Amplified Bible

Luke 3

John the Baptist Preaches

1Now in the fifteenth year of [Emperor] [a]Tiberius Caesar’s reign—when Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, and Herod [Antipas] was tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip was tetrarch of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias was tetrarch of Abilene— in the high [b]priesthood of Annas and [c]Caiaphas [his son-in-law], the word of God came to John, the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness. And he went into all the country around the Jordan, preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sin; as it is written and forever remains written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet,

The voice of one shouting in the wilderness,
Prepare the way of the Lord,
[d]Make His paths straight.

Every ravine shall be filled up,
And every mountain and hill shall be leveled;
And the crooked [places] shall be made straight,
And the rough roads smooth;

and [e]all mankind shall see the salvation of God.’”

So he began saying to the crowds who were coming out to be baptized by him, “You brood of [f]vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath [of God that is] to come? Therefore produce fruit that is worthy of [and consistent with your] repentance [that is, live changed lives, turn from sin and seek God and His righteousness]. And do not even begin to say to yourselves [as a defense], ‘We have Abraham for our father [and so our heritage assures us of salvation]’; for I say to you that from these stones God is able to raise up children (descendants) for Abraham [for God can replace the unrepentant, regardless of their heritage, with those who are obedient]. Even now the axe [of God’s judgment] is swinging toward the root of the trees; so every tree that does not produce good fruit is being cut down and thrown into the fire.”

10 The crowds asked him, “Then what are we to do?” 11 And John replied, “The man who has two tunics is to share with him who has none; and he who has food is to do the same.” 12 Even some tax collectors came to be baptized, and they asked, “Teacher, what are we to do?” 13 And he told them, “Collect no more than the fixed amount you have been ordered to [collect].” 14 Some soldiers asked him, “And what about us, what are we to do?” And he replied to them, “Do not [g]extort money from anyone or harass or blackmail anyone, and be satisfied with your wages.”

15 Now the people were in a state of expectation, and all were wondering in their hearts about John, as to whether he was the Christ (the Messiah, the Anointed). 16 John answered them all by saying, “As for me, I baptize you [only] [h]with water; but One who is mightier [more powerful, more noble] than I is coming, and I am not fit to untie the strap of His sandals [even as His slave]. He will baptize you [who truly repent] with the Holy Spirit and [you who remain unrepentant] with [i]fire. 17 His [j]winnowing fork is in His hand to thoroughly clear His threshing floor, and to gather the wheat (believers) into His barn (kingdom); but He will burn up the chaff (the unrepentant) with unquenchable fire.”

18 So with many other appeals and various admonitions John preached the good news (gospel) to the people. 19 But when Herod [Antipas] the tetrarch was repeatedly reprimanded [and convicted by John’s disapproval] for having [k]Herodias, his brother’s wife [as his own], and for all the wicked things that Herod had done, 20 he also added this to them all: he locked up John in prison.

Jesus’ Baptism

21 Now when all the people were baptized, Jesus was also baptized, and while He was praying, the [visible] heaven was opened, 22 and the [l]Holy Spirit descended on Him in bodily form like a dove, and a voice came from heaven, “You are My Son, My Beloved, in You I am well-pleased and delighted!”

Genealogy of Jesus

23 When He began His ministry, Jesus Himself was about thirty years of age, being, as was supposed, the son of Joseph, the son [by marriage] of Eli, 24 the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Melchi, the son of Jannai, the son of Joseph, 25 the son of Mattathias, the son of Amos, the son of Nahum, the son of Hesli, the son of Naggai, 26 the son of Maath, the son of Mattathias, the son of Semein, the son of Josech, the son of Joda, 27 the son of Joanan, the son of Rhesa, the son of Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, the son of Neri, 28 the son of Melchi, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmadam, the son of Er, 29 the son of Joshua, the son of Eliezer, the son of Jorim, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, 30 the son of Simeon, the son of Judah, the son of Joseph, the son of Jonam, the son of Eliakim, 31 the son of Melea, the son of Menna, the son of Mattatha, the son of Nathan, the son of David, 32 the son of Jesse, the son of Obed, the son of Boaz, the son of Salmon, the son of Nahshon, 33 the son of Amminadab, the son of Admin, the son of Ram, the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of Judah, 34 the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham, the son of Terah, the son of Nahor, 35 the son of Serug, the son of Reu, the son of Peleg, the son of Heber, the son of Shelah, 36 the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, 37 the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Mahalaleel, the son of Cainan, 38 the son of Enosh, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.

