Amplified Bible

Luke 1

Introduction

1Since [as is well known] many have undertaken to compile an orderly account of the things which have been fulfilled among us [by God], exactly as they were handed down to us by those [with personal experience] who from the beginning [of Christ’s ministry] were eyewitnesses and ministers of the word [that is, of the teaching concerning salvation through faith in Christ], it seemed fitting for [a]me as well, [and so I have decided] after having carefully searched out and investigated all the events accurately, from the very beginning, to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus; so that you may know the exact truth about the things you have been [b]taught [that is, the history and doctrine of the faith].

Birth of John the Baptist Foretold

In the days of Herod [the Great], king of Judea, there was a certain priest whose name was [c]Zacharias, of [d]the division of Abijah. His wife was [e]a descendant of Aaron [the first high priest of Israel], and her name was Elizabeth. They both were righteous (approved) in the sight of God, walking blamelessly in all the commandments and requirements of the Lord. But they were childless, because Elizabeth was barren, and they were both far advanced in years.

Now it happened while Zacharias was serving as priest before God in the appointed order of his priestly division, as was the custom of the priesthood, he was chosen by lot to enter [the sanctuary of] the temple of the Lord and [f]burn incense [on the altar of incense]. 10 And all the congregation was praying outside [in the court of the temple] at the hour of the incense offering. 11 And an angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing to the right of the altar of incense. 12 When Zacharias saw the angel, he was troubled and overcome with fear. 13 But the angel said to him, “Do not be afraid, Zacharias, because your petition [in prayer] was heard, and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you will name him [g]John. 14 You will have great joy and delight, and many will rejoice over his birth, 15 for he will be great and distinguished in the sight of the Lord; and will never drink wine or liquor, and he will be filled with and empowered to act by the Holy Spirit while still in his mother’s womb. 16 He will turn many of the sons of Israel back [from sin] to [love and serve] the Lord their God. 17 It is he who will go as a forerunner before Him in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the fathers back to the children, and the disobedient to the attitude of the righteous [which is to seek and submit to the will of God]—in order to make ready a people [perfectly] prepared [spiritually and morally] for the Lord.”

18 And Zacharias said to the angel, “How will I be certain of this? For I am an old man and my wife is advanced in age.” 19 The angel replied and said to him, “I am Gabriel; I stand and minister in the [very] presence of God, and I have been sent [by Him] to speak to you and to bring you this good news. 20 [h]Listen carefully, you will be continually silent and unable to speak until the day when these things take place, because you did not believe what I told you; but my words will be fulfilled at their proper time.”

21 The people [outside in the court] were waiting for Zacharias, and were wondering about his long delay in the temple. 22 But when he did come out, he was unable to speak to them. They realized that he had seen a vision in the temple; and he kept making signs to them, and remained mute. 23 When his time of priestly service was finished, he returned to his home.

24 Now after this his wife Elizabeth became pregnant, and for five months she secluded herself completely, saying, 25 “This is how the Lord has dealt with me in the days when He looked with favor on me, to take away my [i]disgrace among men.”

Jesus’ Birth Foretold

26 Now in the sixth month [of Elizabeth’s pregnancy] the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city in Galilee called Nazareth, 27 to a virgin [j]betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, a descendant of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary. 28 And coming to her, the angel said, “Greetings, favored one! The Lord is with you.” 29 But she was greatly perplexed at what he said, and kept carefully considering what kind of greeting this was. 30 The angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. 31 Listen carefully: you will conceive in your womb and give birth to a son, and you shall name Him Jesus. 32 He will be great and eminent and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David; 33 and He will reign over the house of Jacob (Israel) forever, and of His kingdom there shall be no end.” 34 Mary said to the angel, “How will this be, since I am a virgin and have no intimacy with any man?” 35 Then the angel replied to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you [like a cloud]; for that reason the holy (pure, sinless) Child shall be called the Son of God. 36 And listen, even your relative Elizabeth has also conceived a son in her old age; and she who was called barren is now in her sixth month. 37 For with God nothing [is or ever] shall be impossible.” 38 Then Mary said, “[k]Behold, I am the servant of the Lord; may it be done to me according to your word.” And the angel left her.

