and you will be sons of the Most High; because He Himself is kind and gracious and good to the ungrateful and the wicked. 36 Be merciful (responsive, compassionate, tender) just as your [heavenly] Father is merciful.

37 [l]Do not judge [others self-righteously], and you will not be judged; do not condemn [others when you are guilty and unrepentant], and you will not be condemned [for your hypocrisy]; pardon [others when they truly repent and change], and you will be pardoned [when you truly repent and change]. 38 Give, and it will be given to you. They will pour into your lap a good measure—pressed down, shaken together, and running over [with no space left for more]. For with the standard of measurement you use [when you do good to others], it will be measured to you in return.”

39 He also told them a parable: “Can a blind man guide [another] blind man? Will they not both fall into a hole in the ground? 40 A student is not superior to his teacher; but everyone, after he has been completely trained, will be like his teacher. 41 Why do you look at the speck that is in your brother’s eye, but do not notice or consider the log that is in your own eye? 42 How can you say to your brother, ‘Brother, allow me to take out the speck that is in your eye,’ when you yourself do not see the log that is in your own eye? You hypocrite (play actor, pretender), first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take out the speck that is in your brother’s eye. 43 For there is no good tree which produces bad fruit, nor, on the other hand, a bad tree which produces good fruit. 44 For each tree is known and identified by its own fruit. For figs are not picked from thorn bushes, nor is a cluster of grapes picked from a briar bush. 45 The [intrinsically] good man produces what is good and honorable and moral out of the good treasure [stored] in his heart; and the [intrinsically] evil man produces what is wicked and depraved out of the evil [in his heart]; for his mouth speaks from the overflow of his heart.

A Secure Foundation

46 “Why do you call Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ and do not practice what I tell you? 47 Everyone who comes to Me and listens to My words and obeys them, I will show you whom he is like: 48 he is like a [far-sighted, practical, and sensible] man building a house, who dug deep and laid a foundation on the rock; and when a flood occurred, the torrent burst against that house and yet could not shake it, because it had been securely built and founded on the rock. 49 But the one who has [merely] heard and has not practiced [what I say], is like a [foolish] man who built a house on the ground without any foundation, and the torrent burst against it; and it immediately collapsed, and the ruin of that house was great.”

Notas al pie

  1. Luke 6:2 See note Matt 12:2.
  2. Luke 6:4 Or showbread; lit bread of presentation.
  3. Luke 6:13 In general usage the word “apostle” (Gr apostolos) means “sent one” or “messenger.” In this passage and others in reference to the “twelve,” the word “apostles” is used in a technical sense of the twelve disciples, and later Paul, whom Jesus chose. An apostle was one who had witnessed Christ’s resurrection (Acts 1:21, 22) or (in Paul’s case) had seen the resurrected Christ (1 Cor 9:1, 2). They validated their apostleship by performing “signs and wonders and miracles” (2 Cor 12:12), and were the foundation of the church.
  4. Luke 6:14 The sons of Zebedee and Salome. Salome is believed to be a sister of Mary, the mother of Jesus.
  5. Luke 6:15 Also called James the Less or James the Younger. His mother Mary (Gr Maria) is believed to be a sister or sister-in-law of Mary, the mother of Jesus.
  6. Luke 6:20 In vv 20-22 Luke lists four of the nine Beatitudes recorded by Matthew and follows them with four antithetical woes in vv 24-26.
  7. Luke 6:24 The four woes (vv 24-26) are addressed to those who lack spiritual perception and are oblivious to the importance of Jesus’ message of salvation.
  8. Luke 6:27 The key to understanding this and other statements about love is to know that this love (the Greek word agape) is not so much a matter of emotion as it is of doing things for the benefit of another person, that is, having an unselfish concern for another and a willingness to seek the higher good for another.
  9. Luke 6:29 In this context the “slap” is not an act of violence, but more likely an insult or violation of one’s rights.
  10. Luke 6:30 Probably a prohibition against frivolous legal action.
  11. Luke 6:35 Or not despairing at all.
  12. Luke 6:37 This is not a prohibition of judgment, nor is it a command to stop using godly wisdom, common sense, and moral courage together with God’s written word to discern right from wrong, to distinguish between morality and immorality, and to judge doctrinal truth. There are many judgments that are not only legitimate, but are commanded (cf John 7:24; 1 Cor 5:5, 12; Gal 1:8, 9; 1 John 4:1-3; 2 John 10); however, you cannot judge another if you are committing the same type of sin.