Notas al pie

  1. Luke 3:1 See note Matt 22:17.
  2. Luke 3:2 Annas served from a.d. 6-15, before being deposed by Roman authorities; however, the Jews continued to recognize him as high priest de facto even though others, including his sons and son-in-law, held the official title and publicly appeared to serve as high priest.
  3. Luke 3:2 Served as high priest from a.d. 18-36, although Annas kept de facto authority.
  4. Luke 3:4 In spiritual terms, John’s message was clearing the way for the arrival of the Messiah by preparing the hearts of those who were to follow Him.
  5. Luke 3:6 I.e. salvation is available to both Jew and Gentile.
  6. Luke 3:7 I.e. poisonous snakes. An expression intended to describe the repulsive character of many people in the crowd.
  7. Luke 3:14 The Greek term is similar to our colloquial “shake down,” that is, using violence or threats to force someone to hand over money.
  8. Luke 3:16 The Greek here can be translated in, with, or by.
  9. Luke 3:16 Some scholars view “fire” as judgment; however, another view of “fire” purports that the text refers to the fiery baptism of the Holy Spirit, not judgment. The Holy Spirit promised here has been associated with Pentecost, purification, testing, and judgment. Each person who accepts Jesus is filled with the Holy Spirit (Acts 1:5-8). According to this view the fire indicates that the believer is purified as in the refining of gold. Fire burns up the impurities and the gold (the believer) survives (cf 1 Cor 3:12, 13; James 1:3).
  10. Luke 3:17 A tool roughly resembling a pitchfork, used to separate grains of wheat from the chaff by throwing the wheat into the air, and allowing the wind to blow away the lighter chaff.
  11. Luke 3:19 See note Matt 14:3.
  12. Luke 3:22 See note Matt 3:17.

Het Boek

Lukas 3

De boodschap van Johannes de Doper

1Keizer Tiberius was al vijftien jaar aan het bewind. Pilatus was gouverneur van Judea, Herodes gouverneur van Galilea, zijn broer Filippus gouverneur van Iturea en Trachonitis, en Lysanias gouverneur van Abilene. Annas en Kajafas waren de hogepriesters van de Joden. Toen Johannes, de zoon van Zacharias, in de woestijn was, hoorde hij de stem van God. Daarna trok hij de hele Jordaanvallei door en riep de mensen op zich tot God te bekeren. Door zich te laten dopen, konden zij tonen dat zij dat echt wilden. Hun zonden zouden dan ook worden vergeven. Het was met Johannes als wat de profeet Jesaja zei: ‘Luister! Ik hoor de stem van iemand die roept in de woestijn: baan een weg voor de Here, maak zijn wegen recht. Vul de dalen op en vlak de heuvels af, maak de bochtige paden recht en zorg dat alle oneffenheden vlak worden gemaakt. Dan zullen alle mensen de Redder zien die door God gestuurd wordt.’

De mensen kwamen in drommen naar Johannes om zich te laten dopen. Maar hij zei tegen hen: ‘Stelletje sluwe slangen! Wie heeft u verteld dat u aan het komende oordeel van God kunt ontsnappen? Laat eerst maar eens in uw leven zien dat u zich bekeerd heeft en denk niet dat u vrijuit gaat omdat u van Abraham afstamt. Want Ik verzeker u dat God zelfs deze stenen in kinderen van Abraham kan veranderen. De bijl van Gods oordeel ligt al aan de wortel van de bomen: elke boom die geen goede vruchten draagt, wordt omgehakt en in het vuur gegooid.’ 10 De mensen vroegen: ‘Maar wat moeten wij dan doen?’ 11 ‘Als u twee jassen hebt,’ antwoordde hij, ‘geef dan één ervan aan iemand die er geen heeft. Als u eten over hebt, geef het aan iemand die honger heeft.’ 12 Er kwamen zelfs tolontvangers, berucht om hun afzetterij, die zich wilden laten dopen. ‘Meester, hoe moeten wij nu leven?’ vroegen zij. 13 ‘Wees voortaan eerlijk,’ antwoordde Johannes, ‘en vraag niet meer tol dan voorgeschreven is.’ 14 ‘En wij?’ vroegen een paar soldaten. ‘Hoe moeten wij leven?’ Johannes antwoordde: ‘Pers niemand iets af. Gebruik geen geweld of valse beschuldigingen om meer geld te krijgen. Wees tevreden met uw soldij.’

