Amplified Bible

Luke 1

Introduction

1Since [as is well known] many have undertaken to compile an orderly account of the things which have been fulfilled among us [by God], exactly as they were handed down to us by those [with personal experience] who from the beginning [of Christ’s ministry] were eyewitnesses and ministers of the word [that is, of the teaching concerning salvation through faith in Christ], it seemed fitting for [a]me as well, [and so I have decided] after having carefully searched out and investigated all the events accurately, from the very beginning, to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus; so that you may know the exact truth about the things you have been [b]taught [that is, the history and doctrine of the faith].

Birth of John the Baptist Foretold

In the days of Herod [the Great], king of Judea, there was a certain priest whose name was [c]Zacharias, of [d]the division of Abijah. His wife was [e]a descendant of Aaron [the first high priest of Israel], and her name was Elizabeth. They both were righteous (approved) in the sight of God, walking blamelessly in all the commandments and requirements of the Lord. But they were childless, because Elizabeth was barren, and they were both far advanced in years.

Now it happened while Zacharias was serving as priest before God in the appointed order of his priestly division, as was the custom of the priesthood, he was chosen by lot to enter [the sanctuary of] the temple of the Lord and [f]burn incense [on the altar of incense]. 10 And all the congregation was praying outside [in the court of the temple] at the hour of the incense offering. 11 And an angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing to the right of the altar of incense. 12 When Zacharias saw the angel, he was troubled and overcome with fear. 13 But the angel said to him, “Do not be afraid, Zacharias, because your petition [in prayer] was heard, and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you will name him [g]John. 14 You will have great joy and delight, and many will rejoice over his birth, 15 for he will be great and distinguished in the sight of the Lord; and will never drink wine or liquor, and he will be filled with and empowered to act by the Holy Spirit while still in his mother’s womb. 16 He will turn many of the sons of Israel back [from sin] to [love and serve] the Lord their God. 17 It is he who will go as a forerunner before Him in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the fathers back to the children, and the disobedient to the attitude of the righteous [which is to seek and submit to the will of God]—in order to make ready a people [perfectly] prepared [spiritually and morally] for the Lord.”

18 And Zacharias said to the angel, “How will I be certain of this? For I am an old man and my wife is advanced in age.” 19 The angel replied and said to him, “I am Gabriel; I stand and minister in the [very] presence of God, and I have been sent [by Him] to speak to you and to bring you this good news. 20 [h]Listen carefully, you will be continually silent and unable to speak until the day when these things take place, because you did not believe what I told you; but my words will be fulfilled at their proper time.”

21 The people [outside in the court] were waiting for Zacharias, and were wondering about his long delay in the temple. 22 But when he did come out, he was unable to speak to them. They realized that he had seen a vision in the temple; and he kept making signs to them, and remained mute. 23 When his time of priestly service was finished, he returned to his home.

24 Now after this his wife Elizabeth became pregnant, and for five months she secluded herself completely, saying, 25 “This is how the Lord has dealt with me in the days when He looked with favor on me, to take away my [i]disgrace among men.”

Jesus’ Birth Foretold

26 Now in the sixth month [of Elizabeth’s pregnancy] the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city in Galilee called Nazareth, 27 to a virgin [j]betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, a descendant of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary. 28 And coming to her, the angel said, “Greetings, favored one! The Lord is with you.” 29 But she was greatly perplexed at what he said, and kept carefully considering what kind of greeting this was. 30 The angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. 31 Listen carefully: you will conceive in your womb and give birth to a son, and you shall name Him Jesus. 32 He will be great and eminent and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David; 33 and He will reign over the house of Jacob (Israel) forever, and of His kingdom there shall be no end.” 34 Mary said to the angel, “How will this be, since I am a virgin and have no intimacy with any man?” 35 Then the angel replied to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you [like a cloud]; for that reason the holy (pure, sinless) Child shall be called the Son of God. 36 And listen, even your relative Elizabeth has also conceived a son in her old age; and she who was called barren is now in her sixth month. 37 For with God nothing [is or ever] shall be impossible.” 38 Then Mary said, “[k]Behold, I am the servant of the Lord; may it be done to me according to your word.” And the angel left her.