Japanese Living Bible

ルカの福音書 6

安息日の主であるイエス

1ある安息日(神の定めた休息日)のことです。イエスと弟子たちは麦畑の中を歩いていました。弟子たちは歩きながら、麦の穂を摘んでは、手でもみ、殻を取って食べました。 パリサイ人たちが目ざとくそれを見つけ、非難しました。「どう見ても律法違反だ! 弟子たちのやっていることは、明らかに刈り入れではないか。安息日の労働はユダヤのおきてで禁じられているというのに。」 イエスは、お答えになりました。「聖書を読んだことがないのですか。ダビデ王とその家来たちが空腹になった時、どうしたでしょうか。 ダビデ王は神殿に入り、主に供えられた特別なパンを取って食べたではありませんか。これはおきてに反することでしたが、自分ばかりか、家来たちにも分けてやりました。」 また、こうも言われました。「わたしは安息日の主です。」

今度は別の安息日のことです。イエスは会堂で教えておられました。ちょうどそこに、右手の不自由な男が居合わせました。 安息日だというので、律法の専門家やパリサイ人たちは、イエスがこの男を治すかどうか、様子をうかがっていました。何とかしてイエスを訴える口実を見つけようと必死だったのです。 彼らの魂胆を見抜いたイエスは、その男に、「さあ、みんなの真ん中に立ちなさい」とお命じになりました。男が言われたとおりにすると、 イエスはパリサイ人たちに、「ひとつ聞きたいのですが、安息日に良いことをするのと悪いことをするのと、どちらが正しいでしょうか。人のいのちを救うのと、いのちを奪うのと、どちらが正しいでしょうか」とお尋ねになりました。 10 それから、会衆をぐるりと見回し、男に、「さあ、手を伸ばしなさい」と言われました。男がそのとおりにすると、なんと彼の右手はすっかり治っていました。 11 これを見たパリサイ人たちはすっかり逆上し、イエスを殺そうとたくらみ始めました。

十二使徒を選ぶ

12 それからまもなく、イエスは山へ行き、夜通し祈られました。 13 夜明けごろ、弟子たちを呼び寄せると、その中から十二人を選び、「使徒」という名をおつけになりました。 14-16 十二人の名前は次のとおりです。シモン〔イエスはペテロともお呼びになった〕、アンデレ〔シモンの兄弟〕、ヤコブ、ヨハネ、ピリポ、バルトロマイ、マタイ、トマス、ヤコブ〔アルパヨの息子〕、シモン〔「熱心党」というユダヤ教の急進派グループのメンバー〕、ユダ〔タダイとも呼ばれた〕、イスカリオテのユダ〔後にイエスを裏切った男〕。

17-18 イエスは弟子たちといっしょに山を降り、広々とした所にお立ちになりました。すると、ほかの大ぜいの弟子と群衆が集まって来て、たちまちイエスの回りは人の波で埋めつくされました。ユダヤ全地、エルサレム、はるか北のツロやシドンの海岸地方などから、イエスの話を聞き、また病気を治してもらおうと、はるばるやって来た人ばかりです。ここでは、悪霊に苦しめられている人もいやされました。 19 だれもがみな、イエスにさわろうと押し合いへし合いの大騒ぎです。さわれば、病気を治す力がイエスから出て、どんな病気もいやされたからです。

20 それからイエスは、弟子たちのほうをふり向き、話し始められました。「あなたがた貧しい人は幸福です。神の国はあなたがたのものだからです。 21 いま空腹な人は幸福です。やがて十分満足するようになるからです。泣いている人は幸福です。もうすぐ笑うようになるからです。 22 わたしの弟子だというので、憎まれたり、追い出されたり、悪口を言われたりするなら、なんと幸いなことでしょう。 23 そんなことになったら、心から喜びなさい。躍り上がって喜びなさい。やがて天国で、目をみはるばかりの報いがいただけるからです。そして、同じような扱いを受けた、昔の預言者たちの仲間入りができるのです。