15 In die tijd verwachtte iedereen dat de Christus gauw zou komen. Overal vroeg men zich af of Johannes het was. 16 Maar Johannes zei hierover tegen iedereen: ‘U hebt gezien dat ik in water doop. Maar na mij komt er Iemand die belangrijker is dan ik. Ik ben het niet eens waard de riem van zijn sandalen los te maken. Hij zal u dopen met de Heilige Geest en met vuur. 17 Hij zal het kaf van het koren scheiden. Het koren zal Hij in zijn schuur brengen, maar het kaf zal Hij verbranden in een vuur dat nooit uitgaat.’ 18 Met vele van dergelijke waarschuwingen sprak hij de mensen toe.

19 Gouverneur Herodes, die al heel wat slechte dingen had gedaan, maakte een einde aan Johannesʼ optreden door hem gevangen te nemen. 20 Want Johannes had in het openbaar gezegd dat het niet goed was dat Herodes samenleefde met Herodias, de vrouw van zijn broer.

21 In de tijd dat Johannes nog vrij was, mengde Jezus Zich tussen de mensen om gedoopt te worden. Na zijn doop, terwijl Hij in gebed was, 22 ging de hemel open en streek de Heilige Geest als een duif op Hem neer. Een stem uit de hemel zei: ‘U bent mijn geliefde Zoon. U verheugt mijn hart.’

De voorouders van Jezus

23 Jezus begon in het openbaar op te treden toen Hij ongeveer dertig jaar oud was. Men dacht dat Jozef zijn vader was. 24 De vader van Jozef was Eli; de vader van Eli was Mattat; de vader van Mattat was Levi; de vader van Levi was Melchi; de vader van Melchi was Jannai; de vader van Jannai was Jozef; 25 de vader van Jozef was Mattatias; de vader van Mattatias was Amos; de vader van Amos was Naüm; de vader van Naüm was Hesli; 26 De vader van Hesli was Naggai; de vader van Naggai was Maät; de vader van Maät was Mattatias; de vader van Mattatias was Semeïn; de vader van Semeïn was Josech; de vader van Josech was Joda; 27 de vader van Joda was Joanan; de vader van Joanan was Resa; de vader van Resa was Zerubbabel; de vader van Zerubbabel was Sealtiël; 28 de vader van Sealtiël was Neri; de vader van Neri was Melchi; de vader van Melchi was Addi; de vader van Addi was Kosam; de vader van Kosam was Elmadan; de vader van Elmadan was Er; de vader van Er was Jozua; 29 de vader van Jozua was Eliëzer; de vader van Eliëzer was Jorim; de vader van Jorim was Mattat; de vader van Mattat was Levi; 30 de vader van Levi was Simeon; de vader van Simeon was Juda; de vader van Juda was Jozef; de vader van Jozef was Jonan; 31 de vader van Jonan was Eljakim; de vader van Eljakim was Melea; de vader van Melea was Menna; de vader van Menna was Mattata; de vader van Mattata was Natan; de vader van Natan was David; 32 de vader van David was Isaï; de vader van Isaï was Obed; de vader van Obed was Boaz; de vader van Boaz was Selach; de vader van Selach was Nachson; 33 de vader van Nachson was Amminadab; de vader van Amminadab was Admin; de vader van Admin was Arni; de vader van Arni was Chesron; de vader van Chesron was Peres; 34 de vader van Peres was Juda; de vader van Juda was Jakob; de vader van Jakob was Isaak; de vader van Isaak was Abraham; de vader van Abraham was Terach; de vader van Terach was Nachor; 35 de vader van Nachor was Serug; de vader van Serug was Reü; de vader van Reü was Peleg; de vader van Peleg was Eber; de vader van Eber was Selach; 36 de vader van Selach was Kenan; de vader van Kenan was Arpachsad; de vader van Arpachsad was Sem; de vader van Sem was Noach; 37 de vader van Noach was Lamech; de vader van Lamech was Metuselach; de vader van Metuselach was Henoch; de vader van Henoch was Jered; de vader van Jered was Mahalalel; 38 de vader van Mahalalel was Kenan; de vader van Kenan was Enos; de vader van Enos was Set; de vader van Set was Adam en de vader van Adam was God.