Mary Visits Elizabeth

39 Now at this time Mary arose and hurried to the hill country, to a city of Judah (Judea), 40 and she entered the house of Zacharias and greeted Elizabeth. 41 When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, her baby leaped in her womb; and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit and empowered by Him. 42 And she exclaimed loudly, “Blessed [worthy to be praised] are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb! 43 And how has it happened to me, that the mother of my Lord would come to me? 44 For behold, when the sound of your greeting reached my ears, the baby in my womb leaped for joy. 45 And blessed [spiritually fortunate and favored by God] is she who believed and confidently trusted that there would be a fulfillment of the things that were spoken to her [by the angel sent] from the Lord.”

The Magnificat

46 And Mary said,

“My soul magnifies and exalts the Lord,
47 
And my spirit has rejoiced in God my Savior.
48 
“For He has looked [with loving care] on the humble state of His maidservant;
For behold, from now on all generations will count me blessed and happy and favored by God!
49 
“For He who is mighty has done great things for me;
And holy is His name [to be worshiped in His purity, majesty, and glory].
50 
And His mercy is upon generation after generation
Toward those who [stand in great awe of God and] fear Him.
51 
“He has done mighty deeds with His [powerful] arm;
He has scattered those who were proud in the thoughts of their heart.
52 
“He has brought down rulers from their thrones,
And exalted those who were humble.
53 
He has filled the hungry with good things;
And sent the rich away empty-handed.
54 
“He has helped His servant Israel,
In remembrance of His mercy,
55 
Just as He promised to our fathers,
To Abraham and to his descendants forever.”

56 And Mary stayed with Elizabeth for about three months, and then returned to her home.

John Is Born

57 Now the time had come for Elizabeth to give birth, and she gave birth to a son. 58 Her neighbors and relatives heard that the Lord had shown His great mercy toward her, and they were rejoicing with her.

59 It happened that on the eighth day they came to circumcise the child [as required by the Law], and they intended to name him Zacharias, after his father; 60 but his mother answered, “No indeed; instead he will be called John.” 61 And they said to her, “None of your relatives is called by that name.” 62 Then they made signs to his father, as to what he wanted him called. 63 And he asked for a writing tablet and wrote as follows, “His name is John.” And they were all astonished. 64 At once Zacharias’ mouth was opened and his tongue freed, and he began speaking, praising and blessing and thanking God. 65 Then fear came on all their neighbors; and all these things were discussed throughout the hill country of Judea. 66 All who heard these things kept them in mind, saying, “What then will this little boy turn out to be?” For the hand of the Lord was certainly with him [to bring about his birth].

Zacharias’ Prophecy

67 Now Zacharias his father was filled with the Holy Spirit and empowered by Him, and he prophesied, saying,

68 
“Blessed (praised, glorified) be the Lord, the God of Israel,
Because He has visited us and brought redemption to His people,
69 
And He has raised up a [l]horn of salvation [a mighty and valiant Savior] for us
In the house of David His servant—
70 
Just as He promised by the mouth of His holy prophets from the most ancient times—
71 
Salvation from our enemies,
And from the hand of all who hate us;
72 
To show mercy [as He promised] to our fathers,
And to remember His holy covenant [the promised blessing],
73 
The oath which He swore to Abraham our father,
74 
To grant us that we, being rescued from the hand of our enemies,
Might serve Him without fear,
75 
In holiness [being set apart] and righteousness [being upright] before Him all our days.
76 
“And you, child, will be called a prophet of the Most High;
For you will go on before the Lord (the Messiah) to prepare His ways;
77 
To give His people the knowledge of salvation
By the forgiveness of their sins,
78 
Because of the tender mercy of our God,
With which the Sunrise (the Messiah) from on high will dawn and visit us,
79 
To shine upon those who sit in darkness and in the shadow of death,
To guide our feet [in a straight line] into the way of peace and serenity.”