24 これとは反対に、金持ちたちを待ち受けているのは悲しみだけです。彼らの幸福はこの地上限りのものだからです。 25 肥え太り、今は栄えていても、やがて飢え渇く日が来れば、彼らの笑いは一瞬にして悲しみに変わるでしょう。 26 ほめそやされる者はあわれです。偽預言者はいつの時代でも、そのような扱いを受けたからです。

27 いいですか、よく聞きなさい。あなたの敵を愛しなさい。あなたを憎む者によくしてあげなさい。 28 あなたをのろう者を祝福しなさい。あなたを侮辱する者に神の祝福を祈り求めなさい。 29 もしだれかが頬をなぐったら、もう一方の頬もなぐらせなさい。また、もしだれかが上着を取ろうとしたら、下着もつけてやりなさい。 30 持ち物は何でも、ほしがる人にあげなさい。盗難にあっても、取り返そうと気をもんではいけません。

31 また、人からしてほしいと思うことを、そのとおり人にもしてあげなさい。 32 自分を愛してくれる人だけを愛したところで、ほめられたことでも何でもありません。神を知らない人でさえ、それぐらいのことはします。 33 よくしてくれる人にだけよくしたところで、何の意味があるのでしょう。罪人でさえ、それぐらいのことはします。 34 返してもらえる人にだけお金を貸したところで、善行と言えるでしょうか。全額戻るとわかっていれば、どんな悪党でも仲間にお金を貸してやります。

35 自分の敵を愛しなさい。彼らによくしてやり、返してもらうことなど当てにせずに貸してあげなさい。そうすれば、天からすばらしい報いがあり、あなたがたは神の子どもになれるのです。神は、恩知らずの者や極悪人にも、あわれみ深い方だからです。 36 あなたがたも、天の父のように、あわれみ深い者になりなさい。 37 人のあら捜しをしたり、悪口を言ったりしてはいけません。自分もそうされないためです。人には広い心で接しなさい。そうすれば、彼らも同じようにしてくれるでしょう。 38 与えなさい。そうすれば与えられます。彼らは、量りのますに、押し込んだり、揺すり入れたりしてたっぷり量り、あふれるばかりにして返してくれます。自分が量るそのはかりで、自分も量り返されるのです。」

39 イエスはさらに、もう一つのたとえを話されました。「盲人が盲人の道案内をしたら、どうなるでしょう。一人が穴に落ち込めば、もう一人も巻き添えになるでしょう。 40 弟子が師より偉くなれますか。しかし、一生懸命努力すれば、自分の師と同じぐらいにはなれます。

41 また、自分の目に大きなごみが入っているのに、どうしてほかの人の目の中にある、小さなちりを気にするのでしょう。 42 自分の目の大きなごみで、よく見えもしないのに、どうして、『あなたの目にごみが入ってるから、取ってあげよう』などと言うのでしょう。偽善者よ。まず自分の目のごみを取り除きなさい。そうすれば、はっきり見えるようになって、ほかの人の小さなごみを取ってあげることもできるのです。

43 おいしい実をつける木が、まずい実をつけるはずはないし、まずい実をつける木が、おいしい実をつけるはずもありません。 44 つまり、木は実によって見分けることができるのです。いばらにいちじくの実はならないし、野ばらにぶどうの実はなりません。 45 良い人は、良い心から良い行いを生み出します。悪い人は、隠された悪い心から悪い行いを生み出します。心に秘めたことが、ことばになってあふれ出るからです。

46 なぜ、『主よ、主よ』と呼びながら、わたしに従おうとはしないのですか。 47 そばに来て、わたしの教えを聞き、そのとおり実行する人はみな、 48 地面を深く掘って、岩の上に土台をすえ、その上に家を建てる人のようです。洪水になり、激流に洗われても、家はびくともしません。土台がしっかりしているからです。 49 しかし、わたしのことばを聞いても実行しない人は、ちょうど、土台なしで家を建てる人のようです。水が押し寄せると、家はあとかたもなく流されてしまいます。」