Mary Visits Elizabeth

39 Now at this time Mary arose and hurried to the hill country, to a city of Judah (Judea), 40 and she entered the house of Zacharias and greeted Elizabeth. 41 When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, her baby leaped in her womb; and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit and empowered by Him. 42 And she exclaimed loudly, “Blessed [worthy to be praised] are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb! 43 And how has it happened to me, that the mother of my Lord would come to me? 44 For behold, when the sound of your greeting reached my ears, the baby in my womb leaped for joy. 45 And blessed [spiritually fortunate and favored by God] is she who believed and confidently trusted that there would be a fulfillment of the things that were spoken to her [by the angel sent] from the Lord.”

The Magnificat

46 And Mary said,

“My soul magnifies and exalts the Lord,
47 
And my spirit has rejoiced in God my Savior.
48 
“For He has looked [with loving care] on the humble state of His maidservant;
For behold, from now on all generations will count me blessed and happy and favored by God!
49 
“For He who is mighty has done great things for me;
And holy is His name [to be worshiped in His purity, majesty, and glory].
50 
And His mercy is upon generation after generation
Toward those who [stand in great awe of God and] fear Him.
51 
“He has done mighty deeds with His [powerful] arm;
He has scattered those who were proud in the thoughts of their heart.
52 
“He has brought down rulers from their thrones,
And exalted those who were humble.
53 
He has filled the hungry with good things;
And sent the rich away empty-handed.
54 
“He has helped His servant Israel,
In remembrance of His mercy,
55 
Just as He promised to our fathers,
To Abraham and to his descendants forever.”

56 And Mary stayed with Elizabeth for about three months, and then returned to her home.

John Is Born

57 Now the time had come for Elizabeth to give birth, and she gave birth to a son. 58 Her neighbors and relatives heard that the Lord had shown His great mercy toward her, and they were rejoicing with her.

59 It happened that on the eighth day they came to circumcise the child [as required by the Law], and they intended to name him Zacharias, after his father; 60 but his mother answered, “No indeed; instead he will be called John.” 61 And they said to her, “None of your relatives is called by that name.” 62 Then they made signs to his father, as to what he wanted him called. 63 And he asked for a writing tablet and wrote as follows, “His name is John.” And they were all astonished. 64 At once Zacharias’ mouth was opened and his tongue freed, and he began speaking, praising and blessing and thanking God. 65 Then fear came on all their neighbors; and all these things were discussed throughout the hill country of Judea. 66 All who heard these things kept them in mind, saying, “What then will this little boy turn out to be?” For the hand of the Lord was certainly with him [to bring about his birth].

Zacharias’ Prophecy

67 Now Zacharias his father was filled with the Holy Spirit and empowered by Him, and he prophesied, saying,

68 
“Blessed (praised, glorified) be the Lord, the God of Israel,
Because He has visited us and brought redemption to His people,
69 
And He has raised up a [l]horn of salvation [a mighty and valiant Savior] for us
In the house of David His servant—
70 
Just as He promised by the mouth of His holy prophets from the most ancient times—
71 
Salvation from our enemies,
And from the hand of all who hate us;
72 
To show mercy [as He promised] to our fathers,
And to remember His holy covenant [the promised blessing],
73 
The oath which He swore to Abraham our father,
74 
To grant us that we, being rescued from the hand of our enemies,
Might serve Him without fear,
75 
In holiness [being set apart] and righteousness [being upright] before Him all our days.
76 
“And you, child, will be called a prophet of the Most High;
For you will go on before the Lord (the Messiah) to prepare His ways;
77 
To give His people the knowledge of salvation
By the forgiveness of their sins,
78 
Because of the tender mercy of our God,
With which the Sunrise (the Messiah) from on high will dawn and visit us,
79 
To shine upon those who sit in darkness and in the shadow of death,
To guide our feet [in a straight line] into the way of peace and serenity.”

80 The child continued to grow and to become strong in spirit, and he lived in the deserts until the day of his public appearance to Israel [as John the Baptist, the forerunner of the Messiah].