80 The child continued to grow and to become strong in spirit, and he lived in the deserts until the day of his public appearance to Israel [as John the Baptist, the forerunner of the Messiah].

Notas al pie

  1. Luke 1:3 Luke may have been a Gentile. If so, he is the only Gentile author whose work is included in the NT. In addition to The Gospel of Luke, he wrote The Acts of the Apostles, and is thought by some scholars to have been the author of The Letter to the Hebrews.
  2. Luke 1:4 Or orally instructed.
  3. Luke 1:5 I.e. Zechariah. The spelling is different because a Greek word cannot end with an “h,” and in place of “ah” the common Greek ending “-as” was substituted.
  4. Luke 1:5 King David organized the priests into 24 groups or divisions, each headed by a president. A division served twice a year for a week at a time (1 Chr 24:1-19).
  5. Luke 1:5 Lit from the daughters of.
  6. Luke 1:9 I.e. normally a once-in-a-lifetime privilege for a priest.
  7. Luke 1:13 John the Baptist is considered the last of the Old Testament prophets. His mother, Elizabeth, and Mary the mother of Jesus, were related (1:36), and Mary may have been with Elizabeth at the time John was born (1:56). John the Baptist is not to be confused with John the Apostle who, along with his brother James, was among the twelve disciples of Jesus. John and James were the sons of Zebedee and Salome. John the Apostle authored the Gospel of John, three brief letters (1 John, 2 John, 3 John), and Revelation.
  8. Luke 1:20 Lit behold.
  9. Luke 1:25 At this time childlessness was a social stigma.
  10. Luke 1:27 The first stage of marriage (called shiddukin in Hebrew) in Jewish tradition and law, usually lasting for a year before the wedding night; unlike an engagement, it was legally binding and required a divorce to nullify it. The woman remained with her parents during the betrothal year and was referred to as a “wife” even though the marriage was not consummated during this period of time.
  11. Luke 1:38 Mary’s response was significantly different from Zacharias’ (v 18). Zacharias would not take Gabriel’s word, and instead wanted some kind of miraculous sign as proof.
  12. Luke 1:69 In the OT a symbol of strength.

Japanese Living Bible

ルカの福音書 1

神を愛する親愛なる友へ

11-2 イエス・キリストの伝記は、最初からの目撃者であり弟子であった人たちの証言をもとに、すでに幾つかでき上がっています。 しかし私は、すべての記録をもう一度初めから検証し、徹底的に調査した上で、あなたのために順序正しく書いて差し上げたいと思うようになりました。 それによって、あなたが教えを受けられたことはみな、正確な事実であることがよくおわかりいただけると思います。

ザカリヤへの約束

私の話は、ヘロデがユダヤの王であった時代に、ユダヤの祭司(神殿で神に仕える人)をしていたザカリヤという人のことから始まります。ザカリヤは神殿で奉仕するアビヤの組の一員で、妻エリサベツも祭司の家系でアロンの子孫でした。 この夫婦は神を愛し、神のおきてを忠実に守り、心から従っていました。 しかし、エリサベツは子どものできない体だったので、夫婦には子どもがなく、二人ともすっかり年をとっていました。

さて、ザカリヤの組が週の当番となり、彼は神殿で祭司の務めをしていましたが、 祭司職の習慣に従ってくじを引いたところ、聖所に入って主の前に香をたくという光栄ある務めが当たりました。 10 香がたかれている間、民衆は神殿の庭で祈るのです。大ぜいの人が集まっていました。 11 ザカリヤが聖所で香をたいていると、突然、天使が現れ、香をたく壇の右側に立ったではありませんか。 12 ザカリヤはびっくりし、言い知れぬ恐怖に襲われました。 13 しかし、天使は言いました。「ザカリヤよ。こわがることはありません。うれしい知らせなのだから。神が、あなたの祈りをかなえてくださったのです。エリサベツは男の子を産みます。その子にヨハネという名前をつけなさい。 14 その子はあなたがたの喜びとなり、楽しみとなります。また多くの人もあなたがたと共に喜びます。 15 その子が、主の前に偉大な者となるからです。彼はぶどう酒や強い酒は絶対に飲みません。生まれる前から聖霊に満たされており、 16 やがて多くのユダヤ人を神に立ち返らせるのです。 17 昔の預言者(神に託されたことばを伝える人)エリヤのように、たくましい霊と力にあふれて、メシヤ(ヘブル語で、救い主)の来られる前ぶれをし、人々にメシヤを迎える準備をさせます。大人には子どものような素直な心を呼び覚まし、逆らう者には信仰心を起こさせるのです。」 18 ザカリヤは答えました。「そんなことは信じられません。私はもう老いぼれですし、妻も年をとっているのです。」 19 「私はガブリエル、神の前に立つ者です。神がこの喜びの知らせを伝えるために、私を遣わされたのです。 20 その私のことばをあなたは信じなかったので、あなたは神に打たれて口がきけなくなります。子どもが生まれるまで話すことはできません。その時が来れば、必ず私の言ったとおりになるのです。」

21 外の人たちは、ザカリヤが出て来るのを、今や遅しと待ちかまえていましたが、なぜそんなに手間どっているのか不思議でなりません。 22 そして、ようやく彼が出てきたのですが、口がきけません。しかし人々は、ザカリヤの身ぶりから、きっと神殿の中で幻を見たのだろうと考えました。 23 ザカリヤは残りの期間の奉仕をすませ、家に帰りました。

24 まもなくエリサベツは妊娠し、五か月間、家に引きこもっていました。 25 エリサベツは、「主は私に子どもを与えて、恥を取り除いてくださった。なんとあわれみ深いお方でしょう」と言いました。

マリヤへの約束

26 その翌月、神は天使ガブリエルを、ガリラヤのナザレという町に住むマリヤという処女のところへお遣わしになりました。 27 この娘は、ダビデ王の子孫にあたるヨセフという人の婚約者でした。 28 ガブリエルはマリヤに声をかけました。「おめでとう、恵まれた女よ。主が共におられます。」

29 これを聞いたマリヤは、すっかり戸惑い、このあいさつは、いったいどういう意味なのかと考え込んでしまいました。 30 すると、天使が言いました。「こわがらなくてもいいのです、マリヤ。神様があなたにすばらしいことをしてくださるのです。 31 あなたはみごもって、男の子を産みます。その子を『イエス』と名づけなさい。 32 彼は非常に偉大な人になり、神の子と呼ばれます。神である主は、その子に先祖ダビデの王座をお与えになります。 33 彼は永遠にイスラエルを治め、その国はいつまでも続くのです。」 34 マリヤは尋ねました。「どうして私に子どもができましょう。まだ結婚もしておりませんのに。」 35 「聖霊があなたに下り、神の力があなたをおおうのです。ですから、生まれてくる子どもは聖なる者、神の子と呼ばれます。 36 ちょうど半年前、あなたのいとこのエリサベツも、『不妊の女』と言われていたのに、あの年になってみごもりました。 37 神の約束は、必ずそのとおりになるのです。」 38 「私は主のはしためにすぎません。何もかも主のお言いつけどおりにいたします。どうぞ、いま言われたとおりになりますように。」マリヤがこう言うと、天使は見えなくなりました。

39-40 数日後、マリヤはユダヤの山地へ急ぎました。そして、ザカリヤの住む町へ行き、エリサベツを訪ねました。 41 マリヤのあいさつを聞くと、エリサベツの子が、お腹の中で跳びはね、エリサベツは聖霊に満たされました。 42 彼女は喜びを抑えきれず、大声でマリヤに言いました。「あなたほどすばらしい恵みを受けた女性はいないでしょう。あなたの子が、神様の大きな誉れを表すようになるのですから。 43 主のお母様がおいでくださるとは光栄です。 44 あなたが入って来てあいさつされた時、私の子どもがお腹の中で喜び躍りました。 45 神様が語られたことは必ずそのとおりになると信じたので、神様はあなたに、このような祝福をくださったのです。」

46 マリヤは言いました。

「ああ、心から主を賛美します。

47 救い主である神様を心から喜びます。

48 神様は取るに足りない私のような者さえ、

お心にとめてくださいました。
これから永遠に、どの時代の人々も、
私を神に祝福された者と呼ぶでしょう。
49 力ある聖なる方が、
私に大きなことをしてくださったからです。
50 そのあわれみは、いつまでも、
神を恐れ敬う者の上にとどまります。
51 その御手はどんなに力強いことでしょう。
主は心の高ぶった者を追い散らし、
52 権力をふるう者を王座から引きずり降ろし、
身分の低い者を高く引き上げ、
53 飢え渇いた者を満ち足らせ、
金持ちを何も持たせずに追い返されました。
54 主は約束を忘れず、
しもべイスラエルをお助けになりました。
55 先祖アブラハムとその子孫を、
永遠にあわれむと約束してくださったとおりに。」

56 マリヤは、エリサベツの家に三か月ほどいてから、家に帰りました。

ヨハネの誕生

57 さて、エリサベツの待ちに待った日が来て、男の子が生まれました。 58 このニュースはたちまち近所の人たちや親類の間に伝わり、人々は、神がエリサベツを心にかけてくださったことを心から喜び合いました。 59 子どもが生まれて八日目に、友人や親類が集まりました。その子に割礼(男子の性器の包皮を切り取る儀式)を行うためです。だれもが、子どもの名前は父親の名を継いで、「ザカリヤ」になるものとばかり思っていました。 60 ところがエリサベツは、「いいえ、この子にはヨハネという名をつけます」と言うのです。 61 「親族にそのような名前の者は一人もいないのに。」 62 人々は、父親のザカリヤに身ぶりで尋ねました。 63 ザカリヤは、書くものがほしいと合図し、それに「この子の名はヨハネ」と書いたので、みんなはびっくりしました。 64 すると、とたんにザカリヤの口が開き、話せるようになったのです。彼は神を賛美し始めました。 65 これには近所の人たちも驚き、このニュースはユダヤの山地一帯に広まりました。 66 人々はその出来事を心にとめ、「この子はいったい、将来どんな人物になるのだろう。確かにこの子には、主の守りと助けがある」とうわさしました。

67 さて、父親のザカリヤは聖霊に満たされ、こう預言しました。

68 「イスラエルの神、主をほめたたえよう。
主は来て、ご自分の民を解放し、
69 そのしもべダビデ王の血筋から、
力ある救い主を遣わされた。
70 ずっと昔から、聖なる預言者を通して
約束されたとおりに。
71 救い主は、私たちを憎むすべての敵から
救い出してくださる。
72-73 主は私たちの先祖をあわれみ、
特にアブラハムをあわれみ、
彼と結んだ聖なる契約を果たされた。
74 私たちを敵の手から解放し、
恐れず主に仕える者としてくださった。
75 私たちはきよい者、
神の前に立つにふさわしい者とされた。
76 幼い息子よ。
おまえは栄光ある神の預言者と呼ばれよう。
おまえがメシヤのために道を備え、
77 主の民に、罪を赦され、
救われる道を教えるからだ。
78 これはみな、ただ神の深いあわれみによることだ。
天の夜明けがいま訪れようとしている。
79 その光は、
暗黒と死の陰にうずくまる者たちを照らし、
私たちを平和の道へと導くのだ。」

80 ヨハネは成長し、心から神を愛する者となり、イスラエルの人々の前で公に語り始めるまで、たった一人、荒野に住んでいました。