Notas al pie

  1. Luke 1:3 Luke may have been a Gentile. If so, he is the only Gentile author whose work is included in the NT. In addition to The Gospel of Luke, he wrote The Acts of the Apostles, and is thought by some scholars to have been the author of The Letter to the Hebrews.
  2. Luke 1:4 Or orally instructed.
  3. Luke 1:5 I.e. Zechariah. The spelling is different because a Greek word cannot end with an “h,” and in place of “ah” the common Greek ending “-as” was substituted.
  4. Luke 1:5 King David organized the priests into 24 groups or divisions, each headed by a president. A division served twice a year for a week at a time (1 Chr 24:1-19).
  5. Luke 1:5 Lit from the daughters of.
  6. Luke 1:9 I.e. normally a once-in-a-lifetime privilege for a priest.
  7. Luke 1:13 John the Baptist is considered the last of the Old Testament prophets. His mother, Elizabeth, and Mary the mother of Jesus, were related (1:36), and Mary may have been with Elizabeth at the time John was born (1:56). John the Baptist is not to be confused with John the Apostle who, along with his brother James, was among the twelve disciples of Jesus. John and James were the sons of Zebedee and Salome. John the Apostle authored the Gospel of John, three brief letters (1 John, 2 John, 3 John), and Revelation.
  8. Luke 1:20 Lit behold.
  9. Luke 1:25 At this time childlessness was a social stigma.
  10. Luke 1:27 The first stage of marriage (called shiddukin in Hebrew) in Jewish tradition and law, usually lasting for a year before the wedding night; unlike an engagement, it was legally binding and required a divorce to nullify it. The woman remained with her parents during the betrothal year and was referred to as a “wife” even though the marriage was not consummated during this period of time.
  11. Luke 1:38 Mary’s response was significantly different from Zacharias’ (v 18). Zacharias would not take Gabriel’s word, and instead wanted some kind of miraculous sign as proof.
  12. Luke 1:69 In the OT a symbol of strength.

Chinese Contemporary Bible (Traditional)

路加福音 1

11-2 提阿非羅大人,已經有很多人根據最初的目擊者和傳道者給我們的口述,把我們中間發生的事記載下來。 我把一切事情從頭至尾仔細查考之後,決定按次序寫出來, 使你知道自己所學的道都是有真憑實據的。

天使預告施洗者約翰出生

猶太王希律執政期間,亞比雅的班裡有位祭司名叫撒迦利亞,他妻子伊莉莎白是亞倫的後裔。 夫妻二人遵行主的一切誡命和條例,無可指責,在上帝眼中是義人。 但他們沒有孩子,因為伊莉莎白不能生育,二人又年紀老邁。

有一天,輪到撒迦利亞他們那一班祭司當值, 他們按照祭司的規矩抽籤,抽中撒迦利亞到主的殿裡去燒香。 10 眾百姓都在外面禱告。 11 那時,主的天使在香壇的右邊向撒迦利亞顯現, 12 撒迦利亞見了,驚慌害怕起來。

13 天使對他說:「撒迦利亞,不要害怕,你的禱告已蒙垂聽。你的妻子伊莉莎白要為你生一個兒子,你要給他取名叫約翰。 14 你必歡喜快樂,許多人也會因為他的誕生而欣喜雀躍, 15 因為他將成為主偉大的僕人。他必滴酒不沾,並且在母腹裡就被聖靈充滿。 16 他將勸導許多以色列人回心轉意,歸順主——他們的上帝。 17 他將以先知以利亞的心志和能力作主的先鋒,使父親的心轉向兒女,使叛逆的人回轉、順從義人的智慧,為主預備合用的子民。」

18 撒迦利亞對天使說:「我已經老了,我的妻子也上了年紀,我如何知道這是真的呢?」 19 天使回答說:「我是侍立在上帝面前的加百列,奉命來向你報這喜訊。 20 我說的這些話到時候必定應驗。但因為你不肯相信我的話,所以這事成就以前,你將變成啞巴,不能說話。」

21 人們在等候撒加利亞,見他在聖殿裡遲遲不出來,都感到奇怪。 22 後來他出來了,卻成了啞巴,不能說話,只能打手勢,大家意識到他在聖殿裡看見了異象。 23 撒迦利亞供職期滿,就回家去了。 24 不久,伊莉莎白果然懷了孕,她有五個月閉門不出。 25 她說:「主真是眷顧我,除掉了我不生育的羞恥。」

天使預告耶穌降生

26 伊莉莎白懷孕六個月的時候,天使加百列又奉上帝的命令到加利利的拿撒勒, 27 去見一位童貞女,她叫瑪麗亞。瑪麗亞已經和大衛的後裔約瑟訂了婚。

28 天使到了瑪麗亞那裡,說:「恭喜你!蒙大恩的女子,主與你同在!」

29 瑪麗亞聽了覺得十分困惑,反覆思想這話的意思。

30 天使對她說:「瑪麗亞,不要害怕,你在上帝面前已經蒙恩了。 31 你要懷孕生子,並給祂取名叫耶穌。 32 祂偉大無比,將被稱為至高者的兒子,主上帝要把祂祖先大衛的王位賜給祂。 33 祂要永遠統治以色列[a],祂的國度永無窮盡。」

34 瑪麗亞對天使說:「這怎麼可能呢?我還是童貞女。」

35 天使回答說:「聖靈要臨到你身上,至高者的能力要蔭庇你,所以你要生的那聖嬰必稱為上帝的兒子。 36 看啊,你的親戚伊莉莎白年紀老邁,一向不能生育,現在已經懷男胎六個月了。 37 因為上帝無所不能。」

38 瑪麗亞說:「我是主的婢女,願你所說的話在我身上成就。」於是天使離開了她。

瑪麗亞看望伊莉莎白

39 不久,瑪麗亞便動身趕到猶太山區的一座城, 40 進了撒迦利亞的家,向伊莉莎白請安。 41 伊莉莎白一聽見瑪麗亞的問安,腹中的胎兒便跳動起來,伊莉莎白被聖靈充滿, 42 高聲喊著說:「在婦女中你是最蒙福的!你腹中的孩子也是蒙福的! 43 我主的母親來探望我,我怎麼敢當呢? 44 我一聽到你問安的聲音,腹中的孩子就歡喜跳動。 45 相信主所說的話必實現的女子有福了!」

46 瑪麗亞說:
「我的心尊主為大,
47 我的靈因我的救主上帝而歡喜,
48 因祂眷顧我這卑微的婢女,
從今以後,
世世代代都要稱我是有福的。
49 全能者在我身上行了奇事,
祂的名是神聖的。
50 祂憐憫敬畏祂的人,
直到世世代代。
51 祂伸出臂膀,施展大能,
驅散心驕氣傲的人。
52 祂使當權者失勢,
叫謙卑的人升高。
53 祂使饑餓的得飽足,
叫富足的空手而去。
54 祂扶助了自己的僕人以色列,
55 祂要施憐憫給亞伯拉罕和他的子孫,
直到永遠,
正如祂對我們祖先的應許。」

56 瑪麗亞和伊莉莎白同住了約三個月,便回家去了。

施洗者約翰出生

57 伊莉莎白的產期到了,生下一個兒子。 58 親戚和鄰居聽見主向她大施憐憫,都和她一同歡樂。 59 到了第八天,他們來給孩子行割禮,想照他父親的名字給他取名叫撒迦利亞。

60 但伊莉莎白說:「不!要叫他約翰。」

61 他們說:「你們家族中沒有人用這個名字啊!」 62 他們便向他父親打手勢,問他要給孩子起什麼名字。 63 撒迦利亞就要了一塊寫字板,寫上:「他的名字叫約翰。」大家看了都很驚奇。 64 就在那時,撒迦利亞恢複了說話的能力,便開口讚美上帝。 65 住在周圍的人都很懼怕,這消息很快就傳遍了整個猶太山區。 66 聽見的人都在想:「這孩子將來會怎樣呢?因為主與他同在。」

撒迦利亞的預言

67 孩子的父親撒迦利亞被聖靈充滿,便預言說:

68 「主——以色列的上帝當受稱頌,
因祂眷顧、救贖了自己的子民,
69 在祂僕人大衛的家族中為我們興起了一位大能的拯救者[b]
70 正如祂從亙古藉著祂聖先知們的口所說的。
71 祂要從仇敵和一切恨我們之人手中拯救我們。
72 祂憐憫我們的祖先,
持守自己的聖約,
73 就是祂對我們的先祖亞伯拉罕所起的誓,
74 要把我們從仇敵手中拯救出來,
75 使我們一生一世在聖潔和公義中坦然無懼地事奉祂。
76 至於你,我的兒子啊!
你將要被稱為至高者的先知,
因為你要走在主的前面,
為祂預備道路,
77 使百姓因罪得赦免而明白救恩的真諦。
78 由於上帝的憐憫,
清晨的曙光必從高天普照我們,
79 照亮那些生活在黑暗中和死亡陰影下的人,
帶領我們走平安的道路。」

80 那孩子漸漸長大,心靈強健,在向以色列人公開露面之前,一直住在曠野。

Notas al pie

  1. 1·33 以色列」希臘文是「雅各的家」。
  2. 1·69 拯救者」希臘文是「拯救的